Barcelona Metro

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Barcelona Metro
Barcelona Metro Logo.svg
Overview
Locale Barcelona
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines

11 lines (Total)

  • 8 TMB metro-standards lines
  • 3 FGC lines
Number of stations 141 (TMB metro stations)[1]
163 (Total)
Annual ridership 412,583,000 (2012)[2]
Website Barcelona Metro
Metro De Barcelona
Operation
Began operation 1924
Operator(s) TMB & FGC
Number of vehicles 1674
Technical
System length 102.6 km (63.8 mi)
(metro-standards TMB lines)[1]
123.7 km (76.9 mi)
(Total, incl. FGC lines)[1][3]
Track gauge 1,445 mm (4 ft 8 78 in),
1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
System map
Unofficial map - network as of July 2013
Can Peixauet.
Plaça de Catalunya station (L1)
Universitat station (L1)
Gavarra station (L5)
Ticket vending machines, Sants Estació station.

The Barcelona Metro (Catalan and Spanish: Metro de Barcelona)[a] (part of the public transportation system of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain) is an extensive network of electrified railways that run underground in central Barcelona and above ground into the city's suburbs. Since September 20, 2011, Barcelona Metro system consists of 11 lines with 163 stations and 123.7 km in total. In 2002 ATM announced that two additional lines would built in the near future, L12 and L13.[4] There have been 3 driverless lines since 2009: Line 11, Line 9 and Line 10, in chronological order.

History[edit]

The Barcelona Metro was founded in 1924 with the construction of the Gran Metro between Lesseps and the Plaça de Catalunya, part of the modern Line 3. Two years later the Metro Transversal (now part of Line 1) was built between the Plaça de Catalunya and la Bordeta to link the city centre with the Plaça d'Espanya and Montjuïc, the site of the 1929 Barcelona International Exposition.

Today the network consists of ten lines managed by 2 different operators: Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB), which manages the major underground lines; and Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya (FGC, or Catalan Government Railways), which manages three integrated commuter lines running out into the extended metropolitan area. Fares are integrated into Autoritat del Transport Metropolità, a city-wide system that also includes local and regional buses and some regional train services. 98% of its railway tracks are underground.

Layout[edit]

A colour-coded schematic map of the Barcelona Metro network.
Network map

The metro network proper, operated by TMB, consists of eight lines, numbered L1 to L5 and L9 to L11 (which are distinguished on network maps by different colours), covering 102.6 kilometres (63.8 mi) of route and 141 stations.[1]

FGC lines are numbered L6, L7 and L8. These lines share track with other FCG commuter rail lines, and so technically don't meet the definition of metro-standards lines.

None of the Barcelona Metro lines have a name of their own but are generally referred to by their colour or by the number and the names of their termini. The Funicular de Montjuïc, a funicular railway, is fare-integrated and listed on maps as part of the metro network, being connected directly to the metro at Paral·lel station.

The lines run as follows:

Line Number Termini Operator Current Length Approved Length Current Stations Approved Stations Year of Opening
Barcelona Metro line 1L1.gif
Hospital de BellvitgeFondo TMB 20.700 km 29.758 km 29 38 1929
Barcelona Metro line 2L2.gif
Paral·lelBadalona Pompeu Fabra TMB 13.700 km 18.466 km 18 34 1995
Barcelona Metro line 3L3.gif
Zona UniversitàriaTrinitat Nova TMB 18.400 km 20.024 km 26 36 1924
Barcelona Metro line 4L4.gif
Trinitat NovaLa Pau TMB 17.300 km 18.916 km 22 26 1973 (1926)
Barcelona Metro line 5L5.gif
Cornellà CentreVall d'Hebron TMB 19.168 km 19.168 km 26 27 1959
Barcelona Metro line 6L6.gif
Pl. CatalunyaReina Elisenda FGC 5.384 km 8.198 km 9 (3 shared with L7) 12 1976 (1863)
Barcelona Metro line 7L7.gif
Pl. CatalunyaAv. Tibidabo FGC 4.634 km 4.634 km 7 (3 shared with L6) 7 1954 (1863)
Barcelona Metro line 8L8.gif
Pl. EspanyaMolí Nou-Ciutat Cooperativa FGC 11.266 km 11.266 km 11 11 2000 (1912)
Barcelona Metro line 9L9.gif
La SagreraCan Zam TMB 7.867 km 47.8 km 9 (3 shared with L10) 39 2009
Barcelona Metro line 10L10 barcelona.svg
La SagreraGorg TMB 5.57 km 47.8 km 6 (3 shared with L9) 33 2010
Barcelona Metro line 11L11.gif
Trinitat NovaCan Cuiàs TMB 2.109 km 5 2003
Funicular de MontjuïcFmontjuic.svg
Parc de MontjuïcParal·lel TMB 0.758 km 2 1928

In addition to those, Renfe and FGC trains and the increasingly important Trambaix and Trambesòs routes and stations are displayed on most recent maps, including the info maps in the metro stations, all in a single variety of dark green.

