Date format by country

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For date formats in non-Gregorian calendars, see Calendar#Calendars in use. For Date and time format, see Date and time representation by country.

The legal and cultural expectations for date formats varies among populations. This page gives an overview of the Gregorian calendar date formats in general use[clarification needed] by country.


All examples use example date 1996-04-22 / 22 April 1996 / April 22, 1996 – except where a single-digit day is illustrated.

Basic components of a calendar date for the most common calendar systems:

Y – year
M – month
D – day

Order of the basic components:

Bbig-endian (year, month, day), e.g. 1996-04-22
Llittle-endian (day, month, year), e.g. 22.04.96 or 22/04/96 or 22 April 1996
Mmiddle-endian (month, day, year), e.g. 04/22/96 or April 22, 1996

Specific formats for the basic components:

yy – two-digit year, e.g. 96
yyyy – four-digit year, e.g. 1996
m – one-digit month for months below 10, e.g. 4
mm – two-digit month, e.g. 04
mmm – three-letter abbreviation for month, e.g. Apr
mmmm – month spelled out in full, e.g. April
d – one-digit day for days below 10, e.g. 2
dd – two-digit day, e.g. 02

Separators of the components:

"/" – slash
"." – dots or full stops
"-" – hyphens or dashes
" " – spaces
Color      Order styles Main regions and countries (approximate population of each region in millions) Approximate population in millions
DMY Asia (Central, SE, West), Australia (24), New Zealand (5), parts of Europe (ca. 675), Latin America (570), North Africa; India (1240), Indonesia (250), Nigeria (170), Bangladesh (150), Russia (140) 3295
YMD China (1360), Koreas (75), Taiwan (23), Hungary (10), Iran (80), Japan (130), Lithuania. Known in other countries due to ISO 8601. 1660
MDY Federated States of Micronesia (0.105), Marshall Islands (0.05), United States (320) 320
DMY, MDY Malaysia (30), Philippines (100), Puerto Rico (3), Saudi Arabia (30) 163
DMY, YMD Albania (3), Austria (9), Croatia (4), Czech Republic (11), Denmark (6),[1] Germany (81),[2][not in citation given] Hong Kong (9), Latvia (2), Macau (1), Nepal (50), South Africa (54), Slovenia (2), Sweden (10)[3] 245
DMY, MDY, YMD Canada (40), Kenya (45) 85


Country Format [clarification needed] Details ISO 8601
Abkhazia No Yes No (
Afghanistan Yes No No [4]
Albania Yes Yes No dd/mm/yyyy
Some YMD[5][6][7]
Algeria No Yes No [8] (dd/mm/yyyy)[9]
American Samoa No No Yes
Anguilla No Yes No
Antigua and Barbuda No Yes No
Argentina No Yes No [10]
Armenia No Yes No ([11][12]
Ascension No Yes No
Australia Yes Yes No The numeric MDY is never used in Australia. The government standard is DMY,[13] although YMD also occurs in technical writing. In commercial writing and newspapers, the use of mmmDY or mmmmDY is not unusual and is recognized by all readers when the month is named or abbreviated. AS 3802:1997
Austria Yes Yes No (Using dots (which denote ordinal numbering) as in “d.m.(yy)yy” or sometimes "d. month (yy)yy")[14][15] ÖNORM EN 28601
Azerbaijan No Yes No ([16]
Bahrain No Yes No [17]
Bahamas No Yes No
Bangladesh Yes Yes No Not officially Standardized. (In Georgian calendar dates, Century digits may be omitted, e.g., dd-mm-yy or yy-mm-dd) and in, (Bengali calendar dates = বববব-মম-দদ or দদ-মম-বববব)
Barbados No Yes No BNS 50:2000[18]
Belarus No Yes No ([19][20]
Belgium No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)[21][22] NBN EN 28601
Belize No Yes No [23][24]
Bermuda No Yes No
Bolivia No Yes No [25]
Bosnia and Herzegovina No Yes No (d. m. yyyy. or d. month yyyy.)
Botswana No Yes No
Brazil No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)[26][27]
British Virgin Islands No Yes No
Brunei No Yes No [28]
Bulgaria No Yes No ([29][30]
Cambodia Yes Yes No Short format: yyyy-mm-dd
Long format: dd-mm-yyyy[31]
Cameroon No Yes No
Canada Yes Yes Yes All three main types are used in Canada – in French and in English.[32][33]

Social Insurance applications for Canada use DMY format.[34]

Passport applications[35] and tax returns[36] use YYYY MM DD.

Immigration Canada Stamps use DD/MM/YYYY and Canada Customs Stamps use MMM/DD/YYYY.

