Padharias get their name as traditional eaters of roots of Bid plant. The ' Bid ' root was unknown to almost all the people of Gujarat except Padharia and some other people. The Padharia males needed an amount of 1-1/2 to 2 seer and females needed 1-1/4 to 1-1/2 seer of 'Bid' food to keep themselves up, as noted by British authorities in their survey of 1905.
At present, the total population of Padharias is estimated to be of 24,000 and they are centralized and spread only in Gujarat state of India. They were traditionally involved in professions like catching and selling fish as well in cultivation.