Doom (franchise)

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Doom
Doom – Game’s logo.svg
Genre(s)First-person shooter
Developer(s)
Publisher(s)
Creator(s)
Platform(s)
First releaseDoom
December 10, 1993
Latest releaseDoom VFR
December 1, 2017

The Doom (stylized as DOOM) franchise is a series of first-person shooter video games developed by id Software, and related novels, comics, board games, and major film adaptation. The series focuses on the exploits of an unnamed space marine operating under the auspices of the Union Aerospace Corporation (UAC), who fights hordes of demons and the undead.

Doom is considered one of the pioneering first-person shooter games, introducing to IBM-compatible computers features such as 3D graphics, third-dimension spatiality, networked multiplayer gameplay, and support for player-created modifications with the Doom WAD format. Since its debut in 1993, over 10 million copies of games in the Doom series have been sold; the series has spawned numerous sequels, expansion packs, and 2 films.

Games[edit]

Main series[edit]

Title Details

Original release date:
  • NA: December 10, 1993
  • EU: 1993
Release years by system:
1993 – MS-DOS
1994 – Sega 32X, Atari Jaguar
1995 – Super Nintendo Entertainment System, PlayStation
1996 – 3DO
1997 – Sega Saturn
1998 – Acorn Archimedes
2001 – Game Boy Advance
2006 – Xbox 360 (original Activision release)
2009 – iOS
2012 – Xbox 360 (Bethesda re-release)
2019 – Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Android
Notes:
  • Developed by id Software
  • On April 30, 1995, an updated version of the game, The Ultimate Doom, was released; it included a new fourth episode, "Thy Flesh Consumed", in addition to the original three episodes.
  • On May 22, 2019, John Romero released an unofficial 5th episode to commemorate the game's 25th anniversary titled "Sigil."



Original release dates:
  • WW: October 10, 1994
Release years by system:
1994 – MS-DOS
1995 – Mac OS
2002 – Game Boy Advance
2010 – Xbox 360 (original Activision release)
2012 – Xbox 360 (Bethesda re-release)
2019 – Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, iOS, Android
Notes:
  • Developed by id Software
  • On December 26, 1995, an expansion pack, Master Levels for Doom II, was released; it included 21 additional levels.



Original release dates:
  • NA: August 3, 2004
  • EU: August 13, 2004
Release years by system:
2004 – Microsoft Windows, Linux
2005 – OS X, Xbox
2019 – Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, iOS, Android
Notes:
  • Developed by id Software
  • The Xbox version contains the full versions of The Ultimate Doom and Doom II, but they are only available in the limited collector's edition.



Original release dates:
  • NA: April 3, 2005
  • EU: April 8, 2005
Release years by system:
2005 – Microsoft Windows, Linux, Xbox
Notes:
  • Developed by Nerve Software.
  • Expansion pack for Doom 3, which requires Doom 3 to play on Microsoft Windows.
  • The Xbox version does not require Doom 3 to play and also contains the full versions of The Ultimate Doom, Doom II, and Master Levels for Doom II.



Original release dates:
  • NA: October 16, 2012
  • AU: October 18, 2012
  • EU: October 19, 2012
Release years by system:
2012 – Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360
2015 – Android
2019 – Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, iOS, Android
Notes:
  • Developed by id Software.
  • HD remasters of Doom 3 and its expansion Resurrection of Evil. A new expansion pack is also included in the game titled The Lost Mission.
  • The game also includes the full versions of The Ultimate Doom and Doom II, as well as the No Rest for the Living expansion pack by Nerve Software.



Original release date:
  • WW: May 13, 2016
Release years by system:
2016 – Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One
2017 – Nintendo Switch
Notes:



Proposed release date:
  • WW: March 20, 2020
Proposed system release:
2020 – Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Google Stadia
TBA – Nintendo Switch
Notes:
  • Developed by id Software, and Nintendo Switch port handled by Panic Button.
  • Sequel to the 2016 reboot.


