Shahjalal International Airport

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Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport
হজরত শাহজালাল আন্তর্জাতিক বিমানবন্দর
Hôjrot Shahjalal Antorjatik Bimanbôndor
IATA: DACICAO: VGHS
DAC is located in Bangladesh
DAC
DAC
Location of airport in Bangladesh
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Owner Bangladesh Government
Operator Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh
Serves Dhaka
Location Kurmitola
Hub for Biman Bangladesh Airlines
United Airways
Regent Airways
Novoair
US-Bangla Airlines
Elevation AMSL 27 ft / 8 m
Coordinates 23°50′34″N 090°24′02″E / 23.84278°N 90.40056°E / 23.84278; 90.40056 (Shah Jalal International Airport)Coordinates: 23°50′34″N 090°24′02″E / 23.84278°N 90.40056°E / 23.84278; 90.40056 (Shah Jalal International Airport)
Website www.caab.gov.bd
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 3,200 10,500 Concrete / Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passenger movements 5,600,000
Cargo handled (tonnes) 214,000
Source: Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh[1][2]

Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport (Bengali: হজরত শাহজালাল আন্তর্জাতিক বিমানবন্দর Hôjrot Shahjalal Antorjatik Bimanbôndor ) (IATA: DACICAO: VGHS), formerly Zia International Airport and Dacca International Airport,[3] is the largest airport in Bangladesh. Operated and maintained by the Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh, it is also used by the Bangladesh Air Force. Located in Kurmitola in northern Dhaka, it started operations in 1980, taking over as the country's sole international airport from Tejgaon Airport. It is the hub of all Bangladeshi airlines, including Biman Bangladesh Airlines, United Airways, Regent Airways, Novoair and US-Bangla Airlines. The airport's IATA code – "DAC" is derived from "Dacca", the previously used spelling for "Dhaka".

The airport has an area of 1,981 acres (802 ha). About 66% of the country's international and domestic arrivals and departures occur through this airport, while the country's second largest airport, Shah Amanat International Airport in Chittagong, accounts for nearly 21% of passengers. The airport has a capacity of handling 8 million passengers annually,[4][5] and is predicted by the CAAB to be enough until 2026.[6]

In 2012, it handled 5.6 million passengers, and 214,000 tonnes of cargo.[7] As of July 2014, 29 passenger airlines connect 39 cities, both domestic and international. Average aircraftmovement per day is around 190 flights.[8]

National flag carrier Biman Bangladesh Airlines is the ground handling provider of the airport.[9] Biman flies from the airport internationally to 19 cities in Europe and Asia.[10]

Location and access

The airport is located in Kurmitola and was originally 11 NM (20 km; 13 mi) north of the capital Dhaka.[11] It can be accessed by the eight-lane Airport Road.[11] To the north of the airport lies Uttara and Gazipur, while Dhaka city lies to its south. There is a railway station immediately opposite to the airport named Airport Railway Station.[12][13] The nearest hotel near the airport is the Dhaka Regency Hotel.[14] However, a Best Western hotel is expected to open in mid-2014.[15]

Due to the expansion of the city, the airport has been engulfed by the city, prompting the government to consider relocating it elsewhere.[4]

History

An arrival stamp issued by the Immigration Officer of the airport on 8 January 2011.
Interior of the departure zone
Biman Captain and first officer walking to board their plane at the airport.

In 1941, during the Second World War, the British government built a landing strip at Kurmitola, several kilometres north of Tejgaon, as an extra landing strip for the Tejgaon Airport, which at the time was a military airport, to operate warplanes towards the war fields of Kohima (Assam) and Burmese war theatres.[16][17]

After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Tejgaon Airport became the first civil airport in what was then East Pakistan, current day Bangladesh. In 1966 that a project was taken by the then Pakistan Government to construct a new airport at present site north of Kurmitola was selected and tender floated for construction of terminal building and runway under technical support of French experts. For transportation of construction materials a rail station (present airport railway station) was built near the site. However, the new airstrip was halfway done when the Bangladesh Liberation War broke out in 1971. During war, the airstrip suffered severe damage.

