Destiny Church (New Zealand)

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Destiny Church
ClassificationPentecostalism
TheologyProsperity theology
RegionNew Zealand
FounderBrian Tamaki, Hannah Tamaki
Origin1998
Auckland, New Zealand

For unaffiliated churches which share the same name, see Destiny Church (disambiguation).

Destiny Church, a Pentecostal fundamentalist[1] Christian movement, has its headquarters in Auckland, New Zealand. The church advocates strict adherence to biblical morality, and has a reputation for its position against homosexuality, for its patriarchal views and for its calls for a return to biblical conservative family values and morals. It also teaches prosperity theology.[2]

Led by Brian Tamaki, a charismatic orator whose actions and rhetoric have attracted criticism from the New Zealand media and from other public figures, Destiny Church has sponsored a nationwide rally against civil unions, issued a DVD which labels the Government of New Zealand as "evil", ordained Tamaki as bishop over all local Destiny churches, and held a gathering of 700 men who swore a "covenant"[3] oath of allegiance, obedience, and deference to Tamaki.

Organization[edit]

Leadership[edit]

Brian Tamaki at a church conference in Auckland (22 October 2006)

Destiny Church is led by Brian Tamaki and his wife Hannah Tamaki, who hold the positions of Visionary and Senior Ministers. Their three adult children Jasmine, Jamie, and Samuel are all actively involved in the church ministry. Sam and his wife pastor the Destiny church in Gold Coast Australia, Jamie and her husband are the CEO of ManUp and Legacy International, Jasmine and her husband facilitate social services within the ManUp and Legacy organisation. Brian and Hannah have 5 generations of their family in Destiny Church.[4] Following a unanimous agreement by the then 19 other pastors of Destiny Churches throughout New Zealand, Tamaki was ordained as a "bishop" during a ceremony performed by kaumatua and Destiny Pastor.[5] Manuel Renata on 18 June 2005.[6]

The church's leadership encourage obedience to its teachings[7] and its rhetoric has sometimes alienated other churches that have different approaches to Christianity.[8] In 2003, Tamaki, in what he described as a prophetic utterance, predicted that Destiny would be "ruling the nation" within five years.[9][10]

Ministry[edit]

The church provides not only biblical guidance and teaching but also a range of social services including budget advice, family and parenting advice, support for drug and alcohol abusers, anger management and resolution, provision of food and housing. The church also operates a composite school (catering for both primary and secondary students) which uses the Cambridge education system alongside the New Zealand curriuculm.[11] Church services are energetic and have a Pentecostal worship style. The preaching and teaching is strongly conservative, literalist interpretation of Biblical teachings. Its membership is predominantly Māori and Polynesian, intergenerational, and from all levels of the socio-economic sections of New Zealand society. Brian Tamaki is himself Māori, and the church has been identified as part of the Māori cultural renaissance of recent years.[12]

Locations[edit]

Destiny Church is located in South Auckland, New Zealand. The current site is in Wiri, and houses the church auditorium and its administration offices, a chapel, a multipurpose room, a fitness/boxing gym, a medical center, an early childhood center and school. The church began in Rotorua as "Lake City Church", which had a membership of 20 people. Within two years, it had grown to 300 members. Over the years, Destiny Churches were established in the following locations:[13]

Auckland - July 1998[14] Whakatane - March 2001 Tauranga - April 2001[15] Nelson - June 2001
Hamilton - June 2002 Christchurch - April 2003 Whangarei - June 2003 Wellington - August 2003
Wanganui - May 2004 Taranaki Rotorua Brisbane

At its peak in 2003, Destiny Church had a network of 19 churches throughout New Zealand, with a total membership in excess of 5,000. By June 2012 it had 11 remaining churches, with fewer than 3000 regular attendees. Churches have closed in Porirua, Wanganui and Dunedin.[16] By June 2013, Destiny Church Wanganui was no longer listed on the main church website.[17] In addition, other branches had Kaitaia, Opotiki, Taumaranui, and Hawkes Bay had either closed down or merged with other church branches.[18]

Broadcasting[edit]

