Hmar language

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Pronunciation [m̥a]
Native to India
Region Mizoram, Manipur, and Assam
Ethnicity Hmar
Native speakers
83,000 (2001 census)[1]
Dialects (none)
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Assam, Manipur and Mizoram
Language codes
ISO 639-3 hmr
Glottolog hmar1241[2]

The Hmar language belongs to the Mizo (Zo People) branch of the Tibeto-Burman family of languages. The speakers of the language are also known as Hmar.

Although Hmar speakers are scattered over a vast area in Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura, Chittagong Hill tracts, and NC Hills and Cachar districts of Assam state, India, there doesn't appear to be any dialectal distinction. There is no homogeneous settlement of Hmar speakers alone.[citation needed] In Manipur, Hmar exhibits partial mutual intelligibility with the other Kukish dialects of the area including Thadou, Paite, Vaiphei, Simte, Kom and Gangte languages.[3]

Hmar is a recognised language in the School curriculum of Assam, Manipur and Mizoram, and also recently recognised as one of the Modern Indian Languages (MIL) at Manipur University. Board of Secondary Education, Assam has also included Hmar as an MIL in its matriculation syllabus from 2005. Both Manipur University and Assam University, Silchar has also permitted HMAR LANGUAGE to be studied as Modern Indian Language in the Graduation level.

According to the official 2001 Census of India, there are 83,404 Hmar speakers in Assam.


  1. ^ Distribution of the 100 non-scheduled languages
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Hmar". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Singh, Chungkham Yashawanta (1995). "The linguistic situation in Manipur" (PDF). Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 18 (1): 129–134. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 

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