List of political parties in Lebanon

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Lebanon

Lebanon has numerous political parties, but they play a much less significant role in Lebanese politics than they do in most parliamentary democracies. Many of the "parties" are simply lists of candidates endorsed by a prominent national or local figure. Loose coalitions, usually organized locally, are formed for electoral purposes by negotiation among leaders and candidates representing various religious communities; such coalitions usually exist only for the election, and rarely form a cohesive bloc in the National Assembly after the election. Until 2005, no single party had ever won more than 12.5 percent of the seats in the National Assembly, and no coalition of parties had won more than 35 percent.

Especially outside of the major cities, elections tend to focus more on local than national issues, and it is not unusual for a party to join an electoral ticket in one constituency while aligned with a rival party—even an ideologically opposite party—in another constituency.

Since 2005, and after the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafic Hariri, the political scene has become very polarized, with most major political parties and movements becoming part of one of two big rival alliances, the March 8 Alliance and the March 14 Alliance. However there are also a number of independent Lebanese politicians who are not specifically part of any of the two, but considered "independent" (a third force) loosely allied as a group to supporting the incumbent Lebanese President, now Michel Suleiman. There are also some other independent groups that have not allied with any of the sectarian figures.

Parties[edit]


Although almost every party is strongly dominated by a particular faith community, it should be noted that most nonetheless maintain that they are secular.

Party Emblem Name (English) Name (Arabic) Acronym Leader or Chairman Number of seats in 2009 Political Position Sect or ethnic group

March 8 Alliance[edit]

Mpllibano.png Free Patriotic Movement At-Tayyar al-Watani al-

Horr
التيار الوطني الحرّ

FPM Michel Aoun Currently has 20 MPs Centrist Officially secular; Traditionally Christian
Flag of the Amal Movement.svg Amal Movement Harakat Amal
Full name: Afwaj al-Muqāwama al-Lubnāniyya
حركة أمل
[أفواج المقاومة اللبنانية]
Amal أمل Nabih Berri Currently has 13 MPs Conservatism Shiite Muslim
Hezbollah Hizbullah
حزب الله
HA Hassan Nasrallah Currently has 13 MPs Shia Islamist Shiite Muslim
El Marada Tayyar Al-Marada
تيار المردة
MM Suleiman Frangieh, Jr. Currently has 3 MPs Christian nationalism Mainly Maronite Christian
Majd Movement Harakat Majd
حركة مجد
- Najib Mikati Currently has 2 MPs Centrist Mainly Sunni Muslim
Flag of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party.svg Syrian Social Nationalist Party Al-Hizb al-Suri al-Qawmi al-Ijtima'i
الحزب السوري القومي الإجتماعي
SSNP Assaad Hardan Currently has 2 MPs Syrian nationalism Secular with support across all the communities
Flag of the Lebanese Democratic Party.svg Lebanese Democratic Party Al-Hizb al-Dimoqrati al-Lubnāni
الحزب الديمقراطي اللبناني
LDP Prince Talal Arslan Currently has 1 MPs Conservatism Officially Secular, mainly Druze
Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party Assem Qanso Currently has 2 MP Socialism;Arab Nationalism secular
Armenian Revolutionary Federation Tashnag
حزب الطاشناق
الإتحاد الثوري الأرمني (طاشناكتسوتيون)
ARF
Հայ Յեղափոխական Դաշնակցութիւն (ՀՅԴ)
Hovig Mkhitarian Currently has 2 MP Social democracy Armenian nationalism Armenian-Secular
Solidarity Party Hizb at-Tadamon
حزب التضامن
Tadamon Emile Rahme Currently has 1 MPs - Christian
Islamic Action Front Kamel Rifaii Currently has 1 MPs Islamism Sunni Muslim
Popular Bloc or Skaff Bloc At-Takattol al-Shaa'bi
التكتّل الشعبي
- Elias Skaff Currently has no MPs Feudalism Greek Catholic Christian
Lebanese Republican Party Al-Hizb al-Jumhury al-lubnāni
الحزب الجمهوري اللبناني
PRL حجل Imad Jaara (Geara) Liberal Secular, anti-confessionalist
Christian Democratic Party Al-Hizb al-Massihi al-Dimoqrati
الحزب المسيحي الدمقراطي
CDP Neemtallah Abi Nasr Currently has no MPs - Christian
Popular Nasserite Organization Al-Tanzim al-Shaabi al-Nassiri
التنظيم الشعبي الناصري
NPO Ossama Saad Currently has no MP Nasserism; Socialism; Arab nationalism Sunni Muslim
Flag of the Lebanese Communist Party.svg Lebanese Communist Party Al-Hizb al-Shooyoo'i al-Lubnāny
الحزب الشيوعي الليناني
LCP Khaled Hadadi Currently has no MP Communism Secular
Arab Liberation Party Hizb at-Taharror al-Arabi
حزب التحرر العربي
ALP Omar Karami Currently has no MP Feudalism Sunni Muslim
Movement of Independent Nasserites - al-Murabitoun Harakat
an-Nassiriyin
al-Mustakilleen -
Al Mourabitoon

