Apple Daily

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Apple Daily
Apple Daily Title.svg
Apple daily front page.jpg
Front page on 9 October 2010
(English: "Monument of human rights: Liu Xiaobo awarded Nobel Peace Prize")
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)Next Digital
Founded20 June 1995; 25 years ago (1995-06-20)
Political alignmentPro-democracy
Headquarters8 Chun Ying Street
T.K.O Industrial Estate West, Tseung Kwan O
Hong Kong
Websitehk.appledaily.com
Apple Daily
Hong Kong Apple Daily newsvan 20070918.jpg
An Apple Daily newsvan in Hong Kong.
Traditional Chinese蘋果日報
Simplified Chinese苹果日报

Apple Daily is a Hong Kong tabloid-style[1][2] newspaper founded in 1995 by Jimmy Lai. Along with entertainment magazine Next Magazine, Apple Daily is part of Next Digital. The paper publishes print and digital editions in Chinese, as well as a digital-only English edition.

In a Reuters Institute poll conducted in January 2019, the Apple Daily newspaper and its news website were the second most used in Hong Kong.[3] The survey shows it was the third least trusted major source of news in the same year.[3] However, according to a survey conducted by the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Apple Daily was the third most trusted paid newspaper in 2019.[4]

The reporting and editorials of Apple Daily have been described as favouring the Hong Kong pan-democracy camp[5]:205–206 and critical of the Chinese government.[6] As a result of its editorial position, it was subject to advertising boycotts and political pressure. After the controversial[7] Hong Kong national security law was enacted, its headquarters faced a widely condemned police raid on 10 August 2020.[8]

A sister publication of the same name is published in Taiwan under a joint venture between Next Media and other Taiwanese companies.

History[edit]

Apple Daily was founded on 20 June 1995 by garment businessman Jimmy Lai. After the success of Next Magazine, another publication owned by Lai, he launched Apple Daily with an initial capital of HK$700 million.[9] Lai named Apple Daily after the forbidden fruit, which he said if Adam and Eve did not eat, there would be no evil and news.[10]

The newspaper launched against a poor economy and a competitive Chinese-language newspaper market. Political uncertainties from Lai's criticisms of the Chinese government also made media analysts pessimistic about the future of Apple Daily.[11]:487–488 Before Apple Daily was first published, it launched a television advertisements that portrayed Lai with an apple on his head being a shooting target for its competitors.[11]:488 In the first month of publication, the newspaper gave out coupons to reduce the price in effect to $2, despite the Newspaper Society of Hong Kong standardising the retail price of Hong Kong newspapers to $5 per issue. The price was returned to $5 after a month, but the newspaper began giving out T-shirts and coloured posters.[11]:488 The free publicity allowed Apple Daily to sell 200,000 copies on its first day and become the newspaper with the second highest circulation in Hong Kong.[11]:488

A price war between popular newspapers began in response to Apple Daily's competition within months of its launch. Oriental Daily announced it would reduce its price to $2 from $5 in December 1995, and other newspapers, such as Sing Pao and Tin Tin Daily followed suit.[11]:490 Apple Daily reduced its retail price to $4 a day after Oriental Daily's announcement and had a 10 per cent drop in its circulation.[11]:490 The price war caused multiple newspapers to collapse, including TV Daily, which ceased operations on the first day of the price war, Hong Kong United Daily, China Times Magazine and English newspaper Eastern Express, a sister newspaper of Oriental Daily.[11]:490

The newspaper was modelled after USA Today, with printing in full colour and concise writing.[9] It also extensively used written Cantonese,[12] when most Hong Kong newspapers used written vernacular Chinese,[13] and a focus on reporting crime, celebrity news, eroticism, gambling, and drug use.[14] It carried at least three pages of entertainment news at the beginning but this was increased by eight pages by 2000.[15]:64

In March 2015, Chan Pui-man became the first female chief editor of the journal, replacing Ip Yut-kin.[16] In 2019, Apple Daily was an award winner of the Hong Kong Human Rights Press Awards for their reporting on Liu Xia, the wife of Chinese human rights activist Liu Xiaobo.[17] In 2020, Apple Daily launched the English edition of its digital newspaper.[18][19]