After independence, the government of Bangladesh restarted works abandoned by the previous contractors and consultants during the war. It decided to make the airport the country's principal international airport and appointed Aéroports de Paris of France as its new consultants. The airport began operations in 1980 after the main runway and central portion of the present terminal building was formally opened by then-President Ziaur Rahman as Dacca International Airport ("Dacca" is the former spelling of "Dhaka").[18][19] The project took a further three years to complete, during which time Ziaur Rahman was assassinated (in 1981), so, after its completion in 1983, then-President Abdus Sattar re-inaugurated the airport as Zia International Airport.[20]

In 2010, the government changed the airport's name once again, from Zia International Airport to Shahjalal International Airport, to honour Shah Jalal, one of Bangladesh's most respected Sufi saints.[21]

On 6 December 2011, ZA006, a Boeing 787 stopped for fuel at Shahjalal International Airport during a distance, speed, and endurance record attempt. This aircraft, powered by General Electric GEnx engines, had flown 10,710 nautical miles (19,830 km) non-stop from Boeing Field in Seattle, Washington eastward to Shahjalal International Airport, setting a new world distance record for aircraft in the 787's weight class, which is between 440,000 pounds (200,000 kg) and 550,000 pounds (250,000 kg). This flight surpassed the previous distance record of 9,127 nautical miles (16,903 km), set in 2002 by an Airbus A330. The aircraft then continued eastbound from Dhaka to return to Boeing Field, setting a world-circling speed record of 42 hours, 27 minutes.[22]

In November 2013, an agreement was signed for the opening of a 56-room Best Western hotel adjacent to the airport. The hotel is expected to open in the second quarter of 2014.[23]

Development and expansion

In 1992, the airport terminal area experienced rapid expansion with addition of boarding bridges and equipment. A multistorey car park with space for 500 cars was also built at this time.

The airport has been set up and upgraded with technology and instruments worth BDT 70 million up to the 2nd quarter of 2012, by the CAAB. They include: instrument landing system, distance measuring equipment and flight calibration system, which will help the operational standards of the airport. 2 more boarding bridges have been operational, and another is under manufacturing. Asphalt runway overlay began in December 2012 by the Bangladeshi company Abdul Monem Ltd; it took 6 months to complete. Further improvements in the taxiway and runway lighting system will be made by funds from Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) worth BDT 4.5 billion. Further projects include: primary and secondary radar, a new control tower and a modern drainage system.[8][24]

Parking facilities are being upgraded, both for passenger and cargo aircraft, of the airport extension works of passenger and cargo aprons are also going on.[7] The project will cost BDT 440 million and will provide facility to park four wide-bodied passenger aircraft and two wide-bodied cargo aircraft side by side.[7] In recent years CAAB has completed modernisation and beautification of two terminal buildings; constructed five aircraft parking bays; Installed two more boarding bridges; re-installed power plant to ensure 24 hours power supply; added more passenger check-in and immigration counters and baggage conveyor belts.[7]

Second runway

A feasibility study is underway to decide about adding a parallel, second runway at a cost of BDT 10 billion by 2014.[7] The project has been taken to cope with the rising air traffic, and take pressure off the lone runway, to double the capacity of the airport. CAAB predicts that the airport's traffic will surpass 10 million passengers and freight. Currently, the airport can handle 10 flights an hour, 1 per 6 minutes. However, 60% of the airport's 2000 acre land remains unutilised.[25]

Terminals, airlines and destinations

A Biman Bangladesh Airlines Boeing 777-300ER landing at the airport in 2012.
An United Airways Airbus A310-300 preparing to take off from the airport in 2012.
A Regent Airways Boeing 737-700 preparing to touch down at Shahjalal International Airport in 2013.
A Novoair Embraer ERJ 145 lining up for take off in 2013.
An US-Bangla Airlines Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 at the airport in 2014.

