Feminist art, which grew out of the feminist art movement of the 1970s, is made using traditional art forms, like paintings, and non-traditional media, such as performance art, conceptual art, body art, video, and film. It could also combine aspects of different media or movements, such as combining of photo and text. It is an art practice not born from classical art forms, but one that is open to the freedom to experiment, representing a shift to postmodernism from modernism.
Women artists, motivated by feminist theory and the feminist movement, began the feminist art movement in the 1970s. Feminist art represent a shift to postmodernism from modernism, when art made by women was put in an "other" or different class than works made by men.
Until the movement, it was often difficult for women to have their work represented by galleries and included in exhibitions. During the feminist art movement women created their own opportunities by creating galleries, promoting women artist's works in the established art world and to change institutional policies.
Feminist artists had expansive perspectives regarding what they wished to achieve through art. Art could be used to offer viewers a woman's viewpoints about politics and societal dynamics, with the goal of creating change.
They used non-traditional and alternative media to create a broader range of artistic possibilities, and thereby changing the definition of fine arts. Performance art, video pieces and the integration of fiber and fabric into their works are a few ways they broadened creative expression.
Sheila de Bretteville, Pink, poster, 1973. Photo provided by Sheila de Bretteville.
- On Saturday, October 19, 2013, Creative Time and the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art at the Brooklyn Museum presented Between the Door and the Street, a major work by the internationally celebrated artist Suzanne Lacy, perhaps the most important socially-engaged artist working today. Some 400 women and a few men–all selected to represent a cross-section of ages, backgrounds, and perspectives–gathered on the stoops along Park Place, a residential block in Brooklyn, where they engaged in unscripted conversations about a variety of issues related to gender politics today. Thousands of members of the public came out to wander among the groups, listen to what they were saying, and form their own opinions.
- Cheris Kramarae; Dale Spender (1 December 2000). Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women: Global Women's Issues and Knowledge. Taylor & Francis. pp. 92–93. ISBN 978-0-415-92088-9.
- "Feminist art movement". The Art Story Foundation. Retrieved 13 January 2014.