Late church cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach
Late church cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach refers to sacred cantatas he composed after his fourth cycle of 1728–29. Whether Bach still composed a full cantata cycle in the last 20 years of his life is not known, but the extant cantatas of this period written for occasions of the liturgical year are sometimes referred to as his fifth cycle, as, according to his obituary, he would have written five such cycles – inasmuch as such cantatas were not late additions to earlier cycles (e.g. chorale cantatas added to the chorale cantata cycle), or were adopted in his oratorios.
Other cantatas of this period were written for special occasions such as the 200th anniversary of the Augsburg Confession in June 1730, funerals and weddings. Obviously some of the information and compositions of this period of writing and performing of cantatas are missing, leading to different ways of presenting and connecting what is known about them by Bach-scholars. For instance, in the 19th century Spitta considered almost all of Bach's chorale cantatas as late cantatas, while later research connected the large majority of them to the composer's second year in Leipzig (1724–25).
Occasions of the liturgical year
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2016)
- Chorale cantatas (see also Chorale cantata cycle § Chorale cantatas composed after Trinity 1725):
- filling gaps in the chorale cantata cycle (the first two actually composed between the second and the 4th cycle):
- Cantatas for unknown occasions, probably for a wedding at first, possibly later reused for an occasion in the liturgical year, uncertain to which cycle they may have ultimately belonged:
- Possible later additions to the third cycle:
- Reuse of earlier material that else would only have received a single performance (or no performance at all):
- BWV 157 (Purification): originally a funeral cantata (6 February 1727)
- BWV 36 (First Sunday of Advent 1726–31): parody of the secular cantata BWV 36c (1725)
- BWV 30 (Feast of St. John the Baptist c.1738): parody of the secular cantata BWV 30a (1737)
- BWV 191 (Christmas 1745?): based on the otherwise probably unperformed Gloria of the Kyrie–Gloria mass of 1733, BWV 232I
Bach's three extant oratorios also date from this period: the Christmas Oratorio (a set of six cantatas presented in the Christmas season of 1734–35), the Ascension Oratorio (1735, with the dimensions of a single cantata) and the Easter Oratorio (an Easter cantata of 1725 with slight alterations reworked into an Oratorio c.1738).
Several earlier church cantatas were restaged after the period of the Picander cycle, some of them in a new version.
Bach had several students who produced church cantatas during their Leipzig formation years:
- Carl Philipp Emanuel and Doles provided settings of librettos from the Picander cycle of 1728–29
- Around 1745–46 Bach helped copy out performance parts of a cantata by Johann Gottlieb Goldberg
- BWV 217 was possibly composed by Altnickol.
|1731-12-02||1st Sunday of Advent||Schwingt freudig euch empor||BWV 36, later version||adaptations||Early version 1726–29|
|1734-12-25||Christmas||Jauchzet, frohlocket||BWV 248 Part I||Oratorios||Part I of Christmas Oratorio|
|1745-12-25?||Christmas||Gloria in excelsis Deo||BWV 191||adaptations||Based on BWV 232I (1733)|
|after 1740||Christmas||Gelobet seist du, Jesu Christ||BWV 91, 2nd version||Chor. cant. cycle||5th and 6th mvt. altered|
|1734-12-26||2nd day of Christmas||Und es waren Hirten||BWV 248 Part II||Oratorios||Part II of Christmas Oratorio|
|1734-12-27||3rd day of Christmas||Herrscher des Himmels||BWV 248 Part III||Oratorios||Part III of Christmas Oratorio|
|—||Sunday after Christmas||—||—||—|
