Adrian Belew in 2006
|Birth name||Robert Steven Belew|
December 15, 1949 |
Covington, Kentucky, United States
|Genres||Progressive rock, industrial rock, experimental rock, new wave|
|Instruments||Guitar, guitar synthesizer, vocals, drums, keyboards|
|Labels||Island, Atlantic, Caroline/Virgin|
|Associated acts||King Crimson, Frank Zappa, David Bowie, Talking Heads, Caifanes, Tom Tom Club, David Byrne, Laurie Anderson, The Bears, Tori Amos, Nine Inch Nails, Kevin Max, Porcupine Tree, Jean Michel Jarre.|
Parker Adrian Belew Signature Fly
|Oral History, Adrian Belew talks about the use of technology in his music. Interview date January 23, 2015, NAMM (National Association of Music Merchants) Oral History Library|
Adrian Belew (born Robert Steven Belew, December 15, 1949) is an American musician, songwriter and record producer. A multi-instrumentalist primarily known as a guitarist and singer, Belew is noted for his unusual, impressionistic approach to guitar playing (which frequently involves sounds more akin to animals and machines than to standard instrumental tones). He is perhaps best known for his work as a guitarist and vocalist of the progressive rock group King Crimson from 1981 to 2009.
Widely recognized as an "incredibly versatile player", Belew has released nearly twenty solo albums for Island Records and Atlantic Records which blend Beatles-inspired pop-rock with more experimental fare. His 2005 single "Beat Box Guitar" was nominated for a Grammy in the Best Rock Instrumental Performance category. In addition to being a member of King Crimson, he is also in the more straightforward pop band The Bears and fronted his own band, "GaGa", in the late 1970s and early 1980s. He has worked extensively as a session and touring musician, most famously with Talking Heads, David Bowie, Frank Zappa, and Nine Inch Nails. His latest project is a set of iOS mobile app platforms called respectively FLUX by belew™ and FLUX:FX. FLUX by belew™, which contain over 300 audio tracks and pieces of artwork that Adrian describes as "never playing the same twice". FLUX:FX is a realtime audio manipulation app for the iPad that he has designed to, in his own words: "let me make sounds that i can't get with any other gear.". Both apps have received significant industry recognition, including being honored twice in the Webby Awards of 2015 and a 'best of the best' 2015 Red Dot design award.
Belew has also worked in instrument design, collaborating with Parker Guitars to help design his own Parker Fly signature guitar. This guitar is noticeably different from the standard design, containing advanced electronics such as a sustainer pickup and a Line 6 Variax guitar modelling system. It is also MIDI-capable, allowing it to be used with any synthesizer with MIDI connectivity.
- 1 Biography
- 1.1 Early life and musical development
- 1.2 Work with Frank Zappa (1977–1978)
- 1.3 Work with David Bowie (1978-1979)
- 1.4 Talking Heads, GaGa and The Tom Tom Club (1979–1982)
- 1.5 Beginning of solo career (1981)
- 1.6 King Crimson (1981–2013)
- 1.7 Solo career, part two (1983–1986)
- 1.8 The Bears (1985–1989, 1997–present)
- 1.9 Solo career, part three (1989–present)
- 2 Musical style
- 3 Session credits and other work
- 4 Belew as producer
- 5 Appearances in other media
- 6 Discography
- 7 Singles
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Early life and musical development
Belew was born in Covington, Kentucky, to a middle-class family. Initially known to friends and classmates as "Steve Belew", Adrian Belew played drums in his teen years (playing with the Ludlow High School marching band) and later with the high-school covers band The Denems. Inspired by Jimi Hendrix, he took up guitar when he was bedridden for several months with mononucleosis. Not inclined to formal music study, Belew was nonetheless a quick developer and rapidly became a high-school guitar hero. Mostly teaching himself by listening to records, he was ignorant of the studio trickery and sound manipulation used to create particular guitar lines, and so found ways of replicating them himself manually using unusual playing techniques and a growing interest in effects and treatments.
