Date format by country

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For date formats in non-Gregorian calendars, see Calendar#Calendars in use. For Date and time format, see Date and time representation by country.

The legal and cultural expectations for date formats varies among populations. This page gives an overview of the Gregorian calendar date formats in general use[clarification needed] by country.


All examples use example date 1996-04-22 / 22 April 1996 / April 22, 1996 – except where a single-digit day is illustrated.

Basic components of a calendar date for the most common calendar systems:

Y – year
M – month
D – day

Order of the basic components:

Bbig-endian (year, month, day), e.g. 1996-04-22
Llittle-endian (day, month, year), e.g. 22.04.96 or 22/04/96 or 22 April 1996
Mmiddle-endian (month, day, year), e.g. 04/22/96 or April 22, 1996

Specific formats for the basic components:

yy – two-digit year, e.g. 96
yyyy – four-digit year, e.g. 1996
m – one-digit month for months below 10, e.g. 4
mm – two-digit month, e.g. 04
mmm – three-letter abbreviation for month, e.g. Apr
mmmm – month spelled out in full, e.g. April
d – one-digit day for days below 10, e.g. 2
dd – two-digit day, e.g. 02

Separators of the components:

"/" – slash
"." – dots or full stops
"-" – hyphens or dashes
" " – spaces
Color      Order styles Main regions and countries (approximate population of each region in millions) Approximate population in millions
DMY Asia (Central, SE, West), Australia (24), New Zealand (5), parts of Europe (ca. 675), Latin America (570), North Africa; India (1240), Indonesia (250), Nigeria (170), Bangladesh (150), Russia (140) 3295
YMD China (1360), Koreas (75), Taiwan (23), Hungary (10), Iran (80), Japan (130), Lithuania. Known in other countries due to ISO 8601. 1660
MDY American Samoa (0.054), Federated States of Micronesia (0.106), Guam (0.163), Marshall Islands (0.053), Northern Mariana Islands (0.053), United States (325), United States Virgin Islands (0.103) 325
DMY, MDY Philippines (100), Saudi Arabia (30) 130
DMY, YMD Albania (3), Austria (9), Croatia (4), Czech Republic (11), Denmark (6),[1][not in citation given] Germany (81),[2][not in citation given] Hong Kong (9), Kenya (45), Latvia (2)[not in citation given], Macau (1), Nepal (50), South Africa (54), Slovenia (2), Sweden (10)[3] 290
DMY, MDY, YMD Canada (40) 40


Country Format [clarification needed] Details ISO 8601
Afghanistan Yes Yes No [4]
Åland Islands Yes Yes No Short format: yyyy-mm-dd
Long format: d mmmm yyyy
Albania Yes Yes No dd/mm/yyyy
Some YMD[5][6][7]
Algeria No Yes No [8] (dd/mm/yyyy)[9]
American Samoa No No Yes
Andorra No Yes No
Angola No Yes No
Anguilla No Yes No
Antigua and Barbuda No Yes No
Argentina No Yes No [10]
Armenia No Yes No ([11][12]
Aruba No Yes No
Ascension No Yes No
Australia Yes Yes No The numeric MDY is never used in Australia, except when Australians adopt culturally significant overseas usage e.g. the "9/11" attacks.[13] The government standard is DMY,[14] although YMD also occurs in technical writing. In commercial writing, news (occasionally) and newspapers, the use of MDY is not unusual and is recognized by all readers when the month is named or abbreviated. AS 3802:1997
Austria Yes Yes No (Using dots (which denote ordinal numbering) as in “d.m.(yy)yy” or sometimes "d. month (yy)yy")[15][16] ÖNORM EN 28601
Azerbaijan No Yes No ([17]
Bahrain No Yes No [18]
Bahamas No Yes No
Bangladesh Yes Yes No Not officially Standardized. (In Georgian calendar dates, Century digits may be omitted, e.g., dd-mm-yy or yy-mm-dd) and in, (Bengali calendar dates = বববব-মম-দদ or দদ-মম-বববব)
Barbados No Yes No BNS 50:2000[19]
Belarus No Yes No ([20][21]
Belgium No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)[22][23] NBN EN 28601
Belize No Yes No [24]
Benin No Yes No
Bermuda No Yes No
Bhutan Yes No No
Bolivia No Yes No [25]
Bonaire No Yes No
Bosnia and Herzegovina No Yes No (d. m. yyyy. or d. month yyyy.)
Botswana Yes Yes No
Brazil No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)[26][27]
British Virgin Islands No Yes No
Brunei No Yes No [28]
Bulgaria No Yes No ([29][30]
Burkina Faso No Yes No
Burundi No Yes No
Cambodia Yes Yes No Short format: dd/mm/yy or yyyy-mm-dd
Long format: d mmmm yyyy[31]
Cameroon Yes Yes No
Canada Yes Yes Yes All three main types are used in Canada – in French and in English.[32][33]

Social Insurance applications for Canada use DMY format.[34]

Passport applications[35] and tax returns[36] use YYYY MM DD.