|1735-01-01||New Year||Fallt mit Danken||BWV 248 Part IV||Oratorios||Part IV of Christmas Oratorio|
|1733–34||Sunday after New Year||Ach Gott, wie manches Herzeleid||BWV 58, 2nd version||Chor. cant. cycle||After early version (1727)|
|1735-01-02||Sunday after New Year||Ehre sei dir, Gott, gesungen||BWV 248 Part V||Oratorios||Part V of Christmas Oratorio|
|1735-01-06||Epiphany||Herr, wenn die stolzen Feinde||BWV 248 Part VI||Oratorios||Part VI of Christmas Oratorio|
|before 1761||1st Sunday after Epiphany||Gedenke, Herr, wie es uns gehet||BWV 217/Anh. II 23‑>||BWV Anh. II||Probably spurious|
|—||2nd Sunday after Epiphany||—||—||—|
|—||3rd Sunday after Epiphany||—||—||—|
|1735-01-30||4th Sunday after Epiphany||Wär Gott nicht mit uns diese Zeit||BWV 14||Chor. cant. cycle|
|1731-02-02||Purification||Ich habe genug||BWV 82, 2nd version||3rd cycle||Also 3rd and 4th versions|
|c.1735||Purification||Komm, du süße Todesstunde||BWV 161, 1st version||Weimar cantatas||Also 16th Sunday after Trinity|
|after 1727||Purification||Ich lasse dich nicht||BWV 157 later version||Funeral cantatas||Was a funeral cantata in 1727|
|—||5th Sunday after Epiphany||—||—||—|
|—||6th Sunday after Epiphany||—||—||—|
|c.1733–34||Septuagesima||Ich bin vergnügt mit meinem Stande||—||(Picander cycle)||(By C. P. E. Bach)|
|1728–31||Estomihi||Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn||BWV 23, 3rd version||Weimar cantatas||C minor, four movements|
|c.1738||Easter||Kommt, eilet und laufet||BWV 249||Oratorios||And earlier versions|
|c.1730?||Easter Tuesday||Der Friede sei mit dir||BWV 158||2nd cycle?||2nd/3rd mvt. for Purification?|
|1731-04-08||Misericordias Domini||Der Herr ist mein getreuer Hirt||BWV 112||Chor. cant. cycle|
|1735-05-19||Ascension||Lobet Gott in seinen Reichen||BWV 11||Oratorios||Ascension Oratorio|
|1731-05-13||Pentecost||Erschallet, ihr Lieder||BWV 172, 3rd version||Weimar cantatas||Weimar v. – 1st Leipzig v.|
|1740?||Pentecost||Raset und brauset||—||(Picander cycle)||(By student Doles)|
|1730-06-04?||Trinity Sunday?||Nun danket alle Gott||BWV 192||Chorale cantatas?||No clear cycle association|
|—||1st Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|—||2nd Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|1738-06-24||St. John's Day||Freue dich, erlöste Schar||BWV 30||adaptations||Reworked from BWV 30a|
|1745–46||St. John's Day||Durch die herzliche Barmherzigkeit||—||(students)||(BNB I/G/2: by Goldberg)|
|before 1761||St. John's Day||Lobt ihn mit Herz und Munde||BWV 220/Anh. II 23‑>||BWV Anh. II||Unknown composer|
|—||3rd Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|1733-07-02?||Visitation||Magnificat in D Major||BWV 243||Latin church mus.||Also Christmas; 1723 in E♭|
|before 1761||Visitation||Meine Seele rühmt und preist||BWV 189/Anh. II 23‑>||BWV Anh. II||If by Hoffmann: before 1716|
|1732-07-06||4th Sunday after Trinity||Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ||BWV 177||Chor. cant. cycle|
|c.1746–47||4th Sunday after Trinity||Barmherziges Herze||BWV 185 last version||Weimar cantatas||Three earlier versions|
|c.1732||5th Sunday after Trinity||Wer nur den lieben Gott läßt walten||BWV 93 later version||Chor. cant. cycle||Two creation periods|
|c.1734||5th Sunday after Trinity||Gott hat uns gesegnet mit allerlei||—||(Namenbuch cycle)||(By Stölzel)|
|1732-07-20||6th Sunday after Trinity||Es ist das Heil uns kommen her||BWV 9||Chor. cant. cycle|
|c.1734||6th Sunday after Trinity||Dies wird sein Name sein||—||(Namenbuch cycle)||(By Stölzel)|
|—||7th Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|—||8th Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|—||9th Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|—||10th Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|—||11th Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|—||12th Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|1735-09-04||13th Sunday after Trinity||O! wie seelig sind die Blicke||—||(Saitenspiel cycle)||(By Stölzel)|