As he matured as a player and mastered various playing styles, Belew became increasingly preoccupied with finding his own sound rather than "sounding like everybody else". He eventually found his own style by learning how to make his guitar mimic sound effects (such as car horns, animal noises, or industrial sound) and then applying those sounds to relatively standard songs.
In the mid-1970s (and having now formally changed his first name to "Adrian", a name he had always liked and wanted to use), Belew moved to Nashville to pursue a full-time career as a professional musician. By 1977, he was playing with the regionally popular cover band Sweetheart, but wondering whether (at age 27) he had missed his chance to make a living with original music.
Work with Frank Zappa (1977–1978)
In 1977, while playing at a Sweetheart gig at a bar in Nashville called "Fanny's", Belew was discovered by Frank Zappa, who had been tipped off regarding the band's talents by his chauffeur. Zappa approached Belew and discussed auditioning him for an upcoming tour, although Belew did not receive an official invitation to audition for the better part of a year. During this time Sweetheart split up. Once the formal invitation came, Belew flew out to Los Angeles and found himself auditioning alongside more formally trained musicians. Believing that he'd messed up his first audition, Belew persuaded Zappa to give him a second one. Belew's second audition was a more intimate one-on-one experience which took place in Zappa's living room. Zappa was impressed enough to hire Belew on a handshake deal for a year.
Belew toured with the Zappa band and appeared on Zappa's 1979 album Sheik Yerbouti - most notably performing a Bob Dylan impersonation on the song "Flakes". He also appeared in Zappa's 1979 concert film Baby Snakes. While with Zappa, Belew was mostly credited as rhythm guitarist although he also played lead, melody or noise lines as well as singing lead on a couple of songs ("Jones Crusher" and "City of Tiny Lites"). Belew has described his year in Zappa's band as a "crash course" in music theory due to Zappa's rigorous rehearsals and often technically demanding music, and has commented, "I went to the Frank Zappa School of Rock."
Work with David Bowie (1978-1979)
On the recommendation of musician/producer Brian Eno, after seeing a Zappa concert in Cologne, Germany, art-rock star David Bowie offered to hire Belew once the Zappa tour was finished. Belew accepted the offer as Zappa intended to spend four months editing the film, Baby Snakes. Belew then played on Bowie's Isolar II world tour in 1978; he played on the double live album Stage, and also contributed to Bowie's next album, Lodger. Twelve years later, he would return to working with Bowie, acting as musical director on the 1990 Sound+Vision Tour, while also playing guitar and singing.
Talking Heads, GaGa and The Tom Tom Club (1979–1982)
In 1980, Belew formed a new band, GaGa (based in his then-current hometown of Urbana, Illinois, for which he served as the singer, guitarist and primary songwriter (as well as, via backing tapes, the drummer). By now a frequent visitor to New York City, Belew had also become friends with the up-and-coming new wave/art-rock band Talking Heads. Invited to join the band onstage for performances of their signature song "Psycho Killer", Belew impressed them with his wild and unorthodox guitar soloing and became an occasional guest performer at live concerts. Around this time, Belew also met King Crimson guitarist Robert Fripp at a Steve Reich concert. In July of that year, GaGa was invited to open several New York-area concerts for Fripp's band The League of Gentlemen.
At the same time, Belew had been tapped by Talking Heads and their producer Brian Eno (with whom he'd worked on Lodger) to add guitar solos to several tracks on the Remain in Light album, and was subsequently added to the expanded nine-piece Talking Heads live band for tours in late 1980 and early 1981. These concerts were documented in the DVD Live in Roma and in the second half of the band's 1982 live album The Name of This Band is Talking Heads. Belew's involvement with Talking Heads extended to playing on the band's spin-off projects. He played on keyboard player /guitarist Jerry Harrison's debut album The Red and the Black and on several tracks on David Byrne's soundtrack to the Twyla Tharp dance piece The Catherine Wheel (with his guitar noises credited, amongst other things, as "beasts").
