|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Odisha Freedom Fighters like Balaram Raj, Shyamsundar Parida, Kailashchandra Mohanty, Banamali Das, Baishnab Patnaik, Brundaban Chandra Sadangi and Nanda Kishore Patnaik violently fought against the local prince and forced him to surrender to newly formed Indian National Government. This was the beginning of the process of 576 princely states joining Republic of India and thus the making of modern political India. In Odisha, people of Nilagiri celebrate this as The Victorious Uprising of Nilagiri.
"Santaragadia" is a semi town in the part of Nilagiri sub-division.it is located 11 k.m from nilagiri.Biju Road is connecting Nilagiri to Santaragadia, there was freedom fighters like Bhagwan Pradhan(Patanapada), Baidyanath Panigrahi.
Panchalingeshwar is located 8 k.m from nilagiri..it is famous for Place of "Lord Shiva temple" and water fall on hill side.
Ajodhya is located 15 k.m. from Nilgiri. It is famous for its ancient 8th-9th century temple ruins,Buddhist and Jainism relics,articles which are shown in the museum estasblished by Govt of Odisha at Ajodhya and Maa Marichee Temple. "Santaragadia" mostly known as a Place-based education, sometimes called pedagogy of place, place-based learning, experiential education, community-based education, education for sustainability, environmental education or more rarely, service learning, is an educational philosophy developed initially by The Oriya Society.
Nilagiri is located at  It has an average elevation of 23 m (75 ft). The area mainly comprises hills and platues with Laterite being the main soil type. Nilagiri receives rain from the Monsoon; while summer is humid winter is very dry..
As of 2001[update] India census, Nilagiri had a population of 14,745. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Nilagiri has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 66%, and female literacy is 54%. In Nilagiri, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
There is a Jagannatha Temple in Nilagiri which is one of the prominent Jagannnath temples of Odisha. Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are worshiped here. Every year Ratha Yatra is observed with all the cults of the gods.
Panchalingeswara temple is scenic picnic spot in Baleswar which is located 30 km from Baleswar. This is famous both for Panchalingeswara temple and the picnic spot nearby. There is a state tourism Pantha Nivas in Panchalingeswara for the tourists coming from outside. Panchalingeswara is surrounded by thick greenery and hillocks. Branches of the natural spring flow through the hill range which add more attraction to this place. There are two high schools named K.C. high school and R.T. highschool in the heart of nilagiri.Nilagiri college and Women's college are two colleges that impart higher education in the area. The subdivisional hospital is situated on the road connecting nilagiri to mitrapur.
Current MLA from Nilgiri Assembly Constituency is Pratap Chandra Sarangi of BJP, who won the seat in State elections in 2004. He is from village Gopinathpur. Previous MLAs from this seat were Pradipta Panda of CPI(M) in 2000, Akshaya Kumar Acharya representing INC in 1995 and representing INC(I) in 1980, Chittaranjan Sarangi as independent candidate in 1990, Sukumar Nayak of INC in 1985, Rajendra Chandra Mardaraj of JNP in 1977.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nilagiri
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 17-Nilgiri Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-15.
- "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-15.