Democracy in India

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India is the seventh largest (by area) and the second most populous country in the world, with roughly one-sixth of its population, of about a billion and a quarter. India is one of the world's oldest civilizations, yet a very young nation. Under Moghul control for much of its history until its colonisation by European powers in the mid-eighteenth century. The world's largest democracy by electorate was created after independence in 1947 under the leadership of its nationalist movement, the Indian National Congress.[1]

Elections to its Parliament are held once every 5 years. Currently, Prime minister Narendra Modi is the head of the government, enjoying a majority in the Parliament, while President Pranab Mukherjee, is the head of state. India is a constitutional republic governed under the world's longest written constitution, federally consisting of 29 states and seven centrally administered union territories, with New Delhi as the nation's capital.

The country has six main national parties: the Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP), Indian National Congress (INC), Communist Party of India (CPI), the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP). At the level of its states, many regional parties stand for elections to state legislatures, every five years. The Rajya Sabha elections are held every 6 years.

Factors affecting democracy[edit]

The Indian democracy is the best understood by focusing on how power is divided. The earliest forms of Republics and Kingdoms in India were called Janapada and Mahajanapada.

Regions[edit]

India is very densely populated. India consists of twenty nine states and seven union territories. It is the second-most populated country in the world after China.

Other factors[edit]

Factors such as education, corruption, women's issues, student politics, leadership strategies and the design of political institutions affect national and local politics.[2] Some other factors such as the caste issue, environment policy, new long-term investment in the economy by foreigners etc., also have a bearing.[3]

See also[edit]

  1. Indian Government
  2. Indian Politics
  3. Indian Law
  4. Indian economy

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maya Tudor, The Promise of Power: The Origins of Democracy in India and Autocracy in Pakistan. (Cambridge University Press, 2013): Chapter 5.
  2. ^ Encyclopedia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 10 Nov. 2008 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/285248/India India
  3. ^ Encyclopedia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 10 Nov. 2008 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/285248/India India

Further reading[edit]