At the time, the internal relationships in Talking Heads were particularly strained. The band's rhythm section, Tina Weymouth and Chris Frantz, covertly approached Belew with the suggestion that he should replace Byrne as the band's frontman - an offer which Belew politely turned down. He did however go on to work with Weymouth and Frantz on their own spin-off project, Tom Tom Club. Joining them for recordings in Compass Point Studios, Nassau, Belew played rhythm guitar on the sessions for the band's debut album as well as adding his trademark processed solos (and even performing the entire instrumentation for the track "L'Elephant").
Unfortunately, Belew's experience with Tom Tom Club was less harmonious than his previous work with Talking Heads. Tom Tom Club's recording engineer, Steven Stanley, was vocal about his dislike of distorted guitar and erased the majority of Belew's solos during the mixing sessions. Worse was to follow when Belew queried Weymouth about songwriting credits, having co-written several of the album's songs in addition to his playing. He was apparently blanked, with Weymouth no longer returning his phone calls. Belew did not play live with Tom Tom Club or contribute to any further sessions. Recalling the situation when interviewed twenty years later, he claimed that he had opted to pursue other work rather than involve himself in legal or personal struggles with Weymouth and Frantz; and that he had chosen not to let it bother him, as several other more promising projects were happening for him at the same time.
Beginning of solo career (1981)
By now Belew's rising profile had gained him a solo record contract with Island Records. During the recording of the debut Tom Tom Club album, members of GaGa had joined Belew in Compass Point and backed him on a set of parallel sessions which would result in Belew's first solo album Lone Rhino (released in 1982). The album provided a home for various GaGa songs and blended various elements of Belew's work over the past decade, including snappy and noisy Zappa/Byrne-influenced songs, dabblings in world music, opportunities for animal/mechanical sounds on guitar, and sonic experiments reminiscent of Jimi Hendrix or The Beatles. It also included an instrumental duet between Belew and his four-year-old daughter Audie (the latter improvising on acoustic piano, with Belew adding a processed guitar counterpoint).
King Crimson (1981–2013)
Adrian Belew was the singer, guitarist and frontman (as well as occasional drummer) for King Crimson from 1981 to 2009, one of the longest tenures in King Crimson by anyone other than founder Robert Fripp. He maintained this position despite several splits or hiatuses in group activity, and notwithstanding a brief period in the early 1990s when Fripp unsuccessfully invited singer David Sylvian to front a possible new version of the band.
Belew's involvement with the band began while he was still involved with Talking Heads. Having been impressed by Belew's work with GaGa and David Bowie, Fripp asked Belew to join his new four-piece band (at that time called Discipline) as singer and second guitarist. At the time Belew was busy not just with Talking Heads but also with the imminent Tom Tom Club sessions and the recording of his debut solo album. However, he was realising that Talking Heads' internal politics would eventually either sideline or obstruct him (coupled with the fact that the band looked as if it would be on hiatus for a while). Belew opted to uncouple himself from Talking Heads and join Fripp, with whom he would have more opportunities to develop and express himself. One of his conditions for joining the new band was that he would be allowed time to continue and develop his new solo career, to which Fripp agreed.
The Discipline lineup was completed by the former King Crimson drummer Bill Bruford and the New York session ace Tony Levin on bass guitar and Chapman Stick. During initial touring, the members of the band discussed the possibility of renaming themselves King Crimson. This had not been the original intention for the band, but all members generally agreed that this would be both appropriate and useful. This made Belew the first guitarist to formally play alongside Fripp within King Crimson on an equal footing (although both Ian McDonald and John Wetton had very occasionally contributed extra guitar to previous King Crimson recordings). He was also the first King Crimson singer to write all of his own lyrics.
The renamed band released and toured the well-received Discipline album later in 1981, bringing Belew further notoriety and acclaim. The follow-up, 1982's Beat, proved harder to record. Finding himself responsible for the bulk of the band's songwriting and dealing with the extra pressures of being the frontman in a high-level group, Belew squabbled with Fripp over group approach and sound. Disagreements were mostly resolved and the band continued to find success as a live act. However, 1984's Three of a Perfect Pair proved tortuous to write, and although King Crimson eventually created another successful album (including some Belew experiments with fretless guitar), Fripp opted to split the band in 1984. The live album Absent Lovers: Live in Montreal (originally a radio broadcast, released as an album in 1998) captured the band in full force on their last gig.
