Alive/Worldwide Tour

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Alive/Worldwide Tour
Tour by Kiss
Start dateJune 15, 1996
End dateJuly 5, 1997
No. of shows193 played, 8 cancelled
Kiss concert chronology

The Alive/Worldwide Tour (also known as the Reunion Tour) was a reunion concert tour by American hard rock band Kiss which began on June 15, 1996 in Irvine, United States and concluded on July 5, 1997 in London, England. It was the first tour with original members Peter Criss and Ace Frehley since the Dynasty Tour in 1979.

Background[edit]

Kiss performing in Utrecht on June 11, 1997.

While Kiss continued to exist publicly as Simmons, Stanley, Kulick and Singer, arrangements for a reunion of the original lineup were in the works. These efforts culminated with a public event as dramatic as any the band had staged since its 1983 unmasking on MTV. With the following statements, Tupac Shakur introduced the original Kiss lineup, in full makeup and Love Gun-era stage outfits, to a rousing ovation at the 38th Annual Grammy Awards on February 28, 1996:[1]

You know how the Grammys used to be, all straight-looking folks with suits. Everybody looking tired. No surprises. We tired of that. We need something different, something new, we need to shock the people ... so let's shock the people!

On April 16, 1996, the band members held a press conference aboard the USS Intrepid in New York City, where they announced their plans for a full-fledged reunion tour, with the help of new manager Doc McGhee. The conference, MC'd by Conan O'Brien, was simulcast to 58 countries.[2] On April 20, nearly 40,000 tickets for the tour's first show sold out in 47 minutes.[3] The band would bring back their vintage stunts, including Simmons' blood-spitting and fire-breathing, Frehley's smoking and shooting guitar, pyrotechnics and platform risers.[4]

The members worked out to physical shape for the tour, with Frehley going for plastic surgery, as Stanley stated that they 'did not want people to be disappointed when they saw a bunch of fat guys in tights'.[5]

Following rehearsals, Kiss began their reunion tour on June 15, 1996 with a warmup gig in Irvine, California for the KROQ Weenie Roast.[6] It was considered by the band to be a live rehearsal for many aspects of the stage show before the tour was set to begin at a sold out Tiger Stadium in Detroit, playing to approximately 40,000 people.[7] The tour lasted for 192 shows over the course of one year and earned $43.6 million, making Kiss the top-drawing concert act of 1996.[8]

In the tour program for the band's final tour, Stanley reflected on the tour:

There were many many nights when I was looking around the stage and going "This is magic." This is beyond anybody's wildest fantasies. What was important about these shows is we had a much bigger task than people understood. Our biggest competition was our history. We didn't have to be as good as we used to be. We had to be as good as people thought we were. The show wasn't to be a replica of what we've done, it was to be what people imagined we had done. We had to be totally committed. and also totally sure that we could not only live up the legend but also surpass it. In terms of the stage show for the reunion tour, what we wanted to do was look at the '77 show in a sense as a pinnacle. That is what we chose to build on but not copy. There are also elements from other shows too in the sense that there's bombs and the flying rig and the breaking of the guitars. At that time, it was the ultimate Kiss show in the sense that we looked at the show, which we thought was our best and said, "Top this."[9]

Reception[edit]

For the warmup performance at the KROQ "Weenie Roast", a reporter from the Los Angeles Times noted on the weak, stringy voice of Stanley, claiming that he was ill equipped for his operatic style that 'it's almost heroic for him to even try'. He noted that Kiss still looked and sounded like Kiss, noting on the teamwork that the band were sharing during the performance, concluding that both Criss and Frehley were now 'reconciled for fun and lots of profit'.[10]

