Lenawee County, Michigan
|Lenawee County, Michigan|
Lenawee County Courthouse
Location in the state of Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
|Founded||September 10, 1826, split off Monroe County|
|• Total||761.31 sq mi (1,972 km2)|
|• Land||750.50 sq mi (1,944 km2)|
|• Water||10.81 sq mi (28 km2), 1.42%|
|• Density||132/sq mi (51/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
- The County was created in 1826. It was split off from Monroe County, Michigan.
- This Henry Schoolcraft neologism is thought to be derived from a Native American word meaning "man"—from the Delaware "leno or lenno" or the Shawnee "lenawai." See List of Michigan county name etymologies.
Government and politics
In Michigan county governments serve to maintain county roads and streets, tax assessment, zoning, operate county courts, fire and police, maintain vital records, participates with the state to administer public services. The county board of commissioners approves the budget, but has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. Separately, Adrian College is located within the county.
Lenawee County has supported candidates from both political parties in statewide elections making it a swing county. Tecumseh and Adrian have tended to lean Democrat, while Dover, Madison, and Riga Townships have tended to lean Republican. The rural areas of the county are bastions of populism and libertarianism which helped the Tea Party Movement gain considerable support. During the 2010 midterm elections, the county favored Republican Gubernatorial candidate Rick Snyder, Congressional candidate Tim Walberg, State Senate candidate Bruce Caswell, and State Representative candidates Nancy Jenkins and Mike Shirkey.
Lenawee County is located in Michigan's 7th congressional district, which is represented by Tea-Party backed Tim Walberg, who is a resident of the County. Walberg previously served as Lenawee's state representative. Walberg won the district, which includes all of Lenawee County, Jackson County, Hillsdale County, Branch County, and Eaton County, as well as parts of Calhoun County and Washtenaw County, after defeating then-incumbent Democrat Mark Schauer. Schauer had defeated Walberg in the 2008 congressional election, after Walberg's first stint in Congress. Walberg defeated incumbent Republican Joe Schwarz, a former State Representative and gubernatorial candidate, during the 2006 primary election. Also during the 2006 midterm elections, Lenawee County voted for businessman Dick DeVos, the Republican nominee.
Most of Lenawee County is represented by Republican Nancy Jenkins in the Michigan House of Representatives. Jenkins represents the 57th District, previously held by brothers Doug and Dudley Spade, both Democrats. Each of the Spade brothers served for the maximum three terms. In 2008, Dudley Spade defeated Nancy Jenkin's mother, Republican Emma Jenkins. Cambridge Township, which includes Onsted, is part of the 65th District, which covers much of the Irish Hills and is represented by Republican Mike Shirkey. Lenawee County is part of the 16th State Senate District, represented by Republican Bruce Caswell of Hillsdale. Caswell was preceded by Republican Cameron Brown. The district contains all of Lenawee, Hillsdale, and Branch Counties.
In Presidential politics, the county is considered a bellwether, as it has voted for the winner of the presidential election in every election since 1976, when the county voted for Republican President Gerald R. Ford, a Michigan Native, in his failed re-election bid against Jimmy Carter, Democratic Governor of Georgia.
- District 1: David Stimpson (Republican)
- District 2: Jack Branch (Republican)
- District 3: Robert Hall (Republican)
- District 4: Cletus Smith (Republican)
- District 5: Karol "Kz" Bolton (Democrat)
- District 6: Don Welch (Republican)
- District 7: John Tuckerman (Republican)
- District 8: Ralph Tillotson (Republican)
- District 9: Chris Wittenbach (Republican)
Other Lenawee County elected officials
- Prosecuting Attorney: R. Burke Castleberry, Jr.
- Of Counsel to the Board of Commissioners:Irving C. Shaw, Jr.
- Sheriff: Jack Welsh
- County Clerk: Roxann Hollaway
- County Treasurer: Marilyn Woods
- Register of Deeds: Victoria J. Daniels
- Drain Commissioner: Stephen R. May
- County Surveyor: Kevin Pickford
As of the census of 2000, there were 98,890 people, 35,930 households, and 26,049 families residing in the county. The population density was 132 people per square mile (51/km²). There were 39,769 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.51% White, 2.12% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.01% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 6.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.4% were of German, 11.6% English, 10.2% American and 9.9% Irish ancestry according to the 2000 United States Census. 94.7% spoke English and 4.2% Spanish as their first language.
There were 35,930 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $45,739, and the median income for a family was $53,661. Males had a median income of $38,458 versus $25,510 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,186. About 4.40% of families and 6.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.
- According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 761.31 square miles (1,971.8 km2), of which 750.50 square miles (1,943.8 km2) (or 98.58%) is land and 10.81 square miles (28.0 km2) (or 1.42%) is water.
- Lenawee County is considered to be part of Southeastern Michigan.
- Washtenaw County (northeast)
- Jackson County (northwest)
- Monroe County (east)
- Hillsdale County (west)
- Lucas County, Ohio (southeast)
- Fulton County, Ohio (southwest)
||Jackson County||Washtenaw County|
|Hillsdale County||Monroe County|
|Fulton County, Ohio||Lucas County, Ohio|
Cities, villages, and townships
Roads and freeways
Within Lenawee County's townships, north-south roads are referred to as "highways", while east-west roads are referred to as "roads".
- "Bibliography on Lenawee County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Michigan History, Arts and Libraries on sources of County names.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- Lenawee County Conference & Visitors Bureau
- Lenawee County Drain Commissioner
- Lenawee County Government Site
- Lenawee County Road Commission
- Complete text of History of Lenawee County published in 1909 by the Western Historical Society
- "Bibliography on Lenawee County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- Lenawee County Directory Site