|1735-09-11||14th Sunday after Trinity||Schnöder Aussatz meiner Sünden||—||(Saitenspiel cycle)||(By Stölzel)|
|1730-09-17||15th Sunday after Trinity||Jauchzet Gott in allen Landen||BWV 51||In ogni Tempo.||Late addition to 3rd cycle?|
|1735-09-18||15th Sunday after Trinity||Sorgen sind die Steine||—||(Saitenspiel cycle)||(By Stölzel)|
|1735-09-25||15th Sunday after Trinity||Mein JEsu deine Vater-Hand||—||(Saitenspiel cycle)||(By Stölzel)|
|1740s?||16th Sunday after Trinity||Komm, du süße Todesstunde||BWV 161, 2nd version||Weimar cantatas||Also Purification|
|1747-09-17||16th Sunday after Trinity||Liebster Gott, wenn werd ich ...||BWV 8, 2nd version||Chor. cant. cycle||After 1st version (1724)|
|—||17th Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|c.1732–35||Michaelmas||Herr Gott, dich loben alle wir||BWV 130, 2nd version||Chor. cant. cycle||After 1st version (1724)|
|before 1751?||Michaelmas?||Nun ist das Heil und die Kraft||BWV 50||—||As extant not by Bach?|
|1734-10-24||18th Sunday after Trinity||Herr Christ, der einge Gottessohn||BWV 96 later version||Chor. cant. cycle||After 1724 v.; also c.1746–47|
|c.1735?||Reformation Day||Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott||BWV 80, 2nd Leipz. v.||Chor. cant. cycle||After BWV 80b and a|
|—||19th Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|—||20th Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|—||21st Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|—||22nd Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|c.1744–47||23th Sunday after Trinity||Wohl dem, der sich auf seinen Gott||BWV 139 later version||Chor. cant. cycle||After 1724 version|
|—||24th Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|—||25th Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|—||26th Sunday after Trinity||—||—||—|
|1731-11-25||27th Sunday after Trinity||Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme||BWV 140||Chor. cant. cycle|
In Bach's Leipzig there was no concerted church music in the period between the first Sunday of Advent and Christmas (tempus clausum). The final version of Schwingt freudig euch empor, BWV 36 was first presented on the first Sunday of Advent 2 December 1731, with an earlier version of the cantata dated between 1725 and 1730.
Christmas to Epiphany
From Christmas 1734 to Epiphany 1735 Bach presented six cantatas, together known as the Christmas Oratorio (Weihnachts-Oratorium):
- Christmas 25 December 1734: Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage, BWV 248I
- Second day of Christmas 26 December 1734: Und es waren Hirten in derselben Gegend, BWV 248II
- Third day of Christmas 27 December 1734: Herrscher des Himmels, erhöre das Lallen, BWV 248III
- New Year 1 January 1735: Fallt mit Danken, fallt mit Loben, BWV 248IV
- Sunday after New Year 2 January 1735: Ehre sei dir, Gott, gesungen, BWV 248V
- Epiphany 6 January 1735: Herr, wenn die stolzen Feinde schnauben, BWV 248VI
The D Major version of Bach's Magnificat may have been performed on Christmas from 1733 onwards. Other Christmas compositions with text in Latin are the Sanctus in D major, BWV 238 (repeat performance in 1735 or later) and the cantata Gloria in excelsis Deo, BWV 191 (probably first performed in 1745), a composition based on the Kyrie–Gloria mass of 1733 that would be expanded into his Mass in B Minor. The period after the fourth cantata cycle also saw repeat performances of his earlier Christmas cantatas Unser Mund sei voll Lachens, BWV 110, and Gelobet seist du, Jesu Christ, BWV 91, the last one in a new version produced after 1740. Another Christmas cantata, Uns ist ein Kind geboren, BWV 142, was probably not composed by Bach and likely originated before Bach's time in Leipzig.
