Randfontein

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Randfontein
Randfontein Town Hall
Randfontein Town Hall
Randfontein is located in South Africa
Randfontein
Randfontein
 Randfontein shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 26°10′47″S 27°42′15″E / 26.17972°S 27.70417°E / -26.17972; 27.70417Coordinates: 26°10′47″S 27°42′15″E / 26.17972°S 27.70417°E / -26.17972; 27.70417
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
District West Rand
Municipality Randfontein
Established 1890
Area[1]
 • Total 186.42 km2 (71.98 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 80,492
 • Density 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 44.8%
 • Coloured 17.5%
 • Indian/Asian 0.7%
 • White 36.1%
 • Other 0.8%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 52.1%
 • Tswana 18.4%
 • English 7.6%
 • Sotho 5.1%
 • Other 16.8%
Postal code (street) 1760
PO box 1760
Area code 011
Website http://www.randfontein.gov.za

Randfontein is a gold mining town in western Gauteng, South Africa, 45 km (28 mi) west of Johannesburg. With the Witwatersrand gold rush in full swing, mining financier JB Robinson bought the farm Randfontein and, in 1889, floated the Randfontein Estates Gold Mining Company. The town was established in 1890 to serve the new mine and was administered by Krugersdorp until it became a municipality in 1929. Apart from having the largest stamp mill in the world (used in early paper making for preparing the pulp), Randfontein, like many of the other outlying areas of Johannesburg, is essentially a rural collection of farms and small holdings in a particularly beautiful part of Gauteng.

As of 2011, Randfontein has a population of 149,286, which incorporates Mohlakeng and Toekomsrus. (In 2001 the propulation was 128,731.) The average elevation of the town is 1709m above sea level. The total municipal area, after recent restructuring, is 475km2 (183 sq mi).

Randfontein Estates has the largest stamp mill in the world, with 600 stamps.

Transport[edit]

Road: The R28 is a regional route connecting Krugersdorp with Vereeniging that passes through Randfontein (called Main Reef Road through central Randfontein) while the R41 connects Randfontein with Johannesburg. The R559 connects the R28 with the R558 at Lenasia.

Air: Randfontein is served by two international airports, namely the OR Tambo International Airport in Kempton Park 80 km (50 mi) and Lanseria International Airport 41 km (25 mi) in the fast-developing area of Lanseria to the northwest of Johannesburg.

Rail: The main national Johannesburg/Cape Town railway line cuts through Randfontein although the daily train does not stop at the Randfontein station. This line also doubles as the metrorail line which serves the Witwatersrand between Randfontein in the west and Springs in the east, a road distance of about 87 km (54 mi).

History[edit]

Randfontein’s existence dates back to the 1550s when the AmaNdebele lived as one nation at Emhlangeni (today’s Randfontein area) under King Mhlanga approximately between 1550-1580. The name of Emhlangeni is translated today into the Sesotho language as Mohlakeng, which is one of the southeastern suburbs of the town. Randfontein was established formally in 1890 and proclaimed a municipality in 1929.

Some important dates in Randfontein's history: 1857: Bootha and Jonker families arrive in the area. (They owned the farm Groot Elandsvlei where the suburbs of Randgate, Loumarina, and Wilbotsdal are today.) 1874: Gold discovered in Blaauwbank stream near Magaliesburg by Henry Lewis an Australian propector. 1886: Discovery of gold on the Rand by Harrison and Walker; start of the Reef gold rush. 1886: JB Robinson arrives on the Reef; starts prospecting in the Randfontein area. 1889: Randfontein Estates Gold Mining Company (REGM) registered. 1890: JB Robinson buys properties and farms in the Randfontein district. 1894: The first shop, Fedlers, opens. 1901: The first car, owned by Hector Mackay, arrives in town. 1904: Chinese miners arrive in Randfontein. 1929: Randfontein Municipality established; independent from Krugersdorp which managed the town from 1903. 1979: Randfontein celebrates 50 years as an independent municipality. 2004: Hilton Hamann writes a comprehensive history on Randfontein. His book Randfontein: A Town Like No Other is freely available via the local publicity association. This marked the 75th anniversary of Randfontein.

