Lake County, Ohio

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Lake County, Ohio
Lake County Courthouse.jpg
Lake County Courthouse
Seal of Lake County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Lake County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 6, 1840[1]
Named for Lake Erie
Seat Painesville
Largest city Mentor
Area
 • Total 979.20 sq mi (2,536 km2)
 • Land 227.49 sq mi (589 km2)
 • Water 751.70 sq mi (1,947 km2), 76.77%
Population
 • (2010) 230,041
 • Density 1,011.2/sq mi (390/km²)
Congressional district 14th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.lakecountyohio.gov

Lake County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 230,041, which is an increase of 1.1% from 227,511 in 2000.[2] The county seat is Painesville,[3] and the county name comes from its location on the southern shore of Lake Erie.[4]

Lake County is part of the Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Lake County was established on March 6, 1840, from land given by Cuyahoga and Geauga counties. It was named for its location on Lake Erie, the most southerly of the five Great Lakes.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 979.20 square miles (2,536.1 km2), of which 227.49 square miles (589.2 km2) (or 23.23%) is land and 751.70 square miles (1,946.9 km2) (or 76.77%) is water.[5] Lake County is Ohio's smallest county by land area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 13,719
1850 14,654 6.8%
1860 15,576 6.3%
1870 15,935 2.3%
1880 16,326 2.5%
1890 18,235 11.7%
1900 21,680 18.9%
1910 22,927 5.8%
1920 28,667 25.0%
1930 41,674 45.4%
1940 50,020 20.0%
1950 75,979 51.9%
1960 148,700 95.7%
1970 197,200 32.6%
1980 212,801 7.9%
1990 215,499 1.3%
2000 227,511 5.6%
2010 230,041 1.1%
Est. 2013 229,857 −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2013 Estimate[2]

In 2010, 92.4% spoke English, 2.7% Spanish, and 1.4% Serbo-Croatian.[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 227,511 people, 89,700 households, and 62,520 families residing in the county. The population density was 997 people per square mile (385/km²). There were 93,487 housing units at an average density of 410 per square mile (158/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.40% White, 1.99% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.5% were of German, 14.6% Italian, 12.7% Irish, 8.1% English, 6.2% Polish, 5.7% American and 5.4% Slovene ancestry according to Census 2000. 93.6% spoke English, 1.9% Spanish, and 0.8% Croatian as their first language.[7]

There were 89,700 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.10% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.30% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 24.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,763, and the median income for a family was $57,134. Males had a median income of $40,916 versus $28,434 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,160. About 3.50% of families and 5.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.50% of those under age 18 and 5.40% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Environment[edit]

Scorecard[9] ranks Lake County among the worst 10% of counties in the U.S. in terms of cancer risk, developmental and reproductive toxicants, and other categories as well; this is comparable with most major cities and densely populated areas.

Lake County has a large public park system. Kirtland is home to the Holden Arboretum and the location of Gildersleeve Mountain. Headlands Beach State Park is located in Mentor. The Grand River is a state wild and scenic river and the Chagrin River is a state scenic river.

Transportation[edit]

Laketran is the transit agency servicing Lake County. Interstate 90 runs northeast/southwest through Lake County, roughly parallel to State Route 2; together these roads make up the major traffic arteries in the county. There is currently no passenger rail service in Lake County.

Library services[edit]

Lake County is served by the following libraries:

Politics[edit]

A 2008 analysis of Ohio presidential election results from 1960 to 2004 found that no other county more closely follows the statewide Ohio voting pattern.[12] Lake County doesn't always vote with the winner, but consistently is closer to the winner's Ohio vote percentage than any other Ohio county.

Communities[edit]

Map of Lake County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Municipalities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other places[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Lake County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "Lake County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Lake County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Archived from the original on 2007-12-11. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 6, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b http://www.mla.org/cgi-shl/docstudio/docs.pl?map_data_results
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ scorecard.org
  10. ^ "HAPLR Top Ten by Population". HAPLR Index. 
  11. ^ a b "2005 Ohio Public Library Statistics:Statistics by County and Town". State Library of Ohio. Retrieved October 28, 2006. 
  12. ^ Exner, Rich (August 19, 2008). "Ohio's presidential election bellwether: Lake County". Cleveland Plain Dealer. Retrieved June 24, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°49′N 81°14′W / 41.82°N 81.24°W / 41.82; -81.24