A new version of Ach Gott, wie manches Herzeleid, BWV 58, was performed on the Sunday after New Year 4 January 1733 or 3 January 1734. This cantata was however added to chorale cantata cycle, even while not completely conforming to the chorale cantata format and in its first version performed on 5 January 1727, a year after the bulk of that cycle had been composed.
Between Epiphany and Lent
Herr, wie du willt, so schicks mit mir, BWV 73, the cantata for the third Sunday after Epiphany of the first cycle, was restaged at least two times between 1731 and 1750.
There are no extant cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach for the fifth and sixth Sunday after Epiphany.
The first version of Ich habe genug, BWV 82, had been performed on the Feast of Purification 2 February 1727. This version for soprano, flute, strings and continuo in E minor is associated with Bach's third cantata cycle, or alternatively the period "between the third and the fourth cycles". After 1729 Bach produced three further versions of this cantata: a version in C Minor for bass, oboe, strings and continuo, for performance in 1731, a third version for Bass or mezzo and a fourth version with an additional oboe da caccia. Komm, du süße Todesstunde, BWV 161 is a Weimar cantata for the 16th Sunday after Trinity. In the mid-1730s Bach had its score copied, adding "item Festo Purific Mariae" (also for the Feast of Purification) to the header of the manuscript. Also Mit Fried und Freud ich fahr dahin, BWV 125, the chorale cantata from 1725, was probably restaged after c.1735. Ich lasse dich nicht, du segnest mich denn, BWV 157 was a funeral cantata in 1727: later it was transformed into a cantata for Purification, a feast that always fell between Epiphany and Lent.
For Septuagesima (third Sunday before Lent) 1727 Bach had composed Ich bin vergnügt mit meinem Glücke, BWV 84, a cantata on a libretto that two years later appeared in a very different form in a libretto cycle published by Picander. The 1727 cantata is however rather associated with Bach's third cantata cycle than with his fourth cantata cycle, which were settings of the librettos Picander had published for church services in 1728–29. However, a few years later Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, still living with his father in Leipzig, set the three first movements of the 1729 version of Picander's libretto for Septuagesima, Ich bin vergnügt mit meinem Stande.
From Lent to Trinity
In Lent only two occasions allowed for concerted music:
- Annunciation (25 March, moved forward to Palm Sunday if that date fell in Good Week) – no known performance of an Annunciation cantata by Bach after 1728.
- Good Friday, on which day a Passion was performed. The only new Passion Bach appears to have composed after 1729 is his (lost) St Mark Passion, BWV 247, staged on Good Friday 1731 and 1744. Bach's Passion settings are however not seen as cantatas.
Der Himmel lacht! Die Erde jubilieret, BWV 31 was an Easter cantata Bach had composed in Weimar. He had already restaged it during his first year in Leipzig, and did so again on Easter 25 March 1731. Apart from that he expanded his Easter cantata from 1725, Kommt, eilet und laufet, BWV 249 into an oratorio (several versions), and restaged it multiple times in the last 20 years of his office as Thomaskantor.
For Easter Monday, Bleib bei uns, denn es will Abend werden, BWV 6, and Erfreut euch, ihr Herzen, BWV 66, belonging to the second and the first cantata cycle respectively, were both restaged more than once after 1729.
Der Friede sei mit dir, BWV 158 is a possibly incomplete Easter Tuesday cantata. Its second and third movement (from a total of only four movements) seem to be derived from an earlier Purification cantata. It may have been performed as Easter Tuesday cantata of the second cycle (no other cantata for that occasion in 1725 extant) and/or shortly after the 4th cycle. Another Easter Tuesday cantata, Ein Herz, das seinen Jesum lebend weiß, BWV 134, belonging to the first cycle, was restaged 27 March 1731, and probably also 12 April 1735.
