Gallia County, Ohio

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Gallia County, Ohio
Seal of Gallia County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Gallia County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 25, 1803[1]
Named for the Latin name for France
Seat Gallipolis
Largest city Gallipolis
Area
 • Total 471.20 sq mi (1,220 km2)
 • Land 466.53 sq mi (1,208 km2)
 • Water 4.67 sq mi (12 km2), 0.99%
Population
 • (2010) 30,934
 • Density 66.3/sq mi (26/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.gallianet.net

Gallia County (pronunciation: GAL-yuh) is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 30,934, which is a decrease of 0.4% from 31,069 in 2000.[2] Its county seat is Gallipolis.[3] Its name is the Latin word for "France." Gallia County is also known by nickname "Little Cardiganshire".[4]

Gallia County is part of the Point Pleasant, WV-OH Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Gallia County was formed on March 25, 1803 from portions of Adams and Washington counties. Gallia County was originally settled by the French who gave the county the Latin name for "France."[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 471.20 square miles (1,220.4 km2), of which 466.53 square miles (1,208.3 km2) (or 99.01%) is land and 4.67 square miles (12.1 km2) (or 0.99%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 4,181
1820 7,098 69.8%
1830 9,733 37.1%
1840 13,444 38.1%
1850 17,063 26.9%
1860 22,043 29.2%
1870 25,545 15.9%
1880 28,124 10.1%
1890 27,005 −4.0%
1900 27,918 3.4%
1910 25,745 −7.8%
1920 23,311 −9.5%
1930 23,050 −1.1%
1940 24,930 8.2%
1950 24,910 −0.1%
1960 26,120 4.9%
1970 25,239 −3.4%
1980 30,098 19.3%
1990 30,954 2.8%
2000 31,069 0.4%
2010 30,934 −0.4%
Est. 2012 30,708 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[2]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 31,069 people, 12,060 households, and 8,586 families residing in the county. The population density was 66 people per square mile (26/km²). There were 13,498 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.26% White, 2.70% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,060 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,191, and the median income for a family was $35,938. Males had a median income of $31,783 versus $22,829 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,183. About 13.50% of families and 18.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.20% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of Gallia County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Gallia County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "Gallia County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ http://ohio.llgc.org.uk/co-jacksongallia.php
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 133. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 5, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°50′N 82°19′W / 38.83°N 82.32°W / 38.83; -82.32