Content[edit]

Apple Daily is described to have introduced tabloid journalism to the Hong Kong market.[20] The focus on large colourful graphics and more flamboyant stories, such as celebrity scandals, traffic accidents and deaths, quickly made Apple Daily Hong Kong's second most popular newspaper.[21] This type of journalism has also been replicated by other newspapers in Hong Kong.[21]

Apple Daily attracted public criticism in 1998 for a report about a woman who jumped off a building after pushing her children out the window. The woman's husband was widely reported to have little remorse for the deaths of his wife and children. Apple Daily published a photo of the man with two prostitutes soon after the deaths. It was then revealed that the newspaper had paid the man to pose for the photograph, for which Apple Daily issued an apology after public outcry.[21] In the same year, Apple Daily ran a front-page article claiming that lawyer Jessie Chu Siu Kuk-yuen absconded more than HK$2 million of clients' money her law firm. Apple Daily was ordered by a court to pay Chu more than HK$3.6 million in damages for defamation.[22] In 2000, an Apple Daily reporter was sentenced to 10 months in jail for bribing police officers for information on criminal cases.[23][24]

Journalism scholar Paul Lee said the establishment of Apple Daily has changed the Hong Kong newspaper ecosystem by transforming broadsheet newspapers into tabloids.[25] Lee said newspapers with a high circulation, such as Apple Daily, The Sun and Oriental Daily, are known for their tabloid journalism as well as making mainstream reporting (see middle-market newspaper).[25] Apple Daily did not join the self-regulation panel of the Newspaper Society of Hong Kong.[25]

Apple Daily is also known for its coverage of breaking news and current affairs in Hong Kong[26] and China.[1] The newspaper had exclusive reports on political scandals, including a former member of the Legislative Council[who?] not reporting conflict of interest in 2000, a former Financial Secretary Antony Leung for avoiding tax when purchasing a car.

Editorial position[edit]

Apple Daily favours the Hong Kong pan-democracy camp.[5]:205–206 Its criticism of the Hong Kong government has been described as a marketing strategy.[27] The newspaper is also said to have sensationalised politics to produce public dissent.[6]:168 In 2003, Apple Daily was critical of the Tung Chee-hwa administration and published news articles that encouraged readers to participate in pro-democracy demonstrations with its front-page headline.[28] Apple Daily launched a social media campaign in support of student protesters in the 2014 Hong Kong protests[29]:58 and its social media presence was considered a mainstream pro-activist community.[30]

Apple Daily is also described as critical of China.[6]:169 In 2004, it was the only newspaper in Hong Kong that expressed optimism when Chen Shui-bian was re-elected President of the Republic of China.[6]

The editorial position against the Hong Kong and Chinese governments has resulted in advertising boycotts. In 2003, several major property developers in Hong Kong ended their advertisements in the newspaper. According to Mark Simon, an executive of Next Digital, HSBC, Hang Seng and Standard Chartered stopped their advertising campaigns in the newspaper in 2013 due to pressure from the Chinese government's Liaison Office. The Liaison Office denied it contacted the banks,[31] and the banks said they pulled advertising for commercial reasons.[32][33]

Apple Daily also said Chinese-sponsored hackers have attacked it almost every week.[34] FireEye said in 2014 that denial-of-service attacks on Apple Daily were connected with professional cyberattacks, that may be coordinated by the Chinese government.[34]

National security law raid[edit]

On 10 August 2020, the Hong Kong offices of Apple Daily were searched by over 200 national security officers in a large-scale police raid, following Lai's arrest for alleged violations of the recently implemented national security law.[35][36] Lai's two sons, along with four senior executives of Next Digital and three social activists, were also arrested on the same day.[37][38] The arrests came amid Beijing's ongoing crackdown against many pro-democracy figures in Hong Kong, which drew condemnation from international governments and human rights groups.[39][40] Lai and other arrestees reportedly faced charges of "foreign collusion", which included advocating for foreign sanctions, based on the broad definitions of the national security law.[41][42] Earlier in the week, the United States had placed sanctions on 11 high-profile Hong Kong officials involved in the city's democratic suppression.[43][44]

