Zeme language

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Zeme
Zeliang
Region Assam, Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura
Ethnicity Zeliangrong (Zeme Naga, Liangmai Naga, Rongmei Naga)
Native speakers
130,000 (2001 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
nzm – Zeme
nbu – Rongmai
njn – Liangmai (Kwoireng)
nkd – Kwoireng (Koireng)
Glottolog zeme1240  (Zeme Naga)[2]
rong1266  (Rongmei Naga)[3]
koir1240  (Koireng)[4]
lian1251  (Liangmai Naga)[5]

Zeme is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken in northeastern India. It is part of a dialect continuum that includes Rongmei and Liangmei.

Locations[edit]

Zeme (dialects: Paren, Njauna) is spoken in (Ethnologue):

Rongmei (dialects: Songbu) is spoken in 35 villages of Cachar district, Assam, as well as in northwestern Manipur and Nagaland (Ethnologue).

Liangmei is spoken in Jalukie, Peren, and Medzephima blocks of Kohima district, Nagaland (Ethnologue).

Koireng is spoken in (Ethnologue):

Singh (2011:52)[6] reports 11 Koireng villages in Saikul and Kangpokpi sub-divisions of Sadar Hills

  • Utonglok, Sadu Koireng, Nurathel, Iril Mapal, Ekpan, Tarung, Kamu Koireng, Longa Koireng, Awang Longa Koireng in Senapati District
  • Tarung in Thangmeiband and Lamphel Koireng in Imphal West district.

The "purest" Koireng is spoken in Satu and Utonglo (Ethnologue).

There are Koireng 8 clans (phung), namely Shong, Yei, Tieltu, Thamthu, Virei, Khonglung, Mreiem, and Mikan.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zeme at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Rongmai at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Liangmai (Kwoireng) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Kwoireng (Koireng) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Zeme Naga". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Rongmei Naga". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Koireng". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  5. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Liangmai Naga". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  6. ^ a b Singh, Ch. Yashawanta. 2011. "Linguistic Ecology of Koireng." In Singh, Shailendra Kumar (ed). Linguistic Ecology of Manipur. Guwahati: EBH Publishers.