Lenawee County, Michigan

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Lenawee County, Michigan
Lenawee County Courthouse 2010.JPG
Lenawee County Courthouse
Map of Michigan highlighting Lenawee County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded September 10, 1826, split off Monroe County[1]
Seat Adrian
Largest city Adrian
Area
 • Total 761 sq mi (1,971 km2)
 • Land 750 sq mi (1,942 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (31 km2), 1.6%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 99,188
 • Density 132/sq mi (51/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.lenawee.mi.us

Lenawee County ("LENN-a-way") is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 99,892.[2] The county seat is Adrian.[3] The county was created in 1822 and organized in 1826.[1]

Lenawee County comprises the Adrian, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county was created in 1826. It was split off from Monroe County, Michigan.[1] This Henry Schoolcraft neologism is thought to be derived from a Native American word meaning "man"—from the Delaware "leno or lenno" or the Shawnee "lenawai."[1][4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 761 square miles (1,970 km2), of which 750 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.6%) is water.[5] Lenawee County is considered to be part of Southeastern Michigan.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Within Lenawee County's townships, north-south roads are referred to as "highways", while east-west roads are referred to as "roads".

Government and politics[edit]

In Michigan county governments serve to maintain county roads and streets, tax assessment, zoning, operate county courts, fire and police, maintain vital records, participates with the state to administer public services. The county board of commissioners approves the budget, but has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. Separately, Adrian College is located within the county.

Lenawee County has supported candidates from both political parties in statewide elections making it a swing county. Tecumseh and Adrian have tended to lean Democrat, while Dover, Madison, and Riga Townships have tended to lean Republican. The rural areas of the county are bastions of populism and libertarianism which helped the Tea Party Movement gain considerable support. During the 2010 midterm elections, the county favored Republican Gubernatorial candidate Rick Snyder, Congressional candidate Tim Walberg, State Senate candidate Bruce Caswell, and State Representative candidates Nancy Jenkins and Mike Shirkey.

Lenawee County is located in Michigan's 7th congressional district, which is represented by Tea-Party backed Tim Walberg, who is a resident of the County. Walberg previously served as Lenawee's state representative. Walberg won the district, which includes all of Lenawee County, Jackson County, Hillsdale County, Branch County, and Eaton County, as well as parts of Calhoun County and Washtenaw County, after defeating then-incumbent Democrat Mark Schauer. Schauer had defeated Walberg in the 2008 congressional election, after Walberg's first stint in Congress. Walberg defeated incumbent Republican Joe Schwarz, a former State Representative and gubernatorial candidate, during the 2006 primary election. Also during the 2006 midterm elections, Lenawee County voted for businessman Dick DeVos, the Republican nominee.

Most of Lenawee County is represented by Republican Nancy Jenkins in the Michigan House of Representatives. Jenkins represents the 57th District, previously held by brothers Doug and Dudley Spade, both Democrats. Each of the Spade brothers served for the maximum three terms. In 2008, Dudley Spade defeated Nancy Jenkin's mother, Republican Emma Jenkins. Cambridge Township, which includes Onsted, is part of the 65th District, which covers much of the Irish Hills and is represented by Republican Mike Shirkey. Lenawee County is part of the 16th State Senate District, represented by Republican Bruce Caswell of Hillsdale. Caswell was preceded by Republican Cameron Brown. The district contains all of Lenawee, Hillsdale, and Branch Counties.

In Presidential politics, the county is considered a bellwether, as it has voted for the winner of the presidential election in every election since 1976, when the county voted for Republican President Gerald R. Ford, a Michigan Native, in his failed re-election bid against Jimmy Carter, Democratic Governor of Georgia.

Lenawee County Courthouse, Adrian

Elected officials[edit]

County Commission[edit]

  • District 1: David Stimpson (Republican)
  • District 2: Jack Branch (Republican)
  • District 3: Robert Hall (Republican)
  • District 4: Cletus Smith (Republican)
  • District 5: Karol "Kz" Bolton (Democrat)
  • District 6: Don Welch (Republican)
  • District 7: John Tuckerman (Republican)
  • District 8: Ralph Tillotson (Republican)
  • District 9: Chris Wittenbach (Republican)

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,491
1840 17,889 1,099.8%
1850 26,372 47.4%
1860 38,112 44.5%
1870 45,595 19.6%
1880 48,343 6.0%
1890 48,448 0.2%
1900 48,406 −0.1%
1910 47,907 −1.0%
1920 47,767 −0.3%
1930 49,849 4.4%
1940 53,110 6.5%
1950 64,629 21.7%
1960 77,789 20.4%
1970 81,609 4.9%
1980 89,948 10.2%
1990 91,476 1.7%
2000 98,890 8.1%
2010 99,892 1.0%
Est. 2013 99,188 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census of 2000, there were 98,890 people, 35,930 households, and 26,049 families residing in the county. The population density was 132 people per square mile (51/km²). There were 39,769 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.51% White, 2.12% Black or African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.01% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 6.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.4% were of German, 11.6% English, 10.2% American and 9.9% Irish ancestry according to the 2000 United States Census. 94.7% spoke English and 4.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 35,930 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,739, and the median income for a family was $53,661. Males had a median income of $38,458 versus $25,510 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,186. About 4.40% of families and 6.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 9.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Bibliography on Lenawee County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 28, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Michigan History, Arts and Libraries on sources of County names.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°53′N 84°04′W / 41.89°N 84.07°W / 41.89; -84.07