The police raid lasted nine hours, as the officers rifled through the business property and carted off 25 boxes of evidence.[45][46] The police had a search warrant and did not disclose what they were looking for in the headquarters.[47] The police also brought Lai to the office for two and a half hours, where he was paraded through the newsroom in handcuffs.[48][49] Some critics believed this public demonstration was aimed to humiliate Lai in an effort to silence the press.[50][51]

The raid was documented in a live stream by Apple Daily's reporters, watched by thousands of online viewers.[52][53] The streaming footage included a tense moment when the policed shoved an editor for questioning the boundaries of the search.[35] The police also ordered for the live broadcast to be stopped, but the staff member stated that "it is our duty to report" and continued filming the raid.[54]

Next Digital released a statement condemning the police raid and declared, "Hong Kong's press freedom is now hanging by a thread, but our staff will remain fully committed to our duty to defend the freedom of the press."[55] An anonymous journalist from Apple Daily said the arrests were about "revenge" due to the newspaper's outspoken reporting on Beijing and the Hong Kong government, with another journalist stating that the intended goal was to shut down the news outlet.[56]

Police conduct[edit]

Media access was restricted during the raid, with only "trusted media" sources granted accessibility based on the police's judgment of professionalism and objectivity.[57] Several police news conferences were conducted to provide updates about the search, but numerous reporters were barred from attendance, including foreign news outlets like Reuters, Associated Press, and Agence France-Presse, along with local news sources like RTHK and Stand News.[58][59] The media outlets attending these conferences were not allowed to ask questions.[60]

During the raid, the Next Media Trade Union strongly opposed the police reading through the confidential news materials in the newsroom.[61] Steve Li Kwai-wah, the Senior Superintendent from the new National Security Department, said they searched the area since one of the arrestees had an office on the assigned floor.[62][63] Li also said the officers only "scanned" the materials to confirm their relevance to the case.[64][65] Legal scholar Johannes Chan later criticised the move, stating that even a quick scan jeopardised the confidentiality in news reporting.[66]

International response[edit]

International communities responded to Apple Daily's raid with condemnation, with global organisations highlighting the erosion of press freedom in Hong Kong.[67][68] Amnesty International spoke against the harassment of journalists, and called for all criminal charges related to the national security law to be dropped.[69] The Asia Chapter of the Asian American Journalists Association (AAJA-Asia) expressed their support for Apple Daily, and urged Hong Kong's leaders to uphold the values of free speech.[70] Keith Richburg, a journalism professor at the University of Hong Kong, described the "frightening prospect" for journalists to operate under the national security law.[71] Christophe Deloire, the Secretary General at Reporters Without Borders, said that "the Hong Kong government clearly seeks to take down a symbolic figure of press freedom."[58][72]

The Foreign Correspondents' Club (FCC) in Hong Kong was also critical about the police's obstruction of news coverage during the raid, raising worries about propaganda in the absence of press freedom.[59] Human Rights Watch stated that the raid on Apple Daily may be motivated by a desire to censor an independent Chinese media outlet.[38] The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) said the national security law was used to "suppress critical pro-democracy opinion and restrict press freedom", and called for Lai's immediate release.[73] Activist groups in Taiwan advocated for further international sanctions on Chinese government officials to support the arrestees.[74]

Government officials around the world condemned Lai's arrest and the police raid on Apple Daily.[75][76] Tsai Ing-wen, the president of Taiwan, expressed her disappointment over the continuous erosion of Hong Kong's human rights and democracy.[77] Mike Pompeo, the United States Secretary of State, said that Beijing eviscerated Hong Kong's freedoms.[68] Yoshihide Suga, the Chief Cabinet Secretary of Japan, voiced grave concern over Hong Kong's situation following the arrests.[37] In contrast, China's Foreign Ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian approved of the mass arrests on the pro-democracy figures, stating that the Chinese government supported the national security law.[78]

Aftermath[edit]

After the raid, the executives at Apple Daily vowed to resume their daily operations.[39] Following a surge of popular demand, Apple Daily planned to produce 350,000 printed copies for their Tuesday publication, which was a significant increase from their daily circulation of 70,000 copies.[79] The amount subsequently increased to 550,000 printed copies.[80][81] The launch of a social media campaign encouraged readers to buy the newspaper, backed by activist Joshua Wong, singer Pong Nan, and lawmaker Ted Hui.[82] Apple Daily also uploaded a live stream of their print production process, which was watched by thousands of viewers.[83]

