|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1600s 1610s 1620s – 1630s – 1640s 1650s 1660s|
|Years:||1633 1634 1635 – 1636 – 1637 1638 1639|
|1636 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2389|
|English Regnal year||11 Cha. 1 – 12 Cha. 1|
|Chinese calendar||乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
4332 or 4272
— to —
丙子年 (Fire Rat)
4333 or 4273
|- Vikram Samvat||1692–1693|
|- Shaka Samvat||1557–1558|
|- Kali Yuga||4736–4737|
|Japanese calendar||Kan'ei 13
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||276 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2178–2179|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1636.|
1636 (MDCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter FE) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday (dominical letter CB) of the Julian calendar, the 1636th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 636th year of the 2nd millennium, the 36th year of the 17th century, and the 7th year of the 1630s decade. As of the start of 1636, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1918.
- February 24 – King Christian of Denmark gives an order that all beggars that are able to work must be sent to Brinholmen, to build ships or to work as galley rowers.
- March 3 – A "great charter" to the University of Oxford establishes the Oxford University Press as the second of the privileged presses in England.
- March 26 – Utrecht University is founded in the Netherlands.
- August 15
- September 8 – A vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establishes New College (Harvard University) as the first college founded in North America.
- December 13 – The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard.
- Thirty Years' War: French intervention starts.
- Manchus occupy the Liaoning region in north China, select Shenyang (Mukden) as their capital, and proclaim the new Qing Dynasty ("pure").
- The Shogun forbids Japanese to travel abroad and those abroad from returning home.
- Emperor Fasilides founds the city of Gondar, which becomes the capital of Ethiopia for the next two centuries.
- In the American colonies, Roger Williams (theologian) founds Rhode Island.
- The first American ancestor of John Adams, Henry Adams, emigrates to Massachusetts.
- The first synagogue of the New World, Kahal Zur Israel Synagogue, is founded in Recife by the Dutch.
- January 1 – Jacques Cassagne, French clergyman (d. 1679)
- January 12 – Jean-Baptiste Monnoyer, French painter (d. 1699)
- January 20 – Maximilian I, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Count (d. 1689)
- February 6 – Heiman Dullaart, Dutch painter (d. 1684)
- February 12 – Hermann Witsius, Dutch theologian (d. 1708)
- February 16 – Shubael Dummer, Preacher (d. 1692)
- March 1 – Giacinto Camillo Maradei, Roman Catholic prelate, Bishop of Policastro (d. 1705)
- March 8 – Robert Kerr, 1st Marquess of Lothian (d. 1703)
- March 13 – Ulrik Huber, Dutch philosopher (d. 1694)
- March 25 – Henric Piccardt, Dutch lawyer (d. 1712)
- April 6 – Noël Bouton de Chamilly, Marshal of France (d. 1715)
- April 7 – Gregório de Matos, Brazilian poet and lawyer (d. 1696)
- April 10 – Balthasar Kindermann, German poet (d. 1706)
- April 13 – Hendrik van Rheede, Dutch botanist (d. 1691)
- April 29 – Esaias Reusner, German lutenist and composer (d. 1679)
- May 6 – Laura Mancini, French court beauty (d. 1657)
- May 17 – Edward Colman, English Catholic courtier under Charles II (d. 1678)
- May 22 – Ferdinand Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1687)
- May 27 – Thormodus Torfæus, Icelandic historian (d. 1719)
- June 3 – John Hale, Beverly minister (d. 1700)
- June 15 – Sir Thomas Slingsby, 2nd Baronet, English Baronet (d. 1688)
- June 16 – Charles de La Fosse, French painter (d. 1716)
- June 21 – Godefroy Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillon, French noble (d. 1721)
- June 29 – Thomas Hyde, English orientalist (d. 1703)
- July 2 – Daniel Speer, German composer and writer of the Baroque (d. 1707)
- July 12 – Count Ferdinand Edzard of East Frisia, German nobleman (d. 1668)
- July 31 – Josias II, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen, Major general in Brunswick and co-ruler of Waldeck-Wildungen (d. 1669)
- August 25 – Louis Victor de Rochechouart de Mortemart, French military man, brother of Madame de Montespan (d. 1688)
- September 5 – Ignace-Gaston Pardies, French physicist (d. 1673)
- September 24 – Francesco Vaccaro, Italian painter (d. 1675)
- September 25 – Ferdinand Joseph, Prince of Dietrichstein, German prince (d. 1698)
- September 28 – Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Prussian royal consort (d. 1689)
- September 29 – Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1715)
- October 6 – George Frederick, Count of Erbach-Breuberg, Count of Erbach and Breuberg (1653) (d. 1653)
- October 15 – John Strangways, English politician (d. 1676)
- October 23 – Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, queen consort of King Charles X of Sweden (d. 1715)
- October 31 – Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria, Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and an elector of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1679)
- November 1 – Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, poet and critic (d. 1711)
- November 2 – Edward Colston, Bristol-born English slave trader (d. 1721)
- November 6
- November 11 – Yan Ruoqu, Chinese scholar (d. 1704)
- November 14 – Pierre du Cambout de Coislin, French prelate (d. 1706)
- November 30
- December 1 – Elizabeth Capell, Countess of Essex, British countess (d. 1718)
- December 26 – Justine Siegemund, German writer (d. 1705)
- December 27 – William Whitelock, English gentleman and member of parliament (d. 1717)
- January 11 – Dodo Knyphausen, Swedish military leader (b. 1583)
- January 26 – Jean Hotman, Marquis de Villers-St-Paul, French diplomat (b. 1552)
- February 22 – Sanctorius, physician (b. 1561)
- April 18 – Julius Caesar, English judge (b. c.1557)
- June 9 – Antoine de Paule, 56th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller (b. c.1551)
- June 13 – George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, Scottish politician (b. 1562)
- July – Elijah Loans, rabbi and kabbalist (b. 1555)
- August 25 – Bhai Gurdas, Sikh religious figure (b. 1551)
- September 17 – Stefano Maderno, sculptor (b. 1576)
- October 11 – Johann Albrecht Adelgrief, German man who claimed to be a prophet and was executed for witchcraft.
- October 19 – Marcin Kazanowski, Polish military leader (b. c.1564)
- December 9 – Fabian Birkowski, Polish writer (b. 1566)
- December 10 – Randal MacDonnell, 1st Earl of Antrim, Irish leader