Immigration Canada Stamps use DD/MM/YYYY and Canada Customs Stamps use MMM/DD/YYYY.

Nearly all English newspapers use MDY (MMM[M] D, YYYY).[37]

Cape Verde No Yes No
Cayman Islands No Yes No
Central African Republic No Yes No
Chad No Yes No
Chile No Yes No [38]
China Yes No No National standard format is yyyy-mm-dd (with leading zeros) and yyyy年m月d日 (without leading zeros)[39]; casually many people use yyyy.m.d (without leading zeros). See Dates in Chinese. GB/T 7408-2005
Cocos (Keeling) Islands No Yes No
Colombia No Yes No [40]
Comoros No Yes No
(East and West)
No Yes No
Cook Islands No Yes No
Costa Rica No Yes No [41]
Croatia No Yes No (d. m. yyyy. or d. month yyyy.)[42][43]
Cuba No Yes No [44]
Curaçao No Yes No
Cyprus No Yes No dd/mm/yyyy [45]
Czech Republic No Yes No (d. m. yyyy or d. month yyyy)[46][47] ČSN ISO 8601
Denmark No Yes No Examples: Long date: 07 juni 1994 Long date with weekday: onsdag den 21. December 1994 Numeric date: 1994-06-07[48]

(The format dd-mm-(yy)yy is the traditional Danish date format.[49] The international format yyyy-mm-dd or yyyymmdd is also accepted, though this format is not commonly used, and is will most likely to be misread in a standard piece of text, where dd-mm is expected! There are no official standard for numeric date format, although the traditional format is the most widely used. The formats d. 'month name' yyyy and in handwriting d/m-yy or d/m yyyy are also acceptable.[50]).

DS/ISO 8601:2005[51]
Djibouti No Yes Yes
Dominica No Yes No
Dominican Republic No Yes No [52]
East Timor No Yes No
Ecuador No Yes No [53]
Egypt No Yes No [54][55]
El Salvador No Yes No [56]
Equatorial Guinea No Yes Yes
Eritrea No Yes Yes
Estonia No Yes No ( or d. mmmm yyyy)[57]
Ethiopia No Yes Yes [58]
Falkland Islands No Yes No
Faroe Islands No Yes No
Federated States of Micronesia No Yes Yes [59][citation needed]
Finland No Yes Yes (d.m.yyyy or d. month yyyy) for Finnish and Swedish[60]

(d.m.yyyy or month d. yyyy) for Inari Sami, Northern Sami and Skolt Sami

SFS-EN 28601
Fiji No Yes No
France Yes Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy) for Alsatian, Catalan, Corsican, French and Occitan[61][62]

(yyyy-mm-dd) for Breton and Interlingua

NF EN 28601
French Guiana No Yes No
French Polynesia No Yes No
Gabon No Yes No
Gambia No Yes No
Georgia No Yes No (
Germany Yes Yes No The format using dots (which denote ordinal numbering) is the traditional German date format.[63] Since 1996-05-01, the international format yyyy-mm-dd has become the official standard date format, but the handwritten form d. 'month name' yyyy is also accepted (see DIN 5008). Standardization applies to all applications in the scope of the standard including uses in government, education, engineering and sciences. Since 2006, the old format (d)d.(m)m.(yy)yy is allowed again as alternative to the yyyy-mm-dd format in areas where there is no risk of ambiguation. DIN ISO 8601, used in DIN 5008[64]
Ghana Yes Yes Yes (yyyy/mm/dd) for Akan


(m/d/yyyy) for Ewe

Gibraltar No Yes No
Greece No Yes No [65][66] ELOT EN 28601
Greenland No Yes Yes (dd/mm/yyyy or d. mmmm yyyy) for Danish

(dd-mm-yyyy or mmmm d.-at, yyyy) for Greenlandic[67][68]

Grenada No Yes No
Guadeloupe No Yes No
Guam No No Yes
Guatemala No Yes No [69]
Guernsey No Yes No
Guinea No Yes Yes
Guinea-Bissau No Yes Yes
Guyana No Yes No
Haiti No Yes No
Hong Kong, China Yes Yes No (yy)yy年m月d日 (with no leading zeros) for Chinese[70] and (d)d/(m)m/(yy)yy for English
Honduras No Yes No [71]
Hungary Yes No No yyyy. mm. (d)d.