On 11 August, the Tuesday newspaper was published with the front-page headline declaring, "Apple Daily must fight on."[84] Tsang Chi-ho, the former presenter of satirical news show Headliner, included a blank space in his regular column that simply said, "You can't kill us all."[85] Many Hong Kong residents lined up overnight at newspaper vendors to buy the first printed copies.[86] Readers also purchased the newspapers in bulk, distributing free copies around the city.[85][45] Within hours, multiple convenience stores had sold out all their copies.[82] The publication's popularity came from readers who wanted to show their support towards Apple Daily and preserve the press freedom in Hong Kong.[83][87]

On the day of the arrests, Next Digital's shares originally fell up to 16.7% at a record low of HK$0.075.[88][89] An online campaign then emerged, which encouraged supporters to purchase stock in the company.[90] Following the campaign, the stock experienced a 1100% gain over the next two days, creating a record high in the past seven years.[80][91] On Tuesday, the stock closed at HK$1.10 and became the third highest performer on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange that day.[81][92] On Wednesday, the shares fell over 40% after the Securities and Futures Commission issued a warning about the high volatility.[93]

Lai was released in the early morning of 12 August after 40 hours in detainment.[94] Later that day, he arrived at the Apple Daily newsroom, where Lai was met with cheers from employees.[95] Lai encouraged his staff members, "Let’s fight on! We have the support of the Hong Kong people. We can’t let them down."[96]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Editor-in-Chief[edit]