Am Abend aber desselbigen Sabbats, BWV 42, a cantata from the second cycle for the first Sunday after Easter (Quasimodogeniti), was restaged 1 April 1731.
Der Herr ist mein getreuer Hirt, BWV 112, premiered on the second Sunday after Easter (Misericordias Domini) 8 April 1731, is a late addition to the chorale cantata cycle.
Ihr werdet weinen und heulen, BWV 103, a cantata for the third Sunday after Easter (Jubilate) on a von Ziegler libretto, was probably restaged 15 April 1731. For the next two Sundays (Cantate and Rogate) it is not known which cantatas Bach may have performed in the last 20 years of his life.
The Ascension Oratorio, Lobet Gott in seinen Reichen, BWV 11, was first performed on 19 May 1735. For the Sunday after Ascension (Exaudi) it is not known which cantatas Bach may have performed after the second cycle (1725).
The third version of Erschallet, ihr Lieder, erklinget, ihr Saiten! BWV 172, a Weimar cantata, was first performed on Pentecost 13 May 1731 (second Leipzig version). The libretto for the Pentecost cantata of the 1728–29 Picander cycle, Raset und brauset ihr hefftigen Winde was set by Johann Friedrich Doles, then a student of Bach, in 1740. The cantata was possibly performed in Leipzig at the time.
Erhöhtes Fleisch und Blut, BWV 173, a cantata for Pentecost Monday composed between the third and the fourth cycles, and Erwünschtes Freudenlicht, BWV 184, a first cycle cantata for Pentecost Tuesday, were restaged 14 and 15 May 1731 respectively.
The incomplete cantata Nun danket alle Gott, BWV 192, possibly a Trinity Sunday chorale cantata premiered 4 June 1730, was probably not composed for Leipzig. Whether it can be associated with any cycle is unclear. An earlier Trinity Sunday cantata, Höchsterwünschtes Freudenfest, BWV 192, had already seen three different versions before its second version (1724) was given a repeat performance on 20 May 1731.
Between Trinity and Advent
It is not known which cantatas Bach may have performed on the first, second and third Sundays after Trinity in the last 20 years of his life.
Freue dich, erlöste Schar, BWV 30 was first performed on the Feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, 24 June 1738. It was a parody of the secular cantata BWV 30a, premiered in 1737. Picander probably wrote the librettos, as well for the original composition as for the parody. Durch die herzliche Barmherzigkeit is a cantata for St. John's Day composed by Johann Gottlieb Goldberg for which Bach helped copy out performance parts around 1745–46. Lobt ihn mit Herz und Munde, BWV 220 is a St. John's Day cantata by an unknown composer. Its oldest manuscript went lost but existed before 1761.
Meine Seele rühmt und preist, BWV 189 is a cantata for Visitation (2 July), using a German paraphrase of the Magnificat as text. It is dated to before 1761, based on what remains from its 18th-century sources. Likely it was however composed by Melchior Hoffmann, in 1715 at the latest. Around 1733 Bach produced the D Major version of his Magnificat, which he possibly performed on Visitation 2 July 1733.
Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ, BWV 177, a per omnes versus chorale cantata first performed on the fourth Sunday after Trinity 6 July 1732, is a late addition to the chorale cantata cycle. Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe, BWV 185 is a Weimar cantata for the fourth Sunday after Trinity existing in four versions, the last of which was produced in Leipzig around 1746–47.
Wer nur den lieben Gott läßt walten, BWV 93 is a chorale cantata for the fifth Sunday after Trinity, first presented in Bach's second year in Leipzig. Around 1732–33 he restaged it in a modified version.
It is not known which cantatas Bach may have performed after 1729 on the seventh and eighth Sundays after Trinity.
Was frag ich nach der Welt, BWV 94, a chorale cantata for the ninth Sunday after Trinity, first performed in Bach's second year in Leipzig, was probably restaged around 1732–35. Tue Rechnung! Donnerwort, BWV 168, a 1725 cantata for the same occasion, was possibly restaged after 1745.
