|Native name||Métro de Lille|
|Locale||Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||2|
|Number of stations||60|
|Daily ridership||271,230 (2011)|
|Annual ridership||99 million (2011)|
|System length||45 km (28 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The Lille Metro (French: Métro de Lille) is a driverless metro located in Lille, France. It was opened on 25 April 1983 and was the first to use the VAL (French: véhicule automatique léger, English: light automated vehicle) system. The metro is made up of 2 lines that serve 60 stations, and runs over 45 kilometres (28 mi) of route.
Construction started in 1978, and the first section was opened on 25 April 1983 between Quatre Cantons ("Four Townships") and République. On 2 May 1984 line 1 was completed, with a length of 13.5 kilometres (8.4 mi) (8.5 kilometres (5.3 mi) underground), linking CHR B Calmette (centre hospitalier régional: "regional hospital centre") to Quatre Cantons via Gare de Lille Flandres. All 18 stations have doors between the platform and the train.
Line 2 opened on 3 April 1989 and it reached CH Dron (centre hospitalier: "hospital centre") near the Belgian border on 27 October 2000. It is 32 kilometres (20 mi) long with 43 stations.
Trains are 2 metres (79 in) wide and 26 metres (85 ft) long (composed of permanently coupled two-car sets), and are rubber-tyred. Platforms are 52 metres (171 ft) in length, long enough for two units. Each unit can carry 156 passengers.
The metro operates from 5:00 a.m. until midnight, with trains every 1½ to 4 minutes (1 minute during rush hour), and every 6 to 8 minutes early mornings and evenings. On Sundays there is a train every 2 to 6 minutes. A one-way ticket costs €1.50.
Since January 2013, important works have began to double the capacity of the first line. The platforms are being lengthened to be used with new 52 metres (171 ft) long trains built by Alstom. This program should be achieved in October 2017. The former VAL 208 of the first line will then be transferred to the second line and increase its capacity of 30%.
One of the 60 Siemens VAL 208 trains.
- "Les chiffres clés" [Key figures] (in French). Transpole. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
- "Les chiffres de fréquentation Transpole 2011" [The figures of frequentation Transpole 2011] (in French). Lille Transport - Parlons mobilité. February 11, 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-25.
- "Qui sommes-nous? - Notre Histoire" [Who are we? - Our History] (in French). Transpole. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
- "Les lignes de métro" [The lines of the metro] (in French). Transpole. Retrieved 2013-09-25.
- "Les titres occasionnels" [The occasional (titles)] (in French). Transpole. Retrieved 2013-09-25.
Media related to Lille Metro at Wikimedia Commons