Despite the disagreements of the time, the members of the 1981–1984 King Crimson maintained enough camaraderie and mutual respect to reunite in 1994 (adding second drummer Pat Mastellotto and Warr Guitarist Trey Gunn) with Belew continuing as the band's singer, guitarist and frontman. The six-piece King Crimson toured successfully and lasted until 1997, releasing the THRAK album and several live recordings. Belew remained in the slimmed down quartet version of King Crimson (minus Bruford and Levin) which played and recorded between 2000 and 2004, releasing The ConstruKction of Light and The Power to Believe (in addition to several live albums and EPs), as well as touring as an opening act for Tool during 2001. After a four-year hiatus, the band returned to active work in 2008 as a five-piece (with the addition of Porcupine Tree drummer Gavin Harrison, and Levin returning to replace Gunn).
From 1997 until the present day, Belew has participated in several of the ProjeKcts, a series of instrumental and experimental King Crimson side projects active during band hiatuses, in which he has predominantly played electronic drums.
King Crimson used Belew's studio at his home outside Mount Juliet, Tennessee, for rehearsals and recording from 2000 through 2008.
In September 2013 Fripp announced the formation of a new King Crimson, featuring a 7-man lineup which did not include Belew. Belew stated on his Facebook page that Fripp had told him that he "would not be right" for what he had in mind for the new version of the band.
Solo career, part two (1983–1986)
Following the release of his first solo album Lone Rhino in 1982, Belew recorded a 1983 follow-up called Twang Bar King which once again featured GaGa as backing band (now augmented by former Elvis Presley drummer Larry Londin).
His next solo album was recorded in 1986, and was an experimental all-instrumental album of processed guitar, guitar synthesizer and percussion called Desire Caught By the Tail. Belew has subsequently claimed that the record cost him his contract with Island Records due to its highly uncommercial nature.
From 1986 to 1989, Belew's solo career would be on hold while he concentrated on The Bears.
The Bears (1985–1989, 1997–present)
Following King Crimson's breakup/entry into hiatus in 1984, Belew formed the pop band The Bears with fellow guitarist and singer Rob Fetters, drummer Chris Arduser and bass guitarist Bob Nyswonger. All three were close friends of Belew's whom he'd met during his Sweetheart days in the mid-1970s, and were also ex-members of The Raisins (a Cincinnati-based band that had some local success in the early 1980s and had had an album produced by Belew).
As a band, The Bears was a conscious attempt to create a more unified and collective group, with Belew and Fetters sharing frontman and lead vocal duties. Although Belew's guitar skills were still in evidence, they took second place to the band's commitment to songs. Signing to the I.R.S. Records subsidiary Primitive Man Recording Company, The Bears recorded and released two albums, The Bears (1987) and Rise and Shine (1988). After three years of constant recording, promotion and touring the band broke up in 1989 following the collapse of PMRC. The success of Belew's solo hit single "Oh Daddy" led to him touring with David Bowie. The remaining three Bears regrouped as psychodots.
All four musicians remained friends, stayed in contact with each other and continued to help each other out. Arduser drummed on Belew's 1992 solo album Inner Revolution (with Fetters joining the 1992 touring band). On the tour supporting Belew's Here album in 1994, psychodots played as both the opening act and as Belew's backing band. Belew would also co-write two songs on Rob Fetters' Lefty Loose - Righty Tight album in 1998.
Since 1997, The Bears have regularly reunited in the studio for intermittent recording sessions. This has resulted in two further albums to date - 2001's Car Caught Fire and 2007's Eureka. The band perform short tours to promote the releases and continues to work together around the varied schedule of all four members.
Solo career, part three (1989–present)
Belew revived his solo career with 1989's Mr. Music Head on which he played virtually all the instruments (with the exception of double bass). The album was split between relatively straightforward pop and more experimental songs, with a strong emphasis on Belew's signature electric tones plus plenty of percussion and an unusual approach to acoustic production. Mr. Music Head also generated a hit single (number 5 on the US Modern Rock chart) in the shape of "Oh Daddy", on which Belew duetted with his 11-year-old daughter Audie.