For the tenth to thirteenth Sundays after Trinity it is not known which cantatas may have been performed in Leipzig after 1729.
Komm, du süße Todesstunde, BWV 161, a cantata for the 16th Sunday after Trinity or Purification, also exists in a later (Leipzig?) version, which was however probably not produced by the composer. For the 16th Sunday after trinity 17 September 1747 Bach produced a second version in D major of the chorale cantata Liebster Gott, wenn werd ich sterben? BWV 8. Its first version, in E major, had been premiered in 1724.
No performances of a cantata for the 17th Sunday after Trinity have been identified in Bach's last 20 years in Leipzig.
The chorale cantata Herr Gott, dich loben alle wir, BWV 130, for Michaelmas, premiered in 1724, was restaged in a modified version around 1732–35. Michaelmas has also been suggested for (the cantata fragment?) Nun ist das Heil und die Kraft, BWV 50, which has however an unclear origin.
Herr Christ, der einge Gottessohn, BWV 96, a chorale cantata for the 18th Sunday after Trinity, first performed in 1724, was given a repeat performance with a modified orchestration on 24 October 1734. The cantata was further restaged around 1746–47.
Bach's final version of the Reformation Day cantata Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott, BWV 80 may have originated around 1735. An earlier Leipzig version of the cantata, BWV 80b, was written 1727–31.
For the 19th to 22nd Sundays after Trinity no performed cantatas have been identified in Bach's last 20 years in Leipzig.
No further cantatas performed on Sundays after Trinity are known for the period 1730–49, until the 27th and last possible Sunday after Trinity: on that Sunday in 1731 Bach premiered Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme, BWV 140, a late addition to the chorale cantata cycle.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2016)
The election or inauguration of a new town council was celebrated with a service. Normally this was an annual event. The cantata written for such celebrations were indicated with the term "Ratswechsel" (changing of the council) or "Ratswahl" (election of the council). In Leipzig the service was held at the Nikolaikirche on the Monday following Bartholomew (Bartholomäus), 24 August.
Bach's Leipzig Ratswahl cantatas include:
- Before 1730:
- Bach's last 20 years in Leipzig
- Gott, gib dein Gerichte dem Könige, BWV 1140 (formerly BWV Anh. 3), 28 August 1730 (only Picander's text extant)
- Wir danken dir, Gott, wir danken dir, BWV 29, 27 August 1731 (reused 31 August 1739 and 24 August 1749)
- (BWV 137, chorale cantata for Trinity XII: "A performance on 25.8.1732 (Spitta II, p. 286f. and others) on the occasion of inauguration of the new city council is not proved.")
- Herrscher des Himmels, König der Ehren, BWV Anh. 193, 28 August 1740 (only text extant)
- Gott, man lobet dich in der Stille, BWV 120, 29 August 1742
- Lobe den Herrn, meine Seele, BWV 69, 1743–48 (adapted from BWV 69a)
200th anniversary of the Augsburg Confession
25 June 1730 was 200 years after the Augsburg Confession. In Leipzig the occasion was remembered by a three-day festival. Picander wrote three cantata librettos (later published in Ernst-Schertzhaffte und Satyrische Gedichte, Vol. III, 1732), one for each day of the celebration. Johann Sebastian Bach set these librettos. The music of these settings is however largely lost:
- Singet dem Herrn ein neues Lied, BWV 190a (25 June 1730, BDW 0231 – music lost but presumably borrowed from movements 1, 2, 3 and 5 of BWV 190)
- Gott, man lobet dich in der Stille, BWV 120b (26 June 1730, BDW 0147 – music lost but partially reconstructable from BWV 120, 120a, 232II/9 and 1019a)
- Wünschet Jerusalem Glück, BWV Anh. 4a (27 June 1730, BDW 1312 – music lost, probably based on the —equally lost— cantata BWV Anh. 4)
Leipzig church cantatas for weddings include:
- Sein Segen fließt daher wie ein Strom, BWV Anh. 14, 12 February 1725 (lost)
- Auf, süß entzückende Gewalt, BWV Anh. 196, 27 November 1725 (music lost)
- O ewiges Feuer, o Ursprung der Liebe, BWV 34a, after 1 June 1727 (incomplete)
- Der Herr ist freundlich dem, der auf ihn harret, BWV Anh. 211 18 January 1729 (music lost)
- Vergnügende Flammen, verdoppelt die Macht, BWV Anh. 212, 26 July 1729 (music lost)
- Herr Gott, Beherrscher aller Dinge, BWV 120a, 1729? (adapted from BWV 120, partly lost)
- Dem Gerechten muß das Licht, BWV 195, 1727–31?
