AirAsia Zest

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AirAsia Zest
AirAsia Zest Logo.svg
IATA
Z2
ICAO
EZD
Callsign
ZEST AIRWAYS
Founded September 1995
AOC # 2009003[1]
Hubs
Fleet size 15[2]
Destinations 13[2]
Company slogan The right way to fly
Parent company AirAsia Philippines
Headquarters Pasay City, Metro Manila,
Philippines
Key people Marianne Hontiveros (Chairman)
Joy Cañeba (CEO)[3]
Website www.airasia.com

Zest Airways, Inc. operating as AirAsia Zest (formerly Asian Spirit and Zest Air), is an airline based at the Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Pasay City, Metro Manila in the Philippines. It operates scheduled domestic and international tourist services, mainly feeder services linking Manila and Cebu with 24 domestic destinations in support of the trunk route operations of other airlines. In 2013, the airline became an affiliate of Philippines AirAsia operating their brand separately. Its main base is Ninoy Aquino International Airport, Manila.

The airline was originally founded as Asian Spirit, the first airline in the Philippines to be run as a cooperative. On 16 August 2013, the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP), the regulating body of the Government of the Republic of the Philippines for civil aviation, suspended Zest Air flights until further notice due to safety issues.[4] Less than a year after AirAsia and Zest Air's strategic alliance, the airline has been rebranded as AirAsia Zest.

History[edit]

Beginnings as Asian Spirit[edit]

Logo of Asian Spirit
An Asian Spirit YS-11.

AirAsia Zest was established as Asian Spirit in September 1995 by three friends: Antonio "Toti" Turalba, Emmanuel "Noel" Oñate and Sir Archibald Po, who contributed $1 million each to start up the Airline Employees Cooperative (AEC). They invited 36 of their friends, mostly former Philippine Airlines employees, to run Asian Spirit through a salary-to-equity swap deal. Sir Archibald Po family held the majority of ownership.[5][6][7]

It started operations in April 1996 with two second hand Dash 7 aircraft servicing only one scheduled commercial route with two flights per day from Manila to Malay, serving the fledging resort island of Boracay. To maximize its aircraft utilization, it introduced new routes to the present-day towns of San Jose, Virac, Daet and Alcantara, and the cities of Cauayan and Masbate, regarded as secondary and tertiary routes by Air Transportation Office, and are not serviced by major airlines. In 1997, the cooperative changed to a corporate set-up with the establishment of Asian Spirit, Inc., whose registration was approved by the Securities and Exchange Commission in 2005.

Asian Spirit NAMC YS-11 airliner, at Loakan Airport, Baguio City July, 2006.

At the time, Asian Spirit has the distinction of being the first scheduled airline to serve Boracay. Other operators served the airport on a charter basis then. It became the Philippines' fourth flag carrier (after Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific and Air Philippines) in 2003.

Transition to Zest Airways[edit]

Asian Spirit was sold to AMY Holdings (presently Mazy's Capital Inc.), a holding company controlled by businessman Alfredo M. Yao, in March 2008.[8] After the success of the takeover, Yao expressed interest in merging Asian Spirit with South East Asian Airlines (SEAIR). The two airlines have been in merger talks and were expected to make a decision soon.[9] Yao was supposed to purchase a sixty percent stake in SEAIR,[10] although the deal fell through because of a stolid response from SEAIR management.[11] The merger talks failed and both airlines continued to operate independently.

On September 30, 2008, Asian Spirit officially announced that it will be re-branding itself as Zest Airways. Reports say the name switch reflects the Yao's stake in the company, as well as an allusion to the flagship business of AMY Holdings: juicemaker Zest-O. The firm's board approved the name change in August, while the Civil Aeronautics Board approved the switch earlier this month.[12]

The airline wants to fly to three international points to Sandakan( - already stopped), Malaysia from Zamboanga, to Seoul from Kalibo, Laoag, and Davao, and Macau from Angeles City. However these international routings never took off.[13] It has also intended to commence international expansion to Bangkok and Singapore from Manila in 2009.[14]

On March 12, 2013, Zest Airways signed a share swap agreement with AirAsia Philippines, a domestic airline with foreign interest. The share swap deal involves exchange of shares between the owner of Zest Airways, Filipino shareholders of AirAsia Philippines, Inc. and AirAsia Berhad of Malaysia.[15][16] As of May 2013, AirAsia Zest suspended its chartered flights between Boracay and Taipei because of the political tensions between the Philippines and Taiwan.[17]

Transition to AirAsia Zest[edit]

Less than a year after the strategic alliance between Philippines AirAsia, the airline was rebranded as "AirAsia Zest". AirAsia chief Tony Fernandes tweeted last September 13 that AirAsia Philippines was moving to Ninoy Aquino International Airport's Terminal 4 in Manila after winding down its domestic and international flights in Pampanga. Although the rebranded airline has yet to be formally announced, ZestAir in its website carried an image of an aircraft featuring AirAsia's signature red livery and the Zest title on the body and AirAsia's signature red livery on the tail. The rebranded airline has a new theme; "AirAsia Zest, the right way to fly."[18]

Suspension of Air Operator Certificate[edit]

On Aug. 16, 2013, the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines suspended Zest Air's Air Operator certificate due to a series of safety breaches.