The airport consists of three major terminals, T1 and T2 for international flights and a third terminal (known as Domestic Terminal) for domestic flights. In T1 and T2, the ground floor is used as the arrivals hall and the upper floor serves as the departures hall. Both the arrivals hall and the departures hall are on the same floor in the one-storey domestic terminal. A VIP terminal is built only about 200 meters from the main gate and is only used occasionally.

A third international terminal will be built in the future.[7]

Passenger

Airlines Destinations
Air Arabia Ras al Khaimah, Sharjah
Air India Delhi, Kolkata
Bangkok Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Abu Dhabi, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chittagong, Dammam, Delhi, Doha, Dubai-International, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Jeddah, Kathmandu, Kolkata, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, London-Heathrow, Muscat, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Singapore, Sylhet, Yangon
China Eastern Airlines Kunming
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou
Dragonair Hong Kong
Druk Air Paro, Kolkata, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Emirates Dubai-International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Flydubai Dubai-International
Jet Airways Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai
Kuwait Airways Kuwait
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur
Maldivian Chennai, Malé
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur
Mihin Lanka Colombo
Novoair Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Jessore, Sylhet
Oman Air Muscat
Pakistan International Airlines Karachi
Qatar Airways Doha
Regent Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Kolkata, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore
Saudia Dammam, Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Tiger Airways Singapore
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
United Airways Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Doha, Jeddah, Jessore, Kathmandu, Kolkata, Kuala Lumpur, Muscat, Rajshahi, Saidpur, Sylhet
US-Bangla Airlines Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Jessore

Cargo and freight

Etihad Cargo Boeing 747-8F entering runway 14 in 2013.
Lufthansa Cargo McDonnell Douglas MD-11F landing at the airport in 2013.
Airlines Destinations
Cathay Pacific Cargo Hanoi, Hong Kong
China Cargo Airlines Chongqing, Shanghai-Pudong
China Southern Airlines Cargo Guangzhou
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai-Al Maktoum
Etihad Cargo
operated by Atlas Air
and Martinair Cargo
Abu Dhabi, Hong Kong
Hong Kong Airlines Cargo Hong Kong
Korean Air Cargo Hanoi, Seoul-Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Delhi, Mumbai
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Saudia Cargo Dammam
Singapore Airlines Cargo Singapore
Turkish Airlines Cargo Bishkek, Istanbul-Ataturk
Uzbekistan Airways Cargo Tashkent

