Antarctic Kunlun Station
It is located in the Australian Antarctic Territory at 4087 m above sea level, the highest among all research stations, and 7.3 km southwest of Dome A and was officially opened on January 27, 2009. Fully constructed the station is planned to cover an area of 558 m². The main building, covering 236 m², is planned erected in April 2009.
The site is one of the coldest in the world, with temperatures occasionally reaching −80 °C (−112 °F) in the winter. It is indicated from satellite measurements that places nearby could reach a world record −90 °C (−130 °F) temperature.
In April 2012 the first of three Antarctica Schmidt telescopes (AST3) was installed at Kunlun Station. The other two were planned for installation in 2013 and 2014. A bigger optical telescope, Kunlun Dark Universe Survey Telescope (KDUST), is planned to be installed by 2020.
Telescopes at Antarctic Kunlun Station
|Instrument Name||Aperture||Installation Year||Remarks|
|Chinese Small Telescope Array (CSTAR) ||0.145m||2008||CSTAR is an array of four Schmidt telescope with aperture of 14.5 cm,equipped with 1Kx1K CCD each.|
|Antarctica Schmidt telescopes (AST3)||0.5m||2012-2014||First of three AST3 telescopes was installed at the Antarctic Kunlun Station in April 2012.|
|Kunlun Dark Universe Survey Telescope (KDUST)||2.5m||2020||KDUST is a 2.5 meter infrared optical telescope designed to detect and observe Earth-like planets in the Milky Way using infrared light.|
|Dome A Terahertz Explorer-5 (DATE5)||5m||2020||DATE5 is a 5-meter telescope designed to detect light with longer wavelengths, which will allow astronomers to detect and observe nascent stars.|
|Infrared optical telescope||6-8m||2020+|
|New terahertz telescope||15m||2020+|
- "China sets up 3rd Antarctic research station". 2009-01-28. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
- "Minus credibility? Antarctic record low temperature disputed". RT English. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Installment of telescope array completed at Dome A -- china.org.cn". china.org.cn. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "China installs large Antarctic survey telescope". peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- http://www.sciencepoles.org/articles/article_detail/china_spreads_its_polar_wings_research_programmes_at_kunlun_station/[permanent dead link]
- Official website Polar Research Institute of China
- Official website Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration
- International Polar Foundation report
- PLATO - Dome A Robotic Observatory
- Photos of inauguration
- PLATO - Dome A webcam