Mel Blanc

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Mel Blanc
Mel Blanc - 1959.jpg
Blanc in a 1950s publicity photo
Born Melvin Jerome Blank
(1908-05-30)May 30, 1908
San Francisco, California, U.S.
Died July 10, 1989(1989-07-10) (aged 81)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Cause of death
Heart disease
Emphysema
Nationality American
Other names "The Man of 1000 Voices"
Alma mater Lincoln High School
Occupation Voice actor
Years active 1927–1989
Known for Looney Tunes
The Jack Benny Program
Spouse(s) Estelle Rosenbaum
(1933–89; his death)
Children Noel Blanc

Melvin Jerome "Mel" Blanc (May 30, 1908 – July 10, 1989) was an American voice actor and comedian. Although he began his more than six-decade-long career performing in radio, Blanc is best remembered for his work with Warner Bros. as the voices of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tweety Bird, Sylvester the Cat, Yosemite Sam, Foghorn Leghorn, Marvin the Martian, Pepé Le Pew, Speedy Gonzales, Wile E. Coyote, the Tasmanian Devil and many of the other characters from the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies cartoon short films, during the golden age of American animation.[1]

He later worked for Hanna-Barbera's television cartoons, most notably as the voices of Barney Rubble in The Flintstones and Mr. Spacely in The Jetsons. Blanc was also a regular performer on The Jack Benny Program in both its radio and television formats (among various other radio and TV programs), and was the original voice of Woody Woodpecker for Universal Pictures.[1]

Having earned the nickname "The Man of a Thousand Voices", Blanc is regarded as one of the most influential people in the voice acting industry.[2]

Early life[edit]

Blanc was born Melvin Jerome Blank in San Francisco, California, to Jewish parents Frederick and Eva Blank. The younger of two children, he grew up in the neighborhood of Western Addition in San Francisco, and later in Portland, Oregon, where he attended Lincoln High School. Growing up, he had a fondness for voices and dialect, which he began voicing at the age of ten. He claimed when he was sixteen, he changed the spelling from "Blank" to "Blanc," because a teacher told him that he would amount to nothing and be like his name, a "blank." Blanc joined The Order of DeMolay as a young man, and was eventually inducted into its Hall of Fame.[3] After graduating high school in 1927, he split his time between leading an orchestra, becoming the youngest conductor in the country at the age of 19, and performing shtick in vaudeville shows around Washington, Oregon, and northern California.[4]

Career[edit]

Radio work[edit]

Blanc began his radio career at the age of 19 when in 1927 he debuted as a voice actor on the KGW program The Hoot Owls, where his ability to provide voices for multiple characters first attracted attention. He moved to Los Angeles in 1932, where he met Estelle Rosenbaum, whom he married a year later, before returning to Portland. He moved to KEX in 1933 to produce and co-host his Cobweb And Nuts show with his wife Estelle, which debuted on June 15. The program played Monday through Saturday from 11:00 pm to midnight, and by the time the show ended two years later, it appeared from 10:30 pm to 11:00 pm.

With his wife's encouragement, Blanc returned to Los Angeles and joined Warner Bros.-owned KFWB in Hollywood, California, in 1935. He joined The Johnny Murray Show, but the following year switched to CBS Radio and The Joe Penner Show.

Blanc was a regular on the NBC Red Network show The Jack Benny Program in various roles, including voicing Benny's Maxwell automobile (in desperate need of a tune-up), violin teacher Professor LeBlanc, Polly the Parrot, Benny's pet polar bear Carmichael, the tormented department store clerk, and the train announcer (see below). The first role came from a mishap when the recording of the automobile's sounds failed to play on cue, prompting Blanc to take the microphone and improvise the sounds himself. The audience reacted so positively that Benny decided to dispense with the recording altogether and have Blanc continue in that role. One of Blanc's most memorable characters from Benny's radio (and later TV) programs was "Sy, the Little Mexican", who spoke one word at a time. The famous "Sí...Sy...sew...Sue" routine was so effective that no matter how many times it was performed, the laughter was always there, thanks to the comedic timing of Blanc and Benny.[5]

By 1946, Blanc appeared on over 15 radio programs in supporting roles. His success on The Jack Benny Program led to his own radio show on the CBS Radio Network, The Mel Blanc Show, which ran from September 3, 1946, to June 24, 1947. Blanc played himself as the hapless owner of a fix-it shop, as well as his young cousin Zookie.