Destiny TV, a televangelist ministry, launched in 2001 and produced 30-minute programmes that ran every weekday morning on New Zealand's national television broadcaster. The programmes were funded by donations from Destiny Church members. TVNZ ceased to broadcast the programme in late 2004 just after the formation of the Destiny New Zealand political party.[19] as of 2018, Destiny TV still operates as the video production arm of Destiny Church.[20] Weekly Destiny TV programmes are available for streaming on Destiny Church's website.[21]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The Destiny Church movement was founded in 1998[22] from 20 members of Lake City Church in Rotorua, initially calling itself City Church Auckland. Destiny Church was founded by Brian Tamaki and his wife Hannah Tamaki, who continue to serve as Visionary and Senior Ministers of Destiny Church.[4] Destiny Church had a close relationship with New Birth Missionary Baptist Church in Atlanta, USA, the church of Bishop Eddie Long.[23] In his autobiography Tamaki described meeting Long, "my spiritual father", in 2002.[24] Historian Peter Lineham has compared Destiny Church to the Ratana movement and linked with historical Christianity in Māoridom.[25]

Destiny is in some ways very different from other Pentecostal churches. The latest Destiny stories have focused on its growing links with Ratana, its presence at Waitangi, its Legacy march down Queen Street and the title of bishop which its founder and leader, Brian Tamaki has taken ...
We must recall that it is Māori at heart, although not tribal Māori. It trains people in Kapa haka (and performed them all too vehemently at Waitangi); it captures the hearts of many Māori women, perhaps appealing particularly to detribalised Māori. And it has a political agenda which places treaty issues high on the agenda ...
Let there be no doubt, there are some deep tensions running through New Zealand society, troubles underneath the optimism, and fundamentally they are cultural differences. Culture and religion walk hand in hand. The issues facing us today involve a deep debate over values. We should never be confident that we know which side will win.

— Peter Lineham, Among the believers[25]

Enough is Enough rally[edit]

Destiny Church has campaigned for a return to what it considers to be "Christian moral values" in New Zealand society, particularly for the "sanctity of marriage between a husband and wife".[citation needed] In August 2004, Destiny members marched on Parliament under their "Enough is Enough" rally which drew 5000 protesters against civil unions legislation. The rally attracted considerable criticism. The black T-shirts and track-pants worn by many of the marchers prompted negative comparisons with Nazi storm-troopers in the New Zealand media.[26][27] When the rally was in progress, Tamaki indicated that he did not want to be a politician, saying, "I have a higher calling than a politician, I am a man of God."[9]

A second march occurred in Auckland along with the Christian Life Centre and the City Impact Churches on 5 March 2005.[28]

Plans for a "Destiny City"[edit]

On 29 October 2008 it was reported that Destiny Church was planning on building a holy city in South Auckland. The report was based on comments made by Brian Tamaki at the church's 10th birthday celebration, and released on DVD, where he talks about a 10-acre (40,000 m2) site the church had procured, with a budget of $2.4m. He said the community would have its own maraes and medical facilities and that "every child of every member of this church will never go to a state school again".[29]

The church subsequently denied the report, a spokesperson saying they only intended to build a new headquarters and supply "social help" programmes, despite Rotorua's Daily Post quoting Tamaki as saying Destiny planned to create a "city within a city" in 2006.[30]

At the Church's 2012 annual conference in Rotorua, Tamaki presented plans including a library, bookshop, early childhood centre, three schools and a university and encouraged tithing, saying "I don't care what the media say, I don't care what your relatives say, I don't care what the world says, nobody should be not tithing."[31]

Momentum conference and pledge of allegiance[edit]

In October 2009, about 700 male members of the church attended a conference called "MoMENtum" in which Tamaki likened himself to King David.[32] Attendees swore a "covenant oath" of loyalty and obedience to Tamaki and were given a "covenant ring" to wear on their right hands. A document entitled Protocols & Requirements Between Spiritual Father & His Spiritual Sons contains the oath:

The document asserts Tamaki's authority as "Bishop" and "spiritual father" of the church he founded. Another section, "Conduct Towards Bishop", states that "Bishop is the tangible expression of God", instructs the "sons" to follow numerous protocols, to defer to Tamaki with unquestioning loyalty and obedience, to follow his dress code, and to never tolerate criticism.[33]

Public profile[edit]

Political activities[edit]

Richard Lewis, a member of Destiny Church Auckland, formed the Destiny New Zealand political party in 2003. The party first ran candidates in 2005. Candidates from four different churches joined with candidates who came from Destiny Church. Despite Tamaki's prediction that the church would rule New Zealand by 2008, the party's 42 candidates gained only 0.6 percent of the vote. This fell well short of the five percent threshold required to enter Parliament without an electorate MP but proved the best performance of any party that failed to enter Parliament.[34] In 2007, City Impact Church and Destiny Church collaborated in the establishment of the "Family Party", but the latter won just 0.35% of the party vote in New Zealand's 2008 general election and dissolved in 2010.[35]

Māori community[edit]

Destiny Church recognises and celebrates Māori as tangata whenua ("People of the Land"). It also regards itself as an "iwi-tapu" or a spiritual tribe of God's people set aside as a chosen people and a holy nation, citing a scriptural premise from 1 Peter 2:9. In 2008, Destiny Church sought to claim urban Māori status so that they could serve Māori congregants who were disconnected from their tribes. Māori broadcaster and urban Māori advocate Willie Jackson supported Destiny's proposal by arguing that Tamaki and Destiny Church had changed the lives of thousands of former Māori criminals, fraudsters, and drug dealers for the better. Destiny's socially conservative position on gay rights and women drew opposition from various sectors including Prime Minister Helen Clark.[36]

In October 2008, Destiny Church was awarded Urban Māori Authority status and Te Rūnanga a Iwi o Te Oranga Ake was incorporated to serve as the church's service provider arm. In 2011, Destiny Church received funding from the Ministry of Social Development for four Community Max programmes to help 79 youths in Auckland, Waikato, and the Bay of Plenty transition into full-time employment. However, Destiny Church struggled to receive government funding for other projects including a charter school. As a result, the Church has had to fund its own community services programme including the "Man Up" programme to help men become better fathers, husbands, and leaders in their own families and communities.[37]

ManUp and Legacy[edit]

Caine and Jamie Warren, elders of Destiny Church, founded "Man Up" in 2015. It offers a programme developed by Bishop Brian and Pastor Hannah Tamaki. The programme claims success in reducing the over-representation of Maori men in every negative statistic in New Zealand and in restoring the mana of men who have lost their sense of identity and purpose.[citation needed] Anecdotal evidence tells of changed individuals.[38] ManUp Director Caine Warren told TVNZ that all men are welcome.[39] ManUp involves everyday men from all walks of life meeting in small groups once a week throughout a 15-week time-commitment.[40] Alongside ManUp, Destiny Church offers similar groups and programmes developed to support, empower and encourage woman (Legacy)[41] and youth (Boys2Men, Legacy Diamonds).[42]

In February 2019 Tamaki met with Minister of Justice Andrew Little to discuss giving Destiny Church's Man Up program permission to participate in prison rehabilitation. Tamaki has also sought access to government grants for rehabilitation programs and access to prisoners. In a media interview, Little stated that he did not anticipate Man Up indoctrinating more followers into the church, just as (for example) the Salvation Army and the Presbyterian Church do not.[43]

Tamaki clashed with the New Zealand Government in April 2019 over introducing Man Up into prisons, threatening "inmate revolts in every prison" and suggesting that ministers had subjected him to "a political gang rape". Corrections Minister Kelvin Davis stated that no "independent reputable evidence" endorsed the Man Up programme and that Tamaki had not applied and gone "through a process to get a programme into prisons".[44]

Controversies[edit]

Opposition to homosexuality[edit]

Destiny Church and its leader Brian Tamaki have been known for their vocal opposition to homosexuality. On 23 August 2004, Destiny Church organized a large public rally known as the "Enough is Enough" march in Wellington to oppose the Fifth Labour Government's proposed Civil Union Act. For the march, Destiny Church members wore black shirts emblazoned with the slogan "Enough is Enough." The march generated considerable media and public attention with critics such as Labour MPs Georgina Beyer and David Benson-Pope likening the marchers to Nazis.[45]

Bishop Tamaki attracted controversy when he blamed the 2010 and 2011 Christchurch earthquakes on sinful behavior such as murder and homosexuality during a sermon on 16 November 2016. These statements preceded the 2016 Kaikoura earthquake by a few hours.[46][47] Tamaki's remarks were condemned by several leading New Zealand public figures including the Mayor of Christchurch Bob Parker, Prime Minister John Key, and the Anglican bishop of Dunedin, Kelvin Wright.[48][49][50] One Auckland-based critic Aaron Smithson also organized a Change.org petition calling for the revocation of Destiny Church's tax-free status.[51]

In April 2018, Tamaki tweeted his support for Australian rugby union player Israel Folau's comments on homosexuality.[52][53]

Political and religious views[edit]

On his website "New Zealand: A Nation Under Siege" (bishoptamaki.org.nz) Tamaki declared the government of New Zealand to be "inherently evil",[54] pointing out that some members of Parliament chose not to swear on the Bible, and one (Ashraf Choudhary) swore on the Qur'an, when being sworn into government. In a June 2005 interview, Tamaki said Destiny was ready to wage war on "secular humanism, liberalism, relativism, pluralism", on "a Government gone evil", on the "modern-day witchcraft" of the media, and on the "radical homosexual agenda".[6]

Tithing[edit]

Tithing is common practice in Destiny Church.

Media articles using former Destiny Church members as sources have alleged that Tamaki's has an outspoken autocratic style and highlighted the church's frequent appeals for tithe contributions, and its insular culture.[55] The Sunday Star Times highlighted Tamaki's visible wealth and personal luxury, questioning its consistency with the church's tithing system.[55] Church pastors agree to a restraint of trade that applies in the event that they withdraw as pastors.[56]

In March 2010, the church's Brisbane pastor resigned over a difference in doctrine.[56] 25 members of the congregation followed him out of the church, some expressed their support for him to the media, saying that the church was a money-making cult.[57]

On 29 August 2017, Destiny Church co-founder and senior pastor Hannah Tamaki attracted media attention for purchasing a new Mercedes-Benz AMG GLE63 S SUV worth NZ$207,900. This coincided with reports that the Charities Services was considering stripping three of Destiny Church's charities of their charitable status for failing to file returns. Some critics have regarded these expenses as extravagant luxuries that come at the expense of church members.[58][59]

Cult allegations[edit]

Following members taking a voluntary covenant pledge to Bishop Brian and the cause of Destiny Church, the church was labelled as a cult by several New Zealand media outlets[60][61][62] and other observers.[63]

In an interview with TVNZ,[64] Mark Vrankovich of Cultwatch criticised the covenant, saying Mr Tamaki was "taking a kingship position", and

In the same interview[62] following the reports of October 2009, Bishop Tamaki and Richard Lewis defended the pledge on the basis that it was taken willingly, and simply attempted to set standards and codify established practice within the church. Lewis denied the "cult" claims, noting that church services are open to the public. Tamaki denied the existence of a "cult of personality", saying that he was simply setting a visible example for men to follow; and that the church helps a lot of people from difficult backgrounds.

Campbell Live, a current affairs programme,[32] made use of a covert camera and an unidentified witness to critique church practices and the Momentum conference. The church later issued a response,[65] stating that "a number of comments made by the individual were grossly inaccurate", that the source was not credible, and the report reflected "poor practice".

In a separate report[66] Peter Lineham, associate professor at Massey University, expressed similar concerns but stopped short of using the word 'cult':

Cult allegations resurfaced in 2010, when Cultwatch accused Tamaki of denying the bodily resurrection of Jesus,[67] the claims and Tamaki's denial of the cult status generated substantial media coverage.[68][69]

Alleged sexual assault[edit]

In late March 2010, controversy arose over allegations against two adult children of Destiny Church Taranaki Pastors Robyn and Lee Edmonds. Charges were withdrawn by Police as there was no evidence. The pastors resigned from Destiny Church Taranaki leadership.[70][71]

Revocation of tax-exempt status[edit]

Allegedly more than 100,000 people had signed a petition calling for the New Zealand Government to revoke Destiny Church's tax-free status, reports say that this petition was in response to Tamaki's remarks blaming gays for the 2010 and 2011 Christchurch earthquakes, and church co-founder Hannah Tamaki's purchase of a brand new Mercedes-Benz in mid-August 2017.[72]

In early October 2017, the Department of Internal Affairs issued notice to remove two of Destiny Church's biggest charities, Destiny International Trust and Te Hahi o Nga Matamua Holdings, of their charitable status. Destiny Church took immediate legal action and subsequently to date they still retain their charitable status with the Department of Internal Affairs.[73]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chris Barton (12 February 2005). "Destiny's children on a mission". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 22 October 2007.
  2. ^ Grimshaw, Mike (January 2006). "Religion, terror and the end of the postmodern: Rethinking the responses Archived 17 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine". International Journal of Baudrillard Studies 3 (1)
  3. ^ a b Covenant Document, published on www.bishoptamaki.org.nz.
  4. ^ a b "About Us". Destiny Church New Zealand. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  5. ^ "State religion for further debate". New Zealand Herald. 19 February 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  6. ^ a b Crewdson, Patrick (19 June 2005). "Bishop fulfils his destiny". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  7. ^ "Cultism in religion rings the alarm bells", NZ Herald, 13 August 2004.
  8. ^ "Enough is Enough". Challenge Weekly, Vol. 62 Issue 25, July 2004
  9. ^ a b "Is Destiny destined to rule?". Television New Zealand. 3 October 2004. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  10. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7VbSE3VKn8c
  11. ^ Education Counts: Destiny School
  12. ^ Peter Lineham contextualises Destiny Church as a part of a broader cultural phenomenon in "Wanna be in my gang?". The Listener. 195 (3357). 11 September 2004.
  13. ^ http://www.destinychurch.org.nz/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=26&Itemid=178
  14. ^ Destiny Church Auckland was initially named "City Church" but renamed to "Destiny Church" when relocated to Mt Wellington
  15. ^ Destiny Church Tauranga was formerly known as "Harbour City Church"
  16. ^ Hurley, Bevan (4 June 2012). "Destiny family firm: for theirs is the kingdom". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  17. ^ "Find Your Local Destiny Church". Destiny Church. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  18. ^ Young, Craig (28 March 2007). "Comment: Uncertain Destiny?". GayNZ.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  19. ^ Mather, Mike (10 December 2004). "TVNZ pulls plug on Destiny Church programme". Rotorua Daily Post; New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  20. ^ "Destiny TV". Destiny Church. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  21. ^ "Watch Live". Destiny Church. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  22. ^ Destiny Church: Our History, destinychurch.org.nz, retrieved 31 October 2009
  23. ^ "Our church". Auckland: Destiny Church. 2010. Archived from the original on 20 August 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2012. The church corporate relates closely with New Birth Missionary Baptist Church in Atlanta USA, which is the home of Bishop Eddie L. Long, spiritual father to Bishop Tamaki.
  24. ^ Tapaleao, Vaimoana (24 September 2010). "Tamaki link to US sex-case bishop". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  25. ^ a b Lineham, Peter (5 April 2006). "Among the believers". Massey University.
  26. ^ "March arouses Nazi fears". The Press. 24 August 2004.
  27. ^ "Black shirts spark anger". Dominion Post. 24 August 2004.
  28. ^ "Auckland civil union march noisy but peaceful". The New Zealand Herald. NZPA. 5 March 2005. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  29. ^ "Brian Tamaki announces plans for standalone community in South Auckland". 3 News. 29 October 2008. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  30. ^ Eriksen, Alanah (30 October 2008). "Destiny denies Manukau 'kingdom' plan". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  31. ^ Weekes, John (3 June 2012). "'City of God' dream becomes Destiny". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  32. ^ a b "Destiny Church's inner workings revealed in secret video". 3 News. 29 October 2009. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  33. ^ George, Garth (29 October 2009). "Tamaki's 700 'sons' swear oath of loyalty". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  34. ^ 2005 election results by Party Archived 29 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  35. ^ http://www.elections.org.nz
  36. ^ Haami, 2018 & 187-188.
  37. ^ Haami & 2018 188.
  38. ^ Tipene-Allen, Rukuwai (16 August 2018). "Man Up working with fathers to change families". Maori Television. Archived from the original on 31 January 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019. Former Mongrel Mob member Toko Koopu says the Man Up programme, which strengthens men to become better fathers, husbands, and leaders in the home and community has not only changed him but given him a chance to improve other's lives.
  39. ^ "Director of Destiny Church's Man Up programme says all are welcome, as fight launches for prison access". 1 News. 6 December 2018. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  40. ^ "Man Up homepage". Man Up: Tu Tangata. Retrieved 30 April 2019. Man Up is a 15 week program that helps identify, expose and understand core root issues of why men experience dysfunctions.
  41. ^ "Legacy New Zealand". Facebook. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  42. ^ "Boyz II Men". Man Up: Tu Tangata. Archived from the original on 31 January 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  43. ^ O'Brien, Tova (6 February 2019). "Exclusive: Brian Tamaki meets with Andrew Little to discuss giving Destiny Church funding, access to prisons". Newshub. Archived from the original on 6 February 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019. When Newshub asked if the programme could be used to indoctrinate more followers into the church, Minister Little said he didn't think so.
    "I don't see the Salvation Army or Presbyterian Support Services or any of the other faith-based organisations doing that."
  44. ^ "Brian Tamaki says tweet threatening violence in prisons 'not serious'". New Zealand / Politics. Radio New Zealand. 30 April 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2019. It's necessary to apply and go through a process to get a programme into prisons, which Mr Tamaki had not done, Mr Davis said. However, now that Mr Tamaki has talked about organising revolts in prisons, Mr Davis said there would be no point in him applying.
  45. ^ Lineham 2013, p. 12-22.
  46. ^ "Watch: Brian Tamaki tells followers, 'the weight of human sin' caused the Christchurch earthquake - hours before Kaikoura". 1 News. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  47. ^ Strongman, Susan (17 November 2016). "Bishop Brian Tamaki blames gays, murderers and sinners for earthquakes". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  48. ^ "Sir Bob Parker demands 'off beam' Brian Tamaki apologise to Christchurch, Kaikoura for blaming quake on sins". 1 News. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  49. ^ Strongman, Susan (17 November 2016). "Shock over Destiny leader Brian Tamaki's homophobic remarks". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  50. ^ McNeilly, Hamish (17 November 2016). "Bishop of Dunedin on Brian Tamaki: 'He's telling porkies'". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  51. ^ Akoorie, Natalie (17 November 2016). "Petition to stop Destiny Church having tax-free status gaining support". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  52. ^ "Focus: 'Cry baby gays' - Brian Tamaki tweets his support for Folau". New Zealand Herald. 19 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  53. ^ "Destiny Church Brian Tamaki says 'cry baby gays' will go to hell". Newshub. 19 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  54. ^ "A Government gone Evil". bishoptamaki.org.nz. Retrieved 2005. Archived 30 December 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  55. ^ a b "Making a pretty penny from heaven[dead link]". Sunday Star Times, 20 June 2004. (Link is to Highbeam Research; the first few sentences are provided free, but payment is required for the rest.)
  56. ^ a b Tapaleao, Vaimoana (2 March 2010). "Destiny split triggers exodus". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
  57. ^ Tapaleao, Vaimoana (3 March 2010). "It's a cash cult, say Destiny's walk-outs". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
  58. ^ Appleby, Luke (29 August 2017). "Destiny Church's Hannah Tamaki again splashes out on flash Mercedes - and this one's a 577hp beast". 1 News. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  59. ^ "Destiny Church leader spends large on new car". New Zealand Herald. 29 August 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  60. ^ George, Garth (29 October 2009). "Tamaki's church becoming a cult". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  61. ^ "Not Brian's destiny to be humble, meek". Otago Daily Times. 29 October 2009. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  62. ^ a b "Destiny's controversial covenant slammed". Television New Zealand. 29 October 2009. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  63. ^ NZ Cults & Religious Groups List, Cults.co.nz
  64. ^ "Destiny's Brian Tamaki answers 'cult' accusations". Stuff.co.nz. NZPA. 29 October 2009. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  65. ^ "Response to TV3 Campbell Live item". destinychurch.org.nz, retrieved 1 November 2009.
  66. ^ "Destiny's controversial covenant slammed". Television New Zealand. 29 October 2009. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  67. ^ http://www.cultwatch.com/briantamaki.html
  68. ^ George, Garth (17 February 2011). "Garth George: Destiny must be treated as a cult". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  69. ^ "Destiny, cult-watchers in clash over Christ". The New Zealand Herald. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  70. ^ "Destiny Church abuse allegations". 3 News. 29 March 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  71. ^ Fisher, David (6 June 2010). "Destiny Church members resign after official inquiry". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  72. ^ Plumb, Simon (3 October 2017). "Government moves to strip Destiny Church charities of their tax-exempt status". 1 News. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  73. ^ Henry, Dubby (23 November 2017). "Destiny charities to be stripped of tax-exempt status". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 23 April 2018.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]