In 1990, Belew produced a similar follow-up with Young Lions. This featured a number of cover versions plus two guest appearances by his past and current employer David Bowie, who'd hired Belew as musical director for his then-current Sound+Vision Tour. The album generated another US Modern rock chart hit (number 2) with the Belew-and-Bowie duet "Pretty Pink Rose" and a minor hit on the same chart with the subsequent single "Men In Helicopters" (number 17).
The following year, Belew released Desire of the Rhino King, a compilation of digitally remastered material from his first three (now out-of-print) albums.
The next phase in Belew's career saw him pursuing a more traditional singing and songwriting style (albeit with his trademark unusual guitar tones) which owed a lot to his old heroes The Beatles. 1992's Inner Revolution and 1994's Here (as well as 1993's self-explanatory and back-catalogue-revisiting The Acoustic Adrian Belew) were all heavily song-oriented and accessible, but sold less than Belew expected. 1996's Op Zop Too Wah blended Belew's solid songwriting approach with more avant-garde instrumental colouration.
In parallel to Belew's work with a revived King Crimson, he released the first in a proposed Experimental Guitar Series The Guitar as Orchestra: Experimental Guitar Series, Vol. 1 in 1997. A return to the all-instrumental avant-garde territories of Desire Caught By the Tail, this was an album of atonal contemporary classical music entirely realized on MIDI guitar using digital models of orchestral instruments. Belew has mentioned plans for releasing more records in the Experimental Guitar series, including one called The Animal Kingdom, but to date no more have been released (probably due to the modest sales of the first volume).
Belew's subsequent releases were two more acoustic albums (1998's Belew Prints: The Acoustic Adrian Belew, Vol. 2 and the 1999 Salad Days compilation) and the Coming Attractions album of work-in-progress. In 2004, he collaborated on a spoken-word-and-instrumentation album with Kevin Max - Raven Songs 101. Between 2005 and 2007, Belew released the "Side" series of albums - Side One (2005), Side Two (2005), Side Three (2006) and Side Four (2007) - with a variety of guest performers including Tool's Danny Carey and Primus' Les Claypool.
In April and May 2006, Adrian toured Australia with local musicians John Prior from Matt Finish playing drums and Al Slavik playing bass guitar and Stick (as well as singing backing vocals). In August 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, he performed on The Acoustic Planet Tour with Bela Fleck & The Flecktones and Umphrey's McGee.
Later in 2006, Belew formed a new long-term trio which his fans rapidly christened "The Adrian Belew Power Trio", featuring former Paul Green School of Rock students Eric Slick on drums and Julie Slick on bass. This band featured on the 2007 live recording Side Four and the 2009 download-only (Live Overseas). In June 2009, the band released an all-new studio record titled simply e., featuring a five-part long-form Belew instrumental composition.
Also in June 2009, Belew released A Cup Of Coffee And A Slice of Time, an album credited to "Clay & Belew". This was an album of improvised classical-based interpretations of Belew songs (both solo and from King Crimson) mostly performed by pianist Michael Clay, with addition guitar, cello and music concrete contributions from Belew.
Belew currently divides his time between the Power Trio and an intermittently active King Crimson. The latter were last active between March and August 2008, when they played an 11-show tour of four cities in August. In the same year, Belew played at the Adelaide Guitar Festival.
On February 25, 2013, Trent Reznor of the band Nine Inch Nails, named Belew as the new touring guitarist of Nine Inch Nails. Belew was going to perform with the band on a new Nine Inch Nails tour from Summer 2013 into 2014. On June 7, 2013, Adrian posted an update on Facebook stating that "it didn't work." Despite this, Adrian was credited as a session musician on the 2013 NIN album entitled Hesitation Marks.
Although he has frequently worked as a lead singer, Belew is best known as a guitar player with a highly unusual but accessible playing style (featuring bizarre electronic tones, unorthodox playing techniques and a wide variety of sonic effects including guitar-based impressions of animals, birds, insects, vehicles and mechanical noise). Among his best-known guitar playing is the riff to Tom Tom Club's "Genius of Love", the overdriven solos on Talking Heads' "The Great Curve", the wild slide melodies on his own Top 10 hit "Oh Daddy" and the careening elephant impressions on King Crimson's "Elephant Talk".