Nearly all English newspapers use MDY (MMM[M] D, YYYY).[37]

Cape Verde No Yes No
Cayman Islands No Yes No
Cocos (Keeling) Islands No Yes No
Cook Islands No Yes No
Chile No Yes No [38]
China, People's Republic of (Mainland China) Yes No No yyyy-mm-dd or yyyy年m月d日 (with no leading zeroes)[39] (See Dates in Chinese.) GB/T 7408-2005
China, Republic of (Taiwan) Yes No No (yyyy-mm-dd or yyyy年m月d日 with no leading zeroes,[39] year might be represented using ROC era system: 民國95年12月30日.[40])
Colombia No Yes No [41]
Costa Rica No Yes No [42]
Croatia No Yes No (d. m. yyyy. or d. month yyyy.)[43][44]
Cuba No Yes No [45]
Cyprus No Yes No dd/mm/yyyy [46]
Czech Republic No Yes No (d. m. yyyy or d. month yyyy)[47][48] ČSN ISO 8601
Denmark Yes Yes No Examples: Long date: 07 juni 1994 Long date with weekday: onsdag den 21. December 1994 Numeric date: 1994-06-07[49]

(The format dd-mm-(yy)yy is the traditional Danish date format.[50] The international format yyyy-mm-dd or yyyymmdd is also accepted. There are no official standard for numeric date format, although the traditional format is the most widely used. The formats d. 'month name' yyyy and in handwriting d/m-yy or d/m yyyy are also acceptable.[51])

DS/ISO 8601:2005[52]
Dominica No Yes No
Dominican Republic No Yes No [53]
Ecuador No Yes No [54]
Egypt No Yes No [55][56]
El Salvador No Yes No [57]
Eritrea No Yes No
Estonia No Yes No (d.m.yyyy or d. mmmm yyyy)[58]
Ethiopia No Yes No [59]
Falkland Islands No Yes No
Federated States of Micronesia No No Yes [60][citation needed]
Finland No Yes No (d.m.yyyy or d. month yyyy)[61] SFS-EN 28601
Fiji No Yes No
France No Yes No (dd-mm-yyyy)[62][63] NF EN 28601
Gambia No Yes No
Georgia No Yes No (
Germany Yes Yes No The format using dots (which denote ordinal numbering) is the traditional German date format.[64] Since 1996-05-01, the international format yyyy-mm-dd has become the official standard date format, but the handwritten form d. 'month name' yyyy is also accepted (see DIN 5008). Standardization applies to all applications in the scope of the standard including uses in government, education, engineering and sciences. Since 2006, the old format (d)d.(m)m.(yy)yy is allowed again as alternative to the yyyy-mm-dd format in areas where there is no risk of ambiguation. DIN ISO 8601, used in DIN 5008[65]
Ghana No Yes No
Gibraltar No Yes No
Greece No Yes No [66][67] ELOT EN 28601
Greenland No Yes No ([68][69]
Grenada No Yes No
Guam No No Yes
Guatemala No Yes No [70]
Guernsey No Yes No
Guyana No Yes No
Hong Kong Yes Yes No (yy)yy年m月d日 (with no leading zeros) for Chinese[71] and (d)d/(m)m/(yy)yy for English
Honduras No Yes No [72]
Hungary Yes No No yyyy. mm. (d)d.

The year is always written with Arabic numerals. The number of the month is usually written with Arabic numerals but it also can be written with Roman numerals, or the month's full name can be written out, the first letter not being capitalized. The day is also written with Arabic numerals.[73][74][75][76]

MSZ ISO 8601:2003
Iceland No Yes No ([77][78] IST EN 28601:1992
India Yes Yes No In India, the DD-MM-YY is the predominant short form of the numeric date usage. Almost all government documents need to be filled up in the DD-MM-YYYY format. An example of DD-MM-YYYY usage is the passport application form.[79][80][81] Though not yet a common practice, the BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) of the Government of India introduced the standard named "IS 7900:2001 (Revised in 2006) Data Elements And Interchange Formats – Information Interchange – Representation Of Dates And Times" which officially recommends use of the date format YYYYMMDD, for example, 20130910 or 2013 09 10, or 2013-09-10 for the date 10 September 2013 IS 7900:2001
Indonesia No Yes No
Iran, Islamic Republic of Yes Yes No Short format: yyyy/mm/dd[82] in Persian Calendar system ("yy/m/d" is a common alternative). Gregorian dates follow the same rules in Persian literature but tend to be written in the dd/mm/yyyy format in official English documents.[83]

Long format: YYYY MMMM D (Day first, full month name, and year in right-to-left writing direction)[82]

