Decatur County, Kansas

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Decatur County, Kansas
County
Map of Kansas highlighting Decatur County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°48′N 100°28′W / 39.800°N 100.467°W / 39.800; -100.467
Founded March 20, 1873
Named for Stephen Decatur, Jr.
Seat Oberlin
Largest city Oberlin
Area
 • Total 894 sq mi (2,315 km2)
 • Land 894 sq mi (2,315 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (2 km2), 0.07%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 2,832
 • Density 3.3/sq mi (1/km²)
Area code(s) 785
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website oberlinks.com

Decatur County (county code DC) is a county located in Northwest Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,961.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Oberlin.[2] The county is named in honor of Commodore Stephen Decatur, Jr.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. Decatur County was established March 20, 1873 and organized on December 15, 1879. It is named for the Navy war hero Commodore Stephen Decatur, Jr.,[3] who served during the First Barbary War and the Second Barbary War and the War of 1812.

Oberlin was the site of the last Native American (specifically the Northern Cheyenne) Raid in Kansas.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 894 square miles (2,320 km2), of which 894 square miles (2,320 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.07%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 4,180
1890 8,414 101.3%
1900 9,234 9.7%
1910 8,976 −2.8%
1920 8,121 −9.5%
1930 8,866 9.2%
1940 7,434 −16.2%
1950 6,185 −16.8%
1960 5,778 −6.6%
1970 4,988 −13.7%
1980 4,509 −9.6%
1990 4,021 −10.8%
2000 3,472 −13.7%
2010 2,961 −14.7%
Est. 2016 2,832 [6] −4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2016[1]

As of the 2000 census,[11] there were 3,472 people, 1,494 households, and 981 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,821 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.87% White, 0.52% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population.

There were 1,494 households out of which 25.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.30% were non-families. 32.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 4.70% from 18 to 24, 22.90% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 26.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,257, and the median income for a family was $34,982. Males had a median income of $25,139 versus $17,368 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,348. About 8.00% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 83.3% 1,210 12.3% 178 4.4% 64
2012 79.5% 1,218 17.4% 266 3.1% 48
2008 76.8% 1,189 22.2% 343 1.0% 16
2004 77.9% 1,355 20.4% 355 1.7% 30
2000 71.4% 1,255 24.1% 424 4.6% 80
1996 68.1% 1,255 22.6% 417 9.3% 172
1992 45.0% 940 27.6% 576 27.4% 573
1988 60.1% 1,291 36.9% 793 3.0% 64
1984 78.2% 1,770 20.6% 467 1.2% 28
1980 73.0% 1,642 19.7% 443 7.3% 165
1976 52.7% 1,232 43.3% 1,011 4.0% 93
1972 70.2% 1,707 25.3% 616 4.4% 108
1968 65.7% 1,654 25.9% 652 8.4% 210
1964 51.0% 1,382 48.5% 1,314 0.6% 16
1960 63.8% 1,846 35.9% 1,038 0.3% 8
1956 68.6% 2,028 31.1% 920 0.3% 9
1952 74.5% 2,451 25.0% 821 0.5% 16
1948 51.4% 1,545 46.7% 1,402 1.9% 58
1944 59.9% 1,758 39.5% 1,159 0.6% 17
1940 56.2% 2,018 43.0% 1,546 0.8% 29
1936 42.1% 1,727 57.6% 2,362 0.4% 15
1932 36.3% 1,439 61.0% 2,422 2.7% 108
1928 66.5% 2,314 32.5% 1,129 1.0% 35
1924 46.9% 1,621 35.2% 1,218 17.9% 618
1920 51.6% 1,448 43.5% 1,221 5.0% 140
1916 27.7% 1,007 67.0% 2,431 5.3% 193
1912 14.9% 256 55.5% 955 29.6% 509
1908 39.3% 898 54.8% 1,250 5.9% 135
1904 59.7% 1,215 20.2% 411 20.1% 409
1900 41.8% 848 57.0% 1,158 1.2% 24
1896 36.4% 594 63.2% 1,032 0.4% 7
1892 38.6% 619 61.4% 985
1888 57.4% 1,224 34.3% 731 8.3% 177

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2002, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[13]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

  • Oberlin USD 294
  • Prairie Heights USD 295, dissolved as of July 1, 2006; absorbed by USD 294.

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Decatur County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

Decatur County is divided into twenty-five townships. The city of Oberlin is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Allison 01300 39 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°35′36″N 100°12′24″W / 39.59333°N 100.20667°W / 39.59333; -100.20667
Altory 01650 16 0 (0) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°47′22″N 100°21′15″W / 39.78944°N 100.35417°W / 39.78944; -100.35417
Bassettville 04475 26 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°41′12″N 100°40′38″W / 39.68667°N 100.67722°W / 39.68667; -100.67722
Beaver 05050 86 1 (2) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.11% 39°58′42″N 100°34′2″W / 39.97833°N 100.56722°W / 39.97833; -100.56722
Center 11650 60 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°47′5″N 100°27′38″W / 39.78472°N 100.46056°W / 39.78472; -100.46056
Cook 15375 44 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°36′16″N 100°40′32″W / 39.60444°N 100.67556°W / 39.60444; -100.67556
Custer 16850 27 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°41′17″N 100°26′59″W / 39.68806°N 100.44972°W / 39.68806; -100.44972
Dresden 18625 141 2 (4) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°36′39″N 100°27′5″W / 39.61083°N 100.45139°W / 39.61083; -100.45139
Finley 23425 39 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°57′42″N 100°41′20″W / 39.96167°N 100.68889°W / 39.96167; -100.68889
Garfield 25525 41 0 (1) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°46′38″N 100°14′44″W / 39.77722°N 100.24556°W / 39.77722; -100.24556
Grant 27600 31 0 (1) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% 39°57′36″N 100°14′11″W / 39.96000°N 100.23639°W / 39.96000; -100.23639
Harlan 30050 51 1 (1) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°56′50″N 100°20′56″W / 39.94722°N 100.34889°W / 39.94722; -100.34889
Jennings 35400 173 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.34% 39°40′35″N 100°18′56″W / 39.67639°N 100.31556°W / 39.67639; -100.31556
Liberty 39975 48 1 (1) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°53′2″N 100°33′31″W / 39.88389°N 100.55861°W / 39.88389; -100.55861
Lincoln 40600 203 2 (6) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°50′58″N 100°12′21″W / 39.84944°N 100.20583°W / 39.84944; -100.20583
Logan 41825 52 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°52′38″N 100°42′42″W / 39.87722°N 100.71167°W / 39.87722; -100.71167
Lyon 43450 24 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°36′52″N 100°21′8″W / 39.61444°N 100.35222°W / 39.61444; -100.35222
Oberlin 52025 91 1 (3) 89 (34) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°47′32″N 100°34′20″W / 39.79222°N 100.57222°W / 39.79222; -100.57222
Olive 52675 68 1 (2) 92 (35) 1 (0) 0.65% 39°51′43″N 100°28′18″W / 39.86194°N 100.47167°W / 39.86194; -100.47167
Pleasant Valley 56525 46 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°41′53″N 100°13′59″W / 39.69806°N 100.23306°W / 39.69806; -100.23306
Prairie Dog 57475 50 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°36′33″N 100°33′49″W / 39.60917°N 100.56361°W / 39.60917; -100.56361
Roosevelt 61025 32 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% 39°53′1″N 100°21′43″W / 39.88361°N 100.36194°W / 39.88361; -100.36194
Sappa 63050 43 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°45′57″N 100°41′48″W / 39.76583°N 100.69667°W / 39.76583; -100.69667
Sherman 64900 25 0 (1) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°57′5″N 100°28′7″W / 39.95139°N 100.46861°W / 39.95139; -100.46861
Summit 69075 22 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.09% 39°41′27″N 100°34′37″W / 39.69083°N 100.57694°W / 39.69083; -100.57694
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on 2002-08-02. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 102. 
  4. ^ Weiser, Kathy (March 2012). "Cheyenne Raid in Kansas". Legendsofkansas.com. Retrieved November 10, 2016. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  13. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps