Timeline of Michigan history

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Natural history[edit]

French colonization[edit]

British colonization[edit]

U.S. territory[edit]

  • 1805 Michigan Territory was created, with Detroit designated as the seat of government. William Hull appointed as governor. Detroit was destroyed by fire.
  • 1812 Detroit and Mackinac are captured by the British in the War of 1812
  • 1813 Detroit recovered from the British by future-President William Henry Harrison
  • 1813 Lewis Cass became Territorial Governor.
  • 1817 The University of Michigan is established in Detroit, the first public university in the state.
  • 1818 The British cede control of the Upper Peninsula and the St. Clair River islands to the U.S. after the Treaty of Ghent and border negotiations are concluded.
  • 1819 In the Treaty of Saginaw, the Ojibwe, Ottawa, and Potawatomi ceded more than six million acres (24,000 km²), in the central portion of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan to the United States.
  • 1821 With the Treaty of Chicago, the Ojibwe, Ottawa, and Potawatomi ceded all the lands south of the Grand River to the United States.
  • 1823 Congress transferred legislative powers previously exercised by the Territorial Governor and Judges to a nine-member Legislative Council, appointed by the U.S. President who selected them from eighteen persons chosen by the people. The Council was expanded to thirteen members in 1825 and made an elected body in 1827.
  • 1824 The Chicago Road is surveyed between Fort Dearborn in Chicago and Detroit. It will become a major avenue for settlement and trade besides its original military purpose.
  • 1828 The British turn over their fort on Drummond Island to the United States
  • 1832 Territorial Capitol built in Detroit at a cost of $24,500.
  • 1833 Detroit Arsenal constructed in Dearborn, Michigan to serve the territorial militia and the regular army
  • 1835 First Constitutional Convention. Stevens T. Mason inaugurated as the first Governor. A minor conflict with Ohio, known as the Toledo War, over an area including the city of Toledo, Ohio, delayed Michigan statehood as the State of Ohio objected. In 1836, Michigan accepted Ohio's claim to Toledo and the Toledo Strip and received, as compensation, the eastern three-fourths of the Upper Peninsula.
  • 1836 Treaty of Washington representatives of the Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Native Americans cede an area of approximately 13,837,207 acres (55,997 km²) in the northwest portion of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan and the eastern portion of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. This area represents approximately 37% of the current land area of the state of Michigan.
  • 1837 Admitted as a free state into the union (the 26th state), it was admitted a few months after the slave state of Arkansas.

As a U.S. state[edit]

See also[edit]

References and further reading[edit]

  • Dunbar, Willis F. and George S. May (1995). Michigan: A History of the Wolverine State. WM. B. Eerdmans. ISBN 0-8028-7055-4. 
  • Poremba, David Lee (2003). Detroit: A Motor City History. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-2435-2. 
  • Poremba, David Lee (2001). Detroit in Its World Setting (timeline). Wayne State University. ISBN 0-8143-2870-9. 
  • Woodford, Arthur M. (2001). This is Detroit 1701-2001. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-2914-4. 

External links[edit]