The year is always written with Arabic numerals. The number of the month is usually written with Arabic numerals but it also can be written with Roman numerals, or the month's full name can be written out, the first letter not being capitalized. The day is also written with Arabic numerals.[72][73][74][75]

MSZ ISO 8601:2003
Iceland No Yes No ([76][77] IST EN 28601:1992
India Yes Yes Yes In India, the DD-MM-YY is the predominant short form of the numeric date usage. Almost all government documents need to be filled up in the DD-MM-YYYY format. An example of DD-MM-YYYY usage is the passport application form.[78][79][80] Though not yet a common practice, the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) of the Government of India introduced the standard named "IS 7900:2001 (Revised in 2006) Data Elements And Interchange Formats – Information Interchange – Representation Of Dates And Times" which officially recommends use of the date format YYYYMMDD, for example, 20130910 or 2013 09 10, or 2013-09-10 for the date 10 September 2013 IS 7900:2001
Indonesia No Yes No
Iran, Islamic Republic of Yes Yes No Short format: yyyy/mm/dd[81] in Persian Calendar system ("yy/m/d" is a common alternative). Gregorian dates follow the same rules in Persian literature but tend to be written in the dd/mm/yyyy format in official English documents.[82]

Long format: YYYY MMMM D (Day first, full month name, and year in right-to-left writing direction)[81]

Iraq Yes Yes No Short format: (dd/mm/yyyy)[83]
Ireland No Yes No (dd-mm-yyyy). dd/mm/yyyy is also in common use[84][85] IS/EN 28601:1993
Isle of Man No Yes No
Israel (including Golan Heights) No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)[86][87]
Italy No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)[88] UNI EN 28601
Ivory Coast No Yes No
Jamaica Yes Yes No [89]
Jan Mayen No Yes No
Japan Yes No No Often in the form yyyy年mm月dd日;[90] sometimes Japanese era year is used, e.g. 平成18年12月30日.[91] JIS X 0301:2002
Jersey No Yes No
Jordan No Yes No [92][93]
Kazakhstan No Yes No ( in Kazakh and ( in Russian[94]
Kenya Yes Yes Yes (yy/mm/dd)[95]


(m/d/yyyy) for Swahili,[96] Somali & Oromo

Kiribati No Yes No
(North and South)
Yes No No (yyyy년 mm월 dd일,, yyyy-mm-dd)[97]
Kosovo No Yes No
Kuwait No Yes No [98]
Kyrgyz Republic No Yes No ([99]
Lao People's Democratic Republic No Yes No [100]
Latvia No Yes No (;[101] yyyy. gada d. mmmm is also used[102])
Lebanon No Yes No [103]
Lesotho Yes Yes No
Liberia No Yes No
Libya No Yes No [104]
Liechtenstein No Yes No ([105]
Lithuania Yes No No (yyyy-mm-dd)[106]

yyyy <m.> <month in genitive> d <d.>

LST ISO 8601:1997 (obsolete) LST ISO 8601:2006 (current)[107]
Luxembourg No Yes No [108]) ITM-EN 28601
Macau Yes Yes No YMD (same as Hong Kong)[109]

DMY (in Portuguese & English)

