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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1215 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1215
Ab urbe condita1968
Armenian calendar664
Assyrian calendar5965
Balinese saka calendar1136–1137
Bengali calendar622
Berber calendar2165
English Regnal year16 Joh. 1 – 17 Joh. 1
Buddhist calendar1759
Burmese calendar577
Byzantine calendar6723–6724
Chinese calendar甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
3911 or 3851
    — to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
3912 or 3852
Coptic calendar931–932
Discordian calendar2381
Ethiopian calendar1207–1208
Hebrew calendar4975–4976
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1271–1272
 - Shaka Samvat1136–1137
 - Kali Yuga4315–4316
Holocene calendar11215
Igbo calendar215–216
Iranian calendar593–594
Islamic calendar611–612
Japanese calendarKenpō 3
Javanese calendar1123–1124
Julian calendar1215
Korean calendar3548
Minguo calendar697 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−253
Thai solar calendar1757–1758
Tibetan calendar阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
1341 or 960 or 188
    — to —
(female Wood-Pig)
1342 or 961 or 189
King John I signs the Magna Carta at Runnymede (near Windsor) (1864)
John I's campaign against the Barons from September 1215 to March 1216

Year 1215 (MCCXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]


  • March 4 – King John (Lackland), hoping to gain the support of Pope Innocent III against the Barons, takes the oath to go on Crusade. By doing so, Innocent declares John to be his vassal and claims ownership of the whole kingdom (with political protection under church law).[1] On April 1, Innocent sends a letter to the Barons, asking them to halt their actions against John.
  • May 5Robert Fitzwalter is elected by the Barons as their general, with the title of "Marshal of the Army of God and Holy Church". He solemnly renounces his homage to John (Lackland) and begins to siege Northampton Castle. While this failed, Robert consolidates his forces. He turns to Prince Louis of France, son and heir apparent of King Philip II (Augustus) for support.[2]
  • May 17 – The gates to London are opened by supporters of the rebellious Barons. The houses of Jews are targeted for ransacking and burning. The rebels, under Robert Fitzwalter, call for the English nobles still on the side of John (Lackland) to join them, and repair the walls. The Tower of London, held by John's supporters, is too well defended to fall into the hands of the rebels.
  • June 15 – A large number of barons, led by Stephen Langton, archbishop of Canterbury, meet John (Lackland) on an island in the Thames at Runnymede. They force John to sign the Magna Carta, a document that grants liberties to the "free men" – the Barons, the church and the towns. He is subjected to the rule of law, by confirming the status of trial by jury, on June 19.[3]
  • August – John (Lackland) rejects the Magna Carta and writes to Innocent III – asking him to cancel the charter on grounds that he signed it against his will. At the same time, John continues to build up his mercenary army.
  • September 13 – John (Lackland) seeks help from Innocent III in his fight against the Barons. In a letter, written while staying at Dover Castle, he states that the defense of England is the responsibility of God and the Pope.
  • October – The Barons offer the English crown to Louis of France and invite him to England. John (Lackland) confiscates the Barons' land and besieges Rochester Castle, the garrison is starved out and surrenders to him.
  • December – First Barons' War: John (Lackland) campaigns successfully in the Midlands and captures Nottingham Castle, on December 24. King Alexander II of Scotland joins the Barons and invades Northern England.[4]



By topic[edit]

Art and Science[edit]


  • Bhiksu Ananda of Kapitanagar completes writing the Buddhist book Arya Astasahasrika Prajnaparamita (Sutra), in gold ink in Ranjana script.





  1. ^ Warren, W. Lewis. (1991). King John, p. 233. London: Methuen. ISBN 0-413-45520-3.
  2. ^ Tout, T. F.(1889). "Fitzwalter, Robert". In Stephen, Leslie (ed.) Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 225–229.
  3. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 133–135. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  4. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 77–79. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  5. ^ Peter of les Vaux de Cernay (1998). The History of the Albigensian Crusade, pp. 554–559. Suffolk, UK: Boydell & Brewer. ISBN 0-85115-807-2.
  6. ^ Man, John (2011). Genghis Khan: Life, Death and Resurrection, p. 171. ISBN 978-0-553-81498-9.
  7. ^ Hywel, Williams (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 134. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  8. ^ Poonawala, Ismail K. (2009). "ʿAlī b. al-Walīd". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Stewart, Devin J. (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill Online. doi:10.1163/1573-3912_ei3_COM_22932. ISSN 1873-9830.