Among the violations were:[4]

- No qualified Accountable Manager since July 19, 2013
- Failure to check aircraft logs, flight manifest, weather, etc.
- Failure to present to the CAAP the airman license (Aircraft Mechanic License) during ramp inspection
- Series of occurrences that affected several flight operations
- Refueling with passenger on board involving RP-C8989 on August 14, 2013
- Excessive flight duty time case under the enforcement and legal service

On August 20, 2013, it was reported that Zest Air was allowed to fly into the skies again.[19]

Destinations[edit]

Fleet[edit]

AirAsia Zest fleet includes the following aircraft (as of April 2014)[20][21][22]

AirAsia Zest Fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Options Passengers
(Economy)
Routes Notes
Airbus A320-200 15 0 0 180 Domestic, International 1 leased to Philippines AirAsia.
Total 15 0 0

Retired[edit]

AirAsia Zest Retired Fleet
Aircraft Year Retired Replaced by
BAe ATP 2008 Xian MA60
BAe 146-100 2008 Airbus A319-100
BAe 146-200 2008 Airbus A319-100
CN-235 2008 Xian MA60
de Havilland Dash 7 2009 Xian MA60
Let-410 2008 Xian MA60
McDonnell Douglas DC-9 2008 Airbus A320-200
McDonnell Douglas MD-82 2008 Airbus A320-200
McDonnell Douglas MD-83 2008 Airbus A320-200
NAMC YS-11 2008 Xian MA60
Xian MA60 2013 Airbus A320

AirAsia Zest has acquired both the Airbus A320 and the Xian MA60, the only Philippine airline to do so, as part of its refleeting strategy.[11]

The Airbus A320 aircraft were originally delivered to JetBlue Airways in 2003. They were purchased in September 2008 and delivered in December 2008 and January 2009. The aircraft were than repainted in Pinal Airpark in Arizona into Zest Airways livery and the seat configuration has been changed from Y 150 to Y 162.[citation needed]

On June 3, 2009, the airliner ordered 6 more Xian MA60's to be delivered starting October.[23] but the delivery has been delayed for unknown reasons.

On July 11, 2009 RP-C 8989 arrived at Diosdado Macapagal International Airport. The A320 MSN 3621 made its first flight on September 12, 2008 under a French registration F-WWIK as was originally ordered by Kingfisher Airlines but was not accepted. The aircraft was subsequently sold to Asiawide Airways Inc. the holding company for all aircraft of Zest Airways owned by AMY Holdings.[24]

On August 2, 2009, the airline revealed that it would be able to mount international flights with the starting delivery of two brand new Airbus 320 in October this year. This is in addition to the first A320 it purchased earlier. The company was eyeing to buy 2 Boeing 767-300 aircraft to bring its total fleet to 11 aircraft by year end, flying to major tourist destinations in the country. This is part of the $150 million second wave of capital expansion. In 2008, the company invested $170 million.[21] This additional fleet expansion never happened.

Following the March 12, 2013 share swap agreement with Philippines AirAsia, a subsidiary of AirAsia Berhad, The airline will retire its fleet of Xian MA60, returning the aircraft to its lessor in China, effectively stopping its Busuanga, Masbate, Marinduque and Tablas routes effective on May 11, 2013. Landing slots for these aircraft will be replaced by Airbus A320's for services to Cagayan de Oro, Bacolod and Zamboanga. The airline will introduce more Airbus A320's to the fleet ordered by AirAsia Philippines to be painted in AirAsia livery with one already delivered.[25]

Incidents and Accidents[edit]

As Asian Spirit[edit]

  • On September 4, 2002, Asian Spirit Flight 897 was the last flight of the day to Malay, departing Manila at 3:36 pm for a one-hour flight. During the approach to Malay, the right main gear failed to deploy. The approach was abandoned and the crew decided to return to Manila for an emergency landing. The plane circled for about 35 minutes over Las Piñas City to burn off fuel. The crew then carried out an emergency landing with the right gear retracted on Manila's international airport runway 24. After touchdown the aircraft swerved off the runway onto a grassy area.[28]
  • On November 14, 2005, Asian Spirit Flight 587, a BAe-146-200, reportedly hydroplaned and overran runway 04/22, a 4,429-foot (1350 m) long concrete runway at Catarman National Airport. The aircraft came to rest in a muddy rice field.[29]
  • On January 2, 2008, Asian Spirit Flight 321, an NAMC YS-11 departing from Manila, overshot the runway at Masbate Airport at 7:30 a.m., due to heavy tailwinds with gusts reaching 14 knots while landing on runway 21. Although none of the 47 passengers were seriously injured, the aircraft was badly-damaged.[30]

