Zeme language

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Zeme
Zeliang
RegionAssam, Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura
EthnicityZeliangrong (Zeme Naga, Liangmai Naga, Rongmei Naga)
Native speakers
100,736 (2011 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
nzm – Zeme
nbu – Rongmei
njn – Liangmai (Kwoireng)
nkd – Kwoireng (Koireng)
Glottologzeme1240  Zeme Naga[2]
rong1266  Rongmei Naga[3]
koir1240  Koireng[4]
lian1251  Liangmai Naga[5]

Zeme (also called Empui, Jeme, Kacha and Zemi[6]) is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken in northeastern India. It is part of a dialect continuum that includes Rongmei and Liangmai.

Locations[edit]

Zeme (dialects: Paren, Njauna) is spoken in (Ethnologue):

Rongmei (dialects: Songbu) is spoken in 35 villages of Cachar district, Assam, as well as in northwestern Manipur and Nagaland (Ethnologue).

Liangmei is spoken in Jalukie, Peren, and Medzephima blocks of Kohima district, Nagaland (Ethnologue).

Koireng is spoken in (Ethnologue):

Singh (2011:52)[7] reports 11 Koireng villages in Saikul and Kangpokpi sub-divisions of Sadar Hills

  • Utonglok, Sadu Koireng, Nurathel, Iril Mapal, Ekpan, Tarung, Kamu Koireng, Longa Koireng, Awang Longa Koireng in Senapati District
  • Tarung in Thangmeiband and Lamphel Koireng in Imphal West district.

The "purest" Koireng is spoken in Satu and Utonglo (Ethnologue).

There are Koireng 8 clans (phung), namely Shong, Yei, Tieltu, Thamthu, Virei, Khonglung, Mreiem, and Mikan.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Zeme Naga". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Rongmei Naga". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Koireng". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Liangmai Naga". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  6. ^ "Naga, Zeme". Ethnologue.
  7. ^ a b Singh, Ch. Yashawanta. 2011. "Linguistic Ecology of Koireng." In Singh, Shailendra Kumar (ed). Linguistic Ecology of Manipur. Guwahati: EBH Publishers.