Part of Belew's sound creation involves physical techniques including tapping, pick scrapes, bending the neck, unorthodox use of the guitar slide and occasionally employment of objects (such as files) to attack the strings. In his riffs, he generally includes fret intonation work, and is even known to produce sounds from off the fret board, including the stringed portion of the nut and bridge. He is widely considered to be a master of the tremolo arm (whammy bar), something which he humorously referred to in his song "Twang Bar King" (which itself features a whammy-bar solo).
Belew uses a wide variety of heavily synthesized and electronically altered guitar tones. Over the years he has become known for playing various guitars processed through an immense array of electronic effects devices ("I'm surrounded by guitar pedals though, I can't step out the ring I'm surrounded in without stepping on a pedal," he told Adelaide.now in 2008.) He has also stated that he composes specifically for certain amps and effects. Lamenting the demise of one specific amplifier made by now-defunct Johnson Amplification, he said, "I wrote specific sounds and types of looping and things that I just can't seem to make other amps do." While he has used many brands of effects pedals, Electro Harmonix was one of his mainstays.
Belew is a pioneer of guitar synthesizers, having been one of the first players to bring them to (and consistently use them in) popular music. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, he was a user of the Roland GR300 (alongside Andy Summers, Pat Metheny and Robert Fripp). In the late 1980s and the 1990s, he used the Roland GR1. He now favours the Line 6 Variax digital modelling system. In the early 1980s, Belew was notable for owning and using a rare Roland GR505 fretless guitar synthesizer.
Belew has also been seen playing an extraordinarily flexible rubber-neck guitar in the Laurie Anderson film Home Of The Brave and in the video clip for his 1989 single "Oh Daddy". In 2007, he revealed that the guitar's neck was rubber containing "metal vertebrae" and that it was solely a visual (and unplayable) prop.
As a singer, Belew is noted for the distinct, nasal, sometimes manic feel of his vocals. His singing voice is often compared to that of David Byrne, singer with Talking Heads, with whom Belew worked between 1979 and 1981.
In addition to his singing and guitar playing talents Belew is an accomplished drummer and percussionist, and also plays bass guitar, keyboards, and cello.
Belew has cited Jimi Hendrix, The Beatles, Jeff Beck, Igor Stravinsky and George Gershwin as particular influences. He has also cited Spike Jones as an influence for the goofy and absurdist humor that occasionally appears in his lyrics.
In 2010, Guitar Geek interviewed Belew's guitar technician André Cholmondeley, creating a list and diagram of Belew's guitar setup at the time.
An instructional video from 1984 shows he also used an A/DA Flanger, an Electro-Harmonix Octave Multiplexer, an Electro-Harmonix 16 Second Digital Delay, an Electro-Harmonix Frequency Analyzer, 2 Foxx Tone Machine Fuzzes, a Boss DM-2 Delay, an Electro-Harmonix Micro Synthesizer, an MXR Dyna Comp, a Pitch-Voltage Synthesizer, 3 Boss Volume Pedals, 2 MXR 10 band graphic equalizers, a Roland GR-300 Guitar Synthesizer, a Boss pedal switcher, an Electro-Harmonix Big Muff, an Electro-Harmonix Foot Controller, a tape loop machine and an Electro-Harmonix Stereo Polychorus.
Belew is always adjusting his live setup, and according to audio engineer Daniel Rowland he is now running an Axe-FX II, Liquid Foot 12+ controller, Roland VG-99, Kemper profiling amp, a Keeley Compressor pedal, Ableton Live (running on an Apple Macbook), Soundblox Multi-wave distortion, DigiTech HarmonyMan, iConnectMidi 4+, MOTU Ultralite 3 hybrid, Keith Mcmillen Instruments Softstep 2 and his own NOIISE FLUX:FX iPad app, through the Bose L1 and Atomic monitoring wedges.