حركة الناصريين المستقلين - المرابطون
INM Ibrahim Kulaylat Currently has no MP Nasserism;Arab Nationalism Mainly Sunni Muslim, but some Shiite and Druze support
Flag of the Toilers League.png Worker's League Rabitat Al-Shaghila
رابطة الشغيلة
WL Zaher Khatib Currently has no MP Communist; Arab Nationalism Secular
People's Movement Harakat Al-Shaab
حركة الشعب
SHAAB Najah Wakim Currently has no MP Nasserism; Socialism; Arab Nationalism Secular
Nasserite Unification movement Al-Haraka al-Tawhidiyya an-Nassiriyya
الحركة التوحيدية الناصرية
NUM - Currently has no MP Nasserism Secular
Islamic Labor Front Jebhat al-Aamal al-Islamy
جبهة العمل الإسلامي
- Fathi Yakan - Islamism Sunni Muslim
Lebanese Unification Movement Tayyar at-Tawhid al-Lubnany
تيار النوحيد اللبناني
UC Wiam Wahhab Currently has no MP Arab Nationalism Officially Secular, Mainly Druze
Lebanese Popular Congress Al-Mo'tamar al-Shaabi al-Lubnany
المؤتمر الشعبي اللبناني
LPC Kamal Chatilla Currently has no MP Nasserism Sunni Muslim
Arab Democratic Party Al-Hizb al-Arabi al-Dimoqraty
الحزب العربي الدمقراطي
ADP Ali Eid Currently has no MP Pan-Arab nationalism and radical socialism Alawite Muslim
Promise Party or
National Secular Democratic Party
Hizb Al-Waad
حزب الوعد
NSDP Gina Hobeika Currently has no MP Secularism Officially secular; Mainly Maronite Christian
Islamic Charitable Projects Association Jam'iyat
al-Mashari'
al-Khayriya
al-Islamiya

