Schoolcraft County, Michigan

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Not to be confused with Schoolcraft, Michigan.
Schoolcraft County, Michigan
Map of Michigan highlighting Schoolcraft County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded March 9, 1843 (created)
1876 (organized)[1][2]
Named for Henry Schoolcraft
Seat Manistique
Largest city Manistique
Area
 • Total 1,884 sq mi (4,880 km2)
 • Land 1,171 sq mi (3,033 km2)
 • Water 713 sq mi (1,847 km2), 38%
Population
 • (2010) 8,485
 • Density 7.2/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.schoolcraftcounty.net

Schoolcraft County is a county located in the Upper Peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,485.[3] The county seat is Manistique,[4][1] which lies along the northern shore of Lake Michigan. The county is named in honor of Henry Schoolcraft, who explored the area with the expedition of Lewis Cass.[1] The county was founded in 1843 and organized in 1876.[5] The county is largely rural and forested, with much of the western portion of the county located within Hiawatha National Forest.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,884 square miles (4,880 km2), of which 1,171 square miles (3,030 km2) is land and 713 square miles (1,850 km2) (38%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,575
1890 5,818 269.4%
1900 7,889 35.6%
1910 8,681 10.0%
1920 9,977 14.9%
1930 8,451 −15.3%
1940 9,524 12.7%
1950 9,148 −3.9%
1960 8,953 −2.1%
1970 8,226 −8.1%
1980 8,575 4.2%
1990 8,302 −3.2%
2000 8,903 7.2%
2010 8,485 −4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[3]

The 2010 United States Census[11] indicates Schoolcraft County had a population of 8,485. This is a decrease of 418 people from the 2000 United States Census. This is a -4.7% change in population. In 2010 there were 3,759 households and 2,425 families in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 6,313 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). 87.6% of the population were White, 8.8% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Black or African American, 0.1% of some other race and 3.3% of two or more races. 0.8% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 16.2% were of German, 13.2% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 7.8% Swedish, 6.7% Irish, 5.3% Polish, 5.2% English and 5.1% American ancestry.[12]

There were 3,759 households out of which 22.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.72.

In the county the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 19.6% from 25 to 44, 33.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.3 years. The population was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,367, and the median income for a family was $49,561. The per capita income for the county was $21,134. About 11.7% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Schoolcraft County operates the County jail, Schoolcraft County Public Transit, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Communities[edit]

Rural road in Schoolcraft County

City[edit]

Townships[edit]

Historic places[edit]

The National Register of Historic Places listings in Schoolcraft County, Michigan are

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bibliography on Schoolcraft County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ Houghton County
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 29, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Schoolcraft County – Early 1880’s". cityofmanistique.org. Schoolcraft County Historical Society. Retrieved October 4, 2014. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 28, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2010 American Fact Finder". Retrieved July 17, 2013. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°01′N 86°11′W / 46.02°N 86.19°W / 46.02; -86.19