L9 and L10[edit]

Detalls of the capacity of trains.

Construction work is taking place currently on L9/L10, which will run from Badalona and Santa Coloma de Gramenet to the Zona Franca district and El Prat International Airport. The lines, which share a central section between Bon Pastor and Torrassa (L1), will be one of the longest automated metro lines in Europe, at 47.8 kilometres (29.7 mi), and will have 52 stations. As of June 2010, eleven stations are open. The project was approved in 2000[5] but has been challenged by some technical difficulties and some of their sections are pending further geological analysis.

Proposed lines[edit]

Lines L12 and L13 are two current planned additions to the network.

L12 R3[edit]

A version of the project for this line, which has been recently given the name of R3, would connect some of the urban area municipalities in Baix Llobregat, such as Esplugues de Llobregat, Sant Joan Despí or Sant Just Desvern, more efficiently than the original idea, bringing them closer to the capital by optimising connections with the bus, tram and train systems. It is due to be completed in 2015 with a budget of close to €870 million.

L13[edit]

This line would become, along with L11, one of the two underground light-rail lines fully integrated into the network. As with L11, the intention is to provide access to a hilly area of the metropolitan area: the hospital in Can Ruti in Badalona. The original project includes only three stations (which may not preclude expansion):

New FGC line[edit]

A new Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat (FGC) urban line was proposed in late 2010. If completed, it would run from the new Poblenou developments to the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), in Cerdanyola del Vallès through La Sagrera and the district of Horta-Guinardó. This line doesn't have a number or name yet.[6][7][8]

Past projects[edit]

Besides the current projects above mentioned, from the 1960s onwards some projects were put forward. Among these were a service numbered line VI (following the Roman numeral convention of the network at the time) and a 1980s project for a line crossing Avinguda Diagonal from north-west to south-east, the Diagonal line.[9]

Cards and pricing[edit]

In addition to the one-way ticket (€2.15 as of February 2014[10] there are a number of other tickets and cards. All of the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità (ATM) transport cards are valid and can be used in the Barcelona Metro. These are:

  • T10, which includes ten rides at a discounted price
  • T50/30–50 journeys made in 30 consecutive days from the first use
  • T Familiar (70/30)
  • T Mes
  • T Trimestre
  • T Dia, which includes unlimited trips within a day
  • T Jove

All of the metro stations are within fare zone 1. Fares can be found on this page.

Stations[edit]

TMB (top) and FGC (bottom) logos outside Plaça de Catalunya station.
Elevators in Llefià station.
Llefià

As of mid 2007, there are currently 150 operational stations in the Barcelona Metro, served by the 9 lines in current use, which will increase to 209 when lines L9 and L10 are finally completed. The average distance between stations is 650 metres.

An overwhelming majority of stations in the network lack related buildings or structures aboveground, mostly consisting of an access with stairs, escalators and sometimes an elevator. The official TMB metro indicator, a red rhombus with a M inside, remains unused by FGC lines, which use their company logo and a different rhombus-shaped logo (actually rather similar to the one used inside the Madrid Metro) inside stations. Below ground their decoration is remarkably sober, with the exception of a few stations.

Disused stations[edit]

A number of stations in the network have been closed, were never inaugurated, or have been moved to a nearby location. See the main article for more details.

Accessibility[edit]

Accessibility for wheelchairs and for parents with pushchairs is being improved but the metro system is not yet fully accessible. A project of improvements is gradually adding more lifts from street level to ticket office level and then from ticket office level to the platforms, though many stations remain without access. See Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona for more information on which stations are currently accessible.

Transportation in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona[edit]

The Barcelona Metro is part of a larger transportation network, regulated and fare-integrated by Autoritat del Transport Metropolità.

Among these services, there are two large systems which operate both inside and outside the city limits of Barcelona: the commuter train lines operated by Renfe, amalgamated in the Rodalies Barcelona, or Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya lines which start in the metro lines the company operates (L6, L7 and L8 and which become a fully-fledged railway system which serves most of the metropolitan area: list of FGC lines. FGC is developing Sabadell Metro and Terrassa Metro as extensions of its network in the large cities of Sabadell and Terrassa respectively.

See also[edit]

Barcelona Metro topics[edit]

Rapid transit in Barcelona[edit]

Other metro systems in Spain[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Local pronunciation:

References[edit]

External links[edit]