Al-Ahbash
الأحباش
ICPA Abdallah al-Harari Currently has no MP Sunni Muslim
Federation of Popular Leagues and Committees Tajamo' Al-Lijan wal Rawabit al-Shaabiya
تجمع اللجان والروابط الشعبية
FPLC Maan Bashour Currently has no MP Nasserism; Arabic Nationalism Officially Secular, mainly Sunni Muslim
Socialist Arab Union Al-Ittihad al-Ishtiraki al-Arabi
الإتحاد الإشتراكي العربي
SAU Omar Harb Currently has no MP Socialist Secular
Hizbitti7adFlag.jpg Union Party
حزب الإتحاد
Hizb al-Ittihad
حزب الإتحاد
UP Abdelrahim Mrad Currently has no MP Nasserism Officially Secular, Mainly Sunni Muslim
Union of Muslim Ulama Tajamo' al-Ulamaa' al-Muslimin تجمع العلماء المسلمين UMU - Gathering rather than a party Islamist All Muslim sects
Democratic Nasserite Movement Harakat al-Nassiriyin al-Dimocratiyoon
حركة الناصريين الدمقراطيون
DNM - Currently has no MP Nasserism Sunni Muslim
Lebanese Arab Struggle Movement Harakat an-Nidal al-Arabi al-Lubnani
حركة النضال العربي اللبناني
LASM Faysal Dawood Currently has no MP Arabism Officially Secular, Mainly Druze
Alawite Youth Movement Harakat Al-Shabab Al-Alawi
حركة الشباب العلوي
AYM Rifaat Eid Currently has no MP Extension of the Arab Democratic Party Alawite Muslim
Lebanese Democratic Youth Union Ittihad al-Shabab al-Dimoqraty al-Lubnany
إتحاد الشباب الدمقراطي اللبناني
UJDL - Affiliated to the Lebanese Communist Party Communist Secular
Islamic Unification Movement Harakat Al-Tawhid Al-Islamy
حركة التوحيد الإسلامي
IUM Said Shaaban Currently has no MP Islamism Sunni Muslim
Akkar Popular Assembly At-Tajamo' al-Shaabi al-Aakari
التجمّع الشعبي العكاري
- Wajih Baarini - Feudalism Sunni Muslim
National Youth Party Hizb al-Shabab al-Watani
حزب الشباب الوطني
- Ahmad Karami - - Secular

March 14 Alliance[edit]

Flag of the Future Movement.svg Future Movement Tayyar Al Mustaqbal
تيار المستقبل
FM Saad Hariri Currently has 35 MPs Capitalism / Nationalism Officially secular; Mainly Sunni Muslim.
Independents within March 14 alliance - - - Currently has 13 MPs -
Lebanese Forces al-Quwat al-Lubnāniyya
القوات اللبنانية
LF Samir Geagea Currently has 8 MPs Lebanese Christian nationalism Officially secular; mainly Maronite Christian.
Logo Kataeb.jpg Kataeb Party
(Lebanese Phalange Party)
al-Kataeb al-Lubnāniyya
حزب الكتائب اللبنانية
Kataeb Amin Gemayel Currently has 5 MPs Lebanese Christian nationalism, Federalism Mainly Maronite Christian
Social Democrat Hunchakian Party Hizb al-Henchag
حزب الهنشاق
(حزب الهنشاق الديمقراطي الإجتماعي)
Henchag (SDHP)
Սոցիալ Դեմոկրատ Հնչակեան Կուսակցութիւն (ՍԴՀԿ)
- Currently has 2 MP Socialist Armenian Secular
National Liberal Party Hizb al-Wataniyyin al-Ahrar
حزب الوطنيين الأحرار
NLP Dory Chamoun Currently has 1 MPs. Part of Qornet Shehwan Gathering Liberalism Maronite Christian
Democratic Left Harakat Al-Yassar ll-Dimoqrati
حركة اليسار الديمقراطي
DL Elias Attallah Currently has 1 MP Left-wing Secular
Islamic Group Al-Jamaa Al-Islamiya
الجماعة الإسلامية
JI Assaad Harmouch Currently has 1 MP Islamist Sunni Muslim
Armenian Democratic Liberal Party - Ramgavar Hizb al-Ramgavar
حزب الرمغفار
(الحزب الديمقراطي الليبرالي الأرمني)
Ramgavar (ADL)
Ռամկավար Ազատական Կուսակցութիւն (ՌԱԿ)
Hagop Kassardjian Currently has 1 Lebanese MP Liberalism Armenian Secular
Independence Movement Harakat Al-Istiklal
حركة الإسنقلال
Al Haraka Nayla Moawad, Michel Moawad, Jawad Boulos and Youssef El Douaihy Currently has no MPs. Part of Qornet Shehwan Gathering Lebanese nationalism Officially secular; Mainly Maronite Christian
Democratic Renewal Harakat al-Tajaddod al-Dimoqrati
حركة التجدد الدمقراطي
DRM Nassib Lahoud Currently has no MP Reformism Secular
Lebanese National Bloc Hizb al-Kitla al-Wataniya
حزب الكتلة الوطنية
NB Carlos Eddé Currently has no MPs Lebanese nationalism Officially secular; mainly Maronite Christian
Free Lebanese Armenian Movement Harakit Al-Lubnaniyin Al-Arman Al-Ahrar
حركة اللبنانيين الأرمن الأحرار
FLAM - Currently has no MP Liberalism Armenian-Secular
Free Shiite Movement Tayyar el-Shi'i el-Horr
التيار الشيعي الحرّ
TSH Mohammad el Hajj Hassan Currently has no MP Islamism Shiite Muslim
Lebanese Peace Party Hizb as-Salām al-Lubnāny
حزب السلام اللبناني
LPP Roger Edde Currently has 0 MP - Secular
Muahedeen Group Jamaat AL-Muahedeen
جماعة الموحدين
JM Khaled Alhassanieh Currently has 0 MPs Tawhid, Mainly Druze
Syriac Union Party Hizb al Ittihad al Siryāni
حزب الاتحاد السرياني
Ibrahim Mrad Mainly Syriac Christian
Shuraya Party Hizb Al-Shurāya - - - Assyrianism Assyrian