Iraq No Yes No Short format: (dd/mm/yyyy)[84]
Ireland No Yes No (dd-mm-yyyy). dd/mm/yyyy is also in common use[85][86] IS/EN 28601:1993
Isle of Man No Yes No
Israel (including Golan Heights) No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)[87][88]
Italy No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)[89] UNI EN 28601
Jamaica Yes Yes No [90]
Japan Yes No No Often in the form yyyy年mm月dd日;[91] sometimes Japanese era year is used, e.g. 平成18年12月30日.[92] JIS X 0301:2002
Jersey No Yes No
Jordan No Yes No [93][94]
Kazakhstan No Yes No ( in Kazakh and ( in Russian[95]
Kenya Yes Yes Yes (yy/mm/dd)[96]


(m/d/yyyy) for Swahili[97]

Kiribati No Yes No
(North and South)
Yes No No (yyyy년 mm월 dd일,, yyyy/mm/dd)[98]
Kuwait No Yes No [99]
Kyrgyz Republic No Yes No ([100]
Lao People's Democratic Republic No Yes No [101]
Latvia Yes Yes No (;[102] is also used[103])
Lebanon No Yes No [104]
Lesotho No Yes No
Liberia No Yes No
Libya No Yes No [105]
Liechtenstein No Yes No ([106]
Lithuania Yes No No (yyyy-mm-dd)[107]

yyyy <m.> <month in genitive> d <d.>

LST ISO 8601:1997 (obsolete) LST ISO 8601:2006 (current)[108]
Luxembourg No Yes No [109]) ITM-EN 28601
Macau Yes Yes No YMD (same as Hong Kong)[110]

DMY (in Portuguese & English)

Macedonia No Yes No ([111]
Madagascar No Yes No
Malawi No Yes No
Malaysia No Yes Yes In Malaysian English, however, the American-style MDY is also sometimes used, example includes article published in the country English media of Daily Express, Free Malaysia Today, Malaysia Outlook, The Borneo Post, The Edge and The Malay Mail. New Sabah Times, New Straits Times and The Rakyat Post mainly use DMY, while The Star originally uses MDY before it changed to DMY after their website revamp.
Maldives No Yes No [112] In The Maldives, the date format usually used is dd(th) of mmm, yyyy. E.g.: "01st of January, 2015". Other common formats include:, dd/mm/(yy)yy, and dd-mm-(yy)yy.
Malta No Yes No
Marshall Islands No No Yes
Mauritius No Yes No
Mexico No Yes No [113] NOM-008-SCFI-2002
Moldova No Yes No
Monaco No Yes No [114]
Mongolia Yes No No ([115]
Montenegro No Yes No (d.m.yyyy)[116]
Montserrat No Yes No
Morocco No Yes No [117]
Myanmar Yes Yes No YMD for Burmese calendar. DMY for Gregorian or Julian calendar.
Nagorno-Karabakh Republic No Yes No ([16][12]
Namibia Yes Yes No DMY[118]
Nauru No Yes No
Nepal Yes Yes No DMY,[citation needed] YMD in official Nepali Vikram Samvat calendar (also see Nepal Sambat which is also in use); Month first in Nepali newspaper (English language version)[1]
Netherlands No Yes No (Using hyphens as in “dd-mm-yyyy”) [119] NEN ISO 8601 & NEN EN 28601 & NEN 2772
New Zealand No Yes No [120]
Nicaragua No Yes No [121]
Nigeria No Yes No dd/mm/yy[122]
Niue No Yes No
Norfolk Island No Yes No
Northern Mariana Islands No No Yes
Norway Yes Yes No; leading zeroes and century digits may be omitted, e.g., 10.02.15; ddmmyy (six figures, no century digits, no delimiters) allowed in tables. ISO dates yyyy-mm-dd can be used for "technical" purposes. The fraction form d/m-y is incorrect, but is common and considered passable in handwriting.[123] NS-ISO 8601[124]
Oman No Yes No [125]
Pakistan No Yes No [126][127] (dd/mm/(yy)yy)
Palestine (West Bank and Gaza Strip) No Yes No (dd/mm/yyyy)
Palau No Yes No
Panama No Yes No [128]
Papua New Guinea No Yes No
Paraguay No Yes No [129]
Peru No Yes No [130]
Philippines No Yes Yes English: mmmm dd, yyyy
DMY is also used in some other instances such as on the data page of passports and immigration and customs forms.
Filipino: ika-dd ng mmmm, yyyy[131]
(Note: Month and year can be shortened. Filipino dates may also be written in mmmm dd, yyyy in civil use but still pronounced as above.)
Pitcairn Islands No Yes No
Poland No Yes No (,[132] often with dots as separators; more official is d <month in genitive> yyyy, or, less frequently, d <month in Roman numerals> yyyy)[133][134] PN-90/N-01204
Portugal Yes Yes No Mostly (dd/mm/yyyy) and (dd-mm-yyyy); some newer documents use (yyyy-mm-dd).[135] NP EN 28601
Puerto Rico No Yes Yes (dd/mm/yyyy) in Spanish and (mm/dd/(yy)yy) in English
Qatar No Yes No [136]
Romania No Yes No ([137][138] Also widely used: (d)d-Mmm[3 letters of month name with the notable exception of Nov for November, which would otherwise be Noiembrie]-yyyy and (d)d-XII-yyyy (month number as a Roman numeral with lines above AND below, slowly deprecating)
Russian Federation No Yes No (;[139] more official is d <month in genitive> yyyy <г. (= g., short for goda, i.e. year in genitive)> ГОСТ ИСО 8601-2001
Rwanda No Yes No
Saint Helena No Yes No
Saint Kitts and Nevis No Yes No
Saint Lucia No Yes No
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines No Yes No
Samoa No Yes No
Saudi Arabia No Yes Yes (dd/mm/yyyy in Islamic and Gregorian calendar systems,[140][141] except for major companies, which conventionally use the American mm/dd/yyyy format.[citation needed])
Serbia No Yes No (d.m.yyyy or d. month yyyy.)[142][143][144][145]
Seychelles No Yes No
Sierra Leone No Yes No
Singapore Yes Yes No (Chinese representation: yyyy年m月d日, no leading zeroes)[146]

DMY in English[147]

Sint Maarten No Yes No
Slovakia No Yes No (d. m. yyyy)[148]
Slovenia Yes Yes No YMD[149]

(d.m.yyyy or d. mmmm yyyy)[150]

Solomon Islands No Yes No
South Africa Yes Yes No (yyyy-mm-dd;[151][152] "d/m/yy" is a common alternative.[citation needed]) ARP 010:1989
South Ossetia No Yes No (
Spain No Yes No (dd/mm/(yy)yy)[153] UNE EN 28601
Sri Lanka Yes Yes No yyyy-mm-dd format is the most common out of these.
Sudan No Yes No
Suriname No Yes No
Swaziland No Yes No
Sweden Yes Yes No National standard format is yyyy-mm-dd;[154] casually many people use d/m yyyy or d/m -yy. Another possible format is d.m.yyyy.[155] SS-EN 28601
Switzerland No Yes No ([156][157] SN ISO 8601:2005-08
Syrian Arab Republic No Yes No [158]
Tajikistan No Yes No ([159]
Tanzania No Yes No
Thailand No Yes No dd/mm/yyyy (with Buddhist Era years instead of Common Era)[160] TIS 1111:2535 in 1992
Tokelau No Yes No
Tonga No Yes No
Transnistria No Yes No
Trinidad and Tobago No Yes No [161]
Tristan da Cunha No Yes No
Tunisia No Yes No [162]
Turkey No Yes No ([163][164]
Turkmenistan No Yes No ([165][166]
Turks and Caicos Islands No Yes No
Tuvalu No Yes No
Uganda No Yes No
Ukraine No Yes No (;[167][168] some cases of dd/mm/yyyy[169])
United Arab Emirates No Yes No [170][171]
United Kingdom Yes Yes Yes Most style guides follow the DMY convention by recommending d mmmm yyyy (sometimes written dd/mm/yyyy) format in articles (e.g. The Guardian's).[172]

However, some newspapers remain using the traditional historical[citation needed] MDY (e.g. mmmm d, yyyy – or similar) specifically in their banner print date only but use DMY in articles,[173] some use MDY for both the banner and articles,[174] while others stick to DMY for both.[175]

Also, YMD is used increasingly especially in applications associated with computers, and per British standard BS ISO 8601:2004,[176] avoiding the ambiguity of the numerical versions of the DMY/MDY formats.

BS ISO 8601:2004
United States of America Yes Yes Yes (Civilian vernacular: mm/dd/yy or mm/dd/yyyy;[177][178] other formats, including dd mmm(m) yyyy and yyyy-mm-dd, are common or prescribed—particularly in military, academic, scientific, computing, industrial, or governmental contexts. See Date and time notation in the United States.) ANSI INCITS 30-1997 (R2008) and NIST FIPS PUB 4-2
Uruguay No Yes No [179][180]
U.S. Virgin Islands No No Yes
Uzbekistan No Yes No ( Cyrillic, dd/mm yyyy Latin)[181][182][183]
Vanuatu No Yes No
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of No Yes No [184][185][186]
Vietnam No Yes No [187]
Yemen No Yes No [188][189]
Zambia No Yes No
Zimbabwe No Yes No [190]

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External links[edit]

  • Index of NLS information page Global Development and Computing Portal, published by Microsoft. Links on page lead to individual country date formats.