Development regions of Nepal

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Development Regions of Nepal
Nepal development regions.png
Category Federated state
Location Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Number 5 (as of 2037 B.S.)
Government Region government
Subdivisions Zones
Emblem of Nepal.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Nepal


Prior to the promulgation of a new constitution in 2015, Nepal was divided into five development regions (Nepali: विकास क्षेत्र), 14 administrative zones (Nepali: अञ्चल) and 75 districts (Nepali: जिल्ला). The 14 administrative zones were grouped into five development regions. Each district is headed by a Chief District Officer (CDO) responsible for maintaining law and order and coordinating the work of field agencies of the various government ministries.

The five development regions of Nepal were (from east to west):

Development Regions of Nepal
No. English name Nepali name Zones Districts (No.) Headquarters Population Area (km²)
1 Eastern Development Region पुर्वाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र Mechi
Koshi
Sagarmatha
16 Dhankuta 5,811,555 28,456
2 Central Development Region मध्यमाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र Janakpur
Bagmati
Narayani
19 Kathmandu 9,656,985 27,410
3 Western Development Region पश्चिमाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र Gandaki
Lumbini
Dhaulagiri
16 Pokhara 4,926,765 29,398
4 Mid-Western Development Region मध्य पश्चिमाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र Rapti
Bheri
Karnali
15 Birendranagar 3,546,682 42,378
5 Far-Western Development Region सुदुर पश्चिमाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र Seti
Mahakali
9 Dipayal 2,552,517 19,539

King Birendra divided the entire Kingdom in 4 different regions in 2029 BS (1972). These regions were as below::

  1. Eastern Development Region,
  2. Central Development Region,
  3. Western Development Region,
  4. Far-Western Development region.

To fill the gap between different parts of the nation by balanced or proportionate development. Eight years later in 2037(1982), he further divided the nation adding one more separate development region naming it as mid-western development region taking two zones from Far Western Development region Seti and Mahakali.[1]

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