Other parties in Lebanon[edit]

Flag of Jihad.svg Hizb ut-Tahrir Hizb ut-Tahrir
حزب التحرير
HT Ata Abu Rashta Currently has no MP Officially Islamism Officially Islamic; Mainly Sunni
Flag of the Progressive Socialist Party.svg Progressive Socialist Party Hizb al-Taqadummi al-Ishtiraki
الحزب التقدمي الإشنراكي
PSP Walid Jumblatt Currently has 7 MPs Officially Socialism Officially secular; Mainly Druze
Movement of Lebanese Nationalism Xaraqit L Cawmiyye L Lebnaaniyye
حركة القومية اللبنانية
XCL (www.X-C-L.org) Elie Hawi Currently has no MP Nationalism Secular
National Dialogue Party Hizb Al-Hiwar Al-Watani
حزب الحوار الوطني
NDP Fouad Makhzoumi Currently has no MP Capitalism Officially Secular
Mainly Sunni Muslim
Green Party of Lebanon Hezb al Khodor al-Lubnani
حزب الخضر اللبناني
GPL Philip Skaf Currently has no MP Green politics, Nationalist, Conservatism, Secular / Environmentalist
Aramean Democratic Organisation At-Tanzim al-Arami al-Dimoqraty
التنظيم الآرامي الديمقراطي
ArDO Gabi Gallo Currently has no MP Nationalist, Conservatism, Right wing Aramean Christians
Democratic Socialist Party Hizb Al-Ishtiraki Al-Dimoqraty الحزب الإشتراكي الديمقراطي DSPL Kamel Asaad Currently has no MP Socialism Officially Secular, but mainly Shiite Muslim
Islamic Gathering Movement Harakat at-Tajammo' al-Islamy
حركة التجمّع الإسلامي
- - - Islamic Sunni Muslim
Lebanese Democratic Movement Tayyar Lubnan al-Dimoqraty
تيار لبنان الديمقراطي
- Jack Tamer - Social democracy Secular
Lebanese Movement Harakat Lubnan
حركة لبنان
- Nabil Mshantaf - - -
Lebanese Option Gathering Tayyar al-Intimaa' al-Lubnani
تيار الإنتماء اللبناني
LOG Ahmad al-Asaad Currently has no MP Liberalism Officially Secular
but mainly Shiite Muslim
Lebanese People's Front Jabhat al-Shaab al-Lubnany
جبهة الشعب اللبناني
- Joseph Haddad - - -
Liberty Front Jabhat al Horriya
جبهة الحرية
- Fouad Abou Nader Also known as Lebanese Forces Resistance, the Lebanese Christian Resistance Center right Officially secular; Traditionally Christian
Al-Hizb al-Jumhury al-Mustakel Independent Republican Party
الحزب الجمهوري المستقل
Founder Khaled Al-Hassanieh Center right Mainly Druze
Najjadeh Party Hizb Al-Nejjadeh
حزب النجادة
Mustapha Hakim Big following among Sunni and other Muslims in the 1940s, 50s and 60s Arab Nationalism Sunni Muslim
- National Progressive Movement Harakat al-Taqaddom al-Watani
حركة التقدّم الوطني
- - Founder was Jamil Lahoud, Pr.Émile Lahoud's father - Secular
Byblos7-793x162-927x230-708x132.jpg The United Phoenician Party Hizb al-Itihad al-Finiki
-UPP Cadmus Hanna International Lebanese United Phoenician Party, Lebanese United Phoenician Party, Phoenician Party, Lebanese Phoenician Party Alliance Phoenician Nationalism Secular
Phoenician Flag.gif Phoenician Party Al-Hizb al-Finiki
- Antonios Abidaoud Phoenician Alliance Phoenician-Lebanese state Secular
National Labor Movement Hizb al-Aamal al-Watani
حزب العمل اللبناني
- - - Communism Secular
The reformist movement in the Progressive Socialist Party Al-Haraka
al-Islahiya
fil Hizb
at-Takadomi
al-Ishtiraki