- Gott ist unsre Zuversicht, BWV 197, 1736/37 (partly based on 197a)
- BWV 117 (1728–31) – BWV 192 (1730) – BWV 97 (1734) – BWV 100 (c.1734–35): (parts of?) chorale cantatas that were possibly initially intended as wedding cantatas (see above).
Funeral music of Bach's Leipzig period includes:
- On 6 February 1727, at the funeral of J. C. von Ponickau in Pomßen, a cantata in two parts was presented:
- Part I: Ich lasse dich nicht, du segnest mich denn, BWV 157, later reused as a cantata for Purification, see above.
- Part II: Liebster Gott, vergisst du mich, BWV Anh. 209, a lost cantata, composed on a 1711 libretto for the seventh Sunday after Trinity by G. C. Lehms. The cantata may have been composed in the Weimar period, or in the period between the second and the fourth cycle (possibly even as a Trinity XV cantata).
- Klagt, Kinder, klagt es aller Welt, BWV 244a, 24 March 1729, memorial service for Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Köthen (the lost music of this cantata is related to the St Matthew Passion)
- Schließt die Gruft! ihr Trauerglocken, BWV Anh. 16 (1735, music lost)
- Mein Gott, nimm die gerechte Seele, BWV Anh. 17 (music lost)
Apart from church cantatas for funerals, Bach also composed secular mourning music (Trauer-Ode, BWV 198, 17 October 1727) and several funeral motets (e.g. O Jesu Christ, meins Lebens Licht, BWV 118, c.1736–37).
- Late additions to the chorale cantata cycle: this cycle remained in Leipzig. Considering almost all chorale cantatas as late compositions, Spitta discussed them extensively in his 19th-century Bach-biography.
- (Cantatas transformed into) oratorios: these were conserved in Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach's legacy.
- Revised versions of cantatas composed for earlier cantata cycles.
- Cantatas composed for occasions outside the liturgical calendar (e.g. sacred cantatas for weddings), cantatas largely consisting of re-used material originally not composed for occasions of the liturgical calendar (e.g. BWV 191), and arrangements of compositions by others (e.g. BWV 200).
- Cantatas composed by students in the period they were tutored by Bach.
Whether there ever was a consistent fifth cycle of cantatas composed by Bach in the last twenty years of his life remains a matter of speculation: evidence of such cycle is remote and circumstantial, but it is a returning topic in scholarly literature.
- Philipp Spitta, translated by Clara Bell and J. A. Fuller Maitland. Book V: The Final Period of Bach's Life and Work, Chapter III: "The later Chorale Cantatas" pp. 64–108 in Johann Sebastian Bach: His Work and Influence on the Music of Germany, 1685–1750 Volume 3. Novello & Co. 1884–1885.