As Zest[edit]

  • In January 2009, a MA60 operated by Philippine carrier Zest Airways crashed at Caticlan airport while trying to land on 11 January 2009. The aircraft landed too short on the runway, skidded out of control and crashed into a concrete barrier. The aircraft caught fire and suffered extensive damage to its wing, landing gear, undercarriage and one engine. Several passengers were injured in that accident.[31]
  • In June 2009, a MA60 operated by Zest overshot the runway while trying to land at Caticlan airport. As a consequence of this accident lengthening of the runway and the flattening of a hill that obstructs one of its approaches was carried out.[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of airlines subject to an operating ban or operational restrictions within the European Union". European Commission for Transport. European Commission. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Camus, Miguel (October 21, 2013). "AirAsia Zest launches flights to Miri, Malaysia to service OFWs". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "AirAsia Zest names new CEO". ABS-CBN News. May 20, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Santos, M. (2013 Aug 16). Zest Air suspended due to safety breaches. Inquirer.net - Online News Portal of the Philippine Daily Inquirer. http://business.inquirer.net/138721/zest-air-suspended-due-to-safety-issues
  5. ^ "Asian Spirit History". Asian Spirit Website. Archived from the original on 2007-08-19. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  6. ^ "Asian Spirit". Tony Lopez, ABS-CBN Interactive. Retrieved 2007-12-20. [dead link]
  7. ^ "Asian Spirit: The Niche Player". Makati Business Club. Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2007-10-03. 
  8. ^ Asian Spirit sold for 'around P1B', ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs, retrieved April 15, 2008
  9. ^ SEAIR, Asian Spirit merger looms, BusinessWorld, April 14, 2008
  10. ^ Yao Group to acquire Asian Spirit, Manila Bulletin, January 21, 2008
  11. ^ a b Carreon, Don Gil K. (2008-10-23). "Zest Airways getting more aircraft". BusinessWorld (BusinessWorld Publishing Corporation). Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  12. ^ Asian Spirit now called Zest Airways, BusinessWorld, retrieved October 2, 2008
  13. ^ Amojelar, Darwin G. (2007-09-13). "Asian Spirit to acquire more aircraft for regional expansion". The Manila Times (Manila Times Publishing Corporation). Retrieved 2007-12-20. [dead link]
  14. ^ Amojelar, Darwin G. (2007-11-06). "Asian Spirit joins refleeting bandwagon". The Manila Times (Manila Times Publishing Corporation). Archived from the original on 2007-12-09. Retrieved 2007-12-20. 
  15. ^ "AirAsia to acquire 40% of Zest Air | Inquirer Business". Business.inquirer.net. 2013-03-11. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  16. ^ "AirAsia, Zest sign 'dream alliance' | Inquirer Business". Business.inquirer.net. 2013-03-11. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  17. ^ Amojelar, Darwin G. (2013-05-17). "EXCLUSIVE | Zest Air suspends flights to Taiwan". InterAksyon.com. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  18. ^ AirAsia, ZestAir launch rebranded airline | ABS-CBN News
  19. ^ "News5 Everywhere - CAAP, BINAWI NA ANG SUSPENSYON SA ZEST AIR". N5e.interaksyon.com. 2013-08-20. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  20. ^ Zest Air starts second expansion mode, philippineairspace.blogspot.com
  21. ^ a b Zest Air eyes DMIA as hub for int'l flights, Manila Bulletin, August 2, 2009. [1]
  22. ^ AirAsia Zest - ch-aviation.com
  23. ^ Zest orders six more MA60s, ATW Daily News, June 3, 2009.
  24. ^ Airbus A320 - MSN 3621, airfleets.net.
  25. ^ Zest Air Bids MA-60 Goodbye as they become Air Asia Turboprop routes axed
  26. ^ "ASN Aviation Safety Database". aviation-safety.net. December 7, 1999. Retrieved 2007-04-07. 
  27. ^ "Philippines crash claims 17 lives". BBC News. 1999-12-08. Retrieved 2007-04-07. 
  28. ^ "ASN Aviation Safety Database". aviation-safety.net. 2002-09-04. Retrieved 2008-05-07. 
  29. ^ "ASN Aviation Safety Database". aviation-safety.net. 2005-11-14. Retrieved 2008-05-07. 
  30. ^ "Plane overshoots runway in Masbate City". abs-cbnnews.com. 2008-01-02. Retrieved 2008-05-07. [dead link]
  31. ^ "PICTURE: Zest MA60 crashes on landing in Philippines". Flight International. 12 January 2009. 
  32. ^ "Philippines' Zest MA60 overshoots runway at Caticlan". Flight International. 25 June 2009. 

External links[edit]