Heydar Aliyev International Airport

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Heydar Aliyev International Airport
Heydər Əliyev adına beynəlxalq hava limanı
Baku airport diagram.jpg
Airport diagram
IATA: GYDICAO: UBBB
GYD is located in Azerbaijan
GYD
GYD
Location of airport in Azerbaijan
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Azerbaijan
Operator Government
Serves Baku
Location Baku, Azerbaijan
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 3 m / 10 ft
Coordinates 40°28′03″N 050°02′48″E / 40.46750°N 50.04667°E / 40.46750; 50.04667
Website www.airport.az
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16/34 2,700 8,858 Asphalt/Concrete
18/36 3,200 10,499 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Number of passengers 2,857,000[1]
Source: [4] www.airport.az, Azerbaijanian AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Heydar Aliyev International Airport (IATA: GYDICAO: UBBB) (former Bina International Airport, Azerbaijani: Heydər Əliyev adına beynəlxalq hava limanı) is the international airport in Azerbaijan located 20 km (12 mi) northeast[2] of the capital Baku. The airport is the home of Azerbaijan Airlines, the national flag carrier. It is the busiest airport in Azerbaijan and of the Caucasus.[3] On March 10, 2004, the airport was renamed to Heydar Aliyev, the former President of Azerbaijan. As a result, its IATA code has been changed from BAK. The airport has two terminals (northern and southern) and the Baku cargo terminal. A truck parking and a hotel are nearby. The cargo airline Silk Way Airlines also has its head office on the airport property.[4]

Terminal[edit]

The design and project management work was carried out by British company APM Ltd and the building and civil works for the project by the Turkish consortium, Burc/Enka. In addition, Thomson-CSF Airsys ATM was awarded a US$19 million contract to supply and install equipment for the renovation of the terminal building.

The project to renovate the airport started at the beginning of 1998 and was completed in June 1999. The building comprises four modules, which operate as two terminals (north and south). One of them is used for domestic and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) passengers and cargo, and the other one for international passengers and cargo.

The renovation, in two phases, was funded by a group of international banks. Phase 1 worked on the north terminal and Gate 1 and was completed in March 1999. Phase 2, the south terminal and administration offices, was completed in June.

The first runway has the magnetic course (heading) 16/34 and is 2,700 by 60 m (8,858 by 197 ft), the second runway's magnetic course is 18/36 and is 3,200 by 45 m (10,499 by 148 ft). The paved runways are ready to receive aircraft and helicopters under meteorological minimum established by ICAO. There are high intensity lights for the first runway and low intensity lights for the second one.[5] Three taxiways are situated nearby.

There is an onsite emergency rescue team, available 24 hours a day, and their equipment includes Mil Mi-8 helicopter, high flotation vehicle equipped with longwave and upper sideband radio station, motor-car lift crane, BelAZ towing tractor, iron ski, hydraulic elevators, safe blocks and standard tows.[5]

A new terminal in the Baku International Airport is under construction and will be commissioned in 2013. The concept design was completed in July 2010.[6] The new terminal which is designed by Arup, will triple the capacity of the airport, and will have a semi transparent roof.[7] The design was further developed, after this date, by other parties.[8] After the introduction of the new terminal of the Baku international airport in 2013, the terminal currently operated will be used for domestic flights. The new airport terminal is designed for the annual maintenance of about three million passengers. The total usable area of the new terminal is 58 thousand square meters. The length of the runway in the new terminal complex will be 4,000 meters, and the width will be 75 meters.

Cargo terminal[edit]

