Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County
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巴里坤县 • باركۆل ناھىيىسى • باركول اۋدانى
(Chinese) • (Uyghur) • (Kazakh)
|Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County
باركۆل قازاق ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى
باركول قازاق اۆتونوميالى اۋدانى
|Prefecture-level divisions||Hami Prefecture|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County (Chinese: 巴里坤哈萨克自治县; pinyin: Bālǐkūn Hāsàkèzú Zìzhìxiàn; Uyghur: باركۆل قازاق ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى, ULY: Barköl Qazaq Aptonom Nahiyisi, UYY: Barkɵl K̡azak̡ Aptonom Nah̡iyisi?, (Kazakh: باركول قازاق اۆتونوميالى اۋدانى Barköl Qazaq awtonomïyalıq awdanı; sometimes written Barkul in English)
It was made an autonomous county on October 1, 1954.
Barköl is noted for camel and horse breeding with the Barköl horse well known throughout China. Due to the large number of camels, which is unparalleled in China, the county is nicknamed of the "county of ten thousand camels".
Ethnic groups in Barkol, 2000 census
Lake Barkol is an alkali lake in a closed basin located at . Current rainfall averages 210 millimetres (8.3 in), while the annual evaporation rate is 2,250 millimetres (89 in). Ancient shorelines show up as concentric rings on the satellite photo at right, indicating that water levels have varied many times in the past. One study identified five climates at Lake Barkol over the past 8,000 years, ranging from warm and wet to cold and wet and finally cold and dry at present. The average annual temperature in the area is now just 1 °C (34 °F), though temperatures swing from extreme highs (33.5 °C (92.3 °F)) to extreme lows (−43.6 °C (−46.5 °F)).
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