Accidents and incidents

  • On 28 September 1977, a Japan Airlines Flight 472 en route from Mumbai to Tokyo was hijacked by 5 Japanese Red Army terrorists shortly after takeoff, and forced the plane to land at then Zia International Airport.[26] The terrorists' demand of $6 million and release of 6 JRA terrorists from Japanese prison was met by the Japanese Prime Minister.[27] Bangladesh Air Force was deployed to control the situation in the ground and to facilitate negotiations.[26]
  • On 22 April 2003, a storm damaged three Airbus A310s, a Boeing 737 and a Fokker F-28 aircraft parked at the airport. The storm, strongest in three years, had a wind speed of up to 111-km per hour.[29]
  • On 25 May 2008, a Saudia Flight SV-806 from Prince Mohammad Bin Abdulaziz Airport, Medina, made an unscheduled landing. During the roll the tower controller reported that he saw fire on the starboard wing. Upon exiting runway 14, the crew received a fire indication for engine number three. The fire extinguisher was activated, and all engines were shut down. The Boeing 747–357, which had been charred beyond repair, was successfully evacuated.[31] Only minor injuries had been incurred.[32] An investigation determined that there had been a fuel leak where the fuel enters the front spar for engine number three.[31]
  • On 30 April 2012, a Royal Thai Air Force ATR-72-500 aircraft of 1st Air Division/6th Wing, 603sq, (serial L16-2/52, code 60314), sustained damage in a landing accident at the airport. The aeroplane suffered a runway excursion while landing. It came to rest against a concrete barrier, causing substantial damage to the right hand wing. Two passengers reportedly suffered minor injuries.
  • On 5 April 2013, a fire broke out in the cargo village of the airport at around 11:30am.[33] Ten units of Fire Service and Civil Defence rushed to the spot and doused the fire after one-and-a-half-hour later. Flight schedules were unaffected by the fire.[34]
  • On 28 September 2013, a Boeing 747-400 (leased from Air Atlanta Icelandic), operated by Saudi Arabian Airlines as SV-3822, en route from Riyadh for a Hajj flight, landed in Dhaka when sparks and smoke was observed from the right hand main landing gear during roll out, the aircraft stopped on the runway. The airport was closed for about one hour as result of the emergency.[35]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Aerodrome Information: Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport, Dhaka". Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh. 
  2. ^ "Aerodrome Information: Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport, Dhaka (continued)". Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh. 
  3. ^ "Airports in Bangladesh". Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh. 
  4. ^ a b Ahmad, Rashiduddin (29 September 2010). "New airport at Trishal: Flight of fancy or urban nightmare?". The Daily Star. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  5. ^ Byron, Rejaul Karim (28 August 2010). "New int'l airport to cost Tk 50,000cr". The Daily Star. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "AIRPORT DEVELOPMENT HISTORY". Civil Aviation Authority of Bangladesh. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "CAAB initiates efforts to expand, upgrade HSIA to elevate its international standing". The Bangladesh Monitor. 1 July 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Shahjalal airport set for upgrade in two months
  9. ^ "Ground Handling". Biman Bangladesh Airlines. Retrieved 1 February 2014. 
  10. ^ "Destination Map". Biman Bangladesh Airlines. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Dhaka – Airports". World Executive. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  12. ^ From Sylhet to Dhaka Airport by train – Dhaka City Forum – TripAdvisor
  13. ^ Dhaka Airport Road. Google Maps.
  14. ^ Dhaka Regency Hotel.
  15. ^ "Best Western International Signs Deal to Open Hotel at Dhaka Airport in Bangladesh". PRWeb. 14 November 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  16. ^ Ahmed, Ershad (16 November 2006). "Zia International Airport, Dhaka". [unreliable source?]
  17. ^ Uddin, Syed Mohd Saleh. "Airports". Banglapedia. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  18. ^ Dhaka: Zia International Airport, Dhaka
  19. ^ Dhaka City :: everything about our city
  20. ^ ZIA made Shahjalal International Airport
  21. ^ "ZIA made Shahjalal International Airport". The Daily Star. 16 February 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  22. ^ "Boeing 787 Dreamliner Sets Speed, Distance Records". Boeing Press Release, 8 December 2011]
  23. ^ "Best Western International touches down at Dhaka Airport". Travel Trade Gazette (Asia). 15 November 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  24. ^ Runway rebuilding work begins at Shahjalal airport
  25. ^ "Feasibility study on 2nd runway at HSIA by June next year". The Financial Express. 24 May 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  26. ^ a b "JAL 1977 plane hijack in Dhaka: Japanese filmmaker to make documentary". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  27. ^ "Japanese Red Army member's life sentence to stand". Japan Times. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  28. ^ "49 Die in Bangladesh As Plane Plunges". The New York Times. Reuters. 4 August 1984. Retrieved 23 January 2008. 
  29. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Fokker F-28 S2-ACV Dhaka-Zia International Airport (DAC)". Aircraft Safety Network. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  30. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 707 Dhaka-Zia International Airport (DAC)". Aircraft Safety Network. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  31. ^ a b "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747–357 TF-ARS Dhaka-Zia International Airport (DAC)". Aircraft Safety Network. Retrieved 24 January 2010. 
  32. ^ "Saudi plane catches fire at ZIA". The Daily Star. 26 March 2008. Retrieved 24 January 2011. 
  33. ^ "Fire at Shahjalal airport". The Daily Star. 5 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  34. ^ "Fire fighters douse Dhaka airport fire". Bangladesh News 24. 5 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  35. ^ "Incident: Atlanta Icelandic B744 at Dhaka on Sep 28th 2013, overheating brakes". The Aviation Herald. 28 September 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2013. 

External links