Alphonso (mango)

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Mango 'Alphonso'
Alphonso mango.jpg
Alphonso mangoes
Genus Mango
Cultivar 'Alphonso'
Origin India

Alphonso mango is a seasonal fruit, considered to be among the most superior varieties of the fruit in terms of sweetness, richness and flavour.[1][2]

The variety is named after Afonso de Albuquerque,[2] a Portuguese general and military expert who helped establish Portuguese colonies in India. The Portuguese introduced grafting on mango trees to produce extraordinary varieties like Alphonso. The fruit was then introduced to the Konkan region in Maharashtra and Goa.

The Alphonso is also one of the most expensive varieties of mango and is grown mainly in western India including places such as Sindhudurg, Ratnagiri and Raigad districts and in the Konkan[3][4] region of Maharashtra, India. Each mango weighs between 150 and 300 grams (5.3 and 10.6 oz).

Plantation of Alphonso mangoes


Alphonso mangoes are often discussed as a popular cultivar.[1][2][5][6] Alphonso mangoes have a rich, creamy, tender texture and are low in fiber content,[1] with a delicate, creamy pulp. These characteristics make Alphonso one of the most in-demand cultivars.[1][2][6] The skin of a fully ripe Alphonso mango turns bright golden yellow with a tinge of red which spreads across the top of the fruit. The flesh of the fruit is golden saffron colour.[1][2]


Mango sorbet, ice cream, lassi, soufflé, mousse, and puree are some culinary preparations using Alphonso mangoes.[6]

Import bans[edit]

An import ban imposed in 1989 by the United States on Indian mangoes, including the Alphonso, was lifted only in April 2007.[7] However, the mangoes needed to be treated before entering the country in order to stop the introduction of non-native fruit flies, destructive fungi, and other pests that could harm American agriculture. The European Union imposed a ban beginning in April 2014 on import of mangoes after finding "non-European fruit flies" in some consignments, creating a significant threat to UK salad crops.[8] The Indian government had described this decision as arbitrary and businesses claimed they would suffer financial losses due to the ban.

In January 2015, the European Commission lifted the ban following significant improvements in the Indian mango export system.[9]


  1. ^ a b c d e Subramanian, Sarmishta (May 5, 2010). "The king of mangoes". Macleans Magazine, Rogers Digital Media. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Sukhadwala, Sejal (27 April 2012). "Do you know Alphonso mango?". The Guardian Online. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Bhavika Jain (Apr 25, 2017). "Alphonsoes from Devgad and Sindhudurg get GI tag". Times Of India. Retrieved Apr 25, 2017. 
  4. ^ DNA Analysis (Jun 7, 2016). "Geographical indicator approved for Devgad Alphonso". DNA INDIA,. Retrieved Jun 7, 2016. 
  5. ^ "The King at your Doorstep". 2014-05-15. Retrieved 2015-06-25. 
  6. ^ a b c "Mango". Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  7. ^ "Indo-US Trade in Wheat and Mango: A Game-Theoretic Approach to SPS Standards" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-06-25. 
  8. ^ Sinha K (18 May 2015). "Alphonso mango makes a comeback in UK after 7-month ban". The Times of India, Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 26 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Alphonso mangoes: EU lifts ban on Indian mango imports". The Independent, Independent Digital News & Media, London, UK. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2016. 

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