  1. Loh Chan (1995–1996)
  2. Ip Yut Kin (1996–2002)
  3. Lam Ping Hang (2003–2006)
  4. Cheng Ming Yan (2006–2011)
  5. Cheung Kim-hung (2012–2015)
  6. Chan Pui-man (2015–2017)
  7. Ryan Law Wai-kwong (2017–)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Steinberger, Michael (1996). "An apple a day: Jimmy Lai's tough tabloid". Columbia Journalism Review. 34 (6) – via ProQuest.
  2. ^ Guo, Steve (2018). "A Report on Public Evaluations of Media Credibility in Hong Kong". In Huang, Yu; Song, Yunya (eds.). The Evolving Landscape of Media and Communication in Hong Kong. City University of Hong Kong Press. pp. 135–150.
  3. ^ a b Newman, Nic; Fletcher, Richard; Kalogeropoulos, Antonis; Nielsen, Rasmus Kleis (2019). Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2019 (PDF) (Report). Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  4. ^ Tracking Research: Public Evaluation on Media Credibility Survey Results (PDF) (Report). Centre for Communication and Public Opinion Survey, The Chinese University of Hong Kong. 2019. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  5. ^ a b So, Clement Y.K. (1999). "Fairness of Press Coverage: Four Factors Compared". In Kuan, Hsin-chi; Lau, Siu-kai; Louie, Kin-sheun; Wong, Timothy Ka-ying (eds.). Power Transfer and Electoral Politics: The First Legislative Election in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The Chinese University Press. pp. 185–214.
  6. ^ a b c d Fung, Anthony Y. H. (June 2007). "Political Economy of Hong Kong Media: Producing a Hegemonic Voice". Asian Journal of Communication. 17 (2): 159–171. doi:10.1080/01292980701306530. S2CID 153994013.
  7. ^ "Controversial Hong Kong national security law comes into effect". the Guardian. 30 June 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  8. ^ "Arrest of Hong Kong tycoon Jimmy Lai sparks global condemnation". CBC. 10 August 2020. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  9. ^ a b Lee, Chin-chuan (2000). "The Paradox of Political Economy: Media Structure, Press Freedom, and Regime Change in Hong Kong". In Lee, Chin-chuan (ed.). Power, Money, and Media: Communication Patterns and Bureaucratic Control in Cultural China. Illinois, IL: Northwestern University Press. pp. 288–336.
  10. ^ 黎智英品味 挑戰台灣 (in Chinese). 21 February 2000. Archived from the original on 3 November 2004. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g So, Clement Y. K. (1997). Nyaw, Mee-Kau; Li, Si-Ming (eds.). The Other Hong Kong Report 1996. The Chinese University Press. pp. 485–506.
  12. ^ Tam, Maria (1997). Hong Kong: The Anthropology of a Chinese Metropolis. University of Hawaii Press. p. 19.
  13. ^ Snow, Donald (2004). Cantonese as Written Language: The Growth of a Written Chinese Vernacular. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 166–168.
  14. ^ Lee, Chin-Chuan (1997). "Media Structure and Regime Change in Hong Kong". In Chan, Ming (ed.). The Challenge of Hong Kong's Reintegration with China. Hong Kong University Press. p. 131.
  15. ^ Leung, Wing-fai (2014). Multimedia Stardom in Hong Kong: Image, Performance and Identity. Routledge. ISBN 9781134625055.
  16. ^ "Meet Apple Daily's new female editor-in-chief EJINSIGHT - ejinsight.com". EJINSIGHT.
  17. ^ "23rd Human Rights Press Awards (2019) Winners | Human Rights Press Awards". 1 May 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  18. ^ Walker, Tommy (1 July 2020). "Pro-democracy figures remain defiant as Hong Kong faces national security law". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  19. ^ "Complimentary English Edition Is Available On Apple Daily! Subscribe Now And Show Your Support". Apple Daily. 1 June 2020. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  20. ^ "Hong Kong Investigators Raid Apple Daily; Reporter Arrested". The Wall Street Journal. 2 December 1999. The Apple Daily, which gives readers a heavy diet of sex and violence, has been attacked for bringing tabloid journalism into Hong Kong homes
  21. ^ a b c Weisenhaus, Doreen (2005). "Newsgathering Practices: Hong Kong Journalists' Views and Use of Controversial Techniques". Global Media Journal. 4 (7). ISSN 1550-7521.
  22. ^ "$3.6m for lawyer defamed by paper". South China Morning Post. 21 December 2001. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  23. ^ "人民网--404页面". people.cn.
  24. ^ "¤Ó ¶§ ??¡G SUN ®É ¨Æ". The Sun. Hong Kong.
  25. ^ a b c Lee, Paul Siu-nam (2015) [1st pub. 2003]. 一國兩制下的社會與媒介變遷 [Media Transformations and the Society Under One Country Two Systems]. In Lee, Paul Siu-nam (ed.). 香港傳媒新世紀 [New Perspectives on Hong Kong Media] (in Chinese) (2nd ed.). The Chinese University Press. pp. 4–7. ISBN 9789629966683 – via Google Book preview.
  26. ^ 黃天賜 (2013). 新聞與香港社會真相 (in Chinese) (增訂本 ed.). Hong Kong: Chung Hwa. pp. 71–77. ISBN 978-988-8181-99-5 – via Google Book preview.
  27. ^ Lee, Francis L.F.; Lin, Angel M.Y. (2006). "Newspaper editorial discourse and the politics of self-censorship in Hong Kong". Discourse & Society. 17 (3): 331–358. doi:10.1177/0957926506062371. hdl:10722/92430.
  28. ^ Chan, Joseph M.; Lee, Francis L. F. (June 2007). "Media and Large-scale Demonstrations: The Pro-democracy Movement in Post-handover Hong Kong". Asian Journal of Communication. 17 (2): 215–228. doi:10.1080/01292980701306639. S2CID 145449091.