A reporter from Rolling Stone who attended the first show of the tour at Tiger Stadium in Detroit, stated: "Sure, Kiss suck, but give them a little credit - they've sucked for more than 20 years. Surviving has meant the band has lived long enough to see its influence on the next generation, which perhaps explains the shocking spectacle of Billy Corgan and Sebastian Bach bonding backstage. So, OK, maybe Kiss don't suck. And in their defense, it should be shouted out loud that they were one of the first bands to embrace fully the notion of rock as a show, thus putting them ahead of the curve that would soon bring us Cats and the re-emergence of Las Vegas as the new American capital."[11][full citation needed]

From the final show in London at Finsbury Park, a reporter from The Independent stated: "As you'd expect with Kiss, it was one of the best stage entrances ever but, apart from a few moments, the gig soon sagged. They retained some interest through theatrics... the fact that all this was going on in daylight didn't help but when dusk fell, Kiss moved up several gears. Since it was the last night of a world tour that started over a year ago, sentimentality was a recurring theme. Singer and band spokesman Paul Stanley babbled on how important the Kiss Army were and how he'd like to get among them... If this was theatre, it was the theatre of the absurd, where the joke seemed to be on Kiss, until, finally, you realized that you'd had been laughing with them, not at them, all along."[12]

Setlist[edit]

The following setlist was performed at the warmup show of the tour in Irvine, California and is not intended to represent all of the shows on tour.[6]

  1. "Deuce"
  2. "Love Gun"
  3. "Cold Gin"
  4. "Calling Dr. Love"
  5. "Firehouse"
  6. "Shock Me"
  7. "100,000 Years"
  8. "Detroit Rock City"
  9. "Black Diamond"

Encore

  1. "Rock and Roll All Nite"

Tour dates[edit]