Session credits and other work
Belew is well regarded for his contributions, particularly on guitar, to various other artists' recordings.
In the 1980s, following his work with Talking Heads, he became a much in-demand session player. Among the albums he contributed to during this period were Ryuichi Sakamoto's Left-handed Dream (1981), Joan Armatrading's The Key (1983), Peter Wolf's Lights Out and Jean Michel Jarre's Zoolook (both 1984), Cyndi Lauper's True Colors (1986), Mike Oldfield's Earth Moving (1989) and Paul Simon's landmark Graceland (1986). During the mid-1980s he frequently worked with Laurie Anderson, appearing on 1983's Mister Heartbreak album and her subsequent concert film Home of the Brave (in which, among other things, he mimed playing on a specially constructed rubber-neck guitar and wore a paper bag over his head). In his 1984 instructional video Electronic Guitar, Belew explained and demonstrated the technology and techniques used to create some of his signature music.
In 1993, Belew played "synthesized guitar" on the song "God Shuffled His Feet" by Crash Test Dummies and also contributed to Sara Hickman's Necessary Angels album. In 1994 he first established himself as Trent Reznor's guest guitarist of choice, contributing to three Nine Inch Nails albums over the next fourteen years (The Downward Spiral, The Fragile, and Ghosts I-IV). He worked again with Laurie Anderson on her 1994 album Bright Red. During the 2000s (decade), Belew was prominently featured on Tori Amos's 2001 album of cover versions, Strange Little Girls, and played on William Shatner's second musical album Has Been in 2004. In 2005, he featured as "primary guitarist" on the album Habitat by progressive rock band Man on Fire and contributed a solo to Porcupine Tree's Deadwing (2005). In 2006 and 2007 Belew contributed to two Pink Floyd tribute albums produced by Billy Sherwood: Back Against The Wall, and Return to the Dark Side of the Moon.
Belew as producer
In 1983, Belew produced the eponymous debut album for The Raisins. In 1985, he produced The Elvis Brothers's second album Adventure Time.
During the 1990s, he began making more of a name for himself as a producer, most notably producing two tracks on Jars of Clay's debut album in 1995 (including the crossover Christian hit "Flood"), but also producing The Irresponsibles 1999 album When Pigs Fly.
The album Stereotype Be, by Kevin Max (2001), included Belew as co-producer and musician.
Appearances in other media
Belew has appeared in a series of Japanese advertisements promoting the chemical and electronics company Daikin in which he emulated animal noises with his guitar and appeared as the conductor, conducting a symphony in which all the members were versions of himself playing guitar.
- Lone Rhino (1982)
- Twang Bar King (1983)
- Desire Caught By the Tail (1986)
- Mr. Music Head (1989)
- Young Lions (1990)
- Inner Revolution (1992)
- The Acoustic Adrian Belew (1993)
- Here (1994)
- The Experimental Guitar Series Volume 1: The Guitar as Orchestra (1995)
- Op Zop Too Wah (1996)
- Belew Prints: The Acoustic Adrian Belew, Vol. 2 (1998)
- Side One (2004)
- Side Two (2005)
- Side Three (2006)
- e (2009)
- Flux by Belew. Volume One (2016)
- Desire of the Rhino King (1991) - compilation derived from first three albums
- Salad Days (1999)
- Coming Attractions (2000)
- 'Idiom' on Classwar Karaoke 0031 Survey (2015)
- with Kevin Max: Raven Songs 101 (2004)
- as Clay & Belew: A Cup Of Coffee And A Slice of Time (2009)
- with The New Czars: Doomsday Revolution (2010)
- via iOS application: "FLUX by belew" (2014)
with Laurie Anderson
with The Bears
with David Bowie
with David Byrne
- 1981: The Catherine Wheel
with Joe Cocker
- 1982: Sheffield Steel
with Jean Michel Jarre
- 1984: Zoolook