Spin-offs[edit]

Title Details

Original release date:
  • NA: June 17, 1996
  • EU: 1996
Release years by system:
1996 – MS-DOS, PlayStation, Mac OS
Notes:
  • Developed by TeamTNT and the Casali brothers
  • Final Doom is a compilation of two standalone Doom II modifications, TNT: Evilution and The Plutonia Experiment, which include full sets of new levels (both of them use the same level structure as Doom II with 30 regular levels and two secret levels), new graphics and textures, new music (for TNT: Evilution), and new text interlude screens in addition to most of the resources from Doom II and some from Doom.



Original release dates:
  • NA: March 31, 1997
  • PAL: December 2, 1997
Release years by system:
1997 – Nintendo 64
2020 – Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Nintendo Switch
Notes:
  • Developed and published by Midway Games.
  • Sequel to Final Doom.



Original release date:
  • WW: September 13, 2005
Release years by system:
2005 – Mobile
Notes:
  • Developed by Fountainhead Entertainment.



Original release date:
  • WW: June 26, 2009
Release years by system:
2009 – iOS
Notes:
  • Set in parallel to Doom 3.



Original release date:
  • WW: November 23, 2009
Release years by system:
2009 – Java ME, BlackBerry OS
2010 – Windows Mobile, iOS
Notes:
  • Developed by Fountainhead Entertainment.



Original release date:
  • WW: December 6, 2016
Release years by system:
2016 – Android, iOS, macOS, Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, PlayStation Vita, Wii U, Xbox 360, Xbox One
2017 – Nintendo Switch
Notes:
  • Developer: Zen Studios
  • A pinball adaptation of the 2016 reboot of DOOM, while containing elements from the previous three games.
  • Available as part of the Bethesda Pinball collection, which is a premium add-on pack for Zen Pinball 2, Pinball FX 2 and Pinball FX 3 on home video game systems and computers, as well as a separate free-to-play app on mobile devices.
  • The only DOOM game not to feature graphic violence of any kind, due to censorship policies.



Original release date:
  • WW: December 1, 2017
Release years by system:
2017 – Windows Mixed Reality, HTC Vive, PS VR
Notes:
  • Developer: id Software
  • Publisher: Bethesda Softworks
  • Virtual reality game set during the events of the 2016 reboot of DOOM


Common elements[edit]

The Doom video games consist of first-person shooters in which the player controls an unnamed space marine also referred to as Doomguy. The player has to battle the forces of Hell, consisting of demons and the undead. In the games, the player's character will often go back and forth through hell. Doom II: Hell on Earth follows after the events in Doom, the player once again assumes the role of the unnamed space marine. After returning from Hell, the player finds that Earth has also been invaded by the demons, who have killed billions of people.[1]

Development and history[edit]

Release timeline
1993Doom
1994Doom II: Hell on Earth
1995Master Levels for Doom II, The Ultimate Doom
1996Final Doom
1997Doom 64
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004Doom 3
2005Doom 3: Resurrection of Evil, Doom RPG
2006
2007
2008
2009Doom Resurrection, Doom II RPG
2010Doom II: No Rest for the Living
2011
2012Doom 3: BFG Edition
2013
2014
2015
2016Doom
2017Doom VFR
2018
2019
2020Doom Eternal

The development of the original Doom started in 1992, when John Carmack developed a new game engine, the Doom engine, while the rest of the id Software team finished the Wolfenstein 3D prequel, Spear of Destiny.

Doom II: Hell on Earth was released in 1994, followed by two other official releases based on its version of the Doom engine: Master Levels for Doom II in 1995, and Final Doom in 1996.

Doom 64 was released in 1997, developed by Midway Games and supervised by id Software.[2]

Doom 3 was announced in 2000. A reboot to the original Doom, it uses new graphics technology. Doom 3 was hyped to provide as large a leap in realism and interactivity as the original game and helped renew interest in the franchise when it was released in 2004. Doom 3 had its own expansion pack released in 2005, titled Doom 3: Resurrection of Evil.

