Juan Carlos I Antarctic Base

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Location of Hurd Peninsula on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands.
The old facilities of Juan Carlos I Base, with South Bay and Ereby Point in the background
The all-new facilities of Juan Carlos I Base in 2011.
Topographic map of Livingston Island with the bases and base camps on the island.

Juan Carlos I Antarctic Base, named after the king of Spain, Juan Carlos I (Spanish: Base Antártica Española Juan Carlos Primero), is a seasonal (November to March) scientific station operated by Spain, opened in January 1988. Situated on Hurd Peninsula, Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica.


The base is located at 62°39′46″S 60°23′20″W / 62.66278°S 60.38889°W / -62.66278; -60.38889Coordinates: 62°39′46″S 60°23′20″W / 62.66278°S 60.38889°W / -62.66278; -60.38889 which is on the coast of Española Cove, South Bay, in the northern foothills of Mount Reina Sofía, and 2.7 km south-southwest of the Bulgarian base St. Kliment Ohridski. The two bases are linked by a 5.5 km overland route via Johnsons Glacier, Charrua Gap, Contell Glacier and Krum Rock.

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