- 2000: Outbound
with Herbie Hancock
- 1981: Magic Windows
with King Crimson
- 1981: Discipline
- 1982: Beat
- 1984: Three of a Perfect Pair
- 1994: Vrooom EP
- 1995: Thrak
- 1996: Thrakattak
- 2000: The ConstruKction of Light
- 2001: Vrooom Vrooom
- 2003: The Power to Believe
with Cyndi Lauper
- 1986: True Colors
with Tony Levin
- 2006: Resonator
with Nine Inch Nails
with Mike Oldfield
- 1989: Earth Moving
with Ryuichi Sakamoto
- 1981: Left-Handed Dream
- 1990: The Arrangement
- 1994: Soundbytes
with Porcupine Tree
- 2005: Deadwing
with William Shatner
- 2004: Has Been
with Paul Simon
with Talking Heads
with Tom Tom Club
- 1981: Tom Tom Club
with Frank Zappa
- 1979: Sheik Yerbouti
- 1983: Baby Snakes Soundtrack
- 1992: You Can't Do That on Stage Anymore, Vol. 6
- 2010: Hammersmith Odeon
|US Hot 100||US Modern Rock||US Mainstream Rock||UK|
|1989||"Oh Daddy"||58||5||-||-||Mr. Music Head|
|1990||"Pretty Pink Rose" (with David Bowie)||-||2||24||89||Young Lions|
|"Men in Helicopters"||-||17||-||-|
- Prato, Greg. "Adrian Belew: Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
- "FLUX by belew". Adrian Belew. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "FLUX:FX - the iPad effects app from Adrian Belew". NOIISE. Retrieved 2015-04-16.
- "Signature Series". Parkerguitars.com. Retrieved 2012-03-25.
- Locey, Bill (1996-07-25). "Ventura County Weekend; King Crimson Reigns in Times of Change; Led by Robert Fripp and Adrian Belew, the band brings its modern, muscular sound to Ventura Theatre". Los Angeles Times (Ventury County). p. 16.
- "Adrian Belew Interview". Guitarhoo!. Guitarhoo.com. December 5, 2003.
- Brodnitz, Dan (2007-12-28). "An Interview with Adrian Belew, Part 2". about Creativity. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
- Janssen, Bill (October 31, 1977). "No regrets - the enduring spirit of Springfield's Tonguesnatcher Revue". Illinois Times. Retrieved 2013-06-12.
- Fa Fa Fa Fa Fa Fa: The Adventures of Talking Heads in the 20th Century by David Bowman (Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 19 August 2002)
- "King Crimson FAQ". Elephant Talk (archived page from elephant-talk.com). Archived from the original on 2005-08-28. Retrieved 2007-08-29.
- Smith, Sid (2001). In the Court of King Crimson, Helter Skelter Publishing, ISBN 1-900924-26-9, pp. 215-216.
- Kelton, Sam (2008-11-27). "Zappa prodigy Adrian Belew still rockin'". Adelaide Now. Archived from the original on 2013-06-12. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
- "Trent Reznor Announces the Return of Nine Inch Nails: Extensive Touring for 2013 and 2014 | News". Pitchfork. 2013-02-25. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
- "Adrian Belew - concerning me being part of the 2013 Nine...". Facebook. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
- Beck, Steven (2005). "Guest column: Adrian Belew Interview". Online Rock. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
- Blackett, Matt (October 2004). "The 50 Greatest Tones of All Time". Guitar Player 38 (10): 44–66.
- "Electro Harmonix Stereo Polychorus Guitar Effects Pedal". DV247.com. Archived from the original on 17 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
- "Adrian Belew Endorses Parker Guitars". Parker Guitars. 2005-08-18. Archived from the original (Press release) on 2005-12-15. Retrieved 2009-04-22.
- Adrian Belew blogpost re. rubberneck guitar, January 29, 2007
- Cooper, Adam (June 7, 2010). "Adrian Belew's 2010 Guitar Rig". GuitarGeek.com.
- Adrian Belew - Electronic Guitar. VHS, 60 minutes, 1984, New York. Alfred Music Publishing 1992, ISBN 978-0-7692-4751-9.
- "Youtube clip Adrian Belew Japanese TV advert". Youtube.com. Retrieved 2012-02-28.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Adrian Belew.|