The cargo terminal at Heydar Aliyev International Airport has been officially inaugurated and started its operation on 23 March 2005. The terminal is one of the biggest and most technically advanced cargo terminals in CIS. The total terminal building area is 12 000m2. and apron area with 163 000m2. The apron area provides space for handling of 4 Boeing 747 or 4 Antonov An-124 and 7 Ilyushin Il-76. The cargo Terminal serves as a major hub for cargo handling in the region, and has planned increasing the volume of cargo handling. Wide variety of terminal services including all types of ramp handling services meets the international requirements that can be a focus for worldwide cargo operators.[9]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal Charter: Rhodes[10]
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg
Air Astana Almaty, Astana
airBaltic Riga
Ak Bars Aero Nizhnekamsk[11]
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul, Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna
Azerbaijan Airlines Aktau, Ankara, Antalya, Astrakhan, Beijing-Capital,[12] Bodrum, Bursa, Dubai, Frankfurt, Ganja, Geneva (begins 11 July 2014),[13] Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kiev-Boryspil, Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo,[14] Lankaran, Lviv,[15] London-Heathrow, Mineralnye Vody, Milan-Malpensa, Minsk-National,[14] Moscow-Domodedovo, Nakhchivan, Nizhny Novgorod,[16] Novosibirsk, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Perm,[17] Prague, Qabala, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don,[14] Simferopol, Saint Petersburg, Tabriz, Tbilisi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Trabzon, Ürümqi, Yekaterinburg,[18] Zaqatala
Seasonal: Dalaman, Split, Tivat (begins 14 July 2014)[19]
Belavia Minsk-National
British Airways London-Heathrow [20]
China Southern Airlines Ürümqi
Czech Airlines Prague
Dniproavia Dnipropetrovsk,[21] Kharkiv
flydubai Dubai
IrAero Chelyabinsk,[22] Omsk
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Lufthansa Ashgabad, Frankfurt
Montenegro Airlines Charter: Podgorica
NordStar Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Ufa, Norilsk
Qatar Airways Doha, Tbilisi
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, Novosibirsk
SCAT Aktau, Astana, Atyrau [23]
Tajik Air Dushanbe
Turan Air Kazan, Surgut, Yekaterinburg
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Ukraine International Airlines Donetsk (suspended),[24][25] Kiev-Boryspil, Odessa
UTair Aviation Kazan,[26] Khanty-Mansiysk, Moscow-Vnukovo, Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Surgut, Tyumen
Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Wizz Air Budapest (ends 24 October 2014)

Cargo airlines[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Cargolux Almaty, Amman-Queen Alia, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Singapore
Cargolux Italia Milan-Malpensa
MASkargo Amsterdam, Frankfurt, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur [27]
Silk Way Airlines Aktau, Amsterdam, Atyrau, Baghdad, Bishkek, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Kabul, Kandahar, Kuwait, London-Stansted, Luxembourg, Milan-Malpensa, Shanghai-Pudong, Tbilisi, Seoul-Incheon, Ürümqi

Transport links[edit]

Public transport[edit]

There is a direct express minibus route number 116 operating from the airport to Baku city centre. Service runs every 30 minutes beginning from early in the morning until late night. The bus leaves outside the airport building, across the parking area. The service terminates at S. Vurgun's Park on the 28 May Street. The journey takes approximately 30–40 minutes.

Car[edit]

The airport is located 20 km northeast of the capital Baku and is linked to the city by two modern highways - Airport Highway (14 km) and Zigh-Airport Highway (17 km). The journey from city centre to the airport by car takes approximately 30 min-40 min depending on the traffic conditions.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.trend.az/capital/business/2266738.html
  2. ^ a b EAD Basic Archived 11 January 2011 at WebCite
  3. ^ Airport.az Baku - About the airport
  4. ^ "Contact." Silk Way Airlines. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. "Head office Heydar Aliyev International Airport AZ1044 Baku, Azerbaijan."
  5. ^ a b "Baku Cargo Terminal". Archived from the original on 2011-01-11. Retrieved 2007-11-16. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ [3]
  9. ^ http://www.airport.az/cargo.php?id=1
  10. ^ http://world.einnews.com/article/204396727/-FPQZEf1v_2P9i8W
  11. ^ Ak Bars Aero, 2014 timetable, http://www.akbarsaero.ru/en/main/flight_info/timetable1/
  12. ^ http://www.azal.az/en/news-view/85/
  13. ^ "AZAL starts direct flights on Baku-Geneva-Baku route". Azeri-Press Agency (APA) LLC. APA-Economics. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c L, J (26 March 2014). "Azerbaijan Airlines Expands Russia / Belarus Operation from mid-May 2014". Airline Route. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  15. ^ "AZAL keeps on flights to Ukrainian cities". Today.Az. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  16. ^ ""Азербайджанские авиалинии" в мае планируют открыть рейсы Нижний Новгород - Баку". Interfax. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  17. ^ Суханов, Вячеслав (14 March 2014). "Из Перми вновь появится прямой авиарейс до Баку". ЗАО «Коммерсантъ. Издательский дом». Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  18. ^ "Azal.az". 
  19. ^ L, J (23 April 2014). "Azerbaijan Airlines Adds New Seasonal Routes to Tivat / Antalya in S14". Airlie Route. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  20. ^ "British Airways огласила планы относительно полетов в Баку". Central Asia Aero News. 20 July 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2012. 
  21. ^ "Flight schedule". «Dniproavia» airlines. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  22. ^ "Новые международные маршруты". Новости компании. Авиакомпания «ИрАэро». Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  23. ^ "SCAT. Открытие рейсов Уральск–Москва и Атырау–Баку". International Travel plus. 23 October 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2012. 
  24. ^ Notice for passengers
  25. ^ "Flights". Ukraine International Airlines. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  26. ^ "Новый международный рейс "ЮТэйр" Казань - Баку". News. UTair Aviation. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  27. ^ MASkargo routes

External links[edit]