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Bhuban is located in Odisha
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°53′N 85°50′E / 20.88°N 85.83°E / 20.88; 85.83Coordinates: 20°53′N 85°50′E / 20.88°N 85.83°E / 20.88; 85.83
Country  India
State Odisha
District Dhenkanal
Elevation 64 m (210 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 20,134
 • Official Oriya
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 759017

Bhuban is a town and a NAC, in the sub-division of Kamakshyanagar, Dhenkanal district in the state of Odisha, India. It is the largest village of south Asia. It is well known for its brass and metal crafts ('Kansa pittal basan'). The village has a blend of cultures as people of different cultures (Hindus, Muslims) reside here. Most of the population are Hindus. Business and agriculture are the primary livelihoods of the people. It is basically a business hub for those who live in a 20 km radius surrounding it.

Bhuban is the birthplace of Sahid Baji Rout (b. 1925, martyred 10 October 1938), "the youngest martyr" of India,[1] who was shot in 1938 at Nilakanthapur, Bhuban.

Cultural life[edit]


Almost all the festivals are celebrated in a grand manner by the residents of Bhuban. The festival season starts with Khudurukuni, then Ganesh puja, Dussehra, Laxmi Puja, Kali Puja, Bali Jatra, Hingula jatra and so on. The Dussehra is celebrated in a grand way, which is very different, conventional and as per the tradition. People who live in and near Bhuban make a point to be part of the grand celebration every year. It is basically celebrated for two days.

Bullocks decoration on Vijayadashami Festival[edit]

On Vijayadashami, bullocks are decorated using beads, furs, and colourful saddles and become a part of the procession, which is not done elsewhere in the world. On the second day of the celebration, immersion of the goddess Durga takes place. The Bullock Festival of Bhuban has a special identity. Legend says, in ancient days bullocks were used for both transport and conveyance. The Thoriya community and Baladia bania community (a community of goldsmith caste) of Bhuban used bullocks for trade and business purposes. The Baladia community used to travel miles through the neighbouring villages to trade gold and silver jewellery. So to offer homage to the bullocks, during Dusserah period, when the bullocks are not engaged in any work by farmers, the Thoriya and Baladia community people would take the bullocks to Gramdevi at Banijari and worshiped them. Then the bullocks would make a few circuits around the Gramdevi. Subsequently this became a convention and custom for the people of Bhuban.

Today the bullocks are decorated with ornaments, beads, bells on their necks and colourful velvet saddles on their backs. They are treated with utmost care and are fed well before they are taken for worship at Gramadevi (Village Goddess) as in the tradition. This shows the rich cultural tradition of "Bhubanians" and their empathetic associations with animals. Then the bullocks are taken for a procession with full blown music. Interestingly the bullocks are not frightened by the loud music. The procession covers about 3 to 4 km and runs the whole night. The procession starts around 6 PM and goes till the morning of the next day. So, anybody who knows any "Bhubanian" must know the special Dussehra celebrated here. The "Aarisa Pitha" is a very much talked about sweet dish prepared at homes in this festival.

Bali Jatra[edit]

Bali Jatra means Festival of Sand. One day before Kartik Poornima a local festival known as "Bali Jatra" takes place around the Shiva temple named Brudheswar temple on the bank of Brahmani River with much splendor. Many people gather near Brundeswar temple for Bali Jatra. People take baths very early in the morning in the Brahmani river and worship Shiva Lingam made up of sand, on the bank of the river. The rituals related to Balunga (God of Sands) start from the Navami of the month and last up to the Poornima or full moon day. Sand idols are worshipped among the elderly ladies of the village, known as Balunga Oshaa (Rituals of Sand God) and are performed on the same day. Lord Kartikeswara and Lord Shiva are also worshipped on the Kartik Poornima.

In Oriya history, people used to go sailing across the river for business and trading after worshipping the Lord. This is popularly known as Boita Bandana which means worship of the boat. So on the same day, paper boats are lighted with candles and are floated in the river as a symbol of remembrance of the past traditions of the Sadhaba Community. People make a delicious dish of food item called Bada Oshaa Bhoga made up of raw rice grindings, coconut and sugar to perform the Naivedhya. This is also known as Bada Oshaa, meaning Large Festival.

Hingula Jatra[edit]

Another most important jatra celebrated in Bhuban is "Hingula Jatra" in Chatra purnima, likely to fall in April in the English calendar.

Special Food Dishes[edit]

There are some special food dishes, namely Khandu and Chhunchi Patra which are uniquely found in Bhuban village.

Chhunchi Patra[edit]

A special sweet item, made up of coconut, rice and Maida flour. It is uniquely made in Bhuban on special occasions. Coconut is ground and mixed with either sugar or jaggery and used as pura (sweet masala) as the sweetener in the Chhunchi Patra.

It is a sweet item made on special occasions and made up of ground coconut, rice and Maida flour. The mixture is made up of rice grinding and Maida flour and is flattened on a heated tava in moderate flame. Coconut is mixed with sugar or jaggery and used as pura (sweet masala) inside the cooked cake.


Bhuban is located at 20°53′N 85°50′E / 20.88°N 85.83°E / 20.88; 85.83.[2] It has an average elevation of 64 metres (209 feet). Bhuban is located at 20°53′N 85°50′E / 20.88°N 85.83°E / 20.88; 85.83.[1] It has an average elevation of 64 meters (209 feet). Bhuban is around 90 km from all the leading power plants (Kaniha NTPC and Talcher NTPC) and the so-called industrial hub Angul.


As of 2001 India census,[3] Bhuban had a population of 20,134. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Bhuban has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 76% and female literacy of 60%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.


Bhuban has several schools and high schools for children's education. Among them Bhuban High School, established during 1948, is the oldest institution. The alumni from this institution have established themselves on national and international levels. There are also convent schools like Sri Aurobindo Integral Education Centre, Baji Rout Memorial School and Saraswati Shishu Mandir. Bhuban Girls' High School and Nua Bhuban High School provide quality education to the children of this region. In Sri Aurobindo Integral Education Centre, hostel facilities are provided to the students who come from outside of the village. Bhuban High School and Bhuban Girls' High School are top among the high school category.

Baji Rout Memorial College,[4] Bhuban Women's College and Bhuban Women's Degree College provide education to the students of Bhuban and its surrounding area. There are two English medium schools: Binayak English Medium School and Swami Vivekanand English Medium School. They serve their best education facilities to the village students.

Other information[edit]

Many social organisations such as Rama mandir Puja committee, mahila sangrami morcha, Satya Sai Seva anusthana, Brudheswar puja committee, Durga Puja Committee, Rastriya swayan sevak sangh, Bajaranga dala, Biswa Hindu Parisad, Akhila Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parisad (ABVP) Bhuban Unit, Maa Hingula Thakurani Puja Committee, Ganesh puja committee, have organized frequent activities every year. There are many restaurants such as Hotel Jasmine, Hotel Rainbow, Hotel Satabdee. Best food facilities are available at low price in the restaurants.