Bileća

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Bileca)
Jump to: navigation, search
Bileća
Билећа
Bileća Lake
Bileća Lake
Flag of Bileća
Flag
Official seal of Bileća
Seal
Location of Bileća within Republika Srpska
Location of Bileća within Republika Srpska
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Settlements 61 (1991.)
Government
 • Mayor Miladin Samardžić (SDS) [1]
Area
 • Total 632,33 km2 (24,414 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 11,536
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 59
Website Opšina Bileća

Bileća (Cyrillic: Билећа) is a town and municipality in southeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, administratively part of the Trebinje Region in the Republika Srpska entity.

Geography[edit]

It is located in eastern Herzegovina, near the border with Montenegro, north of Trebinje and south of Gacko.

Settlements[edit]

BaljciBijela RudinaBijeljani • Bileća • BodenikBogdašićiBresticeČepelicaDeleušaDivinDlakošeDolaDonja Meka GrudaDonji DavidovićiĐečeFatnicaGolobrđeGornja Meka GrudaGornji DavidovićiGranicaHodžićiKačanjKalacKoritaKrivačaKrstačeKukričjeKutiLađevićiMilavićiMirilovićiMirušeMrežicaNaratNjeganovićiOblo BrdoOrahOrahovicePađeniPanikPlanaPodgorjePodosojePreracaPrijevorPrisojeRiocaSelištaSimijovaSkrobotnoŠobadineTodorićiTorićTrnovicaVlahinjaVranjskaVrbicaZasadaZaušjeZvijerinaŽudojevići

History[edit]

The first traces of civilization in Bileća date from the Neolithic period, although archaeological sites are insufficiently explored. The first written documentation of Bileća as an inhabited place can be found in Ragusan documents dating from 1286, when it is mentioned under the name Bilechia. Bileća is mentioned in the 14th and 15th century as an important cross road town in caravan routes. A document dated 8 September 1388, mentions that the army of duke Vlatko Vuković defeated the Turkish army at the Battle of Bileća. In the period from 13th to 16th century in the history of this area is a large number of the "stećci" monolith markers which weigh up to 5 tons. Bileća was held by the Turks from 1466, although this was a rebellious area difficult to control. Nearby lies the town of Vučji Do, in which the Battle of Vučji Do took place in 1876. The Berlin's Congress included Bileća in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which brought economic development to the region. The first primary school in Bileća was opened in 1880.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 1910 census, the absolute majority in the Bileća municipality were Orthodox Christians (82.27%). According to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1931 population census, the majority was held by Orthodox Christians 81.27%.

year of census total Serbs Bosniaks Croats Yugoslavs others
1991 13,284 10,628 (80.00%) 1,947 (14.65%) 39 (0.29%) 222 (1.67%) 448 (3.37%)
1981 13,199 10,190 (77.20%) 1,803 (13.66%) 44 (0.33%) 727 (5.50%) 435 (3.29%)
1971 13,444 10,880 (80.92%) 2,079 (15.46%) 82 (0.60%) 69 (0.51%) 334 (2.51%)

Features[edit]

People[edit]

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 42°52′N 18°26′E / 42.867°N 18.433°E / 42.867; 18.433