Archaeological Survey of India
|Headquarters||Janpath, New Delhi, India - 110011|
|Ministry of Culture, Government of India|
|605 crore (US$95 million) (2014-2015)|
The Archaeological Survey of India (भारतीय पुरातत्व सर्वेक्षण) is an Indian government agency in the Ministry of Culture that is responsible for archaeological studies and the preservation of cultural monuments. According to its website, the ASI's function is to "explore, excavate, conserve, preserve and protect the monuments and sites of National & International Importance."
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is the successor of the Asiatic Society of British archaeologist Sir William Jones, founded January 15, 1784. In 1788 it begun to publish a journal The Asiatic Researches and in 1814 built its first museum in Bengal.
The ASI in its current form was founded in 1861 under British colonial administration by Sir Alexander Cunningham with the help of the then Viceroy Canning. At the time, its domain also included Afghanistan. When Mortimer Wheeler became Director-General in 1944, the head-office of the Survey was located at the Railway Board building in Simla. Prior to the partition of India, its' domain also included present-day Pakistan and Bangladesh. After independence, it came under The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites And Remains Act of 1958.
ASI administers 3636 monuments it has declared to be of national importance under the provisions of the Antiquity and Art Treasure Act 1972.
An 18 member National Committee on Conservation Policy was formed in January 2011 by Ministry of Culture. There main agenda was to make guidelines for Conservationa and Protection of monuments, formulate principles for conservation and comprise international best practices. A draft “National Conservation Policy for Monuments, Archaeological Sites and Remains” was released in May 2013. This was submitted to Ministry of Culture after getting feedback from various stakeholders. Ministry of Culture approved the final policy named “National Policy for Conservation of Ancient Monuments, Archaeological Sites and Remains(NPC - AMASR)” in January 2013. The Conservation policy will be applicable only for monuments and sites protected by ASI under Archaeological Sites and Reamians Act (AMASR), 1958.
- 1871 - 1885 Sir Alexander Cunningham
- 1886 - 1889 James Burgess
- 1902 - 1928 Sir John Marshall
- 1928 - 1931 Harold Hargreaves
- 1931 - 1935 Daya Ram Sahni
- 1935 - 1937 J. F. Blakiston
- 1937 - 1944 K. N. Dikshit
- 1944 - 1948 Sir Mortimer Wheeler
- 1948 - 1950 N. P. Chakravarti
- 1950 - 1953 Madho Sarup Vats
- 1953 - 1968 Amalananda Ghosh
- 1968 - 1972 B. B. Lal
- 1972 - M.N. (Madhusudan Narhar) Deshpande (archaeologist)
- 1997 - 2000 Ajai Shankar
- B. K. Thapar (archaeologist)
- C. Babu Rajeev
- Jan 2009 to Jan 2010 - K. N. Srivastava (I.A.S.)
- 2013 - Pravin Srivastava
- 2014 -Dr. Rakesh Tewari (Archaeologist)
In popular culture
- List of World Heritage Sites in India.
- Lists of Indian Monuments of National Importance
- Dholavira Ancient Metropolitan City. Application is pending for World Heritage Site.
- Survey of India is India's central agency in charge of mapping and surveying.
- Geological Survey of India conducts geological surveys and studies.
- Mahabalipuram (Underwater city)
- "Budget 2014-15 Ministry of Culture". Retrieved 30 March 2014.
- http://asi.nic.in/national_consrv_policy_ancient_monu.asp. Retrieved from 'Archaeological Survey of India' on 17 September 2014
- Archaeological Survey of India, Official website
- World Heritage Site, All Tentative Sites, Here is an overview of all tentative lists, last updated January 2007.
- World Heritage, Tentative Lists, State : India.
- Dholavira: a Harappan City, Disstt, Kachchh, Gujarat, India, India (Asia and the Pacific), Date of Submission: 03/07/1998 , Submission prepared by : Archaeological Survey of India, Coordinates: 23°53'10" N, 70°11'03" E, Ref.: 1090