List of concerts, showing date, city, country, venue, and opening acts
Date City Country Venue Opening Act(s)
Warm Up[13]
June 15, 1996 Irvine United States Irvine Meadows Amphitheatre Red Hot Chili Peppers
North America[13][14]
June 28, 1996 Detroit United States Tiger Stadium Alice in Chains
Sponge
June 30, 1996 Louisville Freedom Hall Alice in Chains
July 2, 1996 St. Louis Kiel Center
July 3, 1996 Kansas City Kemper Arena
July 5, 1996 Dallas Reunion Arena Pushmonkey
July 6, 1996 Houston The Summit
July 7, 1996 San Antonio Alamodome
July 9, 1996 New Orleans Louisiana Superdome The Melvins
July 10, 1996 Memphis Pyramid Arena
July 12, 1996 Moline MARK of the Quad Cities
July 13, 1996 Saint Paul St. Paul Civic Center
July 14, 1996 Rosemont Rosemont Horizon
July 16, 1996 The Nixons
July 17, 1996 Fairborn Ervin J. Nutter Center
July 19, 1996 Cleveland Gund Arena
July 20, 1996 D Generation
July 21, 1996 Pittsburgh Pittsburgh Civic Arena The Nixons
July 22, 1996 D Generation
July 25, 1996 New York City Madison Square Garden
July 26, 1996 CIV
July 27, 1996 311
July 28, 1996 The Nixons
July 30, 1996 Boston FleetCenter
July 31, 1996 D Generation
August 2, 1996 Quebec City Canada Colisée de Quebec
August 3, 1996 Montreal Molson Centre
August 5, 1996 Ottawa Corel Centre
August 6, 1996 Toronto SkyDome
August 8, 1996 Cincinnati United States Riverfront Coliseum
August 9, 1996 Indianapolis Market Square Arena
August 10, 1996 Milwaukee Bradley Center
Monsters of Rock[13]
August 17, 1996 Leicestershire England Castle Donington N/A
North America[13]
August 21, 1996 Phoenix United States America West Arena Stabbing Westward
August 23, 1996 Inglewood Great Western Forum
August 24, 1996
August 25, 1996 Red Five
August 27, 1996 San Jose San Jose Arena Stabbing Westward
August 28, 1996 Sacramento ARCO Arena
August 30, 1996 Portland Rose Garden Arena
August 31, 1996 Tacoma Tacoma Dome
September 1, 1996 Spokane Spokane Arena
September 2, 1996 Vancouver Canada General Motors Place
September 5, 1996 Salt Lake City United States Delta Center The Hunger
September 7, 1996 Denver McNichols Sports Arena
September 8, 1996
September 10, 1996 Valley Center Britt Brown Arena
September 11, 1996 Oklahoma City Myriad Convention Center
September 13, 1996 Tupelo Tupelo Coliseum
September 14, 1996 Birmingham BJCC Coliseum
September 15, 1996 Pensacola Pensacola Civic Center The Hunger
The Verve Pipe
September 17, 1996 Miami Miami Arena The Verve Pipe
September 19, 1996 Jacksonville Jacksonville Coliseum
September 20, 1996 St. Petersburg Thunderdome
September 22, 1996 Orlando Orlando Arena
September 24, 1996 North Charleston North Charleston Coliseum
September 25, 1996 Columbia Carolina Coliseum
September 27, 1996 Charlotte Charlotte Coliseum
September 28, 1996 Greensboro Greensboro Coliseum
September 29, 1996 Knoxville Thompson–Boling Arena
October 1, 1996 Atlanta The Omni Coliseum
October 2, 1996 The Bogmen
October 4, 1996 Roanoke Roanoke Civic Center
October 5, 1996 Hampton Hampton Coliseum
October 6, 1996 Landover USAir Arena
October 7, 1996 Deftones
October 8, 1996 Philadelphia CoreStates Center The Bogmen
October 9, 1996 Deftones
October 11, 1996
October 12, 1996 Albany Knickerbocker Arena
October 13, 1996 Buffalo Marine Midland Arena
October 15, 1996 Indianapolis Market Square Arena
October 16, 1996 Auburn Hills The Palace of Auburn Hills
October 17, 1996 Coyote Shivers
October 18, 1996 Lexington Rupp Arena Deftones
October 20, 1996 Cleveland Gund Arena
October 21, 1996 Rosemont Rosemont Horizon
October 23, 1996 Omaha Omaha Civic Auditorium Royal Crown Revue
October 24, 1996
October 26, 1996 Las Cruces Pan American Center Fluffy
October 27, 1996 Albuquerque Tingley Coliseum
October 29, 1996 San Diego San Diego Sports Arena Caroline's Spine
October 31, 1996 Irvine Irvine Meadows Amphitheatre Poe
November 1, 1996 Reel Big Fish
November 2, 1996 Las Vegas MGM Grand Garden Arena Caroline's Spine
November 5, 1996 Austin Frank Erwin Center Johnny Bravo
November 6, 1996 Lafayette Cajundome
November 7, 1996 Shreveport Hirsch Memorial Coliseum
November 9, 1996 Little Rock Barton Coliseum
November 10, 1996 Dallas Reunion Arena
Europe[13]
November 20, 1996 Birmingham England NEC Arena The Verve Pipe
November 21, 1996 Manchester NYNEX Arena
November 25, 1996 London Wembley Arena
December 1, 1996 Brussels Belgium Forest National
December 2, 1996 Paris France Zénith de Paris
December 4, 1996 Berlin Germany Deutschlandhalle Die Ärzte
December 6, 1996 Stockholm Sweden Globen Arena The Verve Pipe
December 7, 1996 Gothenburg Scandinavium
December 8, 1996 Oslo Norway Oslo Spektrum
December 10, 1996 Rotterdam Netherlands Rotterdam Ahoy
December 11, 1996 Frankfurt Germany Festhalle Frankfurt Die Ärzte
