Bar-le-Duc

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Bar-le-Duc
Clock tower
Clock tower
Coat of arms of Bar-le-Duc
Coat of arms
Bar-le-Duc is located in France
Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
Coordinates: 48°46′19″N 5°09′37″E / 48.7719°N 05.1603°E / 48.7719; 05.1603Coordinates: 48°46′19″N 5°09′37″E / 48.7719°N 05.1603°E / 48.7719; 05.1603
Country France
Region Lorraine
Department Meuse
Arrondissement Bar-le-Duc
Intercommunality Bar-le-Duc
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Nelly Jaquet (PS)
Area
 • Land1 23.62 km2 (9.12 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 15,895
 • Population2 density 670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 55029 / 55000
Elevation 175–327 m (574–1,073 ft)
(avg. 240 m or 790 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bar-le-Duc, formerly known as Bar, is a commune in the Meuse département, of which it is the capital. The department is in Lorraine in northeastern France

Geography[edit]

The lower, more modern and busier part of the town extends along a narrow valley, shut in by wooded or vine-clad hills, and is traversed throughout its length by the Ornain, which is crossed by several bridges. It is limited towards the north-east by the Marne-Rhine Canal, on the south-west by a small arm of the Ornain, called the Canal des Usines, on the left bank of which the upper town (Ville Haute) is situated.

History[edit]

Bar-le-Duc was at one time the seat of the countship, later Duchy of Bar. Though probably of ancient origin, the town was unimportant until the 10th century when it became the residence of the counts. Originally part of the early medieval duchy of Upper Lorraine, at some stage in the early modern period it was acquired by the neighbouring dukes of Lorraine.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 9,111 —    
1800 8,961 −1.6%
1806 9,970 +11.3%
1821 11,432 +14.7%
1831 12,496 +9.3%
1836 12,383 −0.9%
1841 12,526 +1.2%
1846 13,191 +5.3%
1851 14,816 +12.3%
1856 13,835 −6.6%
1861 14,922 +7.9%
1866 15,334 +2.8%
1872 15,175 −1.0%
1876 16,728 +10.2%
1881 17,485 +4.5%
1886 18,860 +7.9%
1891 18,761 −0.5%
1896 18,249 −2.7%
1901 17,693 −3.0%
1906 17,307 −2.2%
1911 17,068 −1.4%
1921 16,261 −4.7%
1926 16,365 +0.6%
1931 16,550 +1.1%
1936 16,697 +0.9%
1946 15,460 −7.4%
1954 16,609 +7.4%
1962 18,346 +10.5%
1968 19,159 +4.4%
1975 19,288 +0.7%
1982 18,471 −4.2%
1990 17,545 −5.0%
1999 16,944 −3.4%
2006 16,041 −5.3%
2009 15,895 −0.9%

Sights[edit]

Saint-Étienne Church and the court house (right) on the Saint-Pierre Square in Bar-le-Duc
Notre-Dame Bridge over the Ornain

The Ville Haute, which is reached by staircases and steep narrow thoroughfares, is intersected by a long, quiet street, bordered by houses of the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries. In this quarter are the remains (16th-century) of the chateau of the dukes of Bar, dismantled in 1670, the old clock-tower, and the college, built in the latter half of the 16th century. Its church of Saint-Étienne (constructed during the 14th and 15th centuries) contains a skillfully carved effigy in white stone of a half-decayed corpse, erected to the memory of René of Châlon (died 1544), the work of 16th-century artist Ligier Richier, a pupil of Michelangelo.

The lower town contains the official buildings and the churches of Notre-Dame, the most ancient in the town, and St. Antony, with 14th-century frescoes. Among the statues of distinguished natives of the town is one to Nicolas Oudinot, whose house serves as the hotel-de-ville. Other sights include the Notre-Dame Bridge, with five arches surmounted by a chapel in the middle.

Food[edit]

The highly rarefied Bar-le-duc jelly, also known as Lorraine Jelly, is a spreadable preparation of white currant or red currant fruit preserves, hailing from this town. First referenced in the historical record in 1344, it is also colloquially referred to as Bar Caviar.

Notable residents[edit]

Bar-le-Duc was the birthplace of:

A great silk factory was established here by Jean-François Jacqueminot.

International relations[edit]

Bar-le-Duc is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Attribution

External links[edit]