After the Doom 4 project development was scrapped in 2013, id Software's Tim Willits said that the next game in the Doom series was still the team's focus, but it has not been confirmed to be titled Doom 4.[3] It was later renamed to simply Doom in 2014. The game became a second reboot of the series, rather than a continuation or origin story of earlier games and was released in 2016.[4]

A sequel to the 2016 reboot, Doom Eternal was announced in 2018.[5]

Other media[edit]

Literature[edit]

A set of four novels based on Doom were written with permission of id Software by Dafydd ab Hugh and Brad Linaweaver. The books, listed in order, are titled Knee Deep in the Dead, Hell on Earth, Infernal Sky and Endgame. All were published between June 1995 and January 1996 by Pocket Books. The unnamed Marine is called "Flynn Taggart" or "Fly" in the novels. The first two books feature recognizable locations and situations from the first two games.

In 2008, a new series of Doom novels by Matthew J. Costello, an author who had worked on the story and scripts for Doom 3 and Resurrection of Evil, were published. The series of books aim to novelize the story of Doom 3, with the first installment, Worlds on Fire, published on February 26, 2008.[6] The second book in the series, Maelstrom, was released in March 2009.[7] A comic book was issued in May 1996, produced by Tom Grindberg of Marvel Comics as a giveaway for a video game convention.

Miscellaneous[edit]

In 2005, a board game resembling the classic Space Hulk was released, entitled Doom: The Boardgame.[8] For the 20th anniversary of the series, the Game-Art-HQ community created an art tribute with 20 illustrations of the characters from the game.

Strategy guides released in printed editions include:

  • Robert E. Waring: Doom: Totally Unauthorized Tips & Secrets, Brady Publishing, ISBN 1-56686-187-X
  • Jonathan Mao Mendoza: The Official Doom Survival Guide, ISBN 0-7821-1546-2
  • Rick Barba: Doom Battlebook: Secrets of the Games series, Prima Publishing, ISBN 1-55958-651-6

Films[edit]

In 2005, Universal Pictures released the first live-action film adaptation, titled Doom, which starred Dwayne Johnson. In 2019, Universal released the second live-action film adaptation direct-to-video, titled Doom: Annihilation.

Reception[edit]

Aggregate review scores
As of October 31, 2017.
Game GameRankings Metacritic
Doom (1993) (PC) 86.67%[9]
(PS1) 84.00%[10]
(iOS) 82.86%[11]
(X360) 80.16%[12]
(32X) 80.00%[13]
(GBA) 79.87%[14]
(JAG) 78.75%[15]
(SNES) 54.05%[16]
(SAT) 47.00%[17]
(iOS) 84[18]
(X360) 82[19]
(GBA) 81[20]
Doom II: Hell on Earth (PC) 95.00%[21]
(X360) 77.36%[22]
(GBA) 76.64%[23]
(PC) 83[24]
(X360) 77[25]
(GBA) 77[26]
Final Doom (PS1) 80.71%[27]
(MAC) 60.00%[28]
(PC) 56.00%[29]
Doom 64 (N64) 73.47%[30]
Doom 3 (Xbox) 87.63%[31]
(PC) 86.63%[32]
(Xbox) 88[33]
(PC) 87[34]
Doom 3: Resurrection of Evil (PC) 79.52%[35]
(Xbox) 78.02%[36]
(PC) 78[37]
(Xbox) 77[38]
Doom RPG (MOBI) 87.45%[39]
Doom Resurrection (iOS) 86.43%[40] (iOS) 79[41]
Doom II RPG (MOBI) 80.00%[42]
(iOS) 79.00%[43]
(iOS) 80[44]
Doom 3: BFG Edition (PS3) 68.00%[45]
(X360) 66.63%[46]
(PC) 51.67%[47]
(PS3) 67[48]
(X360) 67[49]
(PC) 59[50]
Doom (2016) (XONE) 89.04%[51]
(PS4) 85.82%[52]
(PC) 85.38%[53]
(XONE) 87[54]
(PS4) 85[55]
(PC) 85[56]

In 1996, Next Generation ranked the series as the 19th top game of all time, for how "despite the hundreds of copycat titles, no one has ever been able to equal id's original, pulsing classic."[57]

