Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County

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Barköl County
巴里坤县باركۆل ناھىيىسىباركول اۋدانى
(Chinese) • (Uyghur) • (Kazakh)
Autonomous County
Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County
باركۆل قازاق ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى
باركول قازاق اۆتونوميالى اۋدانى
Location of Barkol within Xinjiang (China).png
Country China
Province Xinjiang
Prefecture-level divisions Hami Prefecture
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Barkol Lake and Barkol, astronaut photograph from ISS

Barköl Kazakh Autonomous County (Chinese: 巴里坤哈萨克自治县; pinyin: Bālǐkūn Hāsàkèzú Zìzhìxiàn; Uyghur: باركۆل قازاق ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى‎, ULY: Barköl Qazaq Aptonom Nahiyisi, UYY: Barkɵl K̡azak̡ Aptonom Nah̡iyisi?, (Kazakh: باركول قازاق اۆتونوميالى اۋدانى Barköl Qazaq awtonomïyalıq awdanı; sometimes written Barkul in English)

The county is part of Kumul Prefecture in Xinjiang, China and has an area of 38,445.3 square kilometres (14,843.8 sq mi).

In the north it borders Mongolia, in the south the city of Kumul and in the west the Mori Kazakh Autonomous County of Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture.

It was made an autonomous county on October 1, 1954.

Barköl is noted for camel and horse breeding with the Barköl horse well known throughout China. Due to the large number of camels, which is unparalleled in China, the county is nicknamed of the "county of ten thousand camels".

Ethnic groups in Barkol, 2000 census[edit]

Nationality Population Percentage
Han 55,169 64.18%
Kazakh 29,236 34.01%
Mongol 1,173 1.36%
Hui 164 0.19%
Uyghur 134 0.16%
Manchu 26 0.03%
Tatar 22 0.03%
Russian 11 0.01%
Yi 9 0.01%
Others 20 0.02%

Lake Barkol[edit]

Lake Barkol is an alkali lake in a closed basin located at 43°40′05″N 92°48′11″E / 43.668°N 92.803°E / 43.668; 92.803. Current rainfall averages 210 millimetres (8.3 in), while the annual evaporation rate is 2,250 millimetres (89 in). Ancient shorelines show up as concentric rings on the satellite photo at right, indicating that water levels have varied many times in the past. One study identified five climates at Lake Barkol over the past 8,000 years, ranging from warm and wet to cold and wet and finally cold and dry at present. The average annual temperature in the area is now just 1 °C (34 °F), though temperatures swing from extreme highs (33.5 °C (92.3 °F)) to extreme lows (−43.6 °C (−46.5 °F)).[1]


Coordinates: 43°36′N 93°01′E / 43.600°N 93.017°E / 43.600; 93.017