الحركة الإصلاحية في الحزب التقدّمي الإشتراكي
- Ra'ed Sayegh - Socialism Secular
Islamic Jihad Movement (Lebanon) Harakat al-Jihad al-Islamy
حركة الجهاد الإسلامي
- - - Islamism Sunni Muslim
New Lebanese Movement Harakat
al-Lubnaniyin
al-Jodod

حركة اللبنانيين الجدد
Danny Abdel Khalek - Secularism Secular
The Independents[citation needed] Al-Mustakiloon
المستقلون
- - - - Secular
Republican Reform Party Al-Hizb al-Islahi al-Jumhuri
الحزب الإصلاحي الجمهوري
- Charles Chidiac - Liberalism Secular
Arab Socialist Party Al-Hizb al-Arabi al-Ishtiraki
الحزب العربي الإشتراكي
- - - Socialism Secular
Lebanese Labor Party Hizb al-Aamal al-Lubnany
حزب العمل اللبناني
- - - communism Secular
Democratic Labor Party Al-Hizb al-'Ommali al-Dimoqraty
الحزب العمّالي الديمقراطي
- Elias Abu Rizk socialism Secular
Democratic Secular Party Al-Hizb al-'Ilmani al-Dimoqraty
الحزب العلماني الديمقراطي
- - - secularism Secular
Lebanese Ecology Party Hizb al-Bi'a al-Lubnany
حزب البيئة اللبناني
- - - ecology Secular
Popular Democratic Party Al-Hizb al-Shaabi al-Dimoqraty
الحزب الشعبي الديمقراطي
- - - - Secular
Party of Socialist Revolution Hizb al-Thawra al-Ishtirakiyya
حزب الثورة الإشتراكية
- - - Maoist Communism Secular
Free Alternative Al Badil Al Taharouri
البديل التحرّري
- - - Anarchism Secular
National Party Al-Hizb al-Watani
الحزب الوطني
- - - - Secular
Lebanese Arab Movement Harakat Lubnan al-Arabi
حركة لبنان العربي
- - - Nasserism Sunni Muslim
Lebanese National League Al-Rabita al-Wataniya al-Lubnaniyya
الرابطة الوطنية اللبنانية
- Wajeb Kanso - Left-wing Secular
Lebanese Resistance Brigades Saraya al-Moqawama al-Lubnaniyya
سرايا المقاومة اللبنانية
- - Extension of Hizbollah - Secular
Nasserite Nationalist Organisation At-Tanzim al-Qawmi an-Nassiri
التنظيم القومي الناصري
- - - Nasserism; Arab Nationalism Secular
Justice and Development movement Tayyar el 'Adel wal Tanmiya
تيار العدل والتنمية
- - - - Secular
Cedars Movement Tayyar al-Arz
تيار الأرز
- - - - Secular
Organization of Communist Action Moonazzamat al-'Amal al-Shuyoo'i
منظمة العمل الشيوعي
Ibrahim Muhsen Ibrahim Muhsen - Communism; Arab Nationalism Secular
Revolutionary Communist Group At-Tajamo' Al-Shuyoo'i Al-Thawri
التجمّع الشيوعي الثوري
- Camil Dagher - Communism; Trotskyism Secular
Leftist Assembly for Change At-Tajamo' Al-Yasari Min Ajli Al Taghyeer
التجمّع اليساري من اجل التغيير
TYMAT - - Revolutionary Socialism; Trotskyism; Leninism Secular
Civil society Movement Tayyar al-Mojtama' al-Madani
تيار المجتمع المدني
- Gregoire Haddad - Secularism Secular
Southern Christian Assembly At-Tajamo' al-Massihi al-Janoubi
التجمع المسيحي الجنوبي
- - - Christian conservatism Christian
Kurdish Democratic Party Al-Hizb Al-Kurdi Al-Dimoqraty
الحزب الكردي الديمقراطي
- Riyad Mihhu - - Kurdish
Razkari Party Hizb Razkari
حزب رزكاري
- Mahmoud Khodr Fattah Ahmad - - Kurdish
Lebanese secular movement[citation needed] Al-haraka Al-3oulmaniyya Al-loubnaniyya
الحركة العلمانية اللبنانية
LSM Jad Moukarzel - Secularism Secular

