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|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1570s 1580s 1590s – 1600s – 1610s 1620s 1630s|
|Years:||1605 1606 1607 – 1608 – 1609 1610 1611|
|1608 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2361|
|English Regnal year||5 Ja. 1 – 6 Ja. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丁未年 (Fire Goat)
4304 or 4244
— to —
戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
4305 or 4245
|- Vikram Samvat||1664–1665|
|- Shaka Samvat||1530–1531|
|- Kali Yuga||4709–4710|
|Japanese calendar||Keichō 13
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||304 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2150–2151|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1608.|
1608 (MDCVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter FE) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday (dominical letter CB) of the Julian calendar, the 1608th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 608th year of the 2nd millennium, the 8th year of the 17th century, and the 9th year of the 1600s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1608 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- January 7 – Fire destroys "all the houses in the fort" at Jamestown; the fort is repaired in March.
- January 8 – Ensign Thomas Savage arrives in Jamestown with the First Supply under Christopher Newport.
- January 17 – Emperor Susenyos of Ethiopia defeats an Oromo army at Ebenat; 12,000 Oromo are reportedly killed at a cost of 400 Amhara.
- March 18 – Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia at the ancient city of Axum.
- April 10 – Jamestown, Virginia: Christopher Newport again sails for England.
- April 19 – The Burning of Derry launched O'Doherty's Rebellion in the Kingdom of Ireland
- May 14 – The Protestant Union is founded in Auhausen.
- July 3 – Quebec City is founded by Samuel de Champlain.
- July – The English ship Mary and Margaret, captained by Christopher Newport, leaves England bound for Jamestown, Virginia.
- August 24 – The first official English representative to India, Captain William Hawkins, lands at Surat.
- September 10 – John Smith is elected council president of Jamestown, and begins expanding the fort.
- September 21 – The University of Oviedo, Spain is founded.
- October 1 – At Jamestown, a second supply ship, the Mary and Margaret, arrives with Christopher Newport, including 70 settlers, bringing the population back up to 120; the passengers include 8 glassmen.
- October 2 – Dutch lens maker Hans Lippershey demonstrates the first telescope in the Dutch parliament.
- December – Jamestown: Christopher Newport returns to England carrying cargo with "tryals of Pitch, Tarre, Glasse, Frankincense, Sope Ashes ..."
- The first cheques are used in the Netherlands.
- Old Bushmills Distillery is founded in Bushmills, County Antrim, Ireland.
- Uniform Land-Tax Law is imposed in Korea.
- Five Royal Schools in Ulster are given Royal Charter by King James I
- January 28 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (d. 1679)
- February 6 – Antonio Vieira, Portuguese writer (d. 1697)
- February 12 – Daniello Bartoli, Italian Jesuit priest (d. 1685)
- April 20 – Edward Rainbowe, English clergyman and preacher (d. 1684)
- April 25 – Gaston, Duke of Orléans, third son of King Henry IV of France (d. 1660)
- June – Richard Fanshawe, English diplomat (d. 1666)
- June 19 (bapt.) – Thomas Fuller, English churchman and historian (d. 1661)
- July 13 – Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1657)
- July 14 – George Goring, Lord Goring, English Royalist soldier (d. 1657)
- October 15 – Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist and mathematician (d. 1647)
- November 13 (bapt.) – John Desborough, English soldier and politician (d. 1680)
- December 6 – George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, English soldier (d. 1670)
- December 8 – Vendela Skytte, Swedish poet (d. 1629)
- December 9 – John Milton, English poet (d. 1674)
- date unknown
- January 29 – Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1557)
- February 13 – Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski, Lithuanian prince (b. 1526)
- February 26 – John Still, English bishop (b. c. 1543)
- March 12 – Koriki Kiyonaga, Japanese warlord (b. 1530)
- April 19 – Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset, English statesman and poet (b. 1536)
- May 14 – Charles III, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1543)
- June 19 – Alberico Gentili, Italian jurist (b. 1551)
- July 3 – William Barclay, Scottish jurist (b. 1546)
- July 18 – Joachim Friedrich, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1546)
- August 1 – Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell (b. 1575)
- August 13 – Giambologna, Italian sculptor (b. 1529)
- October 11 – Giovanni Ambrogio Figino, Italian painter (b. c. 1549)
- October 17
- October 19
- date unknown
- "First Germans at Jamestown 1" (history), Davitt Publications, 2000, webpage: GHfirst.