- Alfred Dürr; Richard D. P. Jones (6 July 2006). The Cantatas of J. S. Bach: With Their Librettos in German-English Parallel Text. OUP Oxford. ISBN 978-0-19-929776-4. "Introduction", pp. 29–45
- Tatiana Shabalina "Recent Discoveries in St Petersburg and their Meaning for the Understanding of Bach’s Cantatas" pp. 77-99 in Understanding Bach 4, 2009
- BDW 9341 at Bach Digital website
- Daniel R. Melamed. "J. F. Doles's Setting of a Picander Libretto and J. S. Bach's Teaching of Vocal Composition" in The Journal of Musicology, Vol. 14, No. 4 (Autumn, 1996), pp. 453-474. University of California Press
- D-B Mus. ms. 7918 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0274 at Bach Digital website
- (in German) Andreas Glöckner. "Ein weiterer Kantatenjahrgang Gottfried Heinrich Stölzels in Bachs Aufführungsrepertoire?" (Is there another cantata cycle by Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel that belonged to Bach’s performance repertoire?), pp. 95–115 in Bach-Jahrbuch 2009
- (in German) Marc-Roderich Pfau. "Ein unbekanntes Leipziger Kantatenheft aus dem Jahr 1735: Neues zum Thema Bach und Stölzel", pp. 99–122 in Bach-Jahrbuch 2008
- BDW 0047 and 0048 at Bach Digital website
- D-B Mus. ms. Bach P 869 at Bach Digital website
- Classical Net Uns ist ein Kind geboren (Unto us a child is born), Classical Net, 1998
- BDW 0073 at Bach Digital website
- Alfred Dörffel. Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe Volume 27: Thematisches Verzeichniss der Kirchencantaten No. 1–120. Breitkopf & Härtel, 1878. Introduction, pp. V–IX
- BDW 0074 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0103 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0104, 0105 and 0106 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0195 at Bach Digital website
- D-B Mus. ms. Bach P 124 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0152 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0191 at Bach Digital website
- Alfred Dürr; Richard D. P. Jones (6 July 2006). The Cantatas of J. S. Bach: With Their Librettos in German-English Parallel Text. OUP Oxford. ISBN 978-0-19-929776-4. pp. 36–41
- BDW 0219 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0030 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0192 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0128 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0013 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0233 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0236, 0237 and 0238 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0038 and 0039 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 9155 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0277 at Bach Digital website
- Verschollen BWV 220 (1), Breitkopf at Bach Digital website
- D-LEsta 21081/7372 Nr. 7 and BDW 0229 at Bach Digital website
- D-B Mus. ms. Bach P 39 and BDW 0302 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0215 at Bach Digital website
- D-B Mus. ms. Bach St 4 and BDW 0224 at Bach Digital website
- D-LEb Thomana 93, Faszikel 1 and BDW 0118 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0011 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0119 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0203 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0097 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0066 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0196 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0010 and 0009 at Bach Digital website
- CH-CObodmer Ms.11625 and BDW 0158/0159 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0065 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0121 at Bach Digital website
- Dürr/Jones o.c., p. 709
- F-Ppo A. Mickiewicz Rkp. 973 – RUS-SPsc BWV 80b – US-PRscheide (o. Sign.) BWV 80b – BDW 0101 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0171 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 0172 at Bach Digital website
- Work 0234 at Bach Digital website
- Work 1310 at Bach Digital website.
- Work 0169 at Bach Digital website
- Picander (=Christian Friedrich Henrici). Ernst-Schertzhaffte und Satyrische Gedichte, Volume III. Leipzig: Joh. Theod. Boetii Tochter (1732; 2nd printing 1737), pp. 73–79
- New Bach Edition (Bärenreiter). Volume 34: Kirchenkantaten verschiedener, teils unbekannter Bestimmung in Series I: Cantatas
- BDW 0044 and 0045 at Bach Digital website
- BWV2a, p. 456
- BDW 1520 at Bach Digital website
- Christine Blanken. "A Cantata-Text Cycle of 1728 from Nuremberg: a Preliminary Report on a Discovery relating to J. S. Bach's so-called 'Third Annual Cantata Cycle'", pp. 9–30 in Understanding Bach, Vol. 10, 2015.
- BDW 1324 at Bach Digital website
- BDW 1325 at Bach Digital website
|Church cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach by chronology|
Bach's fourth cantata cycle
| Late church cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach|