Main street in Eureka (2012)
Location within Greenwood County and Kansas
KDOT map of Greenwood County (legend)
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Total||2.28 sq mi (5.91 km2)|
|• Land||2.28 sq mi (5.91 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,079 ft (329 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||2,410|
|• Density||1,200/sq mi (450/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||20-21800 |
|GNIS feature ID||474640 |
The first settlement at Eureka was in 1857. The first post office in Eureka was established in August 1858. Eureka was laid out in 1867, and it was incorporated in 1870. The city is named from the Greek expression Eureka, meaning "I have found it".
An EF2 tornado struck Eureka on July 7, 2016 at 9:45pm. Over 143 total structures, including at least 50 homes, businesses, nursing home, and grain elevator were damaged. No persons were injured.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Eureka has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,633 people, 1,171 households, and 663 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,154.8 inhabitants per square mile (445.9/km2). There were 1,410 housing units at an average density of 618.4 per square mile (238.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.2% White, 0.2% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.3% of the population.
There were 1,171 households of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.4% were non-families. 39.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.86.
The median age in the city was 43.2 years. 23.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.5% were from 25 to 44; 25.5% were from 45 to 64; and 22.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,914 people, 1,278 households, and 756 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,490.1 people per square mile (574.0/km²). There were 1,561 housing units at an average density of 798.3 per square mile (307.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.26% White, 0.14% African American, 0.79% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.96% from other races, and 1.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.64% of the population.
There were 1,278 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 27.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,410, and the median income for a family was $36,667. Males had a median income of $27,066 versus $20,870 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,142. About 9.0% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.
- Greenwood Hotel, a historic hotel and cattle trading center
- Former Attractions
- Eureka Downs, defunct horse racing facility
- Utopia College, former two-year college founded by Roger Babson
- Fort Montgomery, a frontier military fort
- Jim Brothers (1941–2013) - figurative sculptor.
- Charles Errickson (1897–1985) - head football coach at Ottawa University, head football and basketball coach at Washburn University
- John Erickson (1863–1946) - 8th Governor of Montana, United States Senator, practiced law in Eureka.
- Lamon Harkness (1850–1915) - Businessman and Standard Oil heir.
- Fred Jackson (1868–1931) - U.S. Representative from Kansas.
- Kathy Patrick - author, founder of Pulpwood Queens book club.
- Tyrel Reed (1989) - basketball player who played for the University of Kansas.
- Wes Santee (1932–2010) - middle distance runner.
- Bob Whittaker (1939) - U.S. Representative from Kansas 1979 to 1991; born in Eureka.
- John Woods (1911–1950) - United States Army master sergeant, executioner at Nuremberg Trials.
Greenwood Hotel (2012)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Greenwood County, Kansas
- Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Eureka, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 599.
- "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archive)". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 122.
- Tornado mangles homes, nursing center in Eureka; The Wichita-Eagle; July 7, 2016.
- Tornado hits Eureka, homes and businesses hit, search underway; KSN tv; July 7, 2016.
- Nearly 150 structures damaged in Eureka as tornado cleanup continues; KSN tv; July 9, 2016.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Eureka, Kansas
- FAA Airport Master Record for 13K ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective May 31, 2012.
- "WHITTAKER, Robert Russell, (1939 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eureka, Kansas.|
- Official website
- Eureka - Directory of Public Officials
- Greenwood County Historical Society Museum
- Eureka Lake
- Eureka City Map, KDOT