STS-104

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STS-104
STS104 Atlantis Docked ISS.jpg
Atlantis docked to the Destiny laboratory on the ISS, taken from atop the P6 truss during an EVA
Mission type ISS assembly
Operator NASA
COSPAR ID 2001-028A
SATCAT № 26862
Mission duration 12 days, 18 hours, 36 minutes, 39 seconds
Distance travelled 8,500,000 kilometres (5,300,000 mi)
Orbits completed 200
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft Space Shuttle Atlantis
Launch mass 117,129 kilograms (258,225 lb)
Landing mass 94,009 kilograms (207,254 lb)
Payload mass 8,241 kilograms (18,168 lb)
Crew
Crew size 5
Members Steven W. Lindsey
Charles O. Hobaugh
Michael L. Gernhardt
Janet L. Kavandi
James F. Reilly
EVAs 3
EVA duration 16 hours, 30 minutes
Start of mission
Launch date 12 July 2001, 09:04 (2001-07-12UTC09:04Z) UTC
Launch site Kennedy LC-39B
End of mission
Landing date 24 July 2001, 03:38 (2001-07-24UTC03:39Z) UTC
Landing site Kennedy SLF Runway 15
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 372 kilometres (231 mi)
Apogee 390 kilometres (240 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 92.2 minutes
Docking with ISS
Docking port PMA-2
(Destiny forward)
Docking date 14 July 2001 03:08 UTC
Undocking date 22 July 2001 04:54 UTC
Time docked 8 days, 1 hour, 46 minutes

Sts-104-patch.png STS-104 crew.jpg
Left to right: Seated - Charles O. Hobaugh, Steven W. Lindsey; Standing - Michael L. Gernhardt, Janet L. Kavandi, James F. Reilly


Space Shuttle program
← STS-100 STS-105

STS-104 was a Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis. Its primary objectives were to install the Quest Joint Airlock and help perform maintenance on the International Space Station. It was successful and returned to Earth without incident, after a successful docking, equipment installation and three spacewalks.

Crew[edit]

Position Astronaut
Commander Steven W. Lindsey
Third spaceflight
Pilot Charles O. Hobaugh
First spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Michael L. Gernhardt
Fourth spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 Janet L. Kavandi
Third spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 James F. Reilly
Second spaceflight

Mission highlights[edit]

Launch of Space Shuttle Atlantis on STS-104 mission.

The primary purpose of the flight was to deliver and install the Quest airlock. The Joint Airlock is a pressurized flight element consisting of two cylindrical chambers attached end-to-end by a connecting bulkhead and hatch. Once installed and activated, the ISS airlock became the primary path for International Space Station space walk entry and departure for U.S. spacesuits, which are known as Extravehicular Mobility Units, or EMUs. In addition, the Joint Airlock is designed to support the Russian Orlan spacesuit for EVA activity.

The Joint Airlock is 20 ft (6.1 m) long, 13 ft (4.0 m) in diameter and weighs 6.5 short tons (5.9 metric tons). It was built at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) by the Space Station Prime Contractor Boeing. The ISS-airlock has two main components: a crew airlock and an equipment airlock for storing EVA gear and EVA preflight preps. STS-104 also carries a spacelab pallet with four High Pressure Gas Assembly containers that were attached to the exterior of the airlock.

Mission Specialists Michael Gernhardt and James Reilly conducted three space walks while Space Shuttle Atlantis was docked to the International Space Station. They spent a total of 16 hours and 30 minutes outside. During the first space walk, Gernhardt and Reilly assisted in the installation of the airlock. During the second and third excursions, they focused on the external outfitting of the Quest airlock with four High Pressure Gas Tanks, handrails and other vital equipment. The third spacewalk was conducted from Quest itself.[1]

First flight of Block II SSME[edit]

STS-104 was the first shuttle mission to fly with a "Block II" SSME. Post-launch analysis indicated an anomaly occurred when the engine was shut down. The cause was determined and the mitigation approach was demonstrated on the STS-108 flight in November 2001.[2]

Space walks[edit]

  • Gernhardt and Reilly – EVA 1
  • EVA 1 Start: 15 July 2001 – 03:10 UTC
  • EVA 1 End: 15 July 2001 – 09:09 UTC
  • Duration: 5 hours, 59 minutes
  • Gernhardt and Reilly – EVA 2
  • EVA 2 Start: 18 July 2001 – 03:04 UTC
  • EVA 2 End: 18 July 2001 – 09:33 UTC
  • Duration: 6 hours, 29 minutes
  • Gernhardt and Reilly – EVA 3
  • EVA 3 Start: 21 July 2001 – 04:35 UTC
  • EVA 3 End: 21 July 2001 – 08:37 UTC
  • Duration: 4 hours, 02 minutes
The payload bay of STS-104 imaged by TV camera during its approach to the ISS, no still photography was made of this event

Wake-up calls[edit]

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, which was first used to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15.[3] Each track is specially chosen, often by their families, and usually has a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or is applicable to their daily activities.[3][4]

Flight Day Song Artist/Composer Links
Day 2 "Wallace Courts Murron" Braveheart Soundtrack wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 3 "God of Wonders" Caedmons Call wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 4 "Space Cowboy" 'N Sync wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 5 "No Woman, No Cry" Bob Marley wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 6 "Nobody Does it Better" Carly Simon, from the The Spy Who Loved Me soundtrack wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 7 "Happy Birthday, Darling" Conway Twitty wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 8 "All I Wanna Do" Sheryl Crow wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 9 "A Time to Dance" Space Center Intermediate School Symphonic Band wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 10 "I Could Write a Book" Harry Connick Jr., from the soundtrack to When Harry Met Sally wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 11 "Who Let the Dogs Out?" The Baha Boys wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 12 "Orinoco Flow" Enya wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 13 "Honey, I'm Home" Shania Twain wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]
Day 14 "Hold Back the Rain" Duran Duran wav[dead link] mp3[dead link]
Transcript[dead link]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. ^ "Giving the space station a doorway to space". NASA. 
  2. ^ Greene, William D.; Kynard, Michael H. (2002). "Understanding and Resolution of the Block 2 SSME, STS-104 Engine Shutdown Pressure Surge In-Flight Anomaly". Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. 
  3. ^ a b Fries, Colin (25 June 2007). "Chronology of Wakeup Calls" (PDF). NASA. Retrieved 13 August 2007. 
  4. ^ NASA (11 May 2009). "STS-104 Wakeup Calls". NASA. Retrieved 31 July 2009. 

External links[edit]