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|1309 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1309 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2062|
|Balinese saka calendar||1230–1231|
|English Regnal year||2 Edw. 2 – 3 Edw. 2|
|Chinese calendar||戊申年 (Earth Monkey)|
4005 or 3945
— to —
己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
4006 or 3946
|- Vikram Samvat||1365–1366|
|- Shaka Samvat||1230–1231|
|- Kali Yuga||4409–4410|
|Japanese calendar||Enkyō 2|
|Minguo calendar||603 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||1851–1852|
1435 or 1054 or 282
— to —
1436 or 1055 or 283
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1309.|
- March 9 – Pope Clement V settles the papal seat in Avignon, following a visit.
- August 15 – The city of Rhodes surrenders to the forces of the Knights of St. John, completing their conquest of Rhodes. The knights establish their headquarters on the island, and rename themselves as the Knights of Rhodes.
- September 12 – Ferdinand IV of Castile captures the town of Gibraltar, in his campaign against the Emirate of Granada.
- The first known historical records are made, of the village of Lukáčovce, Slovakia.
- Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, is bought by the Percy Family, later Earls of Northumberland, in England.
- Konrad of Megenberg (d. 1374)
- Aldona of Lithuania, queen consort of Poland (d. 1339)
- Leo IV, King of Armenia (d. 1341)
- April 10 – Elisabeth von Rapperswil, Swiss sovereign countess of Rapperswil (b. 1261)
- May 5 – Charles II of Naples
- James of St. George, Savoyard military architect (b. 1230)