December 12, 1996 Oberhausen Oberhausen Arena
December 14, 1996 Prague Czech Republic Sportovní hala The Verve Pipe
December 15, 1996
December 16, 1996 Vienna Austria Libro Music Hall
December 18, 1996 Milan Italy Filaforum
December 19, 1996 Zürich Switzerland Hallenstadion
December 20, 1996 Stuttgart Germany Schleyerhalle Die Ärzte
December 21, 1996 Dortmund Westfalenhalle
North America[13]
December 28, 1996 Worcester United States The Centrum The 4th Floor
December 29, 1996 Uniondale Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum
December 30, 1996 Hartford Hartford Civic Center
December 31, 1996 East Rutherford Continental Airlines Arena
Japan[13]
January 18, 1997 Tokyo Japan Tokyo Dome N/A
January 20, 1997 Nagoya Nagoya Rainbow Hall
January 21, 1997 Osaka Osaka Castle Hall
January 22, 1997
January 24, 1997 Fukuoka Kokusai Center
January 25, 1997 Hiroshima Hiroshima Sun Plaza
Oceania[13]
January 31, 1997 Auckland New Zealand The Supertop The Exponents
February 3, 1997 Brisbane Australia Brisbane Entertainment Centre Custard
February 5, 1997 Sydney Sydney Entertainment Centre Fireballs
February 6, 1997 The Screaming Jets
February 9, 1997 Perth Burswood Dome Non-Intentional Lifeform
February 11, 1997 Adelaide Memorial Drive Tennis Centre Fireballs
February 13, 1997 Melbourne Centre Court
February 14, 1997 The Fauves
February 15, 1997 Snout
Latin America[13]
March 7, 1997 Mexico City Mexico Palacio de los Deportes Pantera
March 8, 1997
March 9, 1997
March 11, 1997 Santiago Chile Velodromo del Estadio Nacional
March 14, 1997 Buenos Aires Argentina River Plate Stadium
North America[13]
March 21, 1997 New Haven United States New Haven Coliseum Powerman 5000
March 22, 1997 Springfield Springfield Civic Center
March 23, 1997 Providence Providence Civic Center
March 25, 1997 Portland Cumberland County Civic Center
March 27, 1997 Wheeling Wheeling Civic Center
March 28, 1997 Hamilton Canada Copps Coliseum Glueleg
March 29, 1997 University Park United States Bryce Jordan Center Powerman 5000
March 31, 1997 Charleston Charleston Civic Center
April 1, 1997 Baltimore Baltimore Civic Center
April 2, 1997 Richmond Richmond Coliseum
April 4, 1997 Chapel Hill Dean Smith Center
April 5, 1997 Columbus Columbus Civic Center
April 6, 1997 Nashville Nashville Arena
April 8, 1997 Evansville Roberts Municipal Stadium D Generation
April 9, 1997 Fort Wayne Allen County War Memorial Coliseum
April 10, 1997 Grand Rapids Van Andel Arena Outhouse
April 12, 1997 Toledo John F. Savage Hall
April 13, 1997 Peoria Peoria Civic Center
April 15, 1997 St. Louis Kiel Center
April 16, 1997 Topeka Landon Arena
April 18, 1997 Sioux Falls Sioux Falls Arena
April 19, 1997 Ames Hilton Coliseum
April 20, 1997 Cedar Rapids Five Seasons Center
April 22, 1997 Saint Paul St. Paul Civic Center
April 23, 1997 Madison Dane County Expo Coliseum
April 25, 1997 Mankato Mankato Civic Center
April 26, 1997 Fargo Fargodome
April 27, 1997 Bismark Bismarck Civic Center
April 29, 1997 Winnipeg Canada Winnipeg Arena Econoline Crush
April 30, 1997
May 1, 1997 Saskatoon Saskatchewan Place
May 2, 1997 Edmonton Edmonton Coliseum
May 3, 1997 Calgary Canadian Airlines Saddledome
May 5, 1997 Seattle United States KeyArena Sugar Ray
May 6, 1997 Vancouver Canada General Motors Place Econoline Crush
Europe[13]
May 16, 1997 Nuremberg Germany Rock im Park N/A
May 18, 1997 Nürburgring Rock am Ring
May 21, 1997 Berlin Waldbühne Otto Waalkes
May 22, 1997 Leipzig Messehalle Die Ärzte
May 24, 1997 Hamburg Trabrennbahn Bahrenfeld
May 29, 1997 Wels Austria Messegelände Moonspell
Naked Lunch
Alkbottle
Sextiger
May 31, 1997 Imst Skiarena Imst Moonspell
Naked Lunch
June 1, 1997 Zürich Switzerland Hallenstadion Sideburn
June 4, 1997 Belgrade Yugoslavia Sajam Hall 1 Die Ärzte
Moonspell
June 5, 1997 Budapest Hungary Petőfi Csarnok Warpigs
Irigy Hónaljmirigy
June 7, 1997 Prague Czech Republic Stadion Juliska Waltari
Lut Pes
Satisfucktion
June 10, 1997 Ghent Belgium Flanders Expo Arena Uncle Meat
June 11, 1997 Utrecht Netherlands Prins Van Oranjehal Channel Zero
June 14, 1997 Stockholm Sweden Stockholms Stadion The Hellacopters
Fungus
June 15, 1997
June 17, 1997 Helsinki Finland Hartwall Areena The Hellacopters
June 19, 1997 Oslo Norway Oslo Spektrum
June 21, 1997 Copenhagen Denmark Valby Idrætspark Passion Orange
Strawberry Slaughterhouse
June 25, 1997 Madrid Spain Palacio de los Deportes El Fantastico Hombre Bala
June 26, 1997 Zaragoza Plaza de Toros de Zaragoza
June 30, 1997 Barcelona Palau dels Esports de Barcelona
July 2, 1997 Geneva Switzerland SEG Geneva Arena Core
July 5, 1997 London England Finsbury Park Rage Against the Machine
Skunk Anansie
Thunder
L7
3 Colours Red