Blanc also appeared on such other national radio programs as The Abbott and Costello Show, the Happy Postman on Burns and Allen, and as August Moon on Point Sublime. During World War II, he appeared as Private Sad Sack on various radio shows, most notably G.I. Journal. Blanc recorded a song titled "Big Bear Lake."

Animation voice work during the golden age of Hollywood[edit]

Private Snafu: Spies, voiced by Blanc in 1943

In December 1936, Mel Blanc joined Leon Schlesinger Productions, which was producing theatrical cartoon shorts for Warner Bros. After sound man Treg Brown was put in charge of cartoon voices, and Carl Stalling became music director, Brown introduced Blanc to animation directors Tex Avery, Bob Clampett, Friz Freleng, and Frank Tashlin, who loved his voices. The first cartoon Blanc worked on was 1937's Picador Porky as the voice of a drunken bull.[4] He soon after received his first starring role when he replaced Joe Dougherty as Porky Pig's voice in Porky's Duck Hunt, which marked the debut of Daffy Duck, also voiced by Blanc.

Following this, Blanc became a very prominent vocal artist for Warner Bros., voicing a wide variety of the Looney Tunes characters. Bugs Bunny (whom Blanc made his debut as in 1940's A Wild Hare[6][7]) was known for eating carrots frequently. To follow this sound with the animated voice, Blanc would bite into a carrot and then quickly spit into a spittoon. One oft-repeated story is that Blanc was allergic to carrots. However, Blanc denied having any allergy.[8][9]

In Disney's Pinocchio, Blanc was hired to perform the voice of Gideon the Cat. However, it was eventually decided that Gideon would be mute (similar to Dopey from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs), so all of Blanc's recorded dialogue was subsequently deleted except for a solitary hiccup, which was heard three times in the finished film (Blanc would not work for Disney again until Who Framed Roger Rabbit, more than 45 years later).[10] Blanc also originated the voice (and laugh) of Woody Woodpecker for the theatrical cartoons produced by Walter Lantz for Universal Pictures, but stopped voicing the character after he was signed to an exclusive contract with Warner Bros.[4] During World War II, Blanc served as the voice of the hapless Private Snafu in various war-themed animated shorts.[11]

Throughout his career, Blanc was well aware of his talents and protected the rights to them contractually and legally. He, and later his estate, did not hesitate to take civil action when those rights were violated. Voice actors at the time usually got no screen credits at all, but Blanc was a notable exception; by 1944, his contract with Warner Bros. stipulated a credit reading "Voice characterization(s) by Mel Blanc." Blanc asked for and received this screen credit from studio boss Leon Schlesinger when Schlesinger objected to giving Blanc a pay raise.[12]

Voice work for Hanna-Barbera and others[edit]

In 1960, after the expiration of his exclusive contract with Warner Bros., Blanc continued working for WB, but also began providing voices for the TV cartoons produced by Hanna-Barbera; his most famous roles during this time were Barney Rubble of The Flintstones and Cosmo Spacely of The Jetsons. His other notable voice roles for Hanna-Barbara included Dino the Dinosaur, Secret Squirrel, Speed Buggy and Captain Caveman, as well as voices for Wally Gator and The Perils of Penelope Pitstop.

Blanc also worked with former Looney Tunes director Chuck Jones, who by this time was directing shorts with his own company Sib Tower 12 (later MGM Animation) doing vocal effects in the Tom and Jerry series from 1963 to 1967. Blanc was the first voice of Toucan Sam in Froot Loops commercials.

