Lassi

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Lassi
Salt lassi.jpg
Lassi serving
Alternative namesLachhi, taak, chhah
CourseBeverage
Place of originPunjab region[1][2][3][4][5][6]
Associated national cuisineCuisine of the Indian subcontinent
Serving temperatureChilled
Main ingredientsDahi (yogurt), cream, water and spices
Variationskachi lassi

Lassi (pronounced [ləsːiː]) is a popular traditional dahi (yogurt)-based drink that originated in the Punjab region of India..[1][2][3][4][5][6] Lassi is a blend of yogurt, water, spices and sometimes fruit. Namkeen (salty) lassi is similar to doogh, while sweet and mango lassis are like milkshakes. Lassi may be infused with cannabis in the form of bhang.

Etymology[edit]

The term lassī is a Punjabi word that has been adopted into other languages,[7] and is particularly associated with the Punjab region.[8][9] In turn, it is derived from the Sanskrit word Lasika (लसिका) meaning serous or saliva like.[10]

Variations[edit]

Lassi
Mint sweet lassi or Chaas
Lassi in an earthen tumbler
Benaras-ki-lassi, a style of lassi

Salted lassi[edit]

Namkeen (salted) lassi is prepared by blending dahi (yogurt) with water with added salt.[2] The resulting beverage is known as salted lassi.

Sweet lassi[edit]

Sweet lassi is a form of lassi flavoured with sugar, rosewater or lemon, strawberry or other fruit juices.[1][2] Saffron lassis, which are particularly rich, are a specialty of Rajasthan and Gujarat in India and Sindh. Makkhaniya lassi is simply lassi with lumps of butter in it (The Punjabi word for butter, makkhaṇ, was borrowed into Hindi as makkhan (c.f. native Hindi mākhan, Sindhi makhaṇu, Gujarati mākhaṇ)).[11] It is usually creamy like a milkshake.

Mango lassi[edit]

Lassi can also be made fruity,[2] and mango lassi is made from yogurt, milk and mango pulp, and may contain added sugar. It is commonly served cold using sweetened kesar mango pulp mixed with yogurt, cream, or ice cream. It is also garnished with dry fruits (cashews, almonds & pistachios).[12]

Bhang lassi[edit]

Bhang lassi is a cannabis-infused drink that contains bhang, a liquid derivative of cannabis, which has effects similar to other eaten forms of cannabis.[13] It is legal in many parts of India and mainly sold during Holi, when pakoras containing bhang are also sometimes eaten. Uttar Pradesh is known to have licensed bhang shops, and in many places, one can buy bhang products and drink bhang lassis.[14]

Chaas[edit]

Chaas is a salted drink similar to lassi, but may contain more water than lassi and has the butterfat removed to reduce its consistency. Salt, cumin seeds or fresh coriander may be added for taste. Fresh ground ginger and green chillies may also be added as seasoning. Chaas is popular in India where it is a common beverage during or after mealtime.

Cultural references[edit]

A 2008 print[15] and television[16][17] ad campaign for HSBC, written by Jeffree Benet of JWT Hong Kong, tells a tale of a Polish washing machine manufacturer's representative sent to India to discover why their sales are so high there. On arriving, the representative investigates a lassi parlor, where he is warmly welcomed, and finds several washing machines being used to mix it. The owner tells him he is able to "make ten times as much lassi as I used to!"

On his No Reservations television program, celebrity chef Anthony Bourdain visited a "government authorised" bhang shop in Jaisalmer Fort, Rajasthan. The proprietor offered him three varieties of bhang lassi: normally strong; super duper strong; and "full power, 24 hours, no toilet, no shower".

In 2013, Kshitij, the annual techno-management fest of IIT Kharagpur, launched a campaign to name the next version of the mobile operating system Android, Lassi.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Tamang, Jyoti Prakash, ed. (2016). Ethnic Fermented Foods and Alcoholic Beverages of Asia. Springer India. p. 44. ISBN 9788132228004. Lassi ia a refreshing traditional summer beverage of North India, originally from Punjab, prepared by blending dahi with water, salt, and spices until frothy." A traditional lassi is sometime flavored with sugar, rose water/lemon, mango, and strawberry or other fruit juices.
  2. ^ a b c d e Myers, Tamar (2007). Hell Hath No Curry. NYLA. p. 260. ISBN 9781625177148. Lassi is a yogurt drink indigenous to Punjab. It can be made salty or sweet or fruity.
  3. ^ a b Bhargava, Pushpa (2009). From Mom with Love... Complete Guide to Indian Cooking and Entertaining. Crest Books, Incorporated. p. 163. ISBN 9780976185123. Lassi: Refreshing Yogurt Drink from the Punjab
  4. ^ a b Wilcock, Fiona (2012). Super Easy Drinks, Soups, and Smoothies for a Healthy Pregnancy: Quick and Delicious Meals-on-the-Go Packed with the Nutrition You and Your Baby Need. Fair Winds Press. p. 53. ISBN 9781592335206. Lassis originally come from India's Punjab region, and are yogurt-based drinks, which can either be savory or sweet.
  5. ^ a b Wilcock, Fiona (2015). Super Drinks for Pregnancy: Juices, Smoothies and Soups to Meet Key Dietary Requirements. Octopus. p. 128. ISBN 9780600632382. Lassis originally come from India's Punjab region, and are yogurt-based drinks, which can either be savoury or sweet.
  6. ^ a b Dagne, Teshager W. (2014). Intellectual Property and Traditional Knowledge in the Global Economy: Translating Geographical Indications for Development. Taylor & Francis. p. 228. ISBN 9781317701910. Typical examples in this case are Basmati rice and Punjabi lassi, both of which come from [the Punjab].
  7. ^ Jaffrey, Madhur (2010). At Home with Madhur Jaffrey: Simple, Delectable Dishes from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, & Sri Lanka. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. p. 259. ISBN 9780307268242. Lassi, which is a Punjabi word now adopted by much of North India and the world, is a yogurt drink.
  8. ^ Sheraton, Mimi; Alexander, Kelly (2015). 1,000 Foods To Eat Before You Die: A Food Lover's Life List. Workman Publishing Company. p. 879. ISBN 9780761141686. Although particularly associated with the Punjab region, in northwest India, lassis are a popular street food throughout the Indian subcontinent and a mainstay at Indian restaurants around the world.
  9. ^ Mendelson, Anne (2013). Milk: The Surprising Story of Milk Through the Ages. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. p. 179. ISBN 9780385351218. Lassi is most often associated with the Punjab, where people regard it with the sort of patriotic local pride the Buffalonians bestow on chicken wings.
  10. ^ Mahrotra, Ramesh Chander (2000-01-01). Manak Hindi Ke Shuddh-Prayog-V-3 (in Hindi). Rajkamal Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-7119-472-8.
  11. ^ Masica, Colin (1993). The Indo-Aryan Languages. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. p. 461. ISBN 978-0-521-29944-2.
  12. ^ Sinha, Mohit (May 23, 2021). "Mango Lassi Recipe | Tasty Recipes 247". Tasty Recipes 247.
  13. ^ Staelens, Stefanie. "The Bhang Lassi Is How Hindus Drink Themselves High for Shiva". Vice.com. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  14. ^ Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations Collection 2, Episode 5; Final Segment.
  15. ^ "Can This Lassi Ad Really Be True?". indiablogs.searchindia.com. 2008-10-04.
  16. ^ "HSBC Bank : Washing Machine and Lassi". Adoholik. 2008-09-27. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
  17. ^ "HSBC Lassi/Washing Machines TV Ad". HSBC. 2012-04-30. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  18. ^ TOI Tech Sep 11, 2013, 06.56PM IST (2013-09-11). "IIT grads plead Google to name Android version Lassi - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2014-01-08.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)