Jabodetabek (originally Jabotabek) was an official definition of the urban area surrounding the Indonesia capital city Jakarta. The definition "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1980s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" a decade later when "De" (for "Depok") was inserted into the name; it finally included five municipalities and three regencies, it was officially expanded again in 2011 to "Jabodetabekjur" to incorporate a part of Cianjur Regency. The population of Jabodetabek was 28.0 million according to the Indonesian Census 2010.
The area comprises the DKI Jakarta and parts of West Java and Banten provinces, specifically the three Regencies of those provinces which surround Jakarta - Bekasi and Bogor in West Java, and Tangerang in Banten. Also included were the Kota (formerly Kotamadya) independent municipalities of Bogor, Depok, Bekasi, Tangerang and South Tangerang.
The name of the region is taken from the first two (or three) letters of each city's name: Jabo(de)tabek from Jakarta, Bogor, (Depok), Tangerang and Bekasi.
Among the inhabitants, approximately 9.58 million live in Jakarta in 2010; almost 8.2 million in the five cities of Bogor, Depok, Bekasi, Tangerang, and South Tangerang; and almost 10.2 million in the three regencies (Bekasi Regency, Tangerang Regency, and Bogor Regency). The population is steadily increasing due to migration from other parts of Indonesia.
Common names for Greater Jakarta:
|Area (km²)||Population (2010 Census Final))||Population density (/km²)|
|South Tangerang Municipality
W.J. = West Java province B. = Banten province
The region is partly defined by the areas from which people commute into the city.
Rail services and termini
- Bogor - Jakarta Kota rail road, the busiest commuter railroad in Jabotabek. It has five major terminals at Bogor station in Bogor City, Depok station in Depok City, a major transfer point at Manggarai Station in South Jakarta, Juanda Station in Central Jakarta, and finally at Jakarta Kota Station.
- Bekasi - Jakarta Kota rail road, the second busiest commuter railroad in Jabotabek. It has five major terminals at Bekasi station in Bekasi City, Jatinegara Station (East Jakarta), Pasar Senen Station (Central Jakarta), Kemayoran Station (Central Jakarta) and finally at Jakarta Kota Station.
- Serpong - Manggarai rail road. It has four major terminals at Serpong station in South Tangerang City, Tanah Abang Station (Central Jakarta), Sudirman Station (Central Jakarta), and finally at Manggarai Station in South Jakarta.
- Tangerang - Jakarta Kota rail road. It has two major terminals at Tangerang station in Tangerang City and Jakarta Kota.
Major bus stations
The region is served by six major bus terminals, connected innercity and intercity :
|Pulo Gadung||Pulo Gadung||East Jakarta|
|Kampung Rambutan||Pasar Rebo||East Jakarta|
|Lebak Bulus||Cilandak||South Jakarta|
|Blok M||Kebayoran Baru||South Jakarta|
|Tanjung Priok||Tanjung Priok||North Jakarta|
|Grogol||Grogol Petamburan||West Jakarta|
|Rawamangun||Pulo Gadung||East Jakarta|
|Kampung Melayu||Jatinegara||East Jakarta|
|Pasar Minggu||Pasar Minggu||South Jakarta|
|Klender||Duren Sawit||East Jakarta|
|Baranangsiang||Central Bogor||Bogor City|
|Depok||Pancoran Mas||Depok City|
|Bekasi||Sepanjang Jaya||Bekasi City|
|Poris Plawad||Poris Plawad||Tangerang City|
|Ciputat||Ciputat||South Tangerang City|
- "Indonesia government:Jabotabek". Indonesia.go.id. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- pt. kompas cyber media. "Tidak Gampang Dapat KTP DKI - KOMPAS.com". Megapolitan.kompas.com. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Publikasi Provinsi dan Kabupaten Hasil Sementara SP2010". Bps.go.id. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Forbes, Dean. "Jakarta: Globalization, economic crisis, and social change," pp. 268–298, in Josef Gugler (ed.) World Cities beyond the West: Globalization, Development and Inequality.