The series' unnamed protagonist, a marine, has had a mostly positive reception. In 2009, GameDaily included "the Marine" on its list of "ten game heroes who fail at the simple stuff" for his inability to look up and down in the original series.[58] UGO Networks ranked him fourth on its 2012's list of best silent protagonists in video games, noting his courage to continue in silence even when he faces the Hell's army.[59] In 2013, Complex ranked Doomguy at number 16 on its list of the greatest soldiers in video games for being "the original video game space marine" and "one of the classic silent protagonists".[60] Both CraveOnline and VGRC ranked him the fifth most "badass" male character in the video game's history.[61][62]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Transcripts from printed manuals by Ledmeister. "DOOMTEXT.HTM: Storylines for Doom, Doom II, Final Doom, Doom 64". Retrieved June 25, 2011.
  2. ^ IGN staff (November 11, 1996). "Doom 64 News". IGN. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
  3. ^ "id Software and Bethesda's Cancelled 'Doom 4' Just Wasn't 'Doom' Enough". Multiplayerblog.mtv.com. August 5, 2013. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  4. ^ Griffin McElroy (July 17, 2014). "The new Doom game is just titled 'Doom,' runs on id Tech 6, and more details". Polygon. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  5. ^ "Doom Eternal announced with fiery trailer". Polygon. June 10, 2018. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  6. ^ "Doom 3: Worlds on Fire". Simon & Schuster. Archived from the original on December 6, 2008. Retrieved July 14, 2008.
  7. ^ "Doom 3: Maestrom". Simon & Schuster. Archived from the original on December 6, 2008. Retrieved September 11, 2008.
  8. ^ "Doom". Fantasy Flight Games. Archived from the original on August 28, 2008. Retrieved April 3, 2011.
  9. ^ "Doom (1993) Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  10. ^ "Doom Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  11. ^ "Doom Classic Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  12. ^ "Doom Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  13. ^ "Doom Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  14. ^ "Doom Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  15. ^ "Doom Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  16. ^ "Doom Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  17. ^ "Doom Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  18. ^ "Doom Classic Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  19. ^ "Doom Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  20. ^ "Doom Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  21. ^ "Doom II Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  22. ^ "Doom II Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  23. ^ "Doom II Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  24. ^ "Doom II Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  25. ^ "Doom II Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  26. ^ "Doom II Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  27. ^ "Final Doom Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  28. ^ "Final Doom Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  29. ^ "Final Doom Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  30. ^ "Doom 64 Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  31. ^ "Doom 3 Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  32. ^ "Doom 3 Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  33. ^ "Doom 3 Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  34. ^ "Doom 3 Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  35. ^ "Doom 3: Resurrection of Evil Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  36. ^ "Doom 3: Resurrection of Evil Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  37. ^ "Doom 3: Resurrection of Evil Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  38. ^ "Doom 3: Resurrection of Evil Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  39. ^ "Doom RPG Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  40. ^ "Doom Resurrection Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  41. ^ "Doom Resurrection Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  42. ^ "Doom II RPG Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  43. ^ "Doom II RPG Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  44. ^ "Doom II RPG Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  45. ^ "Doom 3 BFG Edition Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  46. ^ "Doom 3 BFG Edition Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  47. ^ "Doom 3 BFG Edition Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  48. ^ "Doom 3: BFG Edition Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  49. ^ "Doom 3: BFG Edition Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  50. ^ "Doom 3: BFG Edition Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  51. ^ "DOOM Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  52. ^ "DOOM Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  53. ^ "DOOM Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  54. ^ "DOOM Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  55. ^ "DOOM Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  56. ^ "DOOM Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  57. ^ Next Generation 21 (September 1996), p.64.
  58. ^ "Character Flaws: Ten Game Heroes Who Fail at the Simple Stuff Gallery by GameDail". Web.archive.org. April 25, 2009. Archived from the original on April 25, 2009. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  59. ^ Basile, Sal (March 15, 2012). "Best Silent Protagonists In Video Games". UGO Networks. Archived from the original on May 14, 2013. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  60. ^ Chad Hunter, Michael Rougeau, The 50 Greatest Soldiers In Video Games, Complex.com, May 25, 2013.
  61. ^ "Top 10 Biggest Gaming Bad Asses". CraveOnline. October 17, 2007. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
  62. ^ McCabe, Sean (June 17, 2010). "The Top 10 Male Badasses in Gaming". VGRC. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved July 28, 2013.