Civil awards and decorations of Albania

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The Civil awards and decorations of Albania are awards and decorations that have been given in Albania since 1925.

History of the awards[edit]

The first decoration to be given by modern Albania is considered to be the Order of the Black Eagle, given by the Principality of Albania in 1913.[1]

In 1925 Ahmet Zogu, while 16th Prime Minister of Albania, instituted other awards, such as the Order of Skanderbeg, and in 1926 instituted the Order of Besa.[1]

Several other laws were passed during Communist Albania. In 1960 the law On the creation of the honorary titles in the arts sector (Albanian: Mbi krijimin e titujve të nderit në sektorin e arteve) was passed by the Parliament of Albania.[2]

In 1980 another law, entitled On the honorary titles and decorations in the Socialist People's Republic of Albania (Albanian: Për titujt e nderit dhe dekoratat e Republikës Popullore Socialiste të Shqipërisë) amended the 1960 law.[3]

In 1996 the Parliament of Albania passed the law entitled On the decorations in the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Per dekoratat ne Republiken e Shqiperise).[4] An addition to the 1996 law was made in 2001.[5]

A regulation on the awarding of the decorations was issued afterwards from president Alfred Moisiu. [6]

List of the civil award used in Albania[edit]

Prior to 1945[edit]

1945-1990[edit]

97 different types of awards were given in Communist Albania during 1945-1990. [7]

The main awards were the following:[2][3]

  1. People's Hero of Albania
  2. Hero of Socialist Labour (Albania) (discontinued after 1990)
  3. People's Sculptor of Albania (discontinued after 1990)
  4. People's Teacher of Albania (discontinued after 1990)
  5. Merited Teacher of Albania (discontinued after 1990)
  6. Merited Artists of Albania (discontinued after 1990)
  7. People's Artist of Albania (discontinued after 1990)
  8. National Order of Flag (Urdhri i Flamurit Kombëtar) continued even post 1990
  9. Skanderbeg's Order (Urdhri “Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbeu”) continued even post 1990
  10. Naim Frashëri Order (Urdhri “Naim Frashëri”) continued even post 1990

Post 1990[edit]

The following additional civil awards and decorations were instituted by special law of 1996:[4][dead link]

  1. Honor of Nation Order (Urdhri “Nderi i Kombit” )
  2. National Flag Order (Dekorata e Flamurit Kombëtar)
  3. Mother Teresa Order (Urdhri “Nënë Tereza”)
  4. Grand Master of Work Order (Urdhri “Mjeshtër i Madh i Punës”)
  5. Golden Medal of the Eagle (“Medalja e Artë e Shqiponjës”)
  6. Military Services Medal (Medalja “Për Shërbime Ushtarake”)
  7. Particular Civil Merits Medal (Medalja “Për Merita të Veçanta Civile”)
  8. Martyr of Democracy Medal (Medalja “Martir i Demokracisë”)
  9. Lantern of Democracy Medal (Medalja “Pishtar i Demokracisë”)
  10. Medal of Gratitude (“Medalja e Mirënjohjes”)
  11. Governor's Award (Albania)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Brunga, Mark (September 27, 2012). "Urdhri i Shqiponjes se Zeze dekorata e pare e shteti shqiptar". Gazeta e Durresit. 
  2. ^ a b Parliament of Albania. "LIGJI Nr.3171, Datë 26.10.1960 Mbi krijimin e titujve të nderit në sektorin e arteve" (in Albanian). Parliament of Albania. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Parliament of Albania. "Ligj Nr.6133, datë 12.2.1980 Për titujt e nderit dhe dekoratat e Republikës Popullore Socialiste të Shqipërisë" (in Albanian). Parliament of Albania. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Parliament of Albania1996 (March 28, 1996). "Per dekoratat ne Republiken e Shqiperise" (PDF) (in Albanian). Parliament of Albania. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  5. ^ Parliament of Albania 2001. "Additions and changes on the Law number 8113 of 1996 "On decorations in the Republic of Albania"" (PDF) (in Albanian). Parliament of Albania. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  6. ^ Alfred Moisiu, President of Albania. "Regulation on the procedure of awarding decorations and honorary titles from the President of the Republic of Albania" (PDF) (in Albanian). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 3, 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2015. 
  7. ^ Gaszewski, Lukasz. "Orders and Medals of the People's Republic of Albania (1945-76) and People's Socialist Republic of Albania (1976-90)". Based on The Decorations of Socialist Albania by Eric R. Schena. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 

Further reading[edit]