Macedonia No Yes No ([110]
Madagascar No Yes No
Malawi No Yes No
Malaysia No Yes Yes In Malaysian English, however, the American-style MDY is also sometimes used, example includes article published in the country English media of Daily Express, Free Malaysia Today, Malaysia Outlook, The Borneo Post, The Edge and The Malay Mail. New Sabah Times, New Straits Times and The Rakyat Post mainly use DMY, while The Star originally uses MDY before it changed to DMY after their website revamp.
Maldives Yes Yes No [111] In The Maldives, the date format usually used is dd(th) of mmm, yyyy. E.g.: "01st of January, 2015". Other common formats include:, dd/mm/(yy)yy, and dd-mm-(yy)yy.
Mali No Yes No
Malta No Yes No
Marshall Islands No No Yes
Martinique No Yes No
Mauritania No Yes No
Mauritius No Yes No
Mayotte No Yes No
Mexico No Yes No [112] NOM-008-SCFI-2002
Moldova No Yes No
Monaco No Yes No [113]
Mongolia Yes No No (yyyy/m/d)[114]
Montenegro No Yes No (d.m.yyyy)[115]
Montserrat No Yes No
Morocco No Yes No [116]
Mozambique No Yes No
Myanmar Yes Yes No YMD for Burmese calendar. DMY for Gregorian or Julian calendar.
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic No Yes No ([17][12]
Namibia Yes Yes No DMY[117]
Nauru No Yes No
Nepal Yes Yes Yes DMY,[citation needed] YMD in official Nepali Vikram Samvat calendar (also see Nepal Sambat which is also in use); Month first in Nepali newspaper (English language version)[1]
Netherlands No Yes No (Using hyphens as in “dd-mm-yyyy”) [118] NEN ISO 8601 & NEN EN 28601 & NEN 2772
New Caledonia No Yes No
New Zealand No Yes No [119]
Nicaragua No Yes No [120]
Niger No Yes No
Nigeria No Yes Yes dd/mm/yy[121]
Niue No Yes No
Norfolk Island No Yes No
Northern Mariana Islands No No Yes
Norway Yes Yes Yes; leading zeroes and century digits may be omitted, e.g., 10.02.15; ddmmyy (six figures, no century digits, no delimiters) allowed in tables. ISO dates yyyy-mm-dd can be used for "technical" purposes. The fraction form d/m-y is incorrect, but is common and considered passable in handwriting. Lule Sami and Southern Sami use ( or mmmm d. b. yyyy)[122] NS-ISO 8601[123]
Oman No Yes No [124]
Pakistan No Yes Yes [125][126] (dd/mm/(yy)yy); mm/dd/(yy)yy is also used in many media publications and prominent newspapers feature dates in MDY format.
Palestine (Palestinian Authority, West Bank and Gaza Strip) No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)
Palau No Yes No
Panama No Yes Yes Short format: mm/dd/yyyy
Long format: d de mmmm de yyyy[127]
Papua New Guinea No Yes No
Paraguay No Yes No [128]
Peru No Yes No [129]
Philippines No Yes Yes English: mmmm dd, yyyy
DMY is also used in some other instances such as on the data page of passports and immigration and customs forms.
Filipino: ika-dd ng mmmm, yyyy[130]
(Note: Month and year can be shortened. Filipino dates may also be written in mmmm dd, yyyy in civil use but still pronounced as above.)
Pitcairn Islands No Yes No
Poland No Yes No (,[131] often with dots as separators; more official is d <month in genitive> yyyy, or, less frequently, d <month in Roman numerals> yyyy)[132][133] PN-90/N-01204
Portugal Yes Yes No Mostly (dd/mm/yyyy) and (dd-mm-yyyy); some newer documents use (yyyy-mm-dd).[134] NP EN 28601
Puerto Rico No Yes Yes (dd/mm/yyyy) in Spanish and (mm/dd/(yy)yy) in English
Qatar No Yes No [135]
Réunion No Yes No
Romania No Yes No ([136][137] Also widely used: (d)d-Mmm[3 letters of month name with the notable exception of Nov for November, which would otherwise be Noiembrie]-yyyy and (d)d-XII-yyyy (month number as a Roman numeral with lines above AND below, slowly deprecating)
Russian Federation Yes Yes Yes (;[138] more official is d <month in genitive> yyyy <г. (= g., short for goda, i.e. year in genitive)>. Another possible format is, d.m.yyyy, yyyy-mm-dd, yyyy mm d or yyyy c. mmmm d күнэ, mmmm d күнэ yyyy c. for Sakha. ГОСТ ИСО 8601-2001
Rwanda Yes Yes No
Saba No Yes No
Saint Barthélemy No Yes No
Saint Helena No Yes No
Saint Kitts and Nevis No Yes No
Saint Lucia No Yes No
Saint Martin No Yes No
Saint Pierre and Miquelon No Yes No
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines No Yes No
Samoa No Yes No
San Marino No Yes No
São Tomé and Príncipe No Yes No
Saudi Arabia No Yes Yes (dd/mm/yyyy in Islamic and Gregorian calendar systems,[139][140] except for major companies, which conventionally use the American mm/dd/yyyy format.[citation needed])
Senegal No Yes No
Serbia No Yes No (d.m.yyyy or d. month yyyy.)[141][142][143][144]
Seychelles No Yes No
Sierra Leone No Yes No
Singapore Yes Yes No (Chinese representation: yyyy年m月d日, no leading zeroes)[145]

