1970 in the Vietnam War

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1970 in the Vietnam War
← 1969
1971 →
SonTayRaiders.JPG
Blueboy assault group aboard Banana HH-3E at the start of Operation Ivory Coast CPT Richard Meadows is seated in the left foreground.
Location Vietnam
Belligerents

Anti-Communist forces:

 South Vietnam
 United States
 South Korea
 Australia
 Philippines
 New Zealand
Cambodia Khmer Republic
 Thailand
Laos Kingdom of Laos
Taiwan Republic of China

Communist forces:

 North Vietnam
Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam Viet Cong
Cambodia Khmer Rouge
Laos Pathet Lao
 People's Republic of China
 Soviet Union
Strength

South Vietnam: 968,000
United States: 335,790
South Korea: 48,540
Thailand: 11,570
Australia: 6800
Philippines: 70

New Zealand: 440
Casualties and losses
US: 6,081 killed [1]
South Vietnam: Killed

April[edit]

April 1 to September 5

Operation Texas Star was a military operation of the Vietnam War in the A Shau Valley and the mountains east of the valley. It aimed at regaining the initiative in the area. The operation culminated in the Battle of Fire Support Base Ripcord.[2]

April 29 – July 22, 1970

The Cambodian Campaign (also known as the Cambodian Incursion) was a series of military operations conducted in eastern Cambodia by the United States (U.S.) and the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) during the Vietnam War. A total of 13 major operations were conducted by the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) by U.S. forces between 1 May and 30 June.[2]

June[edit]

June 12–16

The Battle of Kompong Speu was when the combined forces of the South Vietnamese and Cambodian Armies fought to recapture the provincial capital of Kompong Speu. The town was captured by Communist forces on June 13 but was retaken by allied forces on June 16.

June 15, 1970

The Battle of Prey Veng was part of the Army of the Republic of Viet Nam's campaign in Cambodia. It took place in Prey Veng on June 15, 1970, where ARVN and Cambodian troops battled the Vietnam People's Army and Vietcong forces. It ended with an allied victory.

July[edit]

In response to North Vietnam's support of Soviet Union in the Sino-Soviet split China removes its final troops that where in place to support the Chinese anti-aircraft batteries.[3]

1 July

President Richard Nixon named diplomat David K.E. Bruce to head the U.S. delegation to the peace talks in Paris with North Vietnam and the Viet Cong.[4]

1-23 July

The Battle of Fire Support Base Ripcord was a 23-day battle between the U.S. Army 101st Airborne Division and the North Vietnamese Army from July 1, 1970, until July 23, 1970. It was the last major confrontation between United States ground forces and North Vietnam of the Vietnam War.

August[edit]

August 1970-February 1971

Operation Chenla I was an operation involving the Cambodian armed forces launched the operation during late August 1970 with limited air support from the South Vietnamese army and air force. The operation was terminated in February 1971, after the Cambodian High Command made a decision to withdraw some units from Tang Kauk to protect Phnom Penh after Pochentong airbase was attacked. The objective of the operation was to reconnect Skoun and Kompong Cham along Route 7, which was repeatedly attacked by Communist forces.

August 20 - December 3, 1971

Operation Chenla II was a major military operation conducted by the Cambodian military (then known as FANK) during the Cambodian Civil War. It began on August 20 and lasted until December 3, 1971.

September[edit]

5 September - 6 October 6, 1971

Operation Jefferson Glenn was the last major operation in which U.S. ground forces participated in Vietnam.[5]

11–13 September

Operation Tailwind was a covert incursion into southeastern Laos by a company-sized element of U.S. Army Special Forces and Montagnard commando (Hatchet Force) of the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam Studies and Observations Group (MACV-SOG or SOG), conducted between 11 September and 13 September 1970 during the Vietnam War (also known as the Second Indochina War). The purpose of the operation was to create a diversion for a Royal Lao Army offensive and to exert pressure on the occupation forces of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN).

October[edit]

7 October

In a televised speech, President Nixon proposed a cease-fire in place in South Vietnam. Previously the U.S. had demanded the withdrawal of all North Vietnamese forces from South Vietnam. North Vietnam rejected the proposal as it required an eventual withdrawal by North Vietnam which claimed that it had to right to maintain forces in South Vietnam as South and North were a single country.[6]

November[edit]

November 21, 1970

Operation Ivory Coast was a failed rescue mission conducted in North Vietnam during the Vietnam War by United States Special Operations Forces and other elements of the U.S. Military.

Year in numbers[edit]

Armed Force Strength KIA Reference Military costs - 1968 Military costs in 2016 US$ Reference
 South Vietnam ARVN 968,000 [7]
 United States US Forces 335,790 6,081 [1]
 South Korea 48,540 [7][8]
 Thailand 11,570 [7]
 Australia 6800 [7]
 Philippines 70 [7]
 New Zealand 440 [7]
 North Vietnam

Bibliography[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b United States 2010
  2. ^ a b Stanton 2003, p. 13
  3. ^ Li 2007, p. 206
  4. ^ /Fulghum, David and Maitland, Terrence (1984), South Vietnam on Trial, Boston: Boston Publishing Company, p. 11.
  5. ^ Stanton 2003, p. 14
  6. ^ Fulgrum and Maitland, p. 11
  7. ^ a b c d e f

    War Remnants Museum Data[edit]

    Armed Force 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972
     South Vietnam ARVN 514,000 643,000 735,900 798,800 820,000 897,000 968,000 1,046,250 1,048,000
     United States 23,310 180,000 385,300 485,600 549,500 549,500 335,790 158,120 24,000
     South Korea 200 20,620 25,570 47,830 50,000 48,870 48,540 45,700 36,790
     Australia 200 1560 4530 6820 7660 7670 6800 2000 130
     Thailand 0 20 240 2220 6000 11,570 11,570 6000 40
     Philippines 20 70 2060 2020 1580 190 70 50 50
     New Zealand 30 120 160 530 520 550 440 100 50
  8. ^ Leepson & Hannaford 1999, p. 209
References