Chromosome 4 (human)

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Chromosome 4 (human)
Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 4 cropped.png
Human chromosome 4 pair after G-banding. One is from mother, one is from father.
Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome 4.png
Chromosome 4 pair in human male karyogram.
Features
Length (bp) 190,214,555 bp[citation needed]
Number of genes 1,702
Type Autosome
Centromere position Submetacentric [1]
Identifiers
RefSeq NC_000004
GenBank CM000666
Map of Chromosome 4
Ideogram of human chromosome 4. Mbp means mega base pair. See locus for other notation.

Chromosome 4 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in humans. People normally have two copies of this chromosome. Chromosome 4 spans more than 186 million base pairs (the building material of DNA)[citation needed] and represents between 6 and 6.5 percent of the total DNA in cells.

Genomics[edit]

The chromosome is ~191 megabases in length.[citation needed] 757 protein encoding genes have been identified on this chromosome to date.[2] 211 (27.9%) of these coding sequences currently do not have any experimental evidence at the protein level. 271 appear to be membrane proteins. 54 have been classified as cancer associated proteins.

Genes[edit]

The following are some of the genes located on chromosome 4:

Diseases & disorders[edit]

The following are some of the diseases related to genes located on chromosome 4:

References[edit]

  • Goldfrank D, Schoenberger E, Gilbert F; Schoenberger; Gilbert (2003). "Disease genes and chromosomes: disease maps of the human genome. Chromosome 4". Genet Test 7 (4): 351–72. doi:10.1089/109065703322783752. PMID 15000816. 
  • Hillier LW, Graves TA, Fulton RS, Fulton LA, Pepin KH, Minx P, Wagner-McPherson C, Layman D, Wylie K, Sekhon M, Becker MC, Fewell GA, Delehaunty KD, Miner TL, Nash WE, Kremitzki C, Oddy L, Du H, Sun H, Bradshaw-Cordum H, Ali J, Carter J, Cordes M, Harris A, Isak A, van Brunt A, Nguyen C, Du F, Courtney L, Kalicki J, Ozersky P, Abbott S, Armstrong J, Belter EA, Caruso L, Cedroni M, Cotton M, Davidson T, Desai A, Elliott G, Erb T, Fronick C, Gaige T, Haakenson W, Haglund K, Holmes A, Harkins R, Kim K, Kruchowski SS, Strong CM, Grewal N, Goyea E, Lou S, Levy A, Martinka S, Mead K, McLellan MD, Meyer R, Randall-Maher J, Tomlinson C, Dauphin-Kohlberg S, Kozlowicz-Reilly A, Shah N, Swearengen-Shahid S, Snider J, Strong JT, Thompson J, Yoakum M, Leonard S, Pearman C, Trani L, Radionenko M, Waligorski JE, Wang C, Rock SM, Tin-Wollam AM, Maupin R, Latreille P, Wendl MC, Yang SP, Pohl C, Wallis JW, Spieth J, Bieri TA, Berkowicz N, Nelson JO, Osborne J, Ding L, Meyer R, Sabo A, Shotland Y, Sinha P, Wohldmann PE, Cook LL, Hickenbotham MT, Eldred J, Williams D, Jones TA, She X, Ciccarelli FD, Izaurralde E, Taylor J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Cox DR, Huang X, McPherson JD, Mardis ER, Clifton SW, Warren WC, Chinawalla AT, Teddy SR, Marra MA, Ovcharenko I, Furey TS, Miller W, Eichler EE, Pork P, Suyama M, Torrents D, Waterston RH, Wilson RK; Graves; Fulton; Fulton; Pepin; Minx; Wagner-Mcpherson; Layman; Wylie; Sekhon; Becker; Fewell; Delehaunty; Miner; Nash; Kremitzki; Oddy; Du; Sun; Bradshaw-Cordum; Ali; Carter; Cordes; Harris; Isak; Van Brunt; Nguyen; Du; Courtney et al. (2005). "Generation and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4". Nature 434 (7034): 724–31. Bibcode:2005Natur.434..724H. doi:10.1038/nature03466. PMID 15815621. 
  1. ^ "Table 2.3: Human chromosome groups". Human Molecular Genetics (2nd ed.). Garland Science. 1999. 
  2. ^ Chen LC, Liu MY, Hsiao YC, Choong WK, Wu HY, Hsu WL, Liao PC, Sung TY, Tsai SF, Yu JS, Chen YJ (2012) Decoding the disease-associated proteins enoded in the human chromosome 4. J Proteome Res
  3. ^ Lemmers, Richard; Patrick J. van der Vliet, Rinse Klooster, Sabrina Sacconi, Pilar Camaño, Johannes G. Dauwerse, Lauren Snider, Kirsten R. Straasheijm, Gert Jan van Ommen, George W. Padberg, Daniel G. Miller, Stephen J. Tapscott, Rabi Tawil, Rune R. Frants, and Silvère M. van der Maarel; Klooster, Rinse; Sacconi, Sabrina; Camaño, Pilar; Dauwerse, Johannes G.; Snider, Lauren; Straasheijm, Kirsten R.; Jan Van Ommen, Gert; Padberg, George W.; Miller, Daniel G.; Tapscott, Stephen J.; Tawil, Rabi; Frants, Rune R.; Van Der Maarel, Silvère M. (19 August 2010). "A Unifying Genetic Model for Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy". Science 329 (5999): 1650–3. Bibcode:2010Sci...329.1650L. doi:10.1126/science.1189044. PMID 20724583.