DMY in English[146]

Sint Eustatius No Yes No
Sint Maarten No Yes No
Slovakia No Yes No (d. m. yyyy)[147]
Slovenia Yes Yes No YMD[148]

(d.m.yyyy or d. mmmm yyyy)[149]

Solomon Islands No Yes No
Somalia No Yes Yes Short format: dd/mm/yyyy
Long format: mmmm dd, yyyy
South Africa Yes Yes Yes (yyyy-mm-dd or yyyy mmmm d) for Setswana, Northern Sotho, Southern Ndebele, Southern Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Venda and Xhosa

(yyyy/mm/dd, yyyy-mm-dd or dd mmmm yyyy) for Afrikaans and English[citation needed][150][151]

(m/d/yyyy or mmmm d, yyyy) for Zulu

ARP 010:1989
Spain Yes Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy) for Asturian, Catalan, Galician, Spanish and Valencian[152]

(yyyy/mm/dd) for Basque

UNE EN 28601
Sri Lanka Yes Yes No yyyy-mm-dd format is the most common out of these.
(North and South)
No Yes No
Suriname No Yes No
Svalbard No Yes No
Swaziland Yes Yes No
Sweden Yes Yes Yes National standard format is yyyy-mm-dd;[153] casually many people use d/m yyyy or d/m -yy. Another possible format is den d mmmm yyyy. Lule Sami, Northern Sami and Southern Sami use yyyy-mm-dd or mmmm d. b. yyyy[154] SS-EN 28601
Switzerland Yes Yes No ([155][156] SN ISO 8601:2005-08
Syrian Arab Republic No Yes No [157]
Taiwan Yes No No (yyyy/m/d or yyyy年m月d日 with no leading zeroes, year might be represented using ROC era system: 民國95年12月30日.[158])
Tajikistan No Yes No ([159]
Tanzania No Yes No
Thailand No Yes No dd/mm/yyyy (with Buddhist Era years instead of Common Era)[160] TIS 1111:2535 in 1992
Togo No Yes Yes (dd/mm/yyyy) in French and (mm/dd/(yy)yy) in Ewe
Tokelau No Yes No
Tonga No Yes No
Transnistria No Yes No
Trinidad and Tobago No Yes No [161]
Tristan da Cunha No Yes No
Tunisia No Yes No [162]
Turkey No Yes No ([163][164]
Turkmenistan No Yes No ( ý.), yyyy-nji ýylyň d-nji mmmm[165][166]
Turks and Caicos Islands No Yes No
Tuvalu No Yes No
Uganda No Yes No
Ukraine No Yes No (;[167][168] some cases of dd/mm/yyyy[169])
United Arab Emirates No Yes No [170][171]
United Kingdom Yes Yes Yes Most style guides follow the DMY convention by recommending d mmmm yyyy (sometimes written dd/mm/yyyy) format in articles (e.g. The Guardian's).[172]

However, some newspapers remain using the traditional historical[citation needed] MDY (e.g. mmmm d, yyyy – or similar) specifically in their banner print date only but use DMY in articles,[173] some use MDY for both the banner and articles,[174] while others stick to DMY for both.[175]

Also, YMD is used increasingly especially in applications associated with computers, and per British standard BS ISO 8601:2004,[176] avoiding the ambiguity of the numerical versions of the DMY/MDY formats.

BS ISO 8601:2004
United States of America Yes Yes Yes (Civilian vernacular: mm/dd/yy or mm/dd/yyyy;[177][178] other formats, including dd mmm(m) yyyy and yyyy-mm-dd, are common or prescribed—particularly in military, academic, scientific, computing, industrial, or governmental contexts. See Date and time notation in the United States.) ANSI INCITS 30-1997 (R2008) and NIST FIPS PUB 4-2
Uruguay No Yes No [179][180]
U.S. Virgin Islands No No Yes
Uzbekistan Yes Yes No ( Cyrillic, dd/mm yyyy Latin)[181][182][183]
Vanuatu No Yes No
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of No Yes No [184][185][186]
Vietnam No Yes No [187]
Wallis and Futuna No Yes No
Yemen No Yes No [188][189]
Zambia No Yes No
Zimbabwe No Yes No [190]

See also[edit]


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External links[edit]

  • Index of NLS information page Global Development and Computing Portal, published by Microsoft. Links on page lead to individual country date formats.