Postponed and cancelled dates[edit]

Date City Venue Reasoning
September 4, 1996 Boise, Idaho BSU Pavilion Cancelled to appear on the MTV Video Music Awards.
November 28, 1996 Madrid, Spain Palacio de los Deportes Cancelled due to the French Road Transport Strike
November 29, 1996 Zaragoza, Spain Sala Multiusos
January 28, 1997 Yokohama, Japan Yokohama Arena Cancelled due to low ticket sales
May 7, 1997 Yakima, WA Yakima SunDome Cancelled due to needing more rehearsal time for the European tour
May 9, 1997 Reno, Nevada Lawlor Events Center
May 10, 1997 San Francisco, California Cow Palace
May 26, 1997 Warsaw, Poland Stadion Gwardia Cancelled due to low ticket sales
June 28, 1997 Lisbon, Portugal Estadio Nacional

Box office score data[edit]

List of box office score data with date, city, venue, attendance, gross, references
Date City Venue Attendance Gross Ref(s)
June 28, 1996 Detroit Tiger Stadium 39,867 / 39,867 $1,561,953 [15]
June 30, 1996 Louisville Freedom Hall Coliseum 15,891 / 15,891 $473,440 [16]
July 2, 1996 St. Louis Kiel Center 16,310 / 16,310 $598,337 [17]
July 9, 1996 New Orleans Louisiana Superdome 16,308 / 16,308 $513,665
July 25–28, 1996 New York City Madison Square Garden 58,820 / 58,820 $3,267,670 [18]
August 23–25, 1996 Inglewood The Forum 40,919 / 40,919 $1,601,705 [19]
September 11, 1996 Oklahoma City Myriad Arena 9,423 / 10,343 $334,630 [20]
September 20, 1996 St. Petersburg ThunderDome 14,328 / 14,328 $532,881 [21]
September 25, 1996 Columbia Coliseum 9,034 / 9,034 $326,800 [22]
September 28, 1996 Greensboro Coliseum 16,100 / 16,100 $547,293
October 1–2, 1996 Atlanta Omni 23,798 / 26,336 $868,627 [23]
October 16–17, 1996 Auburn Hills Palace of Auburn Hills 27,267 / 27,267 $1,183,635
October 18, 1996 Lexington Rupp Arena 11,740 / 14,000 $424,647
October 20, 1996 Cleveland Gund Arena 17,037 / 17,037 $554,399
October 23–24, 1996 Omaha Civic Auditorium 21,332 / 21,332 $629,294
October 31, 1996 Irvine Irvine Meadows Amphitheatre 22,550 / 30,832 $801,744 [24]
November 2, 1996 Las Vegas MGM Grand Garden 13,030 / 13,030 $587,330 [25]
November 5, 1996 Austin Frank Erwin Center 7,929 / 13,506 $272,699 [26]
December 29, 1996 Uniondale Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum 13,972 / 14,550 $764,030 [27]
December 31, 1996 East Rutherford Continental Airlines Arena 13,253 / 15,310 $725,655
March 7–9, 1997 Mexico City Sports Palace 55,800 / 55,800 $1,183,988 [28]
March 23, 1997 Providence Civic Center 10,818 / 10,818 $377,448
April 6, 1997 Nashville Arena 15,267 / 15,267 $487,008 [29]
April 20, 1997 Cedar Rapids Five Seasons Center 9,084 / 9,084 $313,398 [30]