Oldest Buildings[edit]

Mining Commissioner and Telegraph Office

From what can be established these are some of the oldest buildings in Randfontein:
1857: Homestead of Barend Bootha on the original farm called Randfontein.
1859: Jonkerhuis (on the grounds of Riebeeck Lake).
1889: Mining Commissioner and Telegraph Office in Kocksoord (now a library).

Mining[edit]

Randfontein owes its existence to gold. JCI was greatly involved with mining ventures around Randfontein. In the 1960s mining in the area came to a virtual standstill, but in the 1970s new gold deposits were discovered to the south of Randfontein and the Cooke Section was opened up in 1976. Cooke Section produced gold and uranium, the uranium being used for the Koeberg Nuclear Power Station in the Western Cape.

Kruger Millions[edit]

Paul Kruger and JB Robinson enjoyed a warm friendship which has led to rumors that the Kruger Millions (millions of gold coins minted for the Zuid Afrikaanse Republiek, or the South African Republic) were buried in the Homestead's grounds (The Homestead is the home that Robinson lived in which is now situated along Homestead Avenue next to Riebeeck Lake and owned by well-known local businessman and racing driver, Ben Morgenrood) to stop them from falling into British hands during the Anglo-Boer war. Over the years many have searched here for the Kruger Millions, but either nothing has been found, or the finder has kept very quiet about it.

Robinson Lake and Acid Mine Drainage[edit]

Robinson Lake is situated between the Randfontein Golf Course and the suburb of Robin Park. The lake was a former recreational lake filled from water that has been pumped from the Robinson Deep gold mine. The lake has a pH of 2.6. Water has a natural uranium concentration of 0.0004 mg/l. The Department of Water Affairs and Forestry considers a concentration of 0.07 mg/l safe to drink. Robinson Lake has a uranium concentration of 16 mg/l which is more than 220 times safe levels. This has resulted in Robinson Lake being declared a radioactive area and it is closed off to the public. The general consensus is that this has been caused by acid mine drainage, or AMD.

Shopping[edit]

Shopping in Randfontein is characterized by typical High Street shopping with the majority of the shops situated along Main Reef Road and surrounds. The main mall, Village Square Mall, is also along the main street and provides comfortable access to 72 shops (GLA approximately 17,000m2). Other centres around town include: Randfontein Station Mall (20 shops), Helikon Park Pick 'n Pay Centre (15 shops), and Greenhills Spar Centre (20 shops). Numerous shops are also found along Randgate's main street, Union Street.

Lakeview Mall is a proposed new mall (approximately 40,000m2 in size) that will be developed around the Riebeeck Lake area and will include office parks and residential areas. The centre was due to open in March 2013, but had numerous setbacks. Groundworks are now due to start in the dry winter months of 2013. The developers are Garnat Properties and the leasing of the centre is being done by JHI Properties.

Factory Shops[edit]

A few factories sell directly to the public where goods can be obtained at greatly reduced prices. Some of these include:
(1) Aranda: blankets (Tulbagh Street extension, Homelake)
(2) Nola/Foodcorp: rusks, Bobtail, Catmore (Desert Street, Homelake; opposite the grain silos)

Medical Facilities[edit]

Two primary hospitals serve the Randfontein area, Robinson Hospital and Sir Albert Medical Centre. Robinson Hospital (Hospital Street) is a private hospital and part of the Lifecare Health group. The hospital boasts 109 beds and 4 theatres with a 24-hour accident and emergency unit. Sir Albert Medical Centre (Ward Street Extension) is also a private hospital and was initially focused on mine-related illnesses and diseases but has subsequently become a general private hospital. In July 2013 it was renovated and renamed the Lenmed Health Randfontein Private Hospital. Most road signs call it just Randfontein Private Hospital.

Crime[edit]

Randfontein's crime is characterized by petty theft, drugs, and prostitution. The huge area covered by the smallholdings is difficult to police and is a haven for drug dealers. Often news reports cover drug busts on the West Rand and in more cases than not the dealers or smugglers are found in rural Randfontein.

Government Departments and Offices[edit]

A number of government departments have their regional offices in Randfontein. This includes SARS (Stubbs Street), SASSA (Stubbs Street), Department of Labour (Main Reef Road), and Department of Home Affairs (Main Reef Road). Being smaller offices than those in the bigger centres they are relatively efficient and used by members of the public from far afield.

Events[edit]

The Randfontein Show is an annual event that was first held in February 1987 and is now held in February/March of each year. The largest show of its kind in western Gauteng, it plays host to live entertainment, family fun, and many things to taste, see and do. The Randfontein Show is the fifth largest event of its kind in South Africa and reaches attendances of over 110,000 annually. The show takes place at the Greenhills Sport Stadium to the west of the Randfontein Golf Course.

Places of Interest[edit]

The West Rand of Gauteng is a particularly pretty part of the province flanked to the west by the Magaliesberg mountain range and to the northwest the Cradle of Humankind. Places of interest and of noteworthy historical value in the immediate vicinity include:
(1) Graves of the fallen British soldiers during the culmination of the Jameson Raid.
(2) Mining Commissioner and Telegraph Offices in Kocksoord.

Slightly further afield are:
(1) Krugersdorp Game Reserve, Krugersdorp West (15 km)
(2) Hector Pieterson Memorial Museum, Orlando West (16 km)
(3) Sterkfontein Caves, Hekpoort (19 km)
(4) Walter Sisulu Bontanical Gardens, Roodepoort (19 km)
(5) Maropeng Visitor Centre, Hekpoort (26 km)
(6) Blaauwbank Historical Gold Mine, Magaliesburg (26 km)
(7) Magaliesburg town centre(26 km)
(8) Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site, Hekpoort (26 km)
(9) Hartbeespoort Dam and surrounds (75 km)
(10) Hartbeespoort Cableway, Hartbeespoort (80 km)

Industry[edit]

A large industrial area, Aureus, serves greater Randfontein and many industries are scattered throughout the municipal area including the more rural areas. Notable industries, in addition to those related to mining, include the following: Nola (dog food, mayonnaise, sandwich spread, cooking oil), Tiger Brands (butter, peanut butter), and Aranda (blankets for the hotel industry and home use).

Aranda Textile Mills (Pty) Ltd is a fourth generation Italian owned family business and has been producing quality blankets and throws since 1951. Their blankets can be seen in most hotels in South Africa. A factory shop, open to the public, is located on the grounds of the factory in Homelake.

Other large national companies have their head offices, or main branches, in Randfontein:
(1) Massyn Moves, Aureus
(2) Hendrik van Wyk Transport, Aureus
(3) Grain Carriers, Aureus
(4) Continental Oils, Hectorton
(5) Harmony Gold, Randfontein Office Park, Main Reef Road
(6) Wearne Readymix Plant, Aureus and Brandvlei

Climate[edit]

Randfontein receives on average about 726 mm (29 in) of rain per year with most rainfall occurring during summer. June is the driest month and wettest is usually January with about 120 mm (5 in). Randfontein's average maximum temperatures range from 16.8 °C (62.2 °F) in June to 27.7 °C (81.9 °F) in January. The region is the coldest during July when the mercury drops to 0.1 °C (32.2 °F) on average during the night although temperatures as low as −8 °C (18 °F) are recorded. Maximum temperatures in mid summer can peak around 35 to 37 °C (95 to 99 °F). Due to Randfontein being slightly removed from the greater metropolitan area of nearby Johannesburg (and even Krugersdorp a mere 15 km (9 mi) northeast) and surrounded by much water, the extremes in temperature are often greater than Johannesburg and Krugersdorp. Randfontein can be 3 °C (5 °F) to 4 °C (7 °F) colder at night in winter and 2 °C (4 °F) to 3 °C (5 °F) warmer during the day in summer than Johannesburg and Krugersdorp. The average minimum, maximum, and rainfall for each month is:
Jan: 14/28; 120mm (summer)
Feb: 14/27; 110mm (summer)
Mar: 12/24; 90mm (autumn/fall)
Apr: 8/22; 40mm (autumn/fall)
May: 4/19; 9mm (autumn/fall)
June: 2/17; 1mm (winter)
July: 0/17; 2mm (winter)
Aug: 3/20; 10mm (winter)
Sep: 7/23; 75mm (spring)
Oct: 10/25; 85mm (spring)
Nov: 12/25; 96mm (spring)
Dec: 13/26; 108mm (summer)
See SA Weather Service site for Randfontein's weather right now and a seven-day forecast.

Demographics[edit]

According to the Randfontein Socio-Economic Survey of 2006, Randfontein's population is divided into Black (79.2%), White (10.6%), Coloured (10.1%), and Asian/Indian (0.1%). The local immigrant population is made up mainly of Mozambiquans (Portuguese), Angolans (Portuguese), Malawians (Chichewa), Ethiopians (Amharic and Urdu), and Chinese (Chinese). A fair portion of shops in the CBD are run by Ethiopians and Chinese.

Randfontein differs slightly from other parts of the West Rand, in that it is slightly female dominant (50.6%). This trend is throughout the gender structure with the exception of the age group younger than 14 which is slightly male dominant. The working age-group (15 to 64) is the largest and makes up 65.5% of the local population. The elderly group (above 65 of age) constitutes only 6.1% of the population.

The racial makeup and language distribution changed dramatically from the 2001 census to the 2011 census. The Black population grew from around 41% of the total population to around 79% of the population. Dominant languages now are Tswana, Sesotho, English, and Afrikaans, with many other languages being spoken, both local and international. English serves as the lingua franca for the town.

Suburbs[edit]

Central: Aureus (industrial area), Azaadville, Bhongweni, Culemborg Park, Eike Park, Finsbury, Greenhills, Hectorton, Helikon Park, Homelake, Kocksoord, Mohlakeng, Orion Park, Randgate, Randpoort, Robin Park, Toekomsrus, West Porges, Westergloor.

Outlying and plots: Bootha Plots, Brandvlei, Dennydale. Dwarskloof, Elandsvlei, Hillside, Loumarina, Middelvlei, Pelzvale, Randridge, Rietvallei, Rikasrus, Tenacres, Vleikop, Wheatlands, Wilbotsdal.

Religion[edit]

Most local religions are catered for in Randfontein with the following being represented: AGS, NG, Catholics, Jews, Methodists, Jehovah's Witnesses, Anglicans, Hervormed Kerk, Gereformeerde Kerk, St Paul of the Cross, Afrikaans Protestante Kerk, Volle Evangelie Kerk, St Martin de Porres, Our Lady of Africa, Azaadville Jaamea Masjid Trust, and Presbyterian Church. (This is not a complete list.)

Technology[edit]

In a 2013 Ookla's Net Index report, it was found that Randfontein has the fastest broadband access in South Africa. Randfontein has a download speed of 10Mbit/s, followed by Bryanston, Midrand and Randburg, which are also all in the Gauteng province.[2]

Jameson Raid[edit]

Remnants of the Jameson Raid (29 December 1895 – 2 January 1896) can be found in Randfontein. Various graves of those killed are scattered around the West Rand. In Randfontein, the graves of troopers William Charles Beatty-Powell, John Bernard Bletsoe, Harry Davies, John Foster, and C.E Hennessy, are hidden amongst the trees in what was originally known as the Randfontein Estates Gold Mine Military Cemetery. The graves are beside the railway line diagonally opposite where Uncle Harry's Roadhouse is currently located at the northern entrance to town from Krugersdorp.

References[edit]

External links[edit]