Royal Thai Marine Corps
|Royal Thai Marine Corps
Royal Thai Marine Corps insignia
|Active||1959 – Present|
|Branch||Royal Thai Navy|
|Garrison/HQ||RTMC headquarters, Sattahip, Chonburi|
|March||"มาร์ชราชนาวิกโยธิน (Royal Thai Marine Corps march)|
|Flag of the Commander of the Marine Corps|
The Royal Thai Marine Corps (Thai: นาวิกโยธินแห่งราชอาณาจักรไทย) are the marines of the Royal Thai Navy. The Royal Thai Marine Corps was founded in 1932, when the first battalion was formed with the assistance of the United States Marine Corps. It was expanded to a regiment in 1940 and was in action against communist guerrillas throughout the 1950s and 1960s. During the 1960s the United States Marine Corps assisted in its expansion into a brigade. The Royal Thai Marine Corps saw action on the Malaysian border in the 1970s, and has now been increased to two brigades.
- 1 History
- 2 Organization
- 3 Equipment
- 4 History equipment
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Historically, there was no distinction in Siam between soldiers and marines, with the army performing both functions. The first "Thahan Ma-Rine", meaning "Marine Soldiers", were formed in 1833, during the reign of King Rama III. "Ma-Rine" was simply a transliteration of the English word. The development of the modern Thai Marine Corps can be divided into three periods:
The Marine Soldiers of the 19th and early 20th centuries were few in number and served mainly as a royal honor guard that provided security for the King whenever he traveled around the country.
On March 2, 1913, however, the Ministry of the Navy reorganized the Marine Soldiers. The Marine artillery platoon was attached to the Operation Command Department of Ships and Fortresses, while the Marine infantry platoon in Bangkok was attached to the Vehicle Division of the Department of the Navy Amphibious Assault Group.
The Revolution in 1932 transformed Thailand from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. Shortly after, the Royal Thai Navy was reorganized, and the vehicle battalion became the Marine Corps Battalion of the Bangkok Navy Station. This is considered the first Marine Corps Battalion in Thailand.
Post 1932 Revolution (1932–1955)
The 2nd Marine Corps Battalion was established at Sattahip in 1937. Two years later, the 2nd Battalion was expanded into the Marine Corps Department. Shortly after that, a border dispute with French Indo-China turned violent, and the Marine Corps Department's "Chanthaburi Division" was engaged in action with the French Foreign Legion several times. During World War II, the Marine Corps sent troops to defend the southern border with Malaya and also guarded Phuket Province from possible attack.
After Imperial Japan's surrender in September 1945, Thai Marines helped disarm the Japanese Army at Baan Pong District in Ratchaburi Province. In 1950, when violence in Malaysia spilled over into Thailand, Marine Corps Troop 6 was sent to help restore the peace in Narathiwat Province.
Surprisingly, on June 29, 1951, the Thai government disbanded the Marine Corps Bureau, and the Marines were distributed into naval units. However, this was during the Korean War, and both the United States Military and the Royal Thai Navy urged Thailand to reconsider.
New Age (1955 – present)
Four years later, the Thai Government acknowledged that a Marine Corps could perform a useful role in national defense. On July 30, 1955, the government created the Marine Corps Department. In 1961, tensions flared over the disputed Preah Vihear Temple, situated on the Thai side of a high cliff on the Cambodian border but shown on French maps as being in the Cambodia. The Chanthaburi and Trat borders with Cambodia gave the Marine Corps Department its first assignment, safeguarding the coastline and southeastern border. Since 1970 the Marine Corps' Chanthaburi-Trat Task Force has been officially assigned the defense of this area.
During 1972 and 1973, Thai Marines were involved in the "Sam-Chai" anti-communist operations in Phetchabun Province and the "Pha-Phum" anti-communist operations in Chiang Rai Province. In 1973 and 1974, they took part in anti-communist operations in the southern provinces of Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat.
Since 1975, Thai Marines have been assigned to Narathiwat as Marine Corps special forces. In 1977, they captured the communist camp at Krung-Ching in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, and remaining there until 1981.
Thai Marines today are responsible for border security in Chanthaburi and Trat provinces. They have fought communist insurgents in engagements at Baan Hard Lek, Baan Koat Sai, Baan Nhong Kok, Baan Kradook Chang, Baan Chumrark, and in the battle of Hard Don Nai in Nakhon Phanom Province.
Many Thai Marines have lost their lives serving their country, and they continue to do so today, especially in the southern border provinces now facing an Islamist insurgency. A monument to their valor stands at the Royal Thai Navy base at Sattahip.
- RTMC division headquarters;
- 3 Marine infantry regiment, with 9 Marine battalions (one battalion designated King's Guard),
- 1 Marine artillery regiment, with 3 Marine artillery battalions and 1 antiaircraft artillery battalion
- 1 assault battalion
- 1 reconnaissance battalion (formed in 1965, including wardogs and V-150 armored vehicles).
|M16A1/A2/A3||Assault rifle||5.56mm||United States||Standard marine rifle.|
|M4A1/A3||Assault rifle||5.56mm||United States||Standard marine rifle.|
|AR-15||Assault rifle||5.56mm||United States|
|G36C||Assault rifle||5.56mm||Germany||Used by recon.|
|CQ M-311||Assault rifle||5.56mm||China|
|Sago Defence Tikka||Sniper rifle||.223inch/.338inch||United States|
|M249||Light machine gun||5.56mm||United States|
|M60||General-purpose machine gun||7.62mm||United States|
|M2 Browning||Heavy machine gun||12.7mm||United States|
Rocket, grenade, and missile systems
|M203||Grenade launcher||?||United States|
|M47 Dragon||Anti-Tank Guided Missile||?||United States|
|BGM-71 TOW||Anti-Tank Guided Missile||?||United States||Use in Humvee.|
|M40A2||Recoilless rifle||?||United States|
Utility vehicles and prime movers
|Humvee||Utility vehicle||?||United States||RTMC use M998,M1097A2,M997,M1025,M1045A2,M966.|
|M151||Utility vehicle||?||United States||RTMC use M151A2,M718A1,M825.|
|M813||Prime Mover||?||United States||RTMC use M54A2,M543A2.|
|M35 2-1/2 ton cargo truck||Prime Mover||?||United States||RTMC use M35A2,M50A2,M49A2,M109A2.|
|Isuzu||Prime Mover||?||Japan/ Thailand||RTMC use SBR,TXD 4x2,TSD 4x4,TWD 6x6,HTW,FTR 4x4.|
Armoured fighting vehicles
|AAV-7A1||Armoured personnel carrier||36||United States||Variants include: AAVP-7A1, AAVC-7A1, AAVR-7A1.|
|BTR-3E1||Armoured personnel carrier||12||Ukraine|
|M151A2 mod||Armoured personnel carrier||?||Thailand||Improve to Amphibious vehicle.|
|V-150 Commando||Armoured car||24||United States|
|Type 69-ll||Main battle tank||5||China|
|M101A1 mod||105 mm towed howitzer||6||United States||Improve the Nexter LG1 caliber.|
|M101A1||105 mm towed howitzer||30||United States|
|GC-45 howitzer||155 mm towed howitzer||12||Austria|
|GHN-45 A1 APU howitzer||155 mm towed howitzer||6||Austria|
|M19||60 mm motar||?||United States|
|M224||60 mm motar||?||United States|
|M29A1||81 mm motar||?||United States|
|M120||120 mm motar||?||Israel|
Armoured fighting vehicles
|LVT||Amphibious vehicle||16||United States|
|M3 Half-track||Half-track armored personnel carrier||12+||United States|
|M1A1||75mm Pack Howitzer||16+||United States|
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