Personnel[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Grammy Flashback 1996". MTV. Archived from the original on February 22, 2002. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
  2. ^ Browne, David (April 16, 2021). "Flashback: Kiss and Conan O'Brien Announce the Band's 1996 Reunion". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  3. ^ Gooch and Suhs, Kiss Alive Forever, p. 224.
  4. ^ Weiss, Brett (August 11, 2017). Encyclopedia of Kiss : music, personnel, events and related subjects. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 12. ISBN 9781476625409.
  5. ^ Stanley, Paul (2014). Face the Music: A Life Exposed (First ed.). New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-211404-4.
  6. ^ a b Wilkening, Matthew (June 25, 2021). "25 Years Ago: Kiss Preview Their Blockbuster Reunion Tour". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
  7. ^ Wilkening, Matthew (June 28, 2016). "Revisiting Kiss' First Reunion Show". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
  8. ^ "Kiss is top concert draw of 1996". USA Today. December 30, 1996. Retrieved April 16, 2006.
  9. ^ (2019). End of the Road World Tour Program, p. 29.
  10. ^ Los Angeles Times, June 17, 1996
  11. ^ Rolling Stone #740
  12. ^ The Independent, July 11, 1997
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Gooch, Curt (2002). Kiss Alive Forever: The Complete Touring History. New York: Billboard Books. ISBN 0-8230-8322-5.
  14. ^ "Kiss getting ready for worldwide tour". Fredericksburg: The Free Lance-Star. April 17, 1996. p. A3. Retrieved October 10, 2021. The first concert is June 28 at Detroit's Tiger Stadium.
  15. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 29. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. July 20, 1996. p. 12. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  16. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 28. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. July 13, 1996. p. 16. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  17. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 30. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. July 27, 1996. p. 12. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  18. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 32. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. August 10, 1996. p. 16. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  19. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 36. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. September 7, 1996. p. 18. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  20. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 39. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. September 28, 1996. p. 14. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  21. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 40. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. October 5, 1996. p. 20. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  22. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 42. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. October 19, 1996. p. 21. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  23. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. No. 45. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. November 9, 1996. p. 13. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  24. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 46. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. November 16, 1996. p. 16. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  25. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 47. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. November 23, 1996. p. 18. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  26. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 108 no. 50. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. December 14, 1996. p. 12. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  27. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 109 no. 4. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. January 25, 1997. p. 22. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  28. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 109 no. 14. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. April 5, 1997. p. 14. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  29. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 109 no. 17. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. April 26, 1997. p. 16. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.
  30. ^ "Amusement Business Boxscore". Billboard. Vol. 109 no. 18. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. May 3, 1997. p. 16. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved October 3, 2021.

Sources[edit]

  • Gooch, Curt; Suhs, Jeff (2002). Kiss Alive Forever: The Complete Touring History. New York: Billboard Books. ISBN 0-8230-8322-5.