Forbidden parties[edit]

Guardians of the Cedars Hizb Horras al-Arz
حزب حرّاس الأرز
- Etienne Sakr - Phoenician Nationalism, conservatism, far-right Multiconfessional, but mainly Christian
N/A Regressive Isolationist Party[citation needed] Al-Hizb Al-Raj'i Al-I'tizali
الحزب الرجعي الإعتزالي
- - - - -
N/A Islamic Amal Movement Harakat Amal Al-Islamiya
حركة أمل الإسلامية
- Sobhi Toufaily - Islamism Shi'a Muslim

Defunct parties[edit]

Al-Tanzim logo.png Lebanese Resistance Movement (Tanzim) Harakat al-Moqawama al-Lubnaniya (Tanzim)
حركة المقاومة اللبنانية - التنظيم
- - The Party disappeared after its militias disbanding Christian Conservatism Maronite Christian
Lebanese Youth Movement (MKG) Harakat al-Shabab al-Lubnaniya
حركة الشباب اللبنانية
- Bachir Maroun - Christian Conservatism Maronite Christian
Constitutional Bloc Party Hizb al-Kutla al-Doostooriya
حزب الكتلة الدستورية
- Khalil El-Khoury Mainly created by Pr. Bechara El Khoury to oppose Emile Edde's National Bloc during the post-independence period Feudalism Secular
The Great Lebanese Labor Party Al-Hizb al-'Ommali al-Lubnany al-Kabir
الحزب العمالي اللبناني الكبير
- - This party existed during the French Mandate of Lebanon Communism Secular
Deprived Movement Harakat al-Mahroomin
حركة المحرومين
- Musa al-Sadr Ancestor of Amal - Secular
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg Arab Nationalists Movement Harakat al-Qawmiyyin al-'Arab
حركة القوميين العرب
-
Social Democratic Youth Al-Shabab al-Ijtimai al-Dimoqraty
الشباب الإجتماعي الديمقراطي
- - Formed by a Committee of 21 members A None official party founded year 2002, by youth groups for a non hereditary sectarian Lebanon. Currently has no MP Social, Democratic Secular

See also[edit]

External links[edit]