|Place of origin||United States|
|Main ingredients||Beans (usually navy beans)|
A bean pie is a sweet custard pie whose filling consists of mashed beans, usually navy bean, sugar, eggs, milk, butter and spices. Common spices and flavorings include vanilla, cinnamon and nutmeg. Variations can include cloves, ginger, pumpkin pie spice and lemon extract.
Bean pies are commonly associated with cuisine of African American Muslims as an alternative to soul foods, except those containing vanilla extract or imitation vanilla extract because they contain alcohol. The pies are also specifically associated with the Nation of Islam Movement and Elijah Muhammad, who encouraged their consumption instead of certain ingredients associated with soul food.
Members of the community commonly sell bean pies as part of their fundraising efforts. The bean pie was allegedly introduced by the founder of the Nation of Islam, Wallace Fard Muhammad, who had been a restaurateur in the 1910s and 1920s prior to founding the Nation of Islam in the beginning of the 1930s.
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