Blanc reprised some of his Warner Bros. characters when the studio contracted him to make new theatrical cartoons in the mid-to-late 1960s. For these, Blanc voiced Daffy Duck and Speedy Gonzales, the characters who received the most frequent use in these shorts (later, newly introduced characters such as Cool Cat and Merlin the Magic Mouse were voiced by Larry Storch). Blanc also continued to voice the Looney Tunes for the bridging sequences of The Bugs Bunny Show, as well as in numerous animated advertisements and several compilation features, such as The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner Movie.

Car accident and aftermath[edit]

On January 24, 1961, Blanc was involved in a near-fatal car accident, as he was going to a studio to work on a commercial. Driving alone, his sports car collided head-on with another car driven by 18-year-old college student Arthur Rolston on Sunset Boulevard. Blanc was rushed to the UCLA Medical Center with a triple skull fracture that left him in a coma for two weeks, along with sustaining fractures to both legs and the pelvis.[13] Rolston suffered minor injuries. Blanc returned home on March 17. Four days later, Blanc filed a US$500,000 lawsuit against the city of Los Angeles. His accident, one of 26 in the preceding two years at the intersection known as Dead Man's Curve, resulted in the city funding restructuring curves at the location.

Years later, Blanc revealed during his recovery, his son Noel "ghosted" several Warner Bros. cartoons' voice tracks for him. Warner Bros. had also asked Stan Freberg to provide the voice for Bugs Bunny, but Freberg declined, out of respect for Blanc. At the time of the accident Blanc was also serving as the voice of Barney Rubble in The Flintstones. His absence from the show would be relatively brief; Daws Butler provided the voice of Barney for a few episodes, after which the show's producers set up recording equipment in Blanc's hospital room and later at his home to allow him to work from there. Some of the recordings were made while he was in full-body cast as he lay flat on his back with the other Flintstones co-stars gathered around him.[14] He also returned to The Jack Benny Program to film the program's 1961 Christmas show, moving around via crutches and a wheelchair.

Later career[edit]

Blanc circa 1976

In the 1970s, Blanc gave a series of college lectures across the US and appeared in commercials for American Express. He would also collaborate on a special with the Boston-based Shriners Burns Institute called Ounce of Prevention, which became a 30-minute TV special.

After spending most of two seasons voicing the robot Twiki in Buck Rogers in the 25th Century, Blanc's last original character was Heathcliff, in the early 1980s. Blanc continued to voice his famous characters in commercials and TV specials for most of the decade, although he increasingly left the "yelling" characters like Yosemite Sam, Foghorn Leghorn and Taz to other voice actors since as he got older, he found their voices too hard on his throat.

In the 1983 live-action film Strange Brew, Blanc voiced the father of Bob and Doug MacKenzie, at the request of comedian Rick Moranis.

In the 1988 live-action/animated movie Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Blanc reprised several of his classic Looney Tunes roles (Bugs, Daffy, Porky, Tweety and Sylvester), but left Yosemite Sam to Joe Alaskey (who later became one of Blanc's permanent successors). As Disney released the film (under its Touchstone Pictures banner), it had to earn the blessing of Warner Bros. (and other rival studios) in order to feature the various non-Disney characters in the movie. Blanc died just a year after the film's release. One of his last recording sessions was for a new animated theatrical version of The Jetsons.[15]

Death[edit]

Blanc's gravesite marker

Blanc began smoking cigarettes when he was nine years old. He continued his pack-a-day habit until he was diagnosed with emphysema, which pushed him to quit at age 77.[16] While shooting a car commercial with his son Noel in 1989, Noel suggested going to the hospital across the street to get checked out since, he had just recovered from the flu, and Blanc agreed. Blanc's doctor later called Noel and said Blanc will be fine, but recommended a procedure to clear out Blanc's lungs, to which Blanc and Noel agreed. That night, the nurses forgot to set up the rails on his bed and Blanc fell to the ground, breaking his femur. By the time the staff realized, fat emboli had traveled to his brain. Within 48 hours he was comatose and nearly brain dead.[17]

Blanc died on July 10 at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, California at the age of 81.[18] He was interred in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Hollywood, California. Blanc's will stated his desire to have the inscription on his gravestone read, "THAT'S ALL FOLKS" (the phrase was a trademark of Blanc's character Porky Pig).[19]

Legacy[edit]

Blanc is regarded as the most prolific voice actor in the history of the industry.[20] He was the first voice actor to receive on-screen credit.[4]

Blanc's death was considered a significant loss to the cartoon industry because of his skill, expressive range, and sheer volume of continuing characters he portrayed, which are currently taken up by several other voice talents. Indeed, as movie critic Leonard Maltin once pointed out, "It is astounding to realize that Tweety Bird and Yosemite Sam are the same man!"

According to Blanc, Sylvester the Cat was the easiest character to voice because "It's just my normal speaking voice with a spray at the end." Yosemite Sam was the hardest because of his loudness and raspiness.

A doctor who once examined Blanc's throat found that he possessed unusually thick, powerful vocal cords that gave him an exceptional range. The doctor reported that they rivaled those of famed opera singer Enrico Caruso.

After his death, Blanc's voice continued to be heard in newly released productions, such as recordings of Dino from The Flintstones in the 1994 live-action film based on the series and its sequel.[21][22] Archive recordings of Blanc's performance as the Maxwell automobile from The Jack Benny Program were also used in the 2003 movie Looney Tunes: Back in Action.[23] More recently, archive recordings of Blanc have been featured in new CGI-animated Looney Tunes theatrical shorts; I Tawt I Taw a Puddy Tat (shown with Happy Feet Two) and Daffy's Rhapsody (shown with Journey 2: The Mysterious Island).[24][25]

Blanc trained his son Noel in the field of voice characterization. Although the younger Blanc has performed his father's characters (particularly Porky Pig) on some programs, he has chosen not to become a full-time voice artist.

For his contributions to radio and animation, Mel Blanc has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6385 Hollywood Boulevard.[26] His character Bugs Bunny also has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (the only others to have received this honor are Walt Disney as both himself and Mickey Mouse; Jim Henson as both himself and Kermit the Frog; and Mike Myers as both himself and Shrek).[27]

Filmography[edit]

Radio[edit]

Original Air Date Program Role
1933 The Happy-Go-Lucky Hour Additional voices
1937 The Joe Penner Show Additional voices
1938 The Mickey Mouse Theater of the Air Additional voices
1939-1955 The Jack Benny Program Sy
Polly the Parrot
Mr. Finque
Nottingham
Train Announcer
Jack Benny's Maxwell
Additional voices
1939-1943 Fibber McGee and Molly Hiccuping Man
1941-1943 The Great Gildersleeve Floyd Munson
1942-1947 The Abbott and Costello Show Mel Blanc
Botsford Twink
Scotty Brown
1942-1948 The Cisco Kid Additional voices
1943-1946 The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show The Happy Postman
1943-1955 The Judy Canova Show Paw
Pedro
Roscoe E. Wortle
1946-1947 The Mel Blanc Show Mel Blanc
Dr. Christopher Crab
Children
Zookie

Film[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1937-1969 Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies theatrical shorts Numerous voices Includes the Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, Daffy Duck and Sylvester series
1940 Pinocchio Gideon's hiccups voice
1940-1941 Woody Woodpecker theatrical shorts Woody Woodpecker voice
1943-1945 Private Snafu WWII shorts Private Snafu
Bugs Bunny
Additional characters
voice
1944 Jasper Goes Hunting Bugs Bunny Puppetoon; cameo
1948 Two Guys From Texas Bugs Bunny Live-action; animated cameo
1949 My Dream Is Yours Bugs Bunny
Tweety
Live-action; animated cameos
1949 Neptune's Daughter Pancho Live-action
1959-1965 Loopy De Loop theatrical shorts Additional characters voice
1961 Breakfast at Tiffany's Over-eager date Live-action; cameo
1962 Gay Purr-ee Bulldog voice
1963-1967 Tom and Jerry theatrical shorts Tom and Jerry's vocal effects Directed by Chuck Jones
1964 Hey There, It's Yogi Bear! Grifter Chizzling voice
1964 Kiss Me, Stupid Dr. Sheldrake Live-action
1966 The Man Called Flintstone Barney Rubble
Dino
voice
1970 The Phantom Tollbooth Officer Short Shrift
The Dodecahedron
The Demon of Insincerity
voice
1974 Journey Back to Oz Crow voice
1979 The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner Movie Bugs Bunny
Daffy Duck
Porky Pig
Wile E. Coyote
Pepé Le Pew
Marvin the Martian
Additional voices
Compilation film
1981 The Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny Movie Bugs Bunny
Daffy Duck
Porky Pig
Tweety
Sylvester
Speedy Gonzales
Yosemite Sam
Foghorn Leghorn
Wile E. Coyote
Additional voices
Compilation film
1982 Bugs Bunny's 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit Tales Bugs Bunny
Daffy Duck
Porky Pig
Tweety
Sylvester
Speedy Gonzales
Yosemite Sam
Foghorn Leghorn
Wile E. Coyote
Additional voices
Compilation film
1983 Daffy Duck's Fantastic Island Daffy Duck
Porky Pig
Tweety
Sylvester
Speedy Gonzales
Yosemite Sam
Foghorn Leghorn
Tasmanian Devil
Bugs Bunny
Compilation film
1983 Strange Brew Father MacKenzie Live-action; voice
1986 Howard the Duck Daffy Duck Live-action; archive recording (uncredited)
1986 Heathcliff: The Movie Heathcliff voice
1987 Lethal Weapon Bugs Bunny
Porky Pig
Foghorn Leghorn
Yosemite Sam
Pepé Le Pew
Live-action; archive recording (uncredited)
1988 Who Framed Roger Rabbit Bugs Bunny
Daffy Duck
Porky Pig
Tweety
Sylvester
Live-action/animated film; cameos
1988 Daffy Duck's Quackbusters Daffy Duck
Bugs Bunny
Porky Pig
Tweety
Sylvester
Additional voices
Compilation film
1990 Jetsons: The Movie Cosmo Spacely Released posthumously; dedicated in memory
1994 The Flintstones Dino (vocal effects) Live-action; archive recordings (uncredited until home video release)
1996 Space Jam Classic cartoon voices Live-action/animated film; archive recordings (uncredited)
2000 The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas Baby Dino (vocal effects) Live-action; archive recordings
2003 Looney Tunes: Back in Action Gremlin Car (vocal effects) Live-action/animated film; archive recordings of Jack Benny's Maxwell

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1950-1965 The Jack Benny Program Professor LeBlanc
Sy
Department Store Clerk
Gas Station Man
Mr. Finque
Additional characters
Live-action
1959 The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis Mr. Ziegler Live-action; "The Best Dressed Man"
1960-1989 The Bugs Bunny Show Bugs Bunny
Daffy Duck
Porky Pig
Tweety
Sylvester
Speedy Gonzales
Yosemite Sam
Foghorn Leghorn
Wile E. Coyote
Additional voices
Compilation series
1960-1966 The Flintstones Barney Rubble
Dino
Additional voices
voice
1961 Dennis the Menace-Miss Cathcart's Friend Leo Trinkle Dog Catcher
1962-1963;
1985-1987
The Jetsons Cosmo Spacely
Additional voices
voice
1962-1963 Lippy the Lion & Hardy Har Har Hardy Har-Har
Additional voices
voice
1963 Wally Gator Colonel Zachary Gator voice; 1 episode
1964 The Beverly Hillbillies Dick Burton Live-action; 1 episode
1964-1965 Ricochet Rabbit & Droop-a-Long Droop-A-Long
Additional voices
voice
1964-1966 The Munsters Cuckoo clock Live-action; voice; 6 episodes
1965-1967 The Atom Ant/Secret Squirrel Show Secret Squirrel voice
1966 The Monkees Monkeemobile engine voice; 1 episode
1969-1971 The Perils of Penelope Pitstop Yak Yak
The Bully Brothers
Chug-A-Boom
voice
1971-1973 The Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm Show Barney Rubble
Additional voices
voice
1972 Daffy Duck and Porky Pig Meet the Groovie Goolies Daffy Duck
Porky Pig
Yosemite Sam
Elmer Fudd
Sylvester
Tweety
Wile E. Coyote
Pepé Le Pew
Foghorn Leghorn
Charlie Dog
TV Movie
1972-1973 The Flintstone Comedy Hour Barney Rubble
Dino
Zonk
Stub
voice
1973 Speed Buggy Speed Buggy voice
1973 The New Scooby-Doo Movies Speed Buggy voice; 1 episode
1976 Bugs and Daffy's Carnival of the Animals Bugs Bunny
Daffy Duck
Porky Pig
TV Special
1977 Bugs Bunny's Easter Special Bugs Bunny
Daffy Duck
Yosemite Sam
Tweety
Sylvester
Pepé Le Pew
Foghorn Leghorn
Porky Pig
TV Special
1977-1978 Scooby's All-Star Laff-A-Lympics Speed Buggy
Captain Caveman
voice
1977-1978 Fred Flintstone and Friends Barney Rubble
Additional voices
voice
1977-1980 Captain Caveman and the Teen Angels Captain Caveman voice
1977 A Flintstone Christmas Barney Rubble
Dino
TV Special
1978-1979 Galaxy Goof-Ups Quack-Up voice
1978 Bugs Bunny's Howl-Oween Special Bugs Bunny
Daffy Duck
Porky Pig
Sylvester
Tweety
Speedy Gonzales
TV Special
1979 Fred and Barney Meet the Thing Barney Rubble
Dino
Additional voices
voice
1979 The New Fred and Barney Show Barney Rubble
Dino
Additional voices
voice
1979-1980 Fred and Barney Meet the Shmoo Barney Rubble
Dino
Additional voices
voice
1979-1981 Buck Rogers in the 25th Century Twiki (voice) Live-action; voice
1979 Bugs Bunny's Thanksgiving Diet Bugs Bunny
Porky Pig
Wile E. Coyote
Yosemite Sam
Sylvester
Tasmanian Devil
Millicent
TV Special
1979 Bugs Bunny's Looney Christmas Tales Bugs Bunny
Yosemite Sam (as Scrooge)
Porky Pig (as Bob Cratchit)
Tweety (as Tiny Tim)
Foghorn Leghorn
Road Runner
Wile E. Coyote
Tasmanian Devil
Santa Claus
TV Special
1980 Bugs Bunny's Bustin' Out All Over Bugs Bunny
Young Bugs Bunny
Young Elmer Fudd
Marvin the Martian
Hugo
Wile E. Coyote
Road Runner
TV Special
1980 The Bugs Bunny Mystery Special Bugs Bunny
Elmer Fudd
Yosemite Sam
Tweety
Sylvester
Wile E. Coyote
Porky Pig
TV Special
1980 3-2-1 Contact Twiki 1 episode
1980-1982 Heathcliff Heathcliff voice
1980-1982 The Flintstone Comedy Show Barney Rubble
Dino
voice
1981-1982 Trollkins Additional voices voice
1982-1984 The Flintstone Funnies Barney Rubble
Captain Caveman
voice
1984-1988 Heathcliff and the Catillac Cats Heathcliff voice
1986-1988 The Flintstone Kids Dino
Robert Rubble
Captain Caveman
Piggy McGrabit
voice
1987 The Jetsons Meet the Flintstones Barney Rubble
Dino
Cosmo Spacely
TV Movie
1988 Rockin' with Judy Jetson Cosmo Spacely TV Movie
1989 Hanna-Barbera's 50th: A Yabba Dabba Doo Celebration Barney Rubble TV Special; aired just seven days after his death