  29. ^ Lin, Zhongxuan (2017). "Contextualized Transmedia Mobilization: Media Practices and Mobilizing Structures in the Umbrella Movement". International Journal of Communication. 11: 48–71.
  30. ^ Fu, King Wa; Chan, Chung Hong (2015). Networked Collective Action in the 2014 Hong Kong Occupy Movement: Analysing a Facebook sharing network (PDF). The 2nd International Conference on Public Policy. Milan.
  31. ^ Curran, Enda; Yung, Chester (16 June 2014). "Hong Kong Newspaper Says HSBC, Standard Chartered Pulled Ads". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  32. ^ "Tamed Hounds". The Economist. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  33. ^ Roantree, Anne Marie; Jucca, Lisa (31 October 2014). "Thousands denounce HSBC board member's likening of Hong Kong people to freed slaves". Reuters. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  34. ^ a b Bladwin, Clare; Pomfret, James; Wagstaff, Jeremy (30 November 2015). "On China's fringes, cyber spies raise their game". Reuters. Retrieved 2 December 2015.
  35. ^ a b Ramzy, Austin; May, Tiffany (9 August 2020). "Hong Kong Arrests Jimmy Lai, Media Mogul, Under National Security Law". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  36. ^ "Media tycoon Lai held amid sweep of HK arrests". BBC News. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  37. ^ a b "Hong Kong activist Agnes Chow, media mogul Jimmy Lai released: local media". Mainichi Daily News. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  38. ^ a b "China/Hong Kong: Mass Arrests Under Security Law". Human Rights Watch. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  39. ^ a b "Hong Kong tycoon Jimmy Lai arrested under security law, bearing out 'worst fears'". Reuters. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  40. ^ Business, James Griffiths and Eric Cheung, CNN. "Hong Kong media tycoon arrested under new national security law". CNN. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  41. ^ "Pro-democracy media tycoon Jimmy Lai freed on bail amid Hong Kong crackdown". Japan Times. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  42. ^ "Apple Daily owner Jimmy Lai freed on bail amid Hong Kong crackdown". CNA. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  43. ^ Kirby, Jen (1 August 2020). "A top Hong Kong pro-democracy figure was arrested. Beijing isn't playing around". Vox. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  44. ^ "Jimmy Lai's arrest in Hong Kong is the latest blow to free speech". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  45. ^ a b "Apple Daily: The rabble-rouser in Hong Kong news media". The Week. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  46. ^ "Hong Kong media tycoon Jimmy Lai arrested, newsroom searched". CNBC. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  47. ^ "Hong Kong media tycoon Jimmy Lai arrested under security law". euronews. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  48. ^ "Hong Kong Turmoil: Police arrest Jimmy Lai, search headquarters – Taipei Times". Taipei Times. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  49. ^ Hui, Mary. "Beijing is moving to demolish one of the only Hong Kong newspapers it doesn't control". Quartz. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  50. ^ Maldonado, Elisha (1 August 2020). "Jimmy Lai: The newspaperman China's tyrants fear". New York Post. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  51. ^ "How China is limiting freedom of the press in Hong Kong". PBS NewsHour. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  52. ^ Olsen, Robert. "Hong Kong Media Mogul Jimmy Lai Arrested Under New National Security Law". Forbes. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  53. ^ "Hong Kong police raid on newspaper filmed in real time as China flexes muscles". Reuters. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  54. ^ "As Hong Kong police raid Apple Daily offices, live feed allows world to watch". South China Morning Post. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  55. ^ "We shall fight on: Next Digital". Apple Daily (in Chinese). Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  56. ^ Mahtani, Shibani (1 August 2020). "Hong Kong media tycoon Jimmy Lai arrested under national security law". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  57. ^ "Apple Daily raid: Hong Kong police defend decision to give only 'trusted media' access to ground operations". Hong Kong Free Press. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  58. ^ a b "Hong Kong: RSF denounces arrest of Apple Daily founder, who risks life imprisonment under National Security Law | Reporters without borders". Reports Without Borders. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  59. ^ a b Media, Social (1 August 2020). "FCC Condemns Arrest of Jimmy Lai and Raid on Apple Daily's Offices". The Foreign Correspondents' Club, Hong Kong | FCC. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  60. ^ Mahtani, Shibani (1 August 2020). "Hong Kong media tycoon Jimmy Lai arrested under national security law". The Washington Post. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  61. ^ Pao, Jeff (1 August 2020). "Lai's arrest first HK security law attack on the press". Asia Times Online. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  62. ^ "Pro-democracy media mogul, Jimmy Lai arrested in Hong Kong". Calgary Herald. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  63. ^ "The end of press freedom in Hong Kong|Lam Kei". Apple Daily (in Chinese). Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  64. ^ "Hong Kong journalists struggle to carry on as national security law hits Apple Daily". Committee to Protect Journalists. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  65. ^ 警屢翻記者文件 蘋果指圖檢伺服器 稱不檢新聞材料 李桂華:翻閱掃描為免錯取 – 20200811 – 要聞. Ming Pao (in Chinese). Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  66. ^ 眾新聞 | 【新聞材料搜證】李桂華:警員只係睇咗一眼就停 陳文敏:乜都睇一眼就失去了保障新聞材料的意義. 眾新聞 (in Chinese). Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  67. ^ "Arrest of Hong Kong tycoon Jimmy Lai sparks global condemnation". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  68. ^ a b "Hong Kong's Apple Daily vows to 'fight on' after Lai's arrest". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  69. ^ "Hong Kong: Targeting of pro-democracy newspaper is threat to press freedom". Amnesty International. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  70. ^ AAJA-Asia (1 August 2020). "AAJA-Asia Condemns Arrest of Apple Daily Founder, Media Executives & Apple Daily Raid". Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  71. ^ "Hong Kong Police Arrests A Prominent Pro-Democracy Figure, Media Tycoon Jimmy Lai". NPR. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  72. ^ Watch, Pacific Media. "RSF denounces arrest of Apple Daily founder, who risks life imprisonment | Asia Pacific Report". Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  73. ^ "Hong Kong police arrest Apple Daily founder Jimmy Lai under new National Security Law". Committee to Protect Journalists. 10 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  74. ^ "Groups urge support for Hong Kong – Taipei Times". Taipei Times. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  75. ^ Falconer, Rebecca (1 August 2020). "Trump administration: Jimmy Lai's arrest marks Beijing's "latest violation" on Hong Kong". Axios. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  76. ^ Chase, Steven (1 August 2020). "Canada condemns arrest of Hong Kong media tycoon Jimmy Lai as erosion of press freedom". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  77. ^ "Tsai tweets disappointment over Hong Kong arrests | NHK WORLD-JAPAN News". NHK WORLD. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  78. ^ "Hong Kong media mogul, activists arrested over national security law". Kyodo News. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  79. ^ "Hong Kong's Free Press Is 'Hanging by a Thread.' Supporting It Is the People's Latest Act of Protest". Inside Edition. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  80. ^ a b Business, Michelle Toh and Eric Cheung, CNN. "Apple Daily prints half a million copies in defiance of founder Jimmy Lai's arrest in Hong Kong". CNN. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  81. ^ a b "Hong Kongers buy stock and newspapers to support Apple Daily". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  82. ^ a b Ho, Kelly (1 August 2020). "In Pictures: Hongkongers clear shelves of Apple Daily in protest over Jimmy Lai arrest and newsroom raid". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  83. ^ a b "Public snap up copies of defiant Apple Daily – RTHK". RTHK. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  84. ^ "Hong Kong's Apple Daily vows to fight on after owner arrested". Reuters. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  85. ^ a b "Hong Kong's Embattled Apple Daily Vows to Keep Up Fight For Freedom". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  86. ^ Kuo, Lily (1 August 2020). "Hong Kong rallies around Apple Daily after arrest of founder Jimmy Lai". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  87. ^ "Hong Kong residents defend free press as China cracks down". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  88. ^ "Hong Kong police arrest pro-democracy media tycoon Jimmy Lai and raid newspaper offices". Fortune. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  89. ^ GmbH, finanzen net. "Activists pump up Hong Kong media stock 1,000% after its pro-democracy founder was arrested | Markets Insider". Business Insider. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  90. ^ "Hong Kong activists brace for more arrests". Australian Financial Review. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  91. ^ Cheng, John (1 August 2020). "An 1,100% Stock Gain Is Hong Kong's New Protest Rallying Cry". Bloomberg. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  92. ^ "Next Digital stock rally continues as Hongkongers lend support after Apple Daily raid". Apple Daily (in Chinese). Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  93. ^ "Regulator warning ends Hong Kong's Next Digital share rally". Yahoo!. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  94. ^ "Arrested Hong Kong media tycoon tells staff to 'fight on'". Bangkok Post. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  95. ^ "Hong Kong paper founder vows to fight on | NHK WORLD-JAPAN News". NHK WORLD. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  96. ^ "Arrested Hong Kong media tycoon tells Apple Daily staff to 'fight on'". Hong Kong Free Press. 1 August 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2020.

External links[edit]