|1698 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2451|
|English Regnal year||10 Will. 3 – 11 Will. 3|
|Chinese calendar||丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
4394 or 4334
— to —
戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
4395 or 4335
|- Vikram Samvat||1754–1755|
|- Shaka Samvat||1619–1620|
|- Kali Yuga||4798–4799|
|Japanese calendar||Genroku 11
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||214 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2240–2241|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1698.|
1698 (MDCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday (dominical letter B) of the Julian calendar, the 1698th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 698th year of the 2nd millennium, the 98th year of the 17th century, and the 9th year of the 1690s decade. As of the start of 1698, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. The first year of the ascending Dvapara Yuga.
- January 1 – The Abenaki tribe and the Massachusetts colonists sign a treaty ending the conflict in New England.
- January 4 – The Palace of Whitehall in London, England is destroyed by fire.
- January 23 – George Louis (who in 1714 will become King George I of Great Britain) becomes Elector of Hanover.
- July 14 – Darien scheme: The first Scottish settlers leave for an ill-fated colony in Panama.
- July 25 – English engineer Thomas Savery obtains a patent for a steam pump.
- August 25 – Peter the Great arrives back to Moscow: General Patrick Gordon has already crushed the Streltsy Uprising, with 341 rebels sentenced to be decapitated (tradition holds that tsar Peter decapitated some of them himself).
- September 5 – In an effort to move his people away from Asiatic customs, Tsar Peter I of Russia imposes a tax on beards: all men except priests and peasants are required to pay a tax of either 100 or 60 rubles a year, depending upon status; peasants are required to pay two half kopecks each time they entered a city.
- October 24 – Iberville and Bienville sail from Brest to the Gulf of Mexico to defend the southern borders of New France; they will eventually found three capitals of Louisiana (New France), as the future American cities: Mobile, Biloxi & New Orleans.
- November – Tani Jinzan, astronomer and calendar scholar, observes a fire destroy Tosa (now Kōchi) in Japan at the same time as a Leonid meteor shower, taking it as evidence to reinforce belief in the "Theory of Areas".
- November 14 – First Eddystone Lighthouse off Plymouth, England, illuminated.
- November 16 – A congress begins in Sremski Karlovci to discuss a treaty between the Ottoman Empire and the Holy League.
- The Whigs sponsor Captain Kidd of New York as a privateer against French shipping.
- Humphrey Hody is appointed regius professor of Greek at Oxford.
- John Churchill, Earl of Marlborough is reinstated in the English army after a period in disgrace.
- Bucharest becomes the capital of Wallachia (now part of Romania).
- In Africa, Mombasa and Zanzibar are captured by Oman.
- Since the establishment of its presidencies in 1689, the British East India Company has been under constant pressure from traders who are not members of the company and are not licensed by the Crown to trade. Under a parliamentary ruling in favour of free trade, these private newcomers are able to set up a new company, called the New Company or English Company.
- January 3 – Metastasio, born Pietro Antonio Domenico Trapassi, Italian poet and opera librettist (d. 1782)
- February – Colin Maclaurin, Scottish mathematician (d. 1746)
- February 16 – Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician, geophysicist, geodesist, and astronomer (d. 1758)
- March 26 – Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech priest, scientist and inventor (d. 1765)
- May 8 – Henry Baker, English naturalist (d. 1774)
- July 17 – Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, French mathematician (d. 1759)
- July 19 – Johann Jakob Bodmer, Swiss author (d. 1783)
- September 6 – Jean Thurel, French soldier (d. 1807)
- September 26 – William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire (d. 1755)
- November 4 – Caleb Fleming, English dissenting minister and polemicist (d. 1779)
- November 28 – Charlotta Frölich, Swedish agronomist (d. 1770)
- December 24 – William Warburton, English critic and Bishop of Gloucester (d. 1779)
- date unknown
- January 10 – Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French historian (b. 1637)
- March 14 – Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman (b. 1622)
- April 29 – Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b. 1655)
- May 15 – Marie Champmeslé, French actress (b. 1642)
- July 18 – Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (b. 1633)
- November 4 – Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician and scientist (b. 1625)
- November 28 – Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor of New France (b. 1622)
- December? – Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont, Flemish alchemist (b. 1614)
- date unknown – Nicholas Barbon, English economist (b. c. 1640)
- Carlyle, E. I. (2004). "Savery, Thomas (1650?–1715)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24733. Retrieved 2011-11-05. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- O’Neill, C. E. (1974). "Le Moyne de Bienville, Jean-Baptiste". In Halpenny, Francess G. Dictionary of Canadian Biography. III (1741–1770) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
- Majdalany, Fred (1959). The Red Rocks of Eddystone. London: Longmans. p. 49.