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mel Blanc". Behind the Voice Actors. Retrieved 2013-02-05. 
  2. ^ Mel Blanc's bio at Ochcom.org
  3. ^ DeMolay Hall of Fame
  4. ^ a b c d Blanc, Mel; Bashe, Philip (1989). That's Not All, Folks!. Clayton South, VIC, Australia: Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-51244-3. 
  5. ^ Video of Mel and Jack with one version of the Sy The Little Mexican routine on YouTube
  6. ^ Barrier, Michael (2003), Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age, Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-516729-0
  7. ^ Adamson, Joe (1990). Bugs Bunny: 50 Years and Only One Grey Hare. New York: Henry Holt. ISBN 978-0-8050-1190-6
  8. ^ Tim Lawson, The Magic Behind The Voices: A Who's Who of Cartoon Voice Actors University Press of Mississippi, 2004
  9. ^ "Did Mel Blanc hate carrots?" A Straight Dope column by Science Advisory Board Member Rico November 4, 2008 (accessed November 20, 2008)
  10. ^ No Strings Attached: The Making of Pinocchio, Pinocchio DVD, 2009
  11. ^ "Misce-Looney-Ous: Situation Normal All Fouled Up". Looney. Golden age cartoons. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  12. ^ New York Times filmography
  13. ^ That's Not All, Folks!, 1988, by Mel Blanc and Philip Bashe. Warner Books, ISBN 0-446-39089-5 (softcover), ISBN 0-446-51244-3 (hardcover)
  14. ^ "Blanc laments lack of cartoon quality"
  15. ^ Beck, Jerry. The Animated Movie Guide (2005).
  16. ^ Harmetz, Aljean (November 27, 1988). "Mel Blanc: His Voice Is His Fortune". Sun-Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  17. ^ Noel Blanc interview Radiolab.org episode "Inner Voices"
  18. ^ Flint, Peter B. (July 11, 1989). "Mel Blanc, Who Provided Voices For 3,000 Cartoons, Is Dead at 81". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-26. "Mel Blanc, the versatile, multi-voiced actor who breathed life into such cartoon characters as Bugs Bunny, Woody Woodpecker, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, Tweety Pie, Sylvester and the Road Runner, died of heart disease and emphysema yesterday at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. He was 81 years old. Noel says that while Mel was in and out of his comatose state, he said one last thing to him in Yosemite Sam's voice, "Noel, I love ya."" 
  19. ^ Mel Blanc at Find A Grave.
  20. ^ Thomas, Nick (2011). Raised by the Stars: Interviews with 29 Children of Hollywood Actors. McFarland. p. 217. ISBN 0786464038. 
  21. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0109813/fullcredits?ref_=tt_cl_sm#cast
  22. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0158622/fullcredits?ref_=tt_cl_sm#cast
  23. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0318155/fullcredits?ref_=tt_cl_sm#cast
  24. ^ "More 3D Looney Tunes Shorts On The Way". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved October 29, 2012. 
  25. ^ Vary, Adam B. "Looney Tunes short with Tweety Bird, Sylvester - EXCLUSIVE CLIP | Inside Movies | EW.com". Insidemovies.ew.com. Retrieved October 29, 2012. 
  26. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000305/bio
  27. ^ "Bugs Bunny". Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Joe Dougherty
Voice of Porky Pig
April 17, 1937 – July 10, 1989
Succeeded by
Bob Bergen
Preceded by
none
Voice of Daffy Duck
April 17, 1937 – July 10, 1989
Succeeded by
Jeff Bergman
Preceded by
none
Voice of Bugs Bunny
July 27, 1940 – July 10, 1989
Succeeded by
Jeff Bergman
Preceded by
none
Voice of Barney Rubble